American Government Semester Final Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Warrant
Needed to search/seize
National Guard
State Militia
Make laws
Task of Congress
14th Amendment
Due Process Clause
Vice President
President of the Senate
Override a veto
2/3 vote in Congress
Democracy
When the responsibility for the exercise of these powers rests with the majority of the people.
Unitary
all polotical powers are concentrated at the central level
Symbolic Speech
Involves using actions to express opinions
Taxes
Money that people and businesses pay to support the government
Country
A geographic term, referring to a particular place, region, or area of land.
slander
false and malicious use of spoken words
court-martial
A court composed of military personnel , for the trial of those accused of violating military law.
establishment clause
first amendment ban on laws "respecting an establishment of religion"
Federation
formation of political unity with a central gov by a number of seperate states
Brief
A legal argument set forth in a statement
Pay For All National Elections
State and Local Government
Miranda v. Arizona
Brought major changes in law enforcement
Concurrent Powers
Powers that both the state and national government have
Popular Sovereinty
Belief the state government is created by the people. Basis of Constitution
Executive Power
The power to execute, enforce, and administer laws.
dissenting opinion
an opinion that disagrees with the court's disposition of the case
probable cause
reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an arrest; more than mere suspicion
exclusive jurisdiction
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
Freedom of Assembly
Gives the right for people to assemble
Dictatorship
Power is held by a single person or small group. Those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people
redress
act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil
Four Characteristics of a state
population, territory, sovereignty, & government
Necessary and Proper Clause
Makes treaties with US more important than those of states
Crue and Unusual Punishments
Eight Admendment forbids this. This is the only probision that limits penalites in criminal cases
Socail contract theory
states arose out of the voluntary acts of free people
writ of certiorari
a common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case
Right to Travel Between States
Allows people to travel freely in the US
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