American History 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Reinhold Neibur
religious extentionalist
George Whitefield
English evangelical preacher
Navigation Acts
*Put mercantilism into practice
*Trade only with England
*Prohibited tobacco production in England
*Coloniest were angered
Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionaryoverthrew corrupt regime of dictator Fulgencio BastiaEst. Socialist State
Lord North
Formed some Navigation Laws.
census
an official count of popuulation, often also including other information about the population
Who introduced tobacco to Jamestown?
John Rolfe
Anasazi
(1000-1300 C.E.); a Native American group centered on Chaco Canyon in New Mexico and Mesa Verde in Colorado; ancestral Puebloans who were a prehistoric Native American culture centered around the present-day Four Corners area of the Southwest United States;
was the largest people group in America until the 19th century, known as the "ancient ones", and were described as having small teeth; they built a walled city with dozens of three-story adobe houses with timbered roofs, they built cliff dwellings and they worshipped in subterranean buildings called kivas; they put trash nest to Pueblo Bonito which led to disease; practiced cannibalism (when southern migrants discovered this, it caused rivalries, contributing to Anasazi collapse); overall died out because of drought.
Salutary Neglect
*Robert Walpole policy
*Policy stated that people shouldn't tamper with a prosperous economic system
*The rules for business were ignored
*Goods exported went up 165%
Captain John Smith
leader of Jamestown Colony
Gamal Nasser
Prime Minister (president) of Egyptsought to return valuable foreign-owned resources to Egyptian controlsrecaptured Suez CanalJoined Soviets after various threats
17th Parallel
n. Vietnam-Viet-Cong (communist state) led by Ho Chi Minh and Red ChineseS. Vietnam- Democratic state
King Philip
The leader of Metacom's Rebellion.
domestic
concerning the internal affairs of a country
lynching
the illegal execution of an accused person by mob action, without due process of law
established in 1662 to give nonconverted Puritans partial membership in the church.
Halfway Covenant
Johann Gutenberg
(1400-1468), German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press; developed the Printing Press and printed the Bible; in doing so, books became cheaper, easier to produce and more available; man who created the printing press and changed the production and reading of books; greatly facilitated the spread of technology.
Staple Act
(1663), Navigation Act that stated, with a few noted exceptions, nothing could be imported into America unless it had first been transshipped through England, a process that greatly added to the price ultimately paid by colonial consumers; generated money for England and raised the prices on goods in the colonies; resulted in smuggling.
Halfway Covenant
*Plan adopted by New England clergy
*Supposed to deal with the problem of declining church membership
*Allowed children to be baptized whether or not their parents have experienced conversion
*Made in 1662
Aaron Burr
Jefferson's Vice President who dueled Hamilton and mortally wounded him
modern republicanism
IkeYoung republicans in 1950s and 1960sinfluenced presidential elections
Anne Hutchingson
Unauthorized Puritan preacher of a rebelious church discussion groupearly 1600smassachusetts
Cecelius Calvert / Lord Baltimore
Proprietors of Maryland.
Charles Townshend
A British politician responsible for the Townshend Acts.
nonimportation agreement
pledges to boycott, or decline to purchase, certain goods from abroad
Started with the burning of Jamestown, because of Gov. Berkley denying permission to kill all the indians. Created a move toward slavery.
Bacon's Rebellion
a haven for Quakers. Many farmed her.
New Jersey
headright
the right to aquire a certain amount of land granted to the person who finances the passage of a laborer
Beringia
a land bridge that once connected Asia and North America (Siberia and Alaska); a land bridge over which the earliest Americans are believed to have migrated from Asia into the Americas.
Thomas Platt
Republican "boss" of New York who recognized Teddy Roosevelt before he got famous
-nominated TR for McKinley's VP
King Williams War
Br. colonists vs. French fur trappers
virtual representation
the colonies were represented by the government officials in Britain
robber barons
negative term describing many of the industrial leaders of the late 19th century. They, Refers to the industrialists or big business owners who gained huge profits by paying their employees extremely low wages. They also drove their competitors out of business by selling their products cheaper than it cost to produce it. Then when they controlled the market, they hiked prices high above original price.
Germany
West Berlin-democracy set up by GB and USreceived aid from Marshall PlanAKA TrizoniaE. Berlin- communist state controlled by USSR
General Assembly
referred to all members of UNdebated issuesnever created or executed policy
Pragmatism
is a collection of many different ways of thinking
"Common Sense"
1776: A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that supported a revolution against Britain.
Admiral Dewey
was an admiral of the United States Navy, best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War.
Henry Clay's American System
Clay's method for advancing the nation's economic growth. It consisted of 3 parts: protective tariffs, a national bank and internal improvements.
hinterland
an inland region set back from a port, river, or seacoast
Enumerated goods
goods that were allowed to be exported had to stop in England for a tax before continuing on; goods can only be sold to England and had to be sold through England; certain specified goods from the colonies including tobacco, cotton, sugar, and furs, which were to be shipped only to England or other English colonies.
Ulysses S. Grant
recorded as one of the worst presidents, dies of throat cancer
Samuel de Champlain
soldier and explore; "father of new France"
3/5 compromise
Slaves in the southern states would be counted as 3/5 of a person in population
patrick henry
An American orator and member of the Virginia House of Burgesses who gave speeches against the British government and its policies urging the colonies to fight for independence. In connection with a petition to declare a "state of defense" in virginia in 1775, he gave his most famous speech which ends with the words, "Give me liberty or give me death." Henry served as Governor of Virginia from 1776-1779 and 1784-1786, and was instrumental in causing the Bill of Rights to be adopted as part of the U.S. Constitution.
Petition of Right
A document produced by the English Parliament in the run-up to the English Civil War.1628EnglandThe petition had the support of Sir Edward Coke; John Pym claimed that the rights herein demanded predated even the Norman Conquest and were confirmed by successive kings. The King was under great financial pressure, and agreed in June to look into the "abuses", but maintained his prerogative rights
Women's Christian Temperance Union
is the oldest continuing non-sectarian women's organization in the U.S. and worldwide.
Boston Massacre
March 5, 1770: A fight between Boston citizens and red coats where five civilians die. Details are sketchy.
A contract that bound all the passengers on the Mayflower to obey the decisions of the majority.
Mayflower Compact
What was the name of the Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan?
the 10% plan
Hepburn Act
gave the ICC the power to set maximum rates for railroads
town governments
close homes in New England led to this political system
Joint Stock Companies
Type of bussiness where money is made by contributions of a group of shareholders1600sThe Dutch were the first to practiceIt Helped the economy grow
Old Immigrants
was used for someone who came to the United States from Northern or Western Europe during the second wave of immigration in the history of independent US
Gibbons v. Ogden (1821)
Ruled a monopoly of a NY Steamboat company to be unconstitutional. Established federal government's broad control of interstate commerce.
Burned over District
area of New York State along the Erie Canal that was constantly aflame with revivalism and reform; as wave after wave to fervor broke over the region, groups such as the Mormons, Shakers, and Millerites found support among the residents.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
1639: A rough draft of a constitution for the Puritan settlements.
vaqueros
cowboys
violated
interfered with
cotton
southern king
Thomas Paine
Common Sense
George Washington
1788, 1792, unanimously
April 14, 1865
Lincoln assassinated
Conquistador
conqueror - soldier/adventurer hoped for riches and glory for both themselves and Spain
Bill Clinton
*rough childhood, abusive stepfather
*Met JFK at boys nation
*protester against war
*Arkansas governor, youngest and charismatic
*married Hilary, numerous affairs
poorly
the southern soldier treated surrendering African Americans __
Developed the clipper ship?
Donald Mccay
senate
America never veraifiedthe treaty of Versiailles because of opposition from______
Henry Clay
United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)
Americanization
Assimilate people of wide ranging cultures int the dominant culture
Schools- English, American History, and Government
Lecompton Constitution
Pro-slavery constitution that got voted in for Kansas after anti-slavery people boycotted the election, supported the existence of slavery in the proposed state and protected rights of slaveholders. It was rejected by Kansas, making Kansas an eventual free state.
Spanish Main
Caribbean Sea with its Spanish-controlled ports and trade routes
Andrew Carnegie
A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry.
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
high tariffsplit the Republican party1. Standpotters-approve tariff (mostly in the east)2. Insurgents-hostile to tariff (mostly in the west)
Reparations
money paid by defeated countries to repair damage done to the victorious countries
quakers
religious group known as the society of friends. they were pacifists, believed that all people were equal, refused to bow and wore simple clothing
Know-Nothing Party
political party that called for stricter citizenship
progressive movement
they believed in democracy; free enterprise; using power of gov't; they wanted to reform society with their own ppl; scientific method
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
helped to establish statehood
Election 1888
Cleveland Succeded in Lowering tariff but went to far
tariffs became the main issue and resulted in Cleveland's loss
Hippies
Americans in the 1960s who rejected traditional values and Gov. authorities. started a counterculture
Intolerable Acts
closed port of Boston, put Massachusetts under military rule, restricted representative government in that colony, and quartered British soldiers in all colonies
Hamilton's debt plan consolidated the nation's war debts into one debt to be paid off by whom?
the government
Battle of the Marne
first major battle between
Winfield Scott
general who invaded central Mexico, fighting ends when he captured Mexico City in 1847.
Carnegie
Rich man, thought that wealthy should return money to community in the way of parks/libraries/etc and that poor would benifit more from these things than from getting money (the idea of Gospel of Wealth)
when lenin died unexpectedly in 1924, who took over by force?
stalin
Mexican War
Fought between the U.S. and Mexico from 1846 and 1848, resulting in the U.S. gaining present-day California, Nevada, and Utah
Wilmer Molean
the person's parlor that the surrender was signed in
A. Phillip Randall
African American union and civil rights leader; his protests during World War II led President Roosevelt to ban discrimination in government and defense jobs.
treaty of brest-litovsk
treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.
Carpetbaggers
those that came from North to help reconstruction. Southerners didn't like that.
inflation
widespread rise in prices on goods of all kinds
15th Amendment
says citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or precious condition of servitude
Monroe Doctrine
A U.S. policy statement issued by President Monroe in 1823 which declared that Latin America was no longer open to European colonization.
Puritan
A person who wanted simpler forms of worship and stricter morals than others did in the protestant church during the 1500 and 1600s. Many puritans settled in New England.
Sacajawea
The Shoshone Indian who became a guide for Lewis and Clark
19th amendment
change ratified in 1920 declaring that women have the right to vote in state and national elections.
aids
a virus that killed many people during the early 1980's
Amnesty
An official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses.
Describe the presidential administrations from 1789 to 1824 in three words or less and provide an example of what you mean.
1. Organization, Washington was known for this, he started off many trends in the White House such as 4 year term be for it was law2. Quasi-war- almost at war, John Adams is known for this3. Minimalism, Jefferson was known for this,
When was the first bomb dropped?
August 6, 1945
pedleton civil service act
act sponsored by democrats, oversaw appointments of government jobs, competitive exam necessary to be apointed
Northwest Passage
A more direct water route to Asia through the Americas
Big Four
name given to the leaders of the Allied Powers who dominated the Paris Peace Conference following the Allied victory in World War I
Ku Klux Klan
a secret society of white Southerners in the United States
fundemental orders of conneticut
the first american constitution or plan of government
Jonathan Edwards
preacher of the Great Awakening. a New England Congregationalist, He preached the traditional ideas of Puritanism related to sovereignty of God, predestination, and salvation by God's grace alone.
English Bill Of Rights
document that gave England a government based on a system of laws and a freely elected parliament
Blockade
The shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out.
el dorado
a place of reputed wealth; from the legendary city in South America, sought by early Spanish explorers
Jacob Riis,
wrote "How the Other Half Lives" to show life in the slums,
Sons of Liberty
Led by Samuel Adams and Paul RevereWould tar and feather tax collectors
What was the conflict over the southern border of Texas called?
the Mexican War
the dred scott decision
Supreme Court case which ruled that slaves are not citizens but are property, affirmed that property cannot be interfered with by Congress, slaves do not become free if they travel to free territories or states, fueled abolitionist movement, hailed as victory for the south
Defeat of Spanish Armada
philip sends armada to attack england with smaller faster ships w/ better guns, strom destroys ships. spain retreated
Reasons to Move to Oregon
Manifest Destiny, gold, religion, fur trade, job opportunities/new land, and trade with Asia
Were all what?
Stonewall Jackson
General in the Battle of Bull Run, Go the nickname Stonewall by comanding his troops and him to stand solidly still, had poorly trained troops
John Winthrop
Puritans were led by him in 1640, a respected landowner and lawyer.
54,40 or fight
was a popular slogan about Oregon, but we settled for the 49th parallel in the Treaty of 1846
Carolinas and the differences between North and South
south: colony of a colony(barbados) indigo and rice north: settled by landless men south more prim and proper
Taft Hartley Act
(HT) 1947, , The Act was passed over the veto of Harry S. Truman on the 23rd June, 1947. When it was passed by Congress, Truman denounced it as a "slave-labor bill". The act declared the closed shop illegal and permitted the union shop only after a vote of a majority of the employees. It also forbade jurisdictional strikes and secondary boycotts. Other aspects of the legislation included the right of employers to be exempted from bargaining with unions unless they wished to. The act forbade unions from contributing to political campaigns and required union leaders to affirm they were not supporters of the Communist Party. This aspect of the act was upheld by the Supreme Court on 8th May, 1950.
Treaty of Paris
touched of a great debate in the U.S. Arguments centered on whether or not the U.S. had the right to annex the Philippines, but imperialism was the real issue.
William Joseph Simmons
founder of the second Ku Klux Klan on Thanksgiving Night of 1915 and was also a sheet salesman
describe the evolution of cotton production following the invention of the cotton gin
cotton production grw to 73,000 bales in 1800, to 178,000 in 1810, and to 334,000 bales in 1820. by 1820, cotton accounted for more than half the value of all agricultuaral exports
What role did Winston Churchill play in WWII?
He was the prime minister England
Senate Objection to the Treaty of Versailles?
The objection that the League might supersede the power of Congress to declare war and thus force the United States to fight in numerous foreign conflicts.
When did Germany declare war on Russia? France?
Russia - August 1, 1914France - August 3, 1914
Name 4 reasons Cortez was able to conquer the Aztecs.
1. Indian legends of white gods coming to conquer the Aztec society.
2. horses and guns
3. disease
4. disunity of the Indian tribes.
Greenville
Bush
thomas hooker
connectint
Pardons
freedom from punishment
segregated
seperation of races
aimee semple mcpherson
popular revivalist
6th President
John Quincy Adams
minstrels
performers in racist theatrical shows
B
Increased Colonial production of staple crops like tobacco and rice led to.
A. a decrease in the use of indentured servants as a labor force
B. an increase in the number of slaves brought from Africa
C. the establishment of the Navigation Act
D. A lessening of the flow of immigrants to the colonies
charter
term that means legal permission
de jure segregation
segregation by law
Homesteaders
_____________ were those who settled under the Homestead Act
When President Lincoln remarked early in the Civil War, "If General McClellan does not want to use the army, I would like to borrow it," he was expressing
A) his confusion regarding McClellan's frequent requests to be reassigned.
B) his frustration at McC
C
Medicaid*
(LBJ) , medical expense assitance provide by the state goverment to needy families
cartel
loose associations of business which make the same product
Isolationist
in opposition to political and economic entanglements with other countries.
Constitution
Created a new framework, federalism, allowing shared power between state and national governments, and embodied the separation of powers and checks and balances as a way to protect against too strong a government.
Kamikaze
a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II
Yes
Was the "red scare" a real threat?
TideWater Plantation Owners
-Controlled their own government
-Rich soiled areas
-Didn't help Piedmont Farmers
Maryland
one of the British colonies that formed the United States and was founded by Lord Baltimore
Ben Franklin
81 years old, brought experience,wit and common sense
Adams-Onis
Treaty: Ceded all of Florida to US
Finalized the western border of the Louisiana Purchase
Stalwarts
Republican Faction Led by New York's U.S. Senator 'Lord' Roscoe Conkling
Hoovervilles
shanty-towns that housed many who had lost everything. Shelters were built of old boxes and other discards.
New Spain
Spain's North American and Caribbean teritories
The business of America is business
Calvin Coolidge
False
T/F: The form of government called socialism is better at promoting individualism than capitalism.
Yellow Journalism
type of sensational,biased, and often false reporting for the sake of attracting readers
Coxey's Army
big recession with 20% unemployment; unemployed industrial workers go to the government for relief; lead by Jacob Cox; walked to washington and set up a tent city in what would become the washington mall; terrified the government and they broke up the city; army falls apart
Border States
the slave states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, which refused to secede from the Union in 1860?61
Thomas Edison
_________ developed the light bulb. He made electricity usable
Harriet Tubman
led slaves to north on underground railroad; she was an escaped slave
Lee Harvey Oswald
The accused assassin of President Kennedy.
liberalism
People have the right to elect their government
Minutemen
• Teams of select men from the colonial partisan militia during the revolutionary war
• Provided highly mobile, rapidly deployed force that allowed the colonies to respond immediately to war threats
Assimilation
To adopt and dissolve into a larger, more dominant culture
Gavrilo Princeps
a Serabian terrorist who killed Fraz Ferdinand which coincidentally started World War I.
Freedmen's Bureau
Agency established by Congress to ease the transition from slavery to freedom for the former ex-slaves by providing emergency supplies, education, help in relocating families, aid in locating land and jobs and a variety of other services.
An indirect customs duty payable at American port imposed on glass, lead, paper, paint, and tea
townshend acts
Backcountry
a colonial region that ran along the Appalachian Mountains.
The Whigs
a powerful third party that developed in the 1830's.
Allied Powers
the WWI alliance of Great Britain, France, Russia, Serbia, Italy and the United States
My Lai Massacre
Captured on video; soldiers violently burning and killing civilians; change in US-WANTS OUT
Federal System
A framework of government in which each state exists within the framework of national government with the states and central government sharing or dividing powers.
When did Wilson ask to declare war?
April 1917
Conscription
AKA Draft enrolls young men at a given age. Usually 18-25
Social Security Act
Required workers and employers to pay a tax to provide a monthly stipend for retired people.
SCLC
a group formed in Georgia in 1957 to organize civil rights protest activities
camp David accord peace treaty
President carter initiated meeting with Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and Israeli prim minister Menachem Begin at Camp David, Maryland..there they signed a treaty in which Israel agreed to relinquish territory from 1967 war, Egypt promised to respect Israels borders. This ended a 30 year conflict between Egypt and Israel
The de Lome Letter
stolen from Spanish Ambassador, it ridiculed McKinley Explosion of U.S.S. Maine: it sank, 250+ American soldiers killed, American public blamed Spain, public demanded war Preparing in the Philippines: Roosevelt cabled naval commanders in Pacific to prepare for war on Spain, McKinley withdrew most cables but kept one and told him to attack Spanish fleet, war broke out
Colored National Labor Union
since blacks couldn't join white unions they form their own union, racism prevents the two from ever working together
War Production Board
During WWII, FDR established it to allocated scarce materials, limited or stopped the production of civilian goods, and distributed contracts among competing manufacturers
Martin Van Buren
Served as secretary of state during Andrew Jackson's first term, vice president during Jackson's second term, and won the presidency in 1836
New Jersey Plan
Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote. This created a conflict with representation between bigger states, who wanted control befitting their population, and smaller states, who didn't want to be bullied by larger states.
seminole war
conflict that began in florida in 1817 between the seminole indians and the us army when the seminoles resisted removal
Bimetallism would allow for the exchange of paper currency for:
either gold or silver
Missouri and Maine
*Admitted to the Union in Missouri Compromise*Missouri - slave state*Maine - free
temperance movement
campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages
Tsar Nicholas II
Who made the decision to mobilize his troops to protect Serbia despite Austria-Hungary's threats?
Office of War Mobilization
Mobilize the US economy from peacetime economy to war time economy
Olive Branch Petition
This urged the King to repeal the Intolerable Acts in exchange for better behavior by the colonists
Bonus Expeditionary Force
Men and their families who gathered in Washington, D.C., in the spring and summer of 1932 to demand immediate cash-payment redemption of their service certificates
Hoover from the F.B.I
abused F.B.I authority and spied on Americans and crap
Trail of Tears
an 800 mile forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of thousands of Cherokee
U.S v. Butler
(FDR) 1936 as a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the processing taxes instituted under the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act were unconstitutional.
The Nez Perce
In 1877, O.O Howard led troops on a chase against which group of Native Americans?
Dominion of New England
a vast colony consisting of land from S. Maine to NJ. this was a punishment for colonial govs being disobedient (King James did this)
What roles did African American have during the war?
The Great Migration, 500,000 moved cause of jobs were open.
Alien and Sedition Acts
series of four laws enacted in 1798 to reduce political power of immigrants to the United States
we have the same government
In what ways did the Magna Carta and the English Parliament influence us today?
When did the leaders approve of the Declaration of Independence and what does it say?
The leaders approved the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. The Declaration of Independence says why the colonies wanted their independence form England and that everyone is created equal.
Why did Washington's officers mutiny at Newburg?
Congress had not paid them in a long time.
al-Qaeda
...
overseer
plantation manager
Interstate Commerce Act
...
violently
extremely without control
i came in the
past
Jeffersonians
democratic-republicans
want a weak central government
Federalists
Supporters of the Constitution. Statesmen and public figures supporting ratificatin of the Constitution. The Federalist papers are often associated with this. A series of 85 essays advocation the ratification of the constitution. Written by Hamilton and Madison.
Repeal
do away with a law
integrated
include both blacks and whites
medgar evers
ran the NAACP in mississippi
Medicade
a program that provides health insurance for people on welfare
President Polk
Who signed the Oregon Treaty?
Liberator
an abolitionist newspaper founded by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831.
Lincoln, Abraham - preserving the Union while ending slavery and promoting economic modernization. issued his Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and promoted the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery.
Andrew Johnson
succeeded Abraham Lincoln as president
What were delegates to teh Constitutional Convention supposed to initially do?
get
Eleanor Roosevelt
organized a Marian Anderson concert
Who created the Mixed Government Theory?
Plato
Great Society
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
Continues career in House of Representatives.
J.Q. Adams
submarine warfare
The Americans thought German ________ was uncivilized.
Black Cabinet
Informal group of black officials appointed to government posts who discussed African American issues with FDR.
Sandra Day O'Connor
(RR), first female on SC
domino theory
established by Eisenhower. The belief that if one country falls to communism, surrounding countries will follow.
U-boat
Germany's use pf the ______ changed the rules of naval warfare.
What confirmed American independence and set the boundaries of a new nation after the Revolutionary War?
Treaty of Paris
luisitania
what british passenger liner was by german u-boats prior to ww1 killing 129 americans
Cristero Rebellion
-1920's conflict in the catholic church -one of the bloodiest conflicts in mexican history -laws were put in place to forbid priest to vote, restricted church schools -suspended religious services
Dollar Diplomacy
a pejorative term describing the heavy-handed use of force by an outside nation against a debtor state for the benefit of foreign commercial interests.—our diplomacy is based on dollars—that we conduct our foreign policy to make money
union pacific
railroad which extended from Omaha, Nebraska westward
King George's War
Fought for throne of Austria
Pearl Harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Fourteen Points
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
Mass production
the production of goods in large quantities made possible by the use of machinery and the division of labor
Nominating Conventions
Large meetings of party delegates to choose candidates for office
Electoral College
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
Teapot Dome
(CC), a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
Federalist & Democracy
Name the first two political parties
Red Scare
As strikes erupted aross the United States in 1919, the fear that Communists, or "reds" as they were called, might seize power led to a nationwide panic known as the
United Nations
The 1944 conference at Dumbarton Oaks established the?
Ghost Dance
The central ritual for the Plains Indians, this was a dance lasting five days that would supposedly raise the indians above ground while the land below them was replaced with new land, effectively sandwiching the white men between the two layers of sod, removing them forever.
Sugar Act
1764. actually lowered the tax but made it harder to obey. created the tax to pay for army in the colonies
Agent Orange
A leaf-killing toxic chemical that the USA used to expose the Vietcong
Panama Canal
An artificial waterway cut through the Isthmus of Panama to provide a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, opened in 1914.
List the four central powers
Germany Hungarian Austria Bulgaria
Economics of Sale
As production increases the cost of each item produced is lowered. Because of this smaller business went out of existence
Zimmerman note
a message sent by the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico proposing a German-Mexican alliance and promising to help Mexico regain Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona if the U.S. entered WWI
VA and KY Resolutions
Attacked the Sedition Act as unconstitutional
Susan B. Anthony
Who was arrested in Rochester, New York, on November 28, 1872 for illegally voting?
Harper's Ferry
John Brown's raid on the Armory in 1859
dumbbell tenements:
A type of housing for the poor pioneered in New York City in the 1870s. Dumbbell apartments were designed to house a maximum number of people in a minimum amount of space, while providing each room access to fresh air and light. Usually 4 to 6 stories tall and approximately 30 by 100 feet, each dumbbell contained four apartments per floor, with floor residents sharing a common bath area.
Bunker Hill
1775 british victory but not an easy battle;1st of the war
popular sovereignty
A system in which the residents vote to decide an issue.
The last head of state of the USSR, having served from 1988 until its collapse in 1991.
Gorbachev
indentured servants
those who promise to work for someone for a given number of years in order to have their ships passage paid off
 
 
 
 
Sherman's March to the Sea
-Ga and Carolinas
 
-"Total" war: first time army takes war to citizens
middle passage
the part of the Atlantic Ocean between the west coast of Africa and the West Indies: the longest part of the journey formerly made by slave ships
New Deal
name given to the new laws aimed at relieving the Depression, which were passed by Congress during the Hundred Days and the months that followed.
Jane Seymour
Queen of England as the third wife of Henry VIII and mother of Edward VI (1509-1537)
Alfred E. Smith
The Election of 1928- Hoover ran as the Republican against the Democrat _____ of New York. He was the 1st Catholic to run for president. He was agains Prohibition.
naturalized citizen
foreign born people who a. live in the US b. whose parents are not citizens c. who complete the requirements for US citizenship
nullification
an idea that a state has the right to nullify, or cancel, a federal law that a state leader considers to be uncounstitutional
Equal Pay Act
allowed equal pay for men and women because of Presidents Commission on the status of women
Intolerable Acts of 1774
Shut down Boston Harbor until the tea was payed for, outlawed freedom of assembly of the colonist, provided that British troops could be quartered in any town in Massachusetts, and allowed British officials accused of a crime to be tried in England or America
New York's Vassar College
Which of the following was the first private women's college in the United States?
The "New Jersey resolutions" called only for a revision of the Articles to enable the Congress more easily to raise revenues and regulate commerce. It also provided that acts of Congress and ratified treaties be "the supreme law of the States." one vote p
What was the New Jersey plan?
What kind of massive resistance was there to Brown v. Board?
-publicly condemn a federal law
-ries to keep schools white
French & Indian War
It lasted from 1754 to 1763 and was between the British and the French. Each country fought for control of the continent with the help of Native American and colonial allies. The British forces prevailed and Britain gained control of French lands under the Treaty of Paris of 1763.
Espionage and Sedition Acts –
a person can be finedup to $10,000 and sentenced to 20 years in jail for interfering with the draft, obstructing the sale of government bonds, or saying anything disloyal toward the government. This was a violation of the First amendment.
Frederick W. Taylor, Scientific Management
(March 20, 1856 - March 21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency. In 1911, this work was published to describe that the application of the scientific method to the management of workers could improve productivity.
The Association for the Advancement of Women, The Women's Christian Temperance Union, the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
Which group(s) made in the late 1800s supported women's rights? (3)
Why did the Mexicans have the upper hand?
Santa Anna had a larger army then those settled in Texas, and those who were actually willing to fight
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