AMERICAN HISTORY FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Flashcards

Terms Definitions
progressive movement
(1900-1916)
V-J Day
August 1945
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
modernism
it begain in german university
Who is Khruschev?
the new dictator
Speakeasy
An underground alcohol drinking establishment.
Douglas
United States politician who proposed that individual territories be allowed to decide whether they would have slavery
What is a militia?
a voluntary army
Corporation
an association of individuals, created by law or under authority of law, having a continuous existence independent of the existences of its members, and powers and liabilities distinct from those of its members.
thirteenth amendment
January 1865, slavery was abolished
U.S. economy
Searching for imperialistic colonies were not fueled by a need for cheap labor.
Radical Republican
One of the Congressional Republicans who wanted to destroy the political power of slaveholders and to give African Americans citizenship and the right to vote
opposing view to isolationism, this is the idea that trade between nations creates prosperity and helps prevent war FDR was for it
internationalism
Dwight Eisenhower
Thirty-fourth President of the Unites States, 1953-1961; leader of Allied forces in World War II; as President, he promoted business and continued social programs
Thomas Edison
inventor of the electric light bulb
Dwight D. Eisenhower's
President _____ _ ____________ secreatry of state, John Foster Dulles, said the U.S. must be prepared to use all of its nuclear weapons against any aggressor
John Wilkes Booth
confederate supporter who assasinated President Lincoln during a play at the Fords theatre
Emilio Aguinaldo
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901. (p. 743)
election of 1932
Democratic FD Roosevelt defeats republican Herbert Hoover.
FDIC
Financial Reform offered by FDR's New Deal.
who made the first controlled flight
the Wright brothers
Freeport Doctrine
Idea authored by Stephen Douglas that claimed slavery could only exist when popular sovereignty said so
Electoral College
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
How many people did Stalin have killed
8-10 million
Bay of Pigs
overthrow Fidel Castro in Cuba. Complete failure. strengthened cubas ties to soviets.
Assembly line
an arrangement of machines, tools, and workers in which a product is assembled by having each perform a specific, successive operation on an incomplete unit as it passes by in a series of stages organized in a direct line
Kristallnacht
The name given to the night of violence on November 9, 1938, when Nazi storm troopers looted and destroyed Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues and arrested thousands of Jews in Germany and Austria
Korean War
The ______ _______- War begun when North Korea invaded South Korea, 1950-1953
Hernando Cortés
A conquistador who landed on the Central American coast with 508 men in 1519
Panamanian Revolution
The Panamanians wanted to build the Panama Canal but the Colombians were trying to stop it from happening.
Harpers Ferry
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged
Flappers
Young women of the 1920's who tested the conservative values of women.
Imperialism
A desire to create & maintain colonial empires.
where did the first battle of the spanish american war take place
manilla bay
Civil War Amendments
Also know as the 13,14,15 Amendments. The thirteenth amendment abolished slavery. The 14th guaranteed citizenship to former slavers. The 15th declared that states may not deny the vote of any citizen on the basis of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
this person quickly rose to power in the Nazi party before finally becoming leader of Germany in 1934
Adolph Hitler
Armistice
a situation in a war where the warring parties agree to stop fighting
Nuremberg Trials
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes
Espionage Act
a United States federal law passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It prohibited any attempt to interfere with military operations, to support U.S. enemies during wartime, to promote insubordination in the military, or to interfere with military recruitment. In 1919, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled in Schenck v. United States that the act did not violate the freedom of speech of those convicted under its provisions
brinkmanship
The willingness to go to the edge, or brink, of war was called _____________-
Sugar Act
A law passed by Parliament in 1764 that placed a tax on sugar, molasses, and other products shipped to the colonies; also called for harsh punishment of smugglers
cotton gin
a machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793
Seator Jospeh McCarthy
His search for communists ruined the reportitions many people were ruined by false accusatons.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
In 1852 he wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin about a fugitive slave. It talked badly about the Slave Act and it targeted slavery and the slave catchers.
Why did the U.S. enter WWI?
Unrestricted warfare, zimmerman notes, and sinking of lusitania
The Townshend Acts
laws that placed duties on such common items as tea, lead, glass, and dyes for paints
Anti - Defamation League
organization formed in 1913 to defend Jews against physical & verbal attacks and false statements
Guantanamo Bay
Military base in Cuba - today, used to quetion terrorists.
Writ of Habeas Corpus
a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge
Korea is divided at 38th parallel when
North Korea invaded South Korea
Roosevelt's views on trust
Teddy's position on trust was that he believed that not all trust were bad, but he did sought to curb the ones that were harmful to the public interest.
Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_was_Teddy_Roosevelts_position_on_trusts#ixzz1MvnCJx36
What was britain's response to Hitler
led by churchill, they refused to surrender
Why was Cheif Justice Earl Warren so influential?
extended individual rights and freedoms
Who was William Dawes
he was one of the men rode through the town to warn the minute men.
What was the shot heard around the world
The shot heard around the worls started the American Revolution. No one knows who shot it but it started the war.
What were the effects of the French and Indian War?
France lost all of its North American possessions. Britain was left with large debt. Colonists develop a sense of community. Colonists begin settling in the Ohio River Valley. Native Americans resist colonists settling in the Ohio River Valley.
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