Glencoe World History Flashcards

Terms Definitions
a city state
semitic-speaking people that influenced other religions with theirs of Judaism
Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem
"priest-carvings" or "sacred writing"; a complex system of writing that used in ancient Egypt
a rapid increase in prices
another name for ceremonies or rites
a strait connecting the Mediterranean and the Black Sea; along with Hellespont
Hieratic Script
simplified version of hieroglyphics used in ancient Egypt for business transactions, record keeping, and the general needs of daily life
geometric patterns repeated over and over to completely cover a surface with decorations
French Protestants. The Edict of Nantes (1598) freed them from persecution in France, but when that was revoked in the late 1700s, hundreds of thousands of Huguenots fled to other countries, including America. User-contributed
Slaves to the Spartans that revolted and nearly destroyed Sparta in 650 B.C.E.
procedure used by Athenian assembly in 5th century B.C. to banish a citizen for 10 years without revoking their rights; 6,000 votes were needed for banishment
Black Sea
a sea between Europe and Asia
an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess; seized more land when needed
believing that there is only one god
"Semitic people" north of the Sumerian city-states
nomadic people from Asia who conquered and ruled ancient Egypt between 1650 and 1550 B.C
a successor of Muhammad as spiritual and temperoal leader of the Muslims
an artistic movement that emerged in Italy in the 1520s and 1530s; it marked the end of the Renaissance by breaking down the principles of balance, harmony, and moderation
Russian for "Caesar", the title used by Russian emperors
calvin coolidge
calvin coolidge, originally VP but became P. fired the ohio gang. etc, a friend to business, etc
an economic system based on private property and free enterprise - anywhere it existed
of or relating to or characteristic of ancient Mycenae or its inhabitants
the strait between the Aegean and the Sea of Marmara that separates European Turkey from Asian Turkey; along with Bosporus
Fertile Crescent
an arc of fertile farmland in Southwest Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf
Nile River
The world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea
Euphrates River
A river in southwestern Asia that flows through the southern part of the Fertile Crescent; parallel to the Tigris River
Thomas Hobbes
Believed that there should be absolute (unlimited) rule by kings
Oliver Cromwell
English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658)
A. mitchell palmer
attorney general, ordered the arrest of people suspected of being communists and anarchists. also staged raids on the HQ of various suspicious groups.
welfare capitalism
steps to build better relations with workers. Insurance/safety/ buy stocks etc.
a group of five men who were elected each year and were responsible for the education of the youth and conduct of the citizens
a process of slowly drying a dead body to prevent it from rotting
a gift of money or property paid at the time of marriage, either by the bride's parents to her husband, or in Islamic societies by a husband to his wife
Peter the Great
czar of Russia who introduced ideas from western Europe to reform the government
volstead act
to provide the means of enforcing the ban (banning alcohol)
Bronze Age Civilization
A civilization in the Bronze Age (est. 2800 B.C.)
James II
the last Stuart to be king of England and Ireland and Scotland; overthrown in 1688 (1633-1701)
Code of Hammurabi
the set of laws drawn up by Babylonian king Hammurabi dating to the 18th century BC, the earliest legal code known in its entirety
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