American History people Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Cherokee
George Hewes
Bill of Rights
franklin pierce
president of 1852
thomas jefferson
3rd president-democratic republican
scalawags
Southern whites who supported republican policy throught reconstruction
Ulysses Grant
attacked the confederates at Vicksburg, got full command of the Union army after the battle of Chattanoga
Lucy Stone
formed American Women's suffrage movement, School teacher, daughter of a farmer, became abolitionist, lecturer for Anti-Slavery Society, good at giving speeches, disagreed with Susan Antony, did not want to seperate the women's rights movement from the aboltionist/civil rights movement.
Aguinaldo
Leader of Filipino Rebels fighting against Spain
William Patterson
introduced the new jersey plan
tecumseh
with brother tenskwatawa (the prophet) began urging NA to resist
Lucretia Mott
headed the Seneca Falls Convention along with Stanton
Margaret Sanger
Proponent of the Eugenics movement, she founded Planned Parenthood.
Hancock, John
American revolutionary patriot who was president of the Continental Congress. First and largest signer of the Declaration of Independence
John Wilkes Booth
Shot and killed Abraham Lincoln.
harriet tubman
most famous conductor of the underground railroad
John C. Calhoun
Vice-president of U.S.; created doctrine of nullification
George Pickett
Confederate general who led Pickett's charge at Gettysburg
Horace Mann
Father of Public Education; produced many educational reforms that shaped public education today
Alexander Hamilton
supporter of the bill of rights, George Washingtons' Secretary of Treasury, Head of the Federalists, for National Bank, introduced and excised tax on whiskey
Samuel Slater
brought machines that used power from running water and steam engines to make clothes
Samuel Gompers
A NON-socialist who fought very hard for unions and workers' rights. He founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Fidel Castro
The communist leader of Cuba, starting after he overthrew the Batista government.
Lucy Burns
a fierce activist for women's rights in the United States as well as in the U.K., very good friends with Alice Paul with whom she founded the National Women's Party; (most of the stuff we saw in the movie was true: imprisonment, attending Oxford University (amongst other schools: Vassar, Columbia, Yale))
Reed, Walter
US Army Pathologist who proved that yellow fever was transmitted by a mosquito
john brown
aboitionist famous for his raid on harpers ferry
Henry Hudson
English explorer who searched for a Northwest Passage through North America beginning in 1609
John White
Sent to save Roanoake; was too late.
Erwin Rommel-
German general he commanded the Afrika Korps.
Frontiersman who found trail through the Cumberland Gap
Daniel Boone (1734-1820)
carrie chapman catt
Spoke powerfully in favor of suffrage, worked as a school principal and a reporter ., became head of the National American Woman Suffrage, an inspiried speaker and abrilliant organizer. Devised a detailed battle plan for fighting the war of suffrage.
Lyndon Johnson
signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
de Leon, Ponce
Sails for Spain, explores Florida for gold and Fountain of Youth
harriet beacher stowe
author of the novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin
Dred Scott
A Missouri slave who had been taken north to work in free territory for several years. After he returned with his slaveholder to MIssouri, Scott sued to end his slavery arguing that living in free territory made him a free man. Supreme court ruled against Scott. Stating that he was not a U.S. citizen and that gave him no right to sue in federal court. And said that the 5th amendment protected slaveholders from being deprived of their property.
Kim il sung
communist leader of North Korea his attack on South Korea in 1950 started the Korean War.
crazy horse
a chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)
J. Edgar Hoover
The director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation who investigated and harassed alleged radicals.
W. E. B. Du Bois
first African American to get Harvard doctorate
Republicanism
Bacon's Rebellion
Marconi
created the radio
Articles of Confederation
Daniel Burnham
designs Flatiron Buil
"Negro Plot" of 1741
George Eastman
develops light-weight equipment, studio processing; 1888, introduces Kodak camera, easy to operate
- millions use Kodak camera
F. Scott Fitzgerald
wrote the great gabsby
LaSalle, Robert
French Explorer who claimed Mississippi river valley for France and named this territory Louisiana
Mark Twain
Novelist, humorist Samuel Langhorne Clemens,
John Locke
English Philospher. Wrote Two Treatises on Government. The ideas of consent of the governed, social contract, and right of revolution influenced the United States Declaration of Independence.
Aaron burr
3rd Vice President
Jefferson's running mate
Robert Lee
best military leader in American History, declined offer to leave Union forces being on confederate side added 2 years to the war
George Cohan
Major songwriter, wrote many famous tunes such as "Over There." His songs encouraged Americans to help in the war effort
Deere, John
Invented the steel plow, allowed farmers on the Great Plains to more easily plow through the tough, dry soil
clara barton
work basis formed american red cross
McKinley Tarriff
since the Republican party believed they had won the election because of their tariff idea, McKinley, rep of Ohio, along with Senator Aldrich, drafted the highest protective measure ever proposed to Congress. After it became law, the Republican Party leaders realized they had apparently misinterpreted public sentiment, and suffered in the 1890 election.
Benedict Arnold
Leader during American Revolution, he switched sides and became a traitor
Sumner Brooks Affair
Senator Charles Sumner harshly critized Southerners over slavery and said bad things about Andrew Butler; Preston Brooks, Butler's nephew, beat Sumner with cane; South supported Brook's attack
Joseph Pulitzer
Publisher of the New York World
John Winthrop
Leader of the Puritans, thought the colony should be a religious haven
john rockefeller
Oil monopoly . owned Standard Oil.Used horizontal integration
Upton Sinclair
The muckraker who wrote The Jungle about the poor, dying, pigs.
Hamilton, Alexander
First U.S. secretary of the treasury, he established the national bank and public credit system.
Jarvick, Robert
invented the first artificial heart in 1970
Frederick Law Olmstead
spearheads movement for planned urban park; 1857, helps design Central Park
Captain John Smith
English army captain whose strict discipline helped the Jamestown settlement to survive
John Jay
First chief justice of the Supreme Court
General George Marshall
American general. He led U.S. mobilization for World War 2 and helped plan war strategies
John Calhoun
Leader of the War Hawks from South Carolina
william tweed
political boss of New York who used corruption to cheat the city out of over 100 million; he was later arrested and died in jail
Santa Anna, Antonio
Mexican president who fought Texans in the Texas Revolution
general irvin mcdowell
union general who commanded the army of the potomac at first bull run
William Lloyd Garrison
Proposed for the immediate release of slaves and that they be compensated
tribute
$$ paid by 1 country to another in return for protection
John F Kennedy
President and a member of one of America's most popular political families, he had problems with the Bay of Pigs, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and Vietnam. His wife redecorated the White house. He was assassinated in Dallas by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Frederick Douglass
one of the most famous of all black abolitionists who later served as a U.S. ambassador to Haiti
William T. Sherman
Led Total War in South. "March to the Sea"
Mercantilism
Whiskey Rebellion
Silent Cal
Calvin Coolidge
Marbury vs. Madison
abraham lincoln
first republican president
First movie with sound
Jazz singer
Compton
free soil/abolitionist stronghold in Kansas prior to the war
eli whitney
inventor of the cotton gin
Sacajawea
Shoshone woman, accompanied Lewis and Clark from St. Louis to the Pacific
TCS Virginia
rechristened name of the Merrimack
Henry Clay
The Great Compromiser; proposes Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850, Compromise Tariff of1833, Maysville Road Bill
Quakers
Protestant sect that rejected wealth, clergy, and even took a public stance against slavery
Thomas Gage
british general during the American Revolution that was order to arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock, also sent 700 of his men to capture weapons and ammo
Richard Nixon
Infamous President who wrote the "Checkers Speech" and was behind (or at least knew of) the Watergate break-in.
Carver, John
first governor of Plymouth, Pilgrims' governor
stephen douglas
illinois politican famous for his debate against abraham lincoln
John J. Pershing
commander of american expeditionary force of over 1 million troops who insisted his soldiers fight as independent units so US would have independent role in shaping the peace
Jefferson Davis
President of Confederate States of America during Civil War
George III
King of England during the Revolutionary War; the Declaration of Independence was written to him
Ulysses S Grant
18th President, amazing Union general. He was a good man, but his two term Presidency was tainted with corruption
James Madison
The fourth President of the United States (1809-1817). A member of the Continental Congress (1780-1783) and the Constitutional Convention (1787), he strongly supported ratification of the Constitution and was a contributor to The Federalist Papers (1787-1788), which argued the effectiveness of the proposed constitution. His presidency was marked by the War of 1812.
Barton, Clara
a teacher by profession, Founder of American Red Cross. One of the 1st civilians to round up army supplies.
Lt. Col. Leonard Wood
Commander of the Rough Riders
hinton r helper
wrote Impending Crisis of the South
Dorothea Dix
Reformer who fought to improwe the care of the mentally ill
John Rolfe
He brought tobacco to Jamestown, which saved this colony from failing, and he also was married to Pocahontas.
Winston Churchill
British prime minister he opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War II.
Andrew Jackson
the age of Jackson, was defeated by John Quincey Adams and served one term weakened by scandal, Created the democratic party, hated the national bank, hated indians, growing sectionalism, "Trail of Tears"
sitting bull
Cheif that led the indians in the Battle of Little Big Horn; tribes combinded and they slaughtered the americans
Stephen A. Douglas
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine
Teddy Roosevelt
Vice President of McKinley and when he was assassinated took over as president. He demonstrated legislative leadership in advocating Progressive reforms and inaugurated federal regulation of economic affairs. Called a "trust buster". Won for president in 1904. He promised a "Square Deal".
King Kalakaua
Hawaiian king who took the thrown in 1874 but signed bayonet constition giving up his power to the missionaries
John Slidell
US negotiator who was not alowed to see Santa Anna
Andrew Carnegie
Son of a Scottish weaver; started work at age 12; bought oil well in mid 20s; made fortune in steel; introduced the blast furnace
war hawks
those who were eager for war with Britain
Rosa Parks
A black woman picked by the NAACP to commit civil disobedience because she was such a good citizen. Sat in the white section of a bus and got in trouble, causing a boycott of the bus system.
Alfred T. Mahan
us navy captain who encouraged the us to look outward for military bases, raw materials, markets
meriwether lewis & william clark
leaders of the lewis & clark expedition
Puritans
Boston Massacre
Emerson and Thoreau
Transcenditalists
Declaration of Independence
McClellan
led the peninsular campaign
henry ford
Invented the assembly line
lewis cass
father of popular sovereignty
Houston, Sam
American lawyer, politician, and soldier; he led U.S. settlers in a fight to secure Texas against Mexico and was instrumental in Texas' admission to the United States in 1845.
john bell
constitutional union party candidate in the election of 1860
George Washington
Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States. Leader of Constitutional Convention.
Leader during American Revolution-switched sides and became a traitor
Benedict Arnold (1741-1801)
Westing House
Started radio station KDKA in Pittsburgh
HL Mencken
Famous cynic of the Jazz Age
Hutchinson, Ann
Massachusetts Bay colonist, kicked out for her religious teachings
major robert anderson
led north in Fort Sumter
Christopher Columbus
Italian explorer of the New World
Joseph Stalin
totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union. He used violent crackdowns on his political enemies to gain strength for him. He led the Soviet Union through World War II
William Travis
responded to Santa Annas' threat with a canon ball shot from the mission
booker T. washington
felt that african americans should accept segregation and the best way to overcome it is to improve you farming an d vocational skills
Jim Fisk
A Robber Baron, he bought leftover army supplies and sold them to the poor
Patrick Henry
a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799)
McClellan, George
Union General fired by Lincoln. Too cautious. Runs against Lincoln in 1864 as Democrat on Peace Platform
General Miles
Commanding General of US Army in Spanish-American War, led invasion of Puerto Rico; met little resistance
South Carolina
first southern state to secede from the union
James Fenimore Cooper
First major U.S. novelist, wrote stories about the frontier
Brigham Young
Took over Mormans after Joseph Smith Jr. dies
continental divide
place on a continent that separates river systems flowing in opposite directions
William Penn
was a Quaker, he dressed in plain black clothing and never used force
Booker T Washington
Black leader. He was okay with segregation, but wanted the blacks to be economically equal to the whites, building good communities and voting, etc. He and WEB Dubois had some disagreements
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
SC. Sent to France. Jay's Treaty regarded by French as a silent declaration of war. Arrived and was ignored. XYZ Affair. Ran against Madison in 1808 as a Fed and lost.
Web Dubois
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
queen lilioukalani
the hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by arevolution stareted by american busuness interenst
John D. Rockefeller
Founder of the Standard Oil Company; established the University of Chicago
Neil Armstrong
I said " That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind". I was the first man to step foot on the moon.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
I am a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. I was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
Samuel Mudd
.
Julia Ward Howe
.
Chivington Massacre/ Black Kettle
...
Elizabeth stanton
Wrote declaration of womens rights
embargo
a government order that forbids foreign trade
James Monroe
Fifth American President who delivered a warning to Europe to protect Latin America.
Dawes Act
proposed to break up the reservations and to end identification with a tribal group. They goal was to encourage native peoples to become farmers and eventually become american citizens.
Samuel Adams
Boston Patriot who opposed stamp act and organized sons of liberty
Miguel Hidalgo
Mexican priest who organized an army of Native Americans that freed several Mexican provinces.
William Howard Taft
(1908-1912), was endorsed by Roosevelt because he pledged to carry on progressive program, then he didn't appoint any Progressives to the Cabinet, actively pursued anti-trust law suits, appoints Richard Ballinger as Secretary of the Interior, Ballinger opposed conservation and favored business interests, Taft fires Gifford Pinchot (head of U.S. forestry), ran for re-election in 1912 but lost to Wilson
Chief Joseph
leader of the Nez Perce tribe that surrendered to the US army in Canada after some young men in his tribe killed some settlers
John Quincy Adams
The 6th President of the United States. Also, he was Secretary of State under James Monroe
Nicola Saaco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Two Italian anarchist immagrants who believed in getting rid of all government and were involved in several rallies. They were both executed in 1927.
President Andrew Johnson
he hated rich planters and got strong voter support from white southerners, he first served Tennessee as governor, then in Congress, was the only southern senator to remain in Congress after secession, became President after Lincoln was assassinated and was left with the project of reconstruction, northerners blamed him for the southern Democrats' return to power, he lacked voter approval of his policies (mandate) which affected his ability to influence Congress, he opposed equal rights for African Americans (was against 14th amendment)
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