American History Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Veto
cancel
armistice
a truce
walt whitman
poet
Literally
actually; in fact
Federalists
supporters of the Constitution
immigrate
coming into a country
Gold, salt and ivory
went east
New weapons
*stealth air plane
*smart bombs
*GPS
Clay
senator Danial Webster from Massachusetts helped senator __ of south Carolina pass the compromise of 1850
Proposed the Erie Canal?
Dewitt Clinton
william howard taft
theodore roosevelt's handpicked successor
interstate
across state lines; connecting or existing between two or more states.
Shay`s Rebellion
an uprising of debt-ridden massachusetts farmers protesting increase state taxes in 1787
Henry Clay
Distinguished senator from Kentucky. He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and known as "The Great Compromiser." Proposed the Missouri Compromise and outlined the Compromise of 1850 with five main points.
Andrew Jackson
7th president of the US
Where was the Declaration of Independence signed?
Philidelphia
Kitchen Cabinet
Unofficial political advisers under Jackson
Lusitania
Germans sunk this; brought us into WW1
Constitutional Convention
the convention of United States statesmen who drafted the United States Constitution in 1787.
did townshend act allow writs of assistance
yes
discrimination
unfair treatment of a group, unequal treatment because of a persons' race, religion, ethnic background, or place of birth
grandfather clause
if your grandfather couldnt vote, neither could you
Anapolis Convention
2nd meeting of the Constitutional convention
America Fever
many immigrants came to America because it was seen as a land of opportunities - political/religious freedom, economic opportunites, abundance of industrial jobs
Counterculture
a culture with lifestyles and values opposed to those of the established culture (Hippies)
Martin Luther
German priest who began the Reformation
Why is James Madison called the "Father of the Constitution"?
get
Central Powers
the WWI alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire
Benjamin Franklin
An American diplomat, writer, and inventor. He helped the writing of the Declaration as well as securing French aid.
Railroads
Allowed travel to be faster. first transcontinental railroad completed in 1869, bridged gap between east and west, caused conflicts with native americans b/c it went through their land
who returned from switzerland to lead a 2nd revolution in november, 1917?
lenin
All men are created equal
Declaration of independence
All people should have the same rights
Compromise of 1850
Clay's plan of compromise over slavery
Syngman Rhee
Korean leader who became president of South Korea after World War II and led South Korea during the Korean War.
traditional imperialism
empires had great power and were defined by the number of colonies and amount of t leads to conflict which is not utilitarian.
Emancipation Proclamation
freed the rebelling slaves in the South. which contributed to the rest of the slaves running away after word was spread to the South.
labor movement
the process of organizing workers to unions for the purpose of protecting their rights
Great Compromise
the blending of two governmental plans to form the U.S. government
Ghost Dance (Movement)
A traditional Native American dance which was thought to be a means of contacting one's ancestors. Circa 1890 this dance became identified with a new religious movement which spread among the northern plains tribes and seemed to threaten an Indian uprising.
Longitude
Distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North Pole to the South Pole). Usually the meridian in Greenwich, England, known as the prime meridian, is used as a starting point.
XYZ affair
(1797) an incident in which French agents attempted to get a bribe, loans, and apology from U.S. diplomats in exchange for an agreement that French privateers would no longer attack American ships. U.S. refused to comply and ended diplomatic relations with France. The two nations engaged in an undeclared naval war with each other as a result of this
child labor
the practice of using children as manual laborers
molly pitcher
molly hays got nickname from carring water to soldiers
Poll Tax
A tax on every adult, without reference to their income on resources.
Pinckney's Treaty- 1796
1796, “Right to Deposit”, Spanish tried to take control over Americans in New Orleans
Where did people go during the depression?
Charities (churches)
compromise of 1877
this gave Rutherford B. Hayes the presidency in exchange for the end of Reconstruction in the South
Penny auctions
Staged sale of property to pennies by friends-who returned it later.
Inchon
a port city in western South Korea on the Yellow Sea; site of major battle in the Korean War
D-Day
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
navigation acts
Laws passed by the British to control colonial trade
George Whitefield
one of the preachers of the great awakening; known for his talented voice inflection, and as the "Grand Itinerant" for his travels, unites America by being a "common denominator"
William Pitt
In 1757, William Pitt became the new head of the British government. His first job was to win the war in North America. Under Pitt, the British captured the most important French fort. He later died, but the city Pittsburg was named after him.
Pizzaro
For Spain. led a small army in an invasion of the Inca Empire. He conquered the Inca and gained huge amounts of gold and silver for himself and Spain.
suffragist
one who tries to gain the right to vote,
Treaty of Paris (1783)
1. US independence was recognized2. Boundaries placed at the Mississippi3. Free Navigation of Mississippi was open to US4. Congress has to recommend states restore the Tory property5. Debts due to British creditors must be paid
What is a loose union of states or nations called?
confederation
the election of 1860
Lincoln is elected president in 1860. the south fears he will abolish slavery so they begin to secede from the union
Encomienda
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
Cult of Domesticity
The notion or idea that women were supposed to stay at home and create a safe virtuous household
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Was a, an 1852 novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe written to show the evils of slavery and the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Act
Roger Williams
minister of a church in the town of Salem, Massachuetts, who had the unpopular beliefs that the Puritans should split from the Church of England, and that the colonists should give land back to the Native Americans, He was forced to leave.
French and Indian War (1754-63)
French and Indians vs. England, Colonies and IroquoisEngland is led by William PittEnds with Peace of Paris and says England get everything east of the Mississippi River besides New Orleans
New England Town Meetings
People went and "voted" but really it was already desieded what would be done
Stock Market Crash 1987
(RR) 1987, due to use of computerized program trading in stocks and stock-index futures by a few large institutional investors, however spring of 1988 steady growth but many jobs were lost
President Harry S. Truman
approved the use of the atomic bombs on Japan
Spread of Baptist & Methodist Churches
African americans purchasing land and building their own churches and creating schools within them, begin to see black communities surrounding churches.
what happened on the island of hispaniola and what is the result in the southern u.s.?
the islands half-million slaves fought in a revolt an resulted in the defeats of spanish, english, and french armies
What were liberty bonds used for?
To help help the economy and military
What was the SIgnificance of Sputnik 1?
It was the first artificial satellite to orbit earth launched by the soviet that alarmed America and made congress create nasa to compete with the soviets.
Who were the candidates for the 1912 election and what were their ranks at the time?
William Taft - current presidentTeddy Roosevelt - former presidentWoodrow Wilson - Governor of New Jersey
How were kings able to pay for exploration?
They taxed and borrowed from new middle class of merchants.
blimp
Zeppelin
denomination
religious group
capital
money for investment
Sedition Act
John Adams
Writs of Assistance
search warrants
Describe: the Consumer society
...
$15 million
price of Louisana Terrority
Alexander Graham Bell
invented the telephone
Nativism
(philosophy) the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate
oliver evans
developed mechanical flour mill
Mexican war- Mexico cedes California and New Mexico to US
Polk
Unrestricted U-boat warfare
No U-boat warfare zones.
New Amsterdam
Present day New York City
Hernan Cortes
The conqueror of the Aztecs
battle of the marne
stopped german advance
5th amendment
no trial without jury FIF
Indian Territory
area covering most of present-day Oklahoma to which most American Indians in the SE were forced to move in the 1830s
GATT
General agreement of late 90's. Trade and terrace, child labor
Robert S. McNamara
American businessman and public official; he was the U.S. secretary of defense from 1961-1968
Abraham Lincoln
In charge of the Emancipation Proclamation
Sinclair
wrote the Jungle which detailed the poor conditions in meat packing plants
Teapot Dome
major scandal during the Harding administration
Progressive party.
In the 1912 presidential election, Roosevelt was nominated by the
cabinet
a group of senior officials appointed by the President that heads the executive departments and advises the President
strikes
union workers' refusal to work until their employers met their demands
Champlain
French explorer in Nova Scotia who established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec (1567-1635)
1803
When did Marbury vs. Madison take place?
Wagner Act
Reestablished the NIRA provision of collective bargaining.
Disenfranchisement
Ways to restrict black voters without referring to race or ethnicity such as the literacy test, the poll tax, the grandfather clause, good character voucher, property requirements, and being registered to vote.
What is the term for the president rejecting a bill?
Vetoing
John C. Fremont
Scouting opening western territory, is in Cali when Mexican War breaks out, helps Americans in Revolt against Spanish authority, Pathfinder of the West
sunbelt
states in the south and southwest that have a warm climate and tend to be politically conservative
"Citizen" Edmund Genet
French Ambassador to US, recruit people to fight for France
Jacob Riis
A Danish immigrant, he became a reporter who pointed out the terrible conditions of the tenement houses of the big cities where immigrants lived during the late 1800s. He wrote How The Other Half Lives in 1890. (He was a muckraker)
Louisiana Purchase
1803 purchase by the U.S. Frances Louisiana territory for 15 million extending to rockies
Pennsylvania
In which state did the oil industry start?
Library of Congress
1897
13 acres of floor space
largest and costliest library in world
Hideki Tojo
was the leader of Japan during WW2
What is the trensendance of the limits of your mind and the embrace of the universe's beauty?
transcendentalism
Samuel Morse
Artist and inventor most famous for the development of a workable, easily produced electric telegraph. The first telegraph was between Baltimore and Washington in 1844. Just 17 years later, telegraph lines stretched from coast to coast. He also came up with a code of dots-and-dashes that stood for letters and numbers. This was called the Morse Code. The telegraph made it possible for people to send instant messages over long distances, without having to wait for mail delivery.
mercantilism
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
Restoration colonies
Colonies made after the restoration of Charles II in 1660. These colonies include: Carolina, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York.
Common Sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
American Colonization Society
Funded removal of slaves to Africa/Liberia. No antibodies to disease.
Osceola
Led a band of Seminoles that hid in the Everglades and used guerrilla tactics to defeat the U.S Army., Seminole leader who resisted the removal of his people from Florida in the 1830s. He died under suspicious circumstances after being tricked into surrendering (1837).
Orders in Council, 1807
Britain's; prohibits any ship from European ports without going to England (neutral countries are in trouble)
War Hawks
People from the West and South who favored the War of 1812 against England.
Trail of Tears
the forced journey of the Cherokee from the Southeast to present-day Oklahoma.
The ________ __________ _________ set up the government for __________
Charter of Liberties Pennsylvania
become well educated.
W.E.B. Du Bois urged African Americans to
35 times
How many times did the House of Representatives vote in the Election of 1800?
The Executive
The New Deal concentrated power in the hands of which government branch?
Red
The ____ Scare was a fear of communism taking over
Sussex Pledge
met the foreign policy goals of both Germany and Pres. Wilson by keeping the U.S. out of war a little longer
Progressives' reform
won 10 hour work days for factory workers and pushed for dry laws and won them in a few states
open door
the policy of admitting people of all nationalities or ethnic groups to a country upon equal terms, as for immigration.
Dred Scott
1857. A slave, taken north to live for 7 years; returned to Missouri and sued for his freedom. Case before a U.S. supreme court that was made up of seven democrats (5 southerners); Taney writes majority opinion that denied Scott his petition. Taney maintained that neither Scott, nor any slave, could be a citizen since they "had no rights which the white man was bound to respect".
15th ammendment
illegal for states to deny the vote on account of race color previous condition of servitude
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city buses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
land speculation
buying an reselling of land to make a profit
joint stock companies
invested money in colonies to make a profit
what american demand hindered Eurppes recovery after ww1?
payments of allied war debts
Kansas Nebraska Act
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.
Woodrow Wilson
"He kept us out of the war!" was a slogan used by this president as he ran for reelection.
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
what finally brought the United States into World War II?
This man was the last commander of the British
Sir Guy Carleton
How did Lincoln plan to prevent secession.
secession would not be permitted, vowing to hold federal property in the South and to enfore the laws of the United States.
How did the British compromise with the Loyalists?
Pensions and land grants in Canada.
forcing him to compromise his ideals on matters of self-determination and punishment of Germany
The European powers and Japan weakened Wilson at the peace conference by
they were going to kill the settlers anyway so the indians let them starve
after food in jamestown was running low, the ppl began to trade with the indians. Why did the indians stop trading with them?
Which of the following was NOT a belief of America's industrial- capitalist economy reflected in the Open Door Policy?
The US will use government money to guarantee private loans to foreign countries
tranquility
peace
Mesoamerica
Middle America
Revisionists
Imperialist and Socioeconomic
Warhawks
Battle of 1812
Senate
dealt with equal representation
American Civil war
during 1861-1865
Philanthropy
giving donations to worthy causes
Who was Jackson's VP?
John Calhoun
Atlantic Slave Trade
rise of slavery
prejudice
an unreasonable, usually unfavorale opinion of another group
AAA
Aided farmers and regulated crop production:
Neowhigs
focused on individuals; only direction to go was revolution
Dorothea Dix
Improved prisons and mentally ill
Standing armies
Colonist's over-confidence in the militia soared No standing armies - republican view of distrusting anyone, don't need them b/c of militiamen Forced Washington into defensive strategy Make enemy lose will to fight by just holding together an army
sharecropping
landowners divided their land and assigned each head of household a few acres along with seeds and tools.
Lucy Fryer
was murderd in Waco Tx
salvatore maranzano
old school cicilion mafia member.
Thirteenth Amendment
constitutional amendment of 1885 that abolished slavery
Robert Kennedy
American politician; he was Attorney General during his brother President Kennedy's presidency, and was assassinated during his bid for the 1968 Democratic presidential nomination.
collective bargaining
discussion between employers and union representatives
Intolerable Acts
measures that Parliament passed that colonists didnt like
appeasement
policy of giving concessions to Hitler in order to keep the peace
True
Mrs. Wilson is sometimes called the first female president of the United States.
Jimmy Carter
President; Camp David Accords; Panama Transaction
deport
return to an immigrant's country of origin
D
What were the opponents of the Constitution known as?
A. Republicans
B. Democrats
C. Federalists
D. Anti-federalists
John Newton
Who authored the poem/song "amazing grace"?
peacetime assoctiation of countriess designed to prevent war
League of Nations
How many Senators does each state have?
2 senators
martyrs
(n) people who are noted for suffering or dying in the upholding of high standards or religious beliefs
taft-hartley act
A major law concerning labor, passed by Congress in 1947. President Harry S. Truman vetoed Taft-Hartley (see veto), but it became law by a two-thirds vote of Congress.
John Hancock
trader, rich, big smuggler, part of the Sons of Liberty
Gettysburg Address
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
referendum
when the people vote on a bill directly
What does the new leader of Germany do?
Surrender
Charleston
was a type of dance from the 1920's
what many soldiers died of
poor nutrition and disease
Metacom
Chief of the Wampanoag Indians who led an attack on villages throughout New England. This was the largest conflict in 1675.
Roanoke
Headed by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1587, this is the first attempt at colonization. It fails as Raleigh leaves to England for supplies but is forced to fight in the Spanish Armada and doesn't return for years, so White (captain) leaves too but same thing. When they head back, everything and everyone is mysteriously missing.
Enlightenment
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
Ulysses S. Grant
Becomes Commander-in-Chief of Army of the Potomac. Strategy is to attack confederacy on all fronts. Needs war to end before election.
Virginia House of Burgesses
(1619) first representative government in the colonies
Black Hawk
a leader of Fox and Sauk Indians, decided to fight rather than leaving Illinios
James K. Polk
Polk (1844) put this into action—got Oregon, Texas, and California
henery ford
lowered the cost of their cars by implementing scientific management practices
Townshend Duties
• Impose taxes on items such as glass, paint, paper, tea, and lead
• It is a navigation act because it is imported from Britain
• External taxes vs. internal taxes
• Repealed because of boycotts colonists did, yet did not repeal tax on tea
The Twelfth Amendment
Requires voters to vote separately for president and vice president.
The Truman Doctrine
What set a precedent for American assistance to anticommunist regimes throughout the world, no matter how undemocratic?
Eliza Lucas
the person who introduced indigo as a successful plantation crop.
Chief Joseph
Nez Perces's leader, led a group of refugees on a trek of more than 1,300 miles to Canada.
Sugar Act
a trade law enacted by Parliament in 1764 in an attempt to reduce smuggling in the British colonies in North America
Stars and Bars
the flag of the Confederate States, consisting of two horizontal bars of red separated by one of white, with a blue union and a circle of white stars
"Second War for Independence"
Effect of War of 1812. Nationalism: viewed as "SWfI"
chain migration
like links in a chain - when europeans moved over, stayed in contact with home relative and told them to come over and they would do so to the same place if 1st family moved to. settled together to creat own settlements.
Embargo Act of 1807
This act issued by Jefferson forbade American trading ships from leaving the U.S. It was meant to force Britain and France to change their policies towards neutral vessels by depriving them of American trade. It was difficult to enforce because it was opposed by merchants and everyone else whose livelihood depended upon international trade. It also hurt the national economy, so it was replaced by the Non-Intercourse Act.
leaders of slave rebellions
Denmark Vessey and Nat turner were __
Anglican ministers, rich merchants, slaves who were promised in exchange for their service, Indians who wanted to check colonial expansion, and German immigrants because George III was of German origin
Who made up the loyalists (tories)?
7th amendment
if a crime exceeds 20 dollars, jury is necessary
4 main points to Johnson's reconstruction plan
states make new government; pardons for soldiers who swore allegiance to US; rejoin union; must pay off own debts
Declaration of the Rights of Grievances
document written to Parliament stating "no taxation without representation"
Responsible for implementing a series of regulatory initiatives required under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.
SEC - Securities and Exchange Commission
Sinking of the Rueben James events?
armed merchant ships and removed commerce restrictions
WOULD TAKE THEIR JOBS, WORKING CHEAPER AND AS STRIKEBREAKERS
MANY LABOR UNIONS OPPOSED IMMIGRATION, ARGUING THAT MOST IMMIGRANTS
How did Washington win the Battle of Trenton?
Hessians weren't expecting a surprising attack on Christmas night.
What was the major impact of technology on workers?
wages for workers declined as more factories used new machines to produce goods
Contributions of America to the war effort?
The National War Labor Board and the Women Support Industry.
canals, railroads, and in factories, midwest, east coast
The Irish usually worked on ( ) and ( ). The Germans bought farmland or were merchants in the ( ). The Irish usually lived on the ( ).
Madeline Albright
Clinton
Stamp Act
...
AIM
American Indian Movement
convention
a large formal assembly
Grant and Scandles
"Worst President"
anthony
organized daughters of temperances
Prohibition
Laws banning the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages
The "Religious Right"
Traditionaly family values:anti-abortion, anti-gay rightts. Education: prayer & religious values in school. U.S. is a Christian nation, role abroad.
Which amendment repealed Prohibition?
21st amendment
Bias
prejudice, not fair, unequal, one sided
mediation
An interverntion, usually with consent of the parties, to aid in voluntarily settling differences between groups or nations.
selective service
congress passed it in 1917
civil service
the nonmilitary branches of government
Alien acts
targeted immigrants, immigrants cannot vote
Venustiano Carranza
(1859-1920) mexican revolutionist and politician; he led forces against vitoriano huerta during the mexican revolution (1910-1920).
PWA
Public Works Administration. Part of Roosevelts New Deal programs. Put people to work building or improving public buildings like schools, post offices,etc.
the production of consumer goods
light industry
Inca
spine of South America - huge civilization, quipu (knotted strings), Sun god Inti, stone terraces for planting, bridges and roads
Harlem Renaissance
a flowering of creativity, literature, and art movement celebrating African American culture
free silver
the unlimited production of silver coins
Marcus Garvey
founder of United Negro Improvement Association ;; promoted resettlement of African Americans to own "African homeland", wanted African Americans to isolate themselves from all others
permanent
Farming was necessary for the first American civilzations to emerge. It made it possible for people to stay in one place and bulld ________________ villages.
Seperatists
people who seperated from the Church of England
benjamin spock
United States pediatrician whose many books on child care influenced the upbringing of children around the world (1903-1998)
France
first country to recognize America as independent nation
Whiskey Rebellion
-American army decided to resist Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey.
-H wanted to enforce tax.
-H was able to single out the Pennsylvania rebels.
-Resistance towards the tax.
-H wanted the Federal Government to send in American troops bc they were ready with a supply of military forces.
BLANK: social and economic programs that were designed to pull the U.S. out of the depression by providing jobs to the public.
New Deal
Open Door notes
a series of policy statements
Dollar diplomacy
using economic power to influence Latin American governments to promote and protect countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Great Compromise
*Agreement created a House of Representatives based on population*Senate based on equal representation from each state
Suez Crisis (1956)
Egyptian President seizes the Suez Canal
John Muir
He was a United States naturalist (born in England) who advocated the creation of national parks (1838-1914)
townshend act
placed import duties on goods, created more vice admiralty courts, suspended NY legislature
Middle Passage
Voyage from Africa to the Americas aboard slave ships
Charles DeGaulle
French general who fled to england where he set up government-in-exile after the fall of France
ohio valley
the iriquois kept the french from moving into the _______. (rich in beaver fur)
Pentagon Papers
This revealed that the American people had been misled, that Presidents had not been truthful to Congress.
increased sharply.
During World War II, United States government spending
T/F The New York stock exchange is often referred to as Wall Street.
True
Charles II
king of England who expanded England's American empire
June 28th, 1914
date of assassination of Franz Ferdinand
closed shop
Place of employment that allows only union worker
Dawes Act
dissolved the legal entities of all tribes, but if the Indians behaved the way Whites wanted them to behave, they could receive full U.S. citizenship in 25 years (full citizenship to all Indians was granted in 1924)
totalitarian government
government in which one party controls all political power
Proprietership
When a business or person owns and runs a colony
Nonintercourse Act
the 1809 act of Congress prohibiting all shipping and trade between the United States and British- or French-controlled ports
First Continental Congress
First political body that convened in 1774 to protest the Intolerable Acts. The congress ended up endorsing the Suffolk Resolves, urging a boycott of British imports and sending a petition to King George III
royal colony
colony controlled by the king or a representative of the king
Children's Bureau
established by Taft and was a federal agency similar to Roosevelt's Bureau of Corporations in investigating and publicizing problems with child labor.
Commodore Dewey
(WMc) , surprise victory over the Span in Spanish- American War in the Philippines
What is Monroe's presidencecy known as?
Era of Good Feeling
Articles of Confederation
Accomplishments Won the War??? - can you credit Congress? NW Ordinance (1787) - gov't to Western territories States can't resolve who owns these territories, so fed. Gov't decides Territories can come into Union as state once reaching certain pop. Gives Rel. Freedom Outlaws Slave Trade North of Ohio River Limits & Problems Congress had no power to: Tax - ask States for Donations (reason why can't pay troops) States paid during war for most part, but not afterRequest $3.8 mil, but only get $663 Negotiate/Tax trade (tariffs) - w/ foreign powers Stop State Disputes - tariffs bt. States Defend against enemies (Spain, Britain) Won't negotiate w/ America Why not changing? States don't want to lose their power Don't trust ppl w. power in distant gov't
New England Way
social order of the Puritans in Massachusetts
What act was intended to end risky buying and selling of stocks?
Truth-in-Securities Act
13. Cost of Living
Cost of essentials needed to survive.
Double V Campaign
in the Pittsburgh Courier, it called for victory over racial prejudice in U.S. and in WWII
How do white feel about Brown v. Board?
angered; some integrate
kamikaze
in World War II, a pilot who agreed to load his aircraft with bombs and crash it on an enemy ship
League of Nations
what president Wilson made up to keep peace among the countries.
World War One
The first world war. A global military conflict which involved the majority of the world's greatest powers.
low wages, bad working conditions, health risks, exploitation, no jobs security
Problems faced by industrial workers:
Roosevelt Recession
When FDR started to take away some of the new deal programs recession started back up again. This proved that the new deal programs didnt "cure" the depression, they only "stopped the bleeding".
Electoral college
a group of voters chosen be each state to elect the President and Vic-Pres.
Espionage and Sedition Act
Two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against US partcipation in WWI.
Differences between Hamilton and Jefferson:
Hamilton: was a federalist who favored a strong central government
Jefferson: was a democratic-republican who favored a weak central government
National Youth Administration
NYA - gave student aid to high school, college, and grad school in exchange for part-time work at the school
Spain's dreams of empire began to fade with the
defeat of the spanish Armada
How did Southern white states feel toward the policies of Reconstruction and the Reublican party?
not happy about free African Americans
effects of french & indian war
france lost the war, england was in debt b/c of expense of the war, english gov felt colonies should pay for the costs of the war, france lost most of its north american claims, colonists saw land on the western frontier, colonists gained battlefield experience, a bold new group of colonial leaders emerged (george washington)
In the 1930s, the US attempted to avoid a repetition of the events leading up to US involvement in World War l by...
Passing a series of neutrality laws.
Explain how the provisions of the Peace Treaty of Versailles in 1919 could become the basis for the continuations of the Great War. Give 2 examples:
1. Germany had to admit they caused the war. "war guilt cause".
2. They had to give up all their colonies.
3. France would occupy the Rhineland.
4. Reparations & paying many fines.
*All this infuriated the Germans*
To pay for the war debt, most state legislatures raised taxes in the 1780's. the new taxes--combined with the general economic malaise--took a toll on many small farmers, particularly in the western part of the state where hundreds of were in danger of fo
What were the conditions which set up Shay's rebellion?
Monica Lewinsky
Clinton
Totalitarianism
Militaristic
Expansionist
Strong Leader
Heavy Propaganda
harding
election of 1920
Democratic-Republican
James Madison's political party
Battle of Saratoga
American victory
Predestination
(theology) being determined in advance
Asia
The Native Americans arrived from______
George Kennan
formulated the containment policy
Name the French Canadian Capitol.
Quebec
Henry Kissinger
German-born political scientist; he was an important foreign policy advisor during the 1960s and 1970s. He won the Nobel Prize for Peace for negotiating the cease-fire agreement that ended the Vietnam War.
Most Americans were ______ ______
Yeoman farmers
NAACP
Organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination; to oppose racism, and to gain civil rights for African Americans
isonlationism
when AMericans wanted the united statesto keep out of foregin affairs.
first skyscraper built in this state
illions
Orson Welles
actor, director, producer, writer, "War of the Worlds" book/broadcast
scalawag
a native white Southerner who collaborated with the occupying forces during Reconstruction for personal gain
Bentonville
Confederates try to stop sherman in NC
Social Darwinism
belief in Imperialism b/c they believed it was destiny ans a noble pursuit.
Bank holidays
temporary bank closings during the Great Depression, intended to prevent over-withdrawals and bank failures
WHAT DID ELIWHITNEY INVENT
COtTON GIN/ INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS
Pequot War
Native Americans rose against the colonists, awful, were almost killed off
sedentary
Societies that are rooted locally or are nonmigratory.
advertising
new arm of American commerce which sought make Americans chronically discontented with their paltry possessions and want more through persuasions and ploy, allure and sexual suggestion
Which policies allowed businesses to operate under mineral government regulations?
Laissez faire
Winston Churchill
Leader of Great Britain during WWII
1965
march from selma to montgomery voting rights act
Anti-Federalists- 1787
1787. opposed the constitution because it limited individual and state rights, they were the first of Jefferson’s Democratic – Republican party members before it was actually a party
Critic who supported pensions for the elderly
Townshend
JFK as a candidate
-represents change
-hasn't done much to deserve a nomination
-many worried because would be the first Catholic president and they are afraid he will take orders from the Pope
Hudson
English- Went back to Amer. but this time for Eng. and he discovered a large bay now called the Hudson bay, after months of searching for an outlet from the bay, his crew rebelled against him and left him in a small ship in the bay along w/his son and a few loyal sailors- he was never seen again
who did the Bracero Program help?
Migrant farm workers
A City Set on a Hill
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Anasazi culture
Southwestern culture that began in the 5th B.C., elements of which continue today in Arizona, New Mexico. Colorado and surrounding areas.
generation gap
the difference attitudes of the older and younger generations toward music, as well as, other forms of popular culture
Orville & Wilbur Write
made the firs flying airplane
False
The election of 1876 was a landslide victory for Rutherford B. Hayes
Oregon Country
co-occupied by the USA and Britain since 1819. Promised fertile land and beautiful landscapes. Cause of the Oregon trail. duh.
Sherman
what was the name of the northern general who captured Atlanta in September 1864?
Why did the US suffer a financial crisis in 1819?
get
Progressives/strikes
They wanted to be treated fairly in the workforce and they would strike to prove their points
Labour Unions
Some workers, upset by the gulf between rich and poor, embraced socialism, but many more turned to
Democratic Republican
Party that wants a weak central government
Started by Jefferson
eventually split off with National Republican Party
the draft
is the selective service system that supplies soldiers for war
seneca falls ny
site of first womens rights convention
Kaiser Wilhelm
King of Prussia and Emperor of Germany whose political policies led his country into World War I. He was forced from power when Germany lost the war
Neutrality Proclamation
the US will not take sides with countries fighting in Europe
Macon Act
(JM), 1810, The Macon Bill stated that if either Britain or France agreed to observe the neutrality of the United States, the US would resume trading with that country and continue the embargo on the other. The French soon agreed to American demands.
USAs war reaction
Allowed Americans to lend, lease, or sell arms to any nation that would help the defense of the USA.
Joseph Stalin
was the communist leader of the Soviet Union
viceroy
Governor who ruled in the name of the Crown, highest official in New Spain
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Worked in secret lab to build bomb
John Smith
He was in Jamestown ship captain and appoints himself leader.
Conductors:
a person who leads slaves to an under ground railroad to freedom
Banking Act of 1935
New Deal program that created seven-member board to regulate the nation's money supply and the interest rates on loans
Who came up with the Vietnamization Plan?
Nixon and Henry Kissinger
Problems of the Confederacy
No power to tax, borrowed money/paper money, couldnt control trade, security problem with borders
gross national product
the total value of all goods and services produced by a nation's residents during a year, regardless of where production takes place
Plessy vs. Ferguson
was when they went to court for segregation, and they said it was legal but not equal
The XYZ Affair
a French bribery scam to try and extort money form the U.S. government before the French would agree to a treaty
President Hoover believed that th best strategy for ending the depression was:
encouraging massive government spending
Psychiatry began to spread the ideas of _______ and _____________.
Freud and Carl Jung
French and Indian War
Began in the Ohio River Valley; early victories were inconclusive; later victories belonged to the English
describe the three fifths compromise.
agreement that three fifths of the state slaves population wopuld be counted as representation and taxation.
Truman's response to the Berlin Blockade was to...
Airlift all necessary supplies into Berlin.
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
If any foreign nation would interfere in the business of Latin American countries, it would be the U.S. (what is the document)?
Battle of the Little Bighorn
a battle in Montana near the Little Bighorn River between United States cavalry under Custer and several groups of Native Americans (1876)
After the Pequot War, Puritans efforts to convert Indians to Christianity can best be described as
feeble, not equaling that of the Spanish or the French
1850 Things that led up to the Civil War:(Slave Era)
1)Compromise of 1850 enacted; 2)California admitted as free state; 3) Texas gets paid for lands; 4)New Mexico Territory formed, allowing slavery; 5)no slave trade allowed in District of Columbia; stiffer fugitive slave law. Proposed by Henry Clay and brokered by Stephen A. Douglas, it reflects solution to slavery of Northern Democrats. Southerners take wait-and-see approach; they are angered by Northern refusal to obey Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.
it reduced any hope for a negotiated peace--too much blood had been spilled.
What was the significance of Bunker Hill
What is the book Uncle Tom's Cabin about?Who is the author?
it is by Harriet Beech Stowe and about the brutal cruel system of slavery
Matthew Perry
...
Moses Austin
...
William Becknell
...
Bear Flag Revolt
...
General Winfield Scott
...
Donation Land Claim Act 1850
...
Republican Party
Opposed the Kansas-Nebraska act and slavery in territories. Led by Horace Geeley
Speakeasy-
people flocked to secret bars where they could buy alcohol.
Jim Beckwouth
african american mountain man. "crow chief" and fur trapper.
French
Group that fought over the Ohio River Valley and lost
Harriet Tubman
the most famous conductor made 19 trips and saved over 300 slaves
Charles Finney
an avid reformer who started the Second Great Awakening ;a leading evangelist of the Second Great Awakening, he preached that each person had capacity for spiritual rebirth and salvation and that through individual effort could be saved. His concept of "utility of benevolence" proposed the reformation of society as well as of individuals.
Canada
Area given over to the British by the French as a result of the Treaty of Paris
personal liberty laws
laws that forbid the imprisonment of of runaway slaves and guaranteed they have trials
Samuel Slater
He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made our first cotton spinning machine., He is known as "the Father of the Factory System" and he started the idea of child labor in America's factories.
John Wesley Powell
explorer and geologist who warned that traditional agriculture could not succeed west of 100th meridian; Explorer and Adventurer. Explored the Grand Canyon recorded information about plants,animals & landscape; FIRST WHITE MAN to TRAVEL the Colorado River through the FULL LENGTH OF THE GRAND CANYON.
Treaty of Paris
peace treaty in 1763 that ended the French and Indian War
Roger B Taney
the Supreme Court Chief that said that Dred Scott did not have the rights of citizens and was not granted his freedom. He made the missouri compromise unconstitutional.
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