Gothic Flashcards

Gothic time period
Terms Definitions
Sagacious
shrewd
mummer
actor
Gloucester
1332-1357
England
-fanned vaulting
Saint-Denis (dates)
1140-1144
Ribbed Vault
Latter
second or son
crevice
a little opening
in vain
Without success
Fresco Secco
Dry fresco
Notre Dame (image)
Scantings
small peices of wood
Oculus
a small round window
Marginalia
Pictures in the margins
Salisbury Cathedral (location)
Salisbury, England
Notre Dame (date)
begun 1150s
Deputed
to be assigned a duty
Profound
someone who is very wise
Responds
an engaged column or pilaster
rose window
a circular stained-glass window
Overseer of a manuscript
chef d'atelier
suffragette
a women advocate of female suffrage
reposed
To be dead/resting in peace dead
surcote
A sleeveless tunic-like garment worn by knights, a slit was typical up the front and back to allow for easier riding on a horse.
severies
in a vaulted structures, the individual bays between principal transverse arches.
Laon, interior
1190
Laon, France
-4 division>>added a triphorium, fills the space because it's taller
(later find ways to fill the space...doesn't last long...make other parts larger)
Nave
The central area of a church
Gothic building begins in this country
France
pronounced central spires, small flying buttresses and portals, lower towers, wide facades with a lot of sculpture, nave ends in square, often has 2 transepts
English Gothic
gesticulations
wild motion of the body or limbs
Austere
stern and cold in appearance or manner
houppeland
big robe, with bird-like sleeves. worn by men and women. men's can be long or short.
lancet
a tall, narrow window which terminates in a pointed apex.
S-curve
a late-Gothic stance of statues that superficially resembles the curve of sculptures by the Greek artist Praxiteles in the 4th century BCE, but it is not organic (derived from within the figure, nor is it a rational organization of human anatomical parts.
Pieta
a painted or carved representation of Mary with the dead Christ in her arms
Breviary
a book of selected prayers and psalms
Virgin of Paris
early 14th century
Paris, France
-kind of contrapposto...Gothic "S" curve
-Jesus=more baby like...proportions are better
-more emotional
Quatre foils
ornamental forms with 4 lobes. Resembles flower
Flamboyant Style
(late gothic) Ornate tracery. extreme ornamentation
Cames
Lead strips that join pieces of glass
stained glass
glass given translucent color by staining with metallic oxides and joined with lead strips to form a design or scene
Large rose windows, thing groups of column shafts, refined tracery
Rayonnant
Built to house sacred artifacts by Louis IX, including the crown of thorns
Sainte-Chapelle
Dagging
An edge on fabric, with evenly spaced notches
mullions
stone piers dividing a window into two or more lights.
Ogee arches
two double lines meeting at a point
high gothic, 4-part rib vaults, vaults very high, sculpture above doors in arches, narrow nave enhances verticality
Amiens Cathedral
iaconic
not using a lot or words and getting to the piont
pattens
clogs worn by men and women, by all statuses, used to keep shoes clean while outside (streets not paved, and sewage ended up there) or in the winter to keep feet warm while walking over stone floor.
pier buttress
a solid mass of exterior masonry that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or a vault
ambulatory and radiating chapels, 1140-1144 (13-1)
Saint-Denis (Abbey church of Saint-Denis, northern suburbs of Paris)
Bible of the Poor
refers to stained glass that illustrates, often for the illiterate, figures and/or stories from the Bible
polaines, cracows
shoes worn at the time, with long and incredibly exaggerated points at the toes.
Notre Dame facade second floor
gallery of 28 kings from Old Testament
Chartres cathedral, Portal of the South Transept; Saint Theodore from the left doorway
Declorated a knight of the time, yet depicted as courier. Devotion to god, Christ, and ultimately the virgin mary. Increased sophistication. Theodore is more life like because he has swing his hip out.
helusion
paradise
bedewed
wet
Salisbury
1320-1330
England
-lower height
-longer
-fewer flying buttresses
-no rose window
-2 transepts
Saint-Denis (image)
Amiens Cathedral
...
Unperceived
without detection /hidden
flambeaux
a lighted torch
Armature
a skeletal framework
Bailey
Large open courtyard
First Gothic building
Saint-Denis
fete
a large elaborate party
Notre Dame, Paris
1163-1225
Notre-Dame
-flying buttresses (support only at need, thinner walls, more windows
Chartres Cathedral (date)
begun 1134
Saint-Chapelle is an example
Rayonnant
Notre Dame (location)
Paris, France
revel
A wild party or celibration
pine
to want something really bad
parti-coloring
having two or more colors
St. Chapelle
1243-1248
Paris, France
-basically no walls...3/4 are windows
Chartres, jambs
1145-1155
Chartres, France
-look very Romanesque
-depicts Old Testament Queens and Kings
-very straight and cylindrical
-figures are more 3D
-not naturalistic yet
Perpendicular Gothic time period
after 1350
volition
act of making a carefull choice
Derision
situation that tries to fool someone/mock them
fleche
narrow wooden spire on church roof
Rayonnant Style
(high gothic) vertical elements. reduced supporting structures. Almost entire walls made out of glass.
Tracery
Geometric decorative patterns in stone or wood that filled window openings.
Amiens and Chartres are examples
High Gothic
Characterized by this support system
flying buttresses
improvisatori
those thate improvise, like actors or poets
pourpoint
quilted piece of clothing, worn under armor to prevent bruising.
flying buttress
A free-standing support attached to the main vessel (nave, choir, or transept wall) by an arch or half-arch which transmits the thrust of the vault to the support attached to the outer wall of the aisle.
Lancets
tall, narrow windows ending in pointed arches
Gothic Architecture
(1200-1400 AD) these churches were regarded as images of the City of God, the New Jerusalem. They were characterized height, possible because of the pointed arch and flying buttresses which these high walls and stained glass windows
Chartres, France, Royal Portal, west facade, c. 1145-1155 (know full portal and jamb statues of central doorway), 1194. France. Pointed arch is used to create west facade. Beginning of shift from focus just on Jesus to Mary as well. Tunic of virgin Mary i
Chartres cathedral
Perpendicular style
Dominated by vertical elements
web vaulting
vault comes from floor
Corbels
Stone projections in the walls which acted like brackets to support parapets
tilted-tabletop perspective
an intuitive, rather than scientific, treatment of space, where a surface such as a table or floor is awkwardly angled towards the viewer, or shown at a strongly raking angle
highly decorative, a lot of pinnacles and tracery, ogree arches
Flamboyant
Late Gothic: Flamboyant Gothic time period
after 1300
decorum
Property and good taste in conduct oe appearance
tribune
an upper story over the aisle which opens onto the nave or choir. It corresponds in length and width to the dimensions of the aisle below it.
Fan Vaults
an elaboration of the ribbed groin vault with elements of tracery on conelike forms
one whose radiating ribs form a fan
lux nova
("new light") the colored light that pours in through stained glass windows
Repousse
Formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face
rayonnant style, 3/4 of wall space is windows, slender columns, adjoins royal palace
Sainte-Chapelle
surcingle
a belt that passes around a horse to secure a saddle
liripipe
long hanging tube of fabric at back of hood
Bar tracery
slender pieces of stone and lead added on the inside of the window
Early Gothic Elevation
4 story elevation
(from bottom to top)
Arcade
Gallery
Triforium
Clerestory
wide facade with a lot of sculpture, subdued flying buttresses, 2 transepts, square apse, long horizontal emphasis, tal central spire added in 19th century
Salisbury Cathedral
Compound pier
a pier with a group or cluster of attached responds
Chartres cathedral, cont'd: Rose window and lancets
Flor' de lilly, a present from the royal family to the church. Glass represented a communion with god. This window looks like a broach.
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