Four-lobed decorative patterns
top on post
|salisbury cathedral, 1250||
Scene of Pity
country of san francesco
country of sainte chapelle
level with small columns
pointy things coming off top
a circular stained-glass window
* Coppo di Marcovaldo
* Tuscany, Italy
* Tempera and gold on wood panel
* Represents the Christus patiens, or suffer Christ
sculpture on sides of door
An engaged column, pilaster, or similar element that either projects from a compound pier or some other supporting device or is bonded to a wall and carries one end of an arch.
Originally a derogatory term named after the Goths, used to describe the history, culture, and art of medieval western Europe in the twelfth to fourteeth centuries.
|Louis IX, Queen Blanche||
Moralized Bible, 1226-34
|Chartres Cathedral 2||
rebuilt 1194.1st flying buttresses.
hunting violence and war. low relief
period of notre dame de amiens
The fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts. In Roman basilicas and medieval churches, the windows that form the nave's uppermost level below the timber ceiling or the vaults.
tall, narrow windows ending in pointed arches in a gothic cathedral
Venice, Italy. Sucular Gothic Art. 1340-1345 AD. Next to St. Marks.
Reims France. 1225-1290. stain glass windows fill the tympana
|Christ: Beau Dieu||
* Trumeau, central portal, west façade, Amiens Cathedral
* Means "Noble (or Beautiful) God"
* Christ as the teacher-priest bestowing his blessing on the faithful
radiating ribs form a fanlike pattern in this structure
The part of a column between the capital and the base.
A variety of gypsum or calcite of dense, fine texture, usually white, but also red, yellow, gray, and sometimes banded.
radiating ribs form a fanlike pattern in this structure
|Beau Dieu- Christ||
High Gothic, 1220-1236 Trumeau statue of central doorway. Amiens Cathedral. Human like- how Christ actually was.
"New Light" Light shining in, like from the heavens.
1190. deep porches infront of doorways early gothic facade
|Church of Saint Francis||
* Assisi, Italy
* Partially ruined in the 1997 earthquake
* Assisi was Saint Francis's birthplace
* Much more richly decorated than most Franciscan churches but with simpler architecture
served as regent of France, abbot of Saint-Denis and was responsible for its rebuilding. coined term "lux nova"
A short rib that runs from one main rib of a vault to another.
the doors of the west facade at Chartres Cathedral, contains episodes from the life of Christ
Began in 1134 and Rebuilt in 1194. Chartres, France. Contains the Mantel of the Virgin Mary- worn by Mary when she gave birth. One tower is from the original church and the other was rebuilt after a devastating fire.
easy solution to make a square into an octagon. Support for a dome
|St. Chapelle, Paris 1243-48.||
5 yearS??emphasis of verticality. no more clerestory to let in light but windows, light architecture, usage of buttresses that could make the walls thinner and add more windows.
A line statues at Notre Dame in Paris of 28 kings of Judah and Israel
|Notre- Dame de Paris||
1163 AD Paris, France. Dedicated to "Our Lady" the Virgin Mary. Early Gothic cathedral once at the heart of Paris. There are Roman ruins underneath the courtyard. Pointed arches, rose window, two heavy bell towers, flying buttresses (all make it French Gothic).The north bell tower is wider than the south. The entrances usually faced west. The stones were imported so this took time to build. The sculptures on the outside were once painted. The kings and queens sculpted on the outside were destroyed by the lower class during the French Revolution.
|The Virgin of Paris||
Virgin and child notre dame paris france. early 14th century. elegant and mannered. late gothic.
|West Façade, Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Reims||
* Rebuilding begun 1211, façade begun 1225
* Finished for the coronation of Philip the Fair in 1286
* The two towers were never finished because of weight and funding
* Large windows in the tympana instead of sculpture
|Cult of the virgin||
as mother of Christ Mary stood b/t Last Judge and horrors of Hell and could intercede for those faithful to her. Worshipers in the late 12th and 13th Centuries sang hymns to her, put her image everywhere, and dedicated catherdrals to her. Christian knights dedicated their lives to her
|abbey church of st Denis. Paris, 1140-1144.||
4 years??shows progression of apsidial chapels--ribbed groin vaults, held together by columns and corbels on the walls.
|Notre-Dame de Paris-- Gargoyle||
Used to ward of evil spirits and also as drainage fountains.
|perpendicular style or perpendicular gothic||
a Gothic syle in 14th and 15th century England characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered arch and fan vaulting
sides of door
|sainte chapelle, 1248||
|Saint Chapelle- Exterior||
|king's college chapel, 1505||
|ekehart and uta, 1250||
|notre dame de reims, 1260||
skinny window on churches
|notre dame de amiens, 1236||
country of ekehart and uta
ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place
* Magdeburg Cathedral, Magdeburg, Germany
* Dark sandstone with traces of polychromy
* Maurice was the commander of Egyptian Christian troops in the Roman army
* Often depicted with black African features
reconciled aristotle with catholic thought
|Choir of Cologne Cathedral||
Gerhard of Cologne.
1243-1248. Paris, France. Palace Church. Bottom church for court personnel and top floor is for nobility. The top church walls are 3/4 stained glass. Huge rose window taking up most of the front wall.
|Amiens Cathedral Choir Vaults||
creates buoyant lightness
* Nicola Pisano
* Detail of pulpit
* Virgin reclining in the middle
feet look like they're floating in space
the "raidant' style of GOthic architecture, dominant in the second half of the 13th century and associated with the French royal court and Louis IX at Paris
an arch with a pointed apex
Cologne, Germany. Begun in 1248- finished in 1880. Matching towers, very dark. Holds the shrine of the 3 wise men. Gerhard of Cologne.
|Ste Chapelle, Paris||
Louix 9th. Royal Family. 1243-1248
|Pulpit, Baptistry, Pisa||
* Nicola Pisano
* Inscription that says "In the year 1260 Nicola Pisano cared this noble work. May so gifted a hand be praised as it deserves."
* 6-sided pulpit with Gothic trefoil arches and Corinthian capitals
a late Gothic style of architecture supersceding the Rayonnant style and named for the flamelike appearance of its pointed bar tracery
The last English Gothic style, also known as Tudor, characterized by a strong vertical emphasis and dense thickets of ornamental vault ribs that serve entirely decorative functions.
A vaulted space under part of a building, wholly or partly underground; in medieval churches, normally the portion under an apse or a chevet.
Radiant style; lots of light flowing in, quite beautiful
Robert de Luzarches, Thomas de Corment and Renaud de Cormont. begun 1220.fully high gothic--started as such from the beginning, very pointy--pinacles, recessions, projections. pointed arches. little solidity of the outside walls. moving upward. quadrapartite vaulting. unity--greater integration of space. trancept is shrinking, more toward center. huge clearstories.20 feet higher than chartres. different proportions: longer vertical than Laon.
Peaceful City, from Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country, Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, Italy, siennese painting, (Early 14th)
|The Visitation, jamb statues||
Reims Cathedral. 1230-1255. detached arms. converse through gestures.
|Dormition of the Virgin||
* South transept portal tympanum, Strasbourg Cathedral
* Strasbourg, France
* Reflects the Mosan style as interpreted by Reims masters
* Depicts the death and Assumption of Mary
a vault in which the diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton that partially supports the masonry web between them
A hall church. A type of Gothic design much favored in Germany in which the aisles rise to the same height as the nave.
|west portal of the notre dame cathedral, in chartres france. c 1145-55||
chartres, 1145-55.more info...
|West Façade, Amiens Cathedral||
* 1220-36/40 and continued through the 15th century
* Central portal: Last Jugment; trumeau: Christ; jambs: Apostles
* The façade is stylistically more coherent than those of many other cathedrals
* Right portal is dedicated to Mary, left is dedicated to local saints
|Chartres Cathedral- Interior||
1194 AD. Dark colors in their stained glass. Gradually gets lighter in newer work. Very dark inside b/c the stonework is covered in soot. Pointed arches, tryphorium, clerestory. Groin vault and Lanset Windows.
|Robert Luzarches, Thomas de Caumont, and Renaud de Caumont, Notre-Dame Cathedral, Amiens, France, 1220.||
Robert Luzarches, Thomas de Caumont, and Renaud de Caumont, Notre-Dame Cathedral, Amiens, France, 1220.
|Chartres Cathedral, North Transept, Rose Window and Lancets||
* North Transept
* Stained and painted glass
* Known as the "Rose of France"
* A gift from Queen Blanche of Castile
|Abbey Church of Saint Denis- Interior||
Commissioned by ABBOT SUGER. Uses pointed arches instead of rounded-- distributes weight better, allowing the walls to be opened up to stained glass windows. Flying buttresses were added to the outside for extra support. Stained glass is typical of Gothic cathedrals. The Choir was redesigned- opens up the ambulatory and adds radiating chapels. Groin vaulting with pointed arches. Rose windows are common in Gothic churches and usually found on the arms of the transept.
|Tree of Jesse, West Façade, Chartres Cathedral||
* Stained and painted glass
* In the west wall of the cathedral
* Inspired by a similar window at Saint-Denis
* Jesse, the father of King David and an ancestor of Mary, lies at the base of the tree whose trunk grows out of his body and literally connects Jesus with the house of David, acting like a family tree
|Virgin & Child and Angels- Chartres||
"Notre Dame de la Belle Verriere" Window in the choir of the Chartres Cathedral. 1170 AD.
|Royal Portal, West Façade, Chartres Cathedral||
* Right side of central portal
* Detail: prophets and ancestors of Christ (kings and queens of Judea)
* Monumental jamb figures
* Symbolize that biblical kings and queens support Mary and Christ in the tympana above
|Queen Blanche of Castile and Louis IX||
* Ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum
* Placed at the end of the manuscript as a colophon
* Blanche of Castile was Louis IX's mother
|1318 black death||
|book of hours||
arcade in nave
art for private devotion
the 1300s, or 14th century
*great sheets of stained-glass-like rose windows
one of the wealthiest families
*round columns in the interior
*rib vaults start at the ceiling traveling down to the top of the column capitals
ex: Notre Dame & Saint-Denis
* a mass of pinnacles and tracery
* ogee arches (2 S-shapes)
a tall narrow window ending in a pointed arch
A rain spout carved or formed to resemble a grotesque monster. It is a common feature of Gothic cathedrals.
series of images beneath the main part of altarpiece