Gothic Vocabulary Flashcards

Amiens Cathedral
Terms Definitions
palid
pale
Phantasm
a ghost
Colonettes
Small columns
Saint-Maclou (image)
Chartes Cathedral
...
Former
first or father
Mendicant
begging orders- Franciscans
Amiens Cathedral (image)
Perpendicular Gothic location
England
sagacity
shredness or powerful nature
St. Denis
1140-1144
Saint-Denis, France
-church of patron saint of France
-pilgrimage place, where kings are buried
...rebuild, Suger wants to reflect grandeur, surround by beauty to become closer to God
-pointed arches and ribs>>more windows!
Salisbury Cathedral (date)
begun 1220
Saint-Maclou is an example
Flamboyant
Patron of Saint-Denis
Abbot Suger
aghast
terrified or struck with amazemen
tatoo
A knocking or stonge pulse
hennin
Tall, exaggerated steeple shaped headdress style that Burgundian women popularized at the close of the 14 century.
tracery
ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place
Mullion
vertical members, divides/separates a window
Overseer of a cathedral
master builder
disapprobation
an act or state of disapproving
castellation
defensive or decorative parapets with regularly spaced notches
exoskeleton
an external skeleton or supporting covering
Triforium
Shallow story below clerestory and above gallery
Punchwork
Tooled designs in goldleaf on haloes
voussoir
an individual wedge-shaped block used in the construction of a true arch, composing the archivolts
Dates of the Hundred Year's War
1337-1453
Notre Dame facade first floor
portal sculpture
filigreed
oval frame made of gold or silver
roundel
a padded ring, seen commonly in hats.
plate tracery
the simplest, earliest form of tracery, c. 1300.
pinnacle
a pointed termination of a spire, buttress, or other extremity of a building.
Clerestory
the fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roof of the other parts
Quatrefoil tracery
forms a cloverleaf with four lobes
Perpendicular Gothic
the last English Gothic style characterized by a strong vertical emphasis
Lancet
Tall narrow windows which end in pointed arches
Triptych
Art consisting of a painting or carving on three panels (usually hinged together)
trumeau
in architecture, the pillar or center post supporting the lintel in the middle of a doorway
enormous window spaces interlaced with elaborate decorative vertical patterns of stone tracery, fan vaults
Perpendicular Gothic
nitre
a clear or white mineral of potassium nitrate
coat of arms
Personal symbols on banners and shields for a knight, which became hereditary
Flamboyant style
the closing period of French Gothic during the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries. A style characterized by tracery designs which resemble upward spiraling flames, dominant in the north of France. A classic example of this work is the north spire of Chartres, which stands in evident contrast to the remainder of the cathedral, completed two centuries before.
Rib vault
were supported by arches which formed an armature
northern suburbs of Paris: ambulatory
and radiating chapels, 1140-1144, Abbot Sugar wanted to relocate all the saints into one burial place. He came up with the idea of apsidal chapels (which were located behind the ambulatory—the ambulatory is located
Abbey church of Saint-Denis
rose window
a circular stained glass window, often with flower-petal-shaped stone/lead tracery
Amiens Cathedral
Virgin mary, is acting motherly. The main portal depicts Christ in judgement. The main entrance figure is Christ, the beautiful god. White stone, and much more light than other cathedrals.
lancet window
A tall narrow window crowned by a sharply pointed arch, typically found in Gothic architecture.
chevet
the extreme east, or apsidal, end of a Gothic cathedral where chapels encircle an apse and an ambulatory.
Flying Buttress
Buttress arched at top to engage w. main wall
high gothic nave, each vault spans 1 bay, large windows, legendary stained glass, north tower added later
Chartres Cathedral
Hall Church
Had nave and side isles with vaults of the same height, very spacious to accommodate large groups.
Chartres cathedral, Virgin and Child with Angels
Window survived a Fire, virgin mary sitting with the Christ child in lap. Blue signified faithfulness, green meant new love.
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