grammar words Flashcards

Terms Definitions
je(mals)
ever
euatoriano
Equidorian
extraneous
extra
Dereva
driver
inhabitant
penduduk
hoc calciamentum
shoe
Juega
He plays
algún día
someday
assent
to agree
querer
to want/like/love
als ob
Komparativ Satzgefüge
dominus
a lord (S)
es improbable
its improbable
eras
You were (imp)
many (subject/verb agreement)
plural
die Hinsicht (-en)
reguard, respect
nefarious
flagrantly wicked or evil
en cuanto
as soon as
navegué
to sail past imperfect
pedantic
ostentatious in one's learning.
Relative Pronoun
Introduces a subordinate clause.
adjective
modifies a noun or pronoun
novel
new in an interesting way
determined
predictable from its surrounding context
dependent
Identify if the parenthesized section is an independent clause or a dependent clause.
"(Before the film started), a huge crowd started rioting."
heteronyms
spelled alike but have different meaning and different pronunciation Ex: bass (musical instrument) and bass (fish)
ustedes juegan
you (plural - formal) play
contemplation
the act of contemplating; thoughtful observation.
for the purpose of
à des fin de
noun
word that names a person, place, thing, or idea
Preposition
a word that shows a relationship between a noun and pronoun
Verb Phrase
Some simple predicates or verbs, consist of more than one word. such Verbs are called verb phrases. (verbs that include one or more helping verbs)
an appositive and all its modifiers
appositive phrase
induction
the act of inducing, bringing about, or causing:
proper
a noun or adjective designating a particular person or thing and written with an initial capital letter; Chicago, Monday, American
Predicate Nominative
A noun that follows a linking verb
indefinite pronoun
refers to persons, places, things and ideas in a more general way than a noun does
declarative
states an idea and ends with a period
predicate adjective
an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject of the verb
common noun
a person, place, thing, feeling, or idea
That or Who
Might mean theres a dependent clause
emigrate, immigrate
emigrate- "to move out of a country"
immigrate- "to move into a country"
Examples: Heidi emigrated from Austria to the U.S. in 1934.
In 1970, she immigrated to Israel.
active
the active voice; when the subject is doing the performing
Direct object
a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of a verb or shows the result of the action
unfortunate/without money
Give the two meanings of the adjective "pauvre" (one for if it is placed before a noun, one for if it is placed after)
Semicolon
Use this to join the parts of a compound sentence
recognition of truth
granger wants to build a mirror factory that symbolizes this
Objective Case
when pronoun replaces a noun that is direct object
i.e I couldn't find Sarah -> replace SARAH with her
Direct & Indirect Objects Together (placement)
Indirect PROCEEDS the Direct
Verbal
A verb form that is not used as a verb
appositive
is a noun or a pronoun that is placed next to another noun or a pronoun to identify it or give additional information about it.
Phrases
a group of words, a phrase is a group of words that functions in a sentence as a single part of speech. Phrases do not contain a subject or a verb.
main clause
a clause that can stand alone as a sentence, containing a subject and a predicate with a finite verb
run- on sentence
made up of two or more sentences that are incorrectly run together as a single sentence without any punctuations
To pluralize words ending in ail or al
the ends changes to aux
Hade jag pluggat mer, hade jag varit bättre nu.
If I had studied more, I'd be better now.
difícil
difficult
ago
egi
Tercero
third
each
pro
un citoyen
citizen
desert
dry land
el bote
boat
depraved
vicious, corrupt
la pantalla
screen
el origen
origin
Dependent Clause
A fragment
Indefinite Articles
A, an
Pronoun
Part of Speech2
el chapulIn
the grasshopper
sorprender(se)
to be surprised
pedimos
we asked for (preterit)
encantar (como gustar)
to love
appeler, jeter
j'appellerais, ils jetteraient
verb
expresses action or being
Adverbs
describes verbs, adjectives and adverbs
tanto como
as much (noun) as
Insipid
Lacking in interest or liveliness
comma splice
when there is sentence, sentence
medicine
something taken to cure an illness
prepositional phrases
function as adj or adv
S-V-ADV PHRASE
The left the next day.
antagonistic
acting in opposition; opposing, esp. mutually.
past emphatic
did admire (present, past, future, present perfect, past perfect, or future perfect)
conjunctions
Words that connect other words or phrases. FANBOYS = for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
comma splices
sentences incorrectly written as if they were one sentense; seperated by a comma
contrasted elements
sharp contrasts beginning with words as not, never, unlike are set off with commas
flout
to treat with disdain, scorn, or contempt; scoff at; mock:
Complete subject
includes the simple subject and its modifiers
coordinating conjunction
F. A. N. B. O. Y. S
Te gusta tu horario?
Do you like your schedule?
essential clause
adjective clause that is necessary to make the meaning of the sentence clear. Do not use commas.
Concrete Nouns
name people, places, or things that can be touched, seen, smelt, or heard. (brother, scent, Brooklyn Bridge)
intransitive verb
a verb that indicates a complete action without being accompanied by a direct object, as sit or lie, and, in English, that does not form a passive.
prepositional phrase
a phrase consisting of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object
proper adjectives
Made from some proper nouns and always start with a capital letter. For example, Japanese (from Japan).
Transitive Verb
a verb that requires both a direct subject and one or more objects
Imperfect subjunctive
Drop the -ron from the preterit ellos form and add ending
suffix
an affix added to the end of a word
Pronouns
A word used in place of a noun. These words are not specific
infinitive
a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. usually follows the word to.
parts of speech
Noun - Verb - Adjective - Pronoun - Adverb - Preposition - Conjunction - Interjection
Your parent begins an interrogation. What might he/she say?
They would say" Who ate the cookies?"
POSITIVE STATEMENTS
about FACTS and REGULAR ACTIVITIES
in PRESENT
(Present Simple Positive)
Subject + verb (action)
[I / You / We / They] live in Moscow.
[He / She / It] plays tennis
Subject + [BE] + noun / adjective (state / description)
I AM a teacher
[We / You / They] ARE managers
[He / She / It] IS tired
fat
gordo/a
artístico
artistic
canvas
fabric
Tu
sais
peggiore
worse (adj)
el hombre
man
xiang
bu xiang
number
o número
Mfaransa
a French
decir
to say
concrete noun
5 senses
Casarse con
To Marry
ils/elles recoivent
they receive
Mpishi
cook (the person)
la capital
government capital
este
this (closer to you)
First/third person subjunctive oír
oiga
tener dolor
to give pain
después de que-MAD SATCHEL*
after
audacity
aggressive boldness or unmitigated effrontery
passive
verb is performed on subject
first person pronouns
I and we
accept
a verb meaning "to receive".
past tense
what happened in the past
pandemonium
a wild uproar din or commotion
Amekufa
He / she died (Class 1)
sentence
begins with capital letter and ends with full stop, question mark or exclamation mark
indefinite pronouns
not specific
ex) few, some, most, another, both, each, neither, several, something, such
passive transformation
transforming a sentence to passive voice
noun clause
subordinate clause used as a noun
Tu as de l'argent.
You have (some) money.
complacent
pleased, esp. with oneself or one's merits, advantages, situation, etc., often without awareness of some potential danger or defect; self-satisfied:
linking verb
connects the subject of a sentence with a noun or adjective in the predicate
meticulous
marked by extreme care in treatment of details
after, although, as, as far as, as soon as, as though,because, before, since, whenever
adverb
prepositions
connect a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence to form a prepostional phrase
Everyone/every one
a group of people/each one (single object)
pesonal pronouns
refer to the person speaking or writing, the person listening or reading, or the topic being discussed
dangle
a modifier without a head or a participle without an implied subject
Predicate
The part of a sentence that tells what the subject does, what it is, or what happens to it.
Quotient
A math term naming the answer in a division question
Pronouns as adjectives
Specific and starts with a capital letter
example: German-chocolate
imperative sentence
expresses a command or request and is followed by a period
Mbwa amekufa
The dog (it) died (Class 9 -> 1)
tag question
a question formed by appending such a structure to a declarative sentence or command inviting confirmation
Helping Verb
A verb that helps the main verb to express action or make a statement.
Intransitive linking
the main verb (last verb of the verb phrase) is a linking verb
compound noun
one noun made by joining two or more words
nunca o jamás
to change the phrase "some day" to a negative, you say...
era, eras, era, éramos, erais, eran
verb forms of ser in the imperfect
What's the formula for passive voice?
subject + verb by object = receiver of action + verb by DOER of action
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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