Temp, Pulse, and Respiration (TPR)

CNA Program
Terms Definitions
Asteriosclerosis
loss of elasticity in the walls of the blood vessels
Atherosclerosis
accumulation of fat deposits inside of arteries
Axilla
armpit
Body Temperature
the amount of heat in the body that is balance between the amount of heat produced and the amount lost by the body
Cheyne-Strokes
a pattern of breathing in which respirations gradually increase in rate and depth and the become shallow and slow; breathing may stop for 10 to 20 seconds
Congestive heart failure (CHF)
the inability of the heart to pump and adequate quantity of blood
Emphysema
respiratory condition in which the elasticity of the alveoli is lost
Heart attack /myocardiall infarction (MI)
a blockage or clot occurring in an artery in the heart
Hyertension
high blood pressure
Hypotension
low blood pressure
Pneumonia
inflammation of the lungs with fluid accumulation in the affected alveoli
Pulse
the beat of the heart felt at an artery as a wave of blood passe through the artery
Pulse rate
the number of heartbeats or pulses felt in 1 minute
Respirations
act of breathing in and out of the lungs (inhalation/exhalation)
Orthostatic hypotension
a sudden drop in blood pressure when the resident moves from a lying to a sitting or standing position; results in fainting
Tuberculosis
an infection, primarily of the lung, from mycobacterium tuberculosis
Vital signs
temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure
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