GRE VOCAB II Flashcards

Standardized Tests
Terms Definitions
hegemonic
dictatorial
agog
eager/excited
apoplexy
stroke
dogmatic
stubbornly opinionated
MEET
fitting, proper
berate
scold sharply
candid
frank straight-forward
ambiguous
doubtful uncertain
derision
ridicule; mockery:
candid
honest; impartial:
diadem
a crown.
abnegate
deny or renounce
apocryphal
of questionable authenticity
belated
delayed, overdue, late
HALCYON
calm and peaceful
PUISSANCE
power and strength
assail
with attack violently
adorn
add beauty decorate
temerity
reckless boldness; rashness.
raucousness
harsh; strident; grating:
astringent
harshly biting; caustic:
largess
liberality in bestowing gifts
pillory
criticize harshly or violently
capitulate
to surrender, submit completely
TYRO
novice, greenhorn, rank amateur
ascetic
practicing self-denial austere stark
demur
to hesitate raise objections
querulous
full of complaints; complaining.
implode
to burst inward (
surly
churlishly rude or bad-tempered:
effusive
unduly demonstrative; lacking reserve:
fledgling
young, new, or inexperienced:
cavil
find unnecessary fault with
vaunt
to speak boastfully; brag.
acidulous
tasting sour like acid (wit)
belittle
disparage, to represent as unimportant
boon
a welcome gift or blessing
MALEVOLENT
vicious ill will, spite, hatred
debacle
a breakup overthrow sudden disaster
demagogue
person appealing not to reasons
wistful
characterized by melancholy; longing; yearning.
cryptic
mysterious in meaning; puzzling; ambiguous:
vicarious
performed, exercised, received, or suffered in place of another:
factitious
not spontaneous or natural; artificial; contrived:
caloric
of or pertaining to heat.
machiavelian
characterized by subtle or unscrupulous cunning, deception, expediency, or dishonesty:
hoary
gray or white with age:
stark
sheer, utter, downright, or complete:
pusillanimous
lacking courage or resolution; cowardly; faint-hearted; timid.
inveterate
firmly established by long continuance, as a disease, habit, practice, feeling, etc.; chronic.
sanctimony
pretended, affected, or hypocritical religious devotion, righteousness, etc.
callow
lacking experience of life; callow youth
Tenacity
the quality of adherence or persistence to something valued
benefactor
patron, someone giving aid or money
bulwark
a defensive wall.
• figurative a person, institution, or principle that acts as a defense : the security forces are a - against the breakdown of society.
• (usu. -) an extension of a ship's sides above the level of the deck
compunction
feeling of regret for one's action
feckless
having no sense of responsibility; indifferent; lazy.
ebullience
high spirits; exhilaration; a boiling over; overflow
pernicious
causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful:
dilatory
tending to delay or procrastinate; slow; tardy.
austere
severe in manner or appearance; uncompromising; strict; forbidding:
equivocate
to use ambiguous or unclear expressions, usually to avoid commitment or in order to mislead; prevaricate or hedge:
adventitious
associated with something by chance rather than as an integral part; extrinsic.
abashed
to destroy the self-confidence, poise, or self-possession of; disconcert; make ashamed or embarrassed:
meretricious
based on pretense, deception, or insincerity.
refection
refreshment, esp. with food or drink.
eschatology
any system of doctrines concerning last, or final, matters, as death, the Judgment, the future state, etc.
acrimony
sharpness, harshness, or bitterness of nature, speech, disposition, etc.:
intransigent
refusing to agree or compromise; uncompromising; inflexible.
inure
to accustom to hardship, difficulty, pain, etc.; toughen or harden; habituate (usually fol. by to):
purloin
to take dishonestly; steal; filch; pilfer.
munificent
extremely liberal in giving; very generous.
abjure
to renounce, repudiate, or retract, esp. with formal solemnity; recant:
astute
of keen penetration or discernment; sagacious:
prolix
extended to great, unnecessary, or tedious length; long and wordy.
tawdry
(of finery, trappings, etc.) gaudy; showy and cheap.
despotic
characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule
discretion
cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions
brawn
1 physical strength in contrast to intelligence : commando work required as much brain as -.
2 Brit. meat from a pig's or calf's head that is cooked and pressed in a pot with jelly.
credulity
too great a readiness to believe things
cordon
line (of police acting as a guard)
quiescence
being at rest; quiet; still; inactive or motionless:
detraction
the act of disparaging or belittling the reputation or worth of a person, work, etc.
excoriate
to denounce or berate severely; to strip off or remove the skin from; verbally flay
bolster
a long, often cylindrical, cushion or pillow for a bed, sofa, etc.
secrete
to place out of sight; hide; conceal:
impudent
of, pertaining to, or characterized by impertinence or effrontery:
expiate
to atone for; make amends or reparation for:
apostate
a person who forsakes his religion, cause, party, etc.
treachery
violation of faith; betrayal of trust; treason.
chicanery
trickery or deception by quibbling or sophistry:
perfunctory
performed merely as a routine duty; hasty and superficial; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; indifferent or apathetic
impetuous
of, pertaining to, or characterized by sudden or rash action, emotion, etc.; impulsive:
impale
to pierce with a sharpened stake thrust up through the body, as for torture or punishment.
slovenly
untidy or unclean in appearance or habits.
piety
the quality or state of being pious:
indite
to compose or write, as a poem.
tedium
the quality or state of being wearisome; irksomeness; tediousness.
quandary
a state of perplexity or uncertainty, esp. as to what to do; dilemma.
conceal
to hide; withdraw or remove from observation; cover or keep from sight:
pine
to fail gradually in health or vitality from grief, regret, or longing (often fol. by away):
tumid
swollen, or affected with swelling, as a part of the body.
tenuous
lacking a sound basis, as reasoning; unsubstantiated; weak:
waft
a wafting movement; light current or gust:
compunction
a feeling of deep regret (usually for some misdeed)
endemic
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people
buxom
(of a woman) plump, esp. with large breasts.
bedizen
to adorn especially in a cheap showy manner
precept
a commandment or direction given as a rule of action or conduct.
disabuse
to free a person from deception or error.
bereave
to deprive and make desolate, esp. by death (usually fol. by of):
pedagogy
the function or work of a teacher; teaching.
transcribe
to make a written copy, esp. a typewritten copy, of (dictated material, notes taken during a lecture, or other spoken material).
sophomoric
of or pertaining to a sophomore or sophomores.
desiccate
to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
maunder
to move, go, or act in an aimless, confused manner:
puerile
of or pertaining to a child or to childhood.
captious
apt to notice and make much of trivial faults or defects; faultfinding; difficult to please.
galvanize
to stimulate by or as if by a galvanic current.
efficacy
effectiveness
dearth
shortage
pundit
expert
culpable
deserving blame
PROBITY
integrity; uprightness
chary
cautious wary
contumacious
insubordinate rebellious
anguish
severe suffering
plethora
overabundance; excess:
beholden
obligated; indebted:
salacious
characterized by lust
effrontery
extreme boldness; presumptuousness
autonomous
self-governing, separate, independent
GAINSAY
deny, dispute, contradict
auspicious
favorable successful prosperous
conspicuous
easily seen remarkable
penury
extreme poverty; destitution.
infraction
breach; violation; infringement:
alacrity
cheerful readiness; willingness
deleterious
harmful to living things
boisterous
rowdy, loud, noisy, unrestrained
SATURINE
gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
OBTAIN
be established, accepted, customary
crass
very great (es. stupidity)
atonement
repayment death of Jesus
recumbent
lying down; reclining; leaning.
fry
the young of fish.
exiguity
scanty; meager; small; slender:
repartee
a quick, witty reply.
husband
to use frugally; conserve:
amerceable
to punish by fine
sparse
thinly scattered or distributed:
odium
hate coupled with disgust (odious)
averse
loath, reluctant, being disinclined towards something
adulteration
making unpure poorer in quality
crush
press lose shape subdue overwhelm
prolific
producing offspring, young, fruit, etc., abundantly; highly fruitful:
penetration
mental acuteness, discernment, or insight:
poignant
affecting or moving the emotions:
sycophant
a self-seeking, servile flatterer; fawning parasite.
lechery
unrestrained or excessive indulgence of sexual desire.
scad
a great number or quantity:
sordid
morally ignoble or base; vile:
nebulous
hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused:
acrimonious
marked by strong resentment or cynicism (acrid)
Steep
(v) to saturate or completely soak
discordant
conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound
buffoonery
behavior that is ridiculous but amusing.
Ex. In the Ace Ventura movies, Jim Carrey's - was hilarious.
PALLIATE
to gloss over; make less severe
contrite
filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions
renege
to go back on one's word:
epicure
a person dedicated to sensual enjoyment.
desultory
lacking in consistency, constancy, or visible order, disconnected; fitful:
elegy
a mournful, melancholy, or plaintive poem, esp. a funeral song or a lament for the dead.
recondite
dealing with very profound, difficult, or abstruse subject matter:
artlessness
free from deceit, cunning, or craftiness; ingenuous:
episodic
divided into separate or tenuously related parts or sections; loosely connected:
tantamount
equivalent, as in value, force, effect, or signification:
ominous
portending evil or harm; foreboding; threatening; inauspicious:
visceral
characterized by or proceeding from instinct rather than intellect:
sagacious
having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense; shrewd:
irascible
easily provoked to anger; very irritable:
turpitude
vile, shameful, or base character; depravity.
putative
commonly regarded as such; reputed; supposed:
tractable
easily managed or controlled; docile; easily worked, shaped, or otherwise handled
prosaic
commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative:
gibe
an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect
comeuppance
a punishment or fate that someone deserves : he got his -.
catharsis
1 the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions.
2 Medicine purgation.
Ex. Aristotle maintained that tragedy created a - by purging the soul of base concepts.
censure
expression of blame or disapproval a rebuke
alloy
to debase by mixing with something inferior
epithet
a word, phrase, or expression used invectively as a term of abuse or contempt, to express hostility, etc.
aspersion
a damaging or derogatory remark or criticism; slander:
leviathan
any huge marine animal, as the whale.
peremptory
leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative:
intimate
to indicate or make known indirectly; hint; imply; suggest.
cadenza
an elaborate flourish or showy solo passage, sometimes improvised, introduced near the end of an aria or a movement of a concerto.
diplomat
a person appointed by a national government to conduct official negotiations and maintain political, economic, and social relations with another country or countries.
vie
to strive in competition or rivalry with another; contend for superiority:
estimable
worthy of esteem; deserving respect or admiration.
feign
to represent fictitiously; put on an appearance of:
innate
existing in one from birth; inborn; native:
enthuse
to be or become enthusiastic; show enthusiasm:
quagmire
a situation from which extrication is very difficult:
sodden
to surge or foam as if boiling.
simper
to smile in a silly, self-conscious way.
volatile
tending or threatening to break out into open violence; changeable or mercurial
esoteric
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
bungle
verb [ trans. ]
carry out (a task) clumsily or incompetently, leading to failure or an unsatisfactory outcome : she had - every attempt to help | [as adj. ]
• [ intrans. ] [usu. as adj. ] ( -ling) make or be prone to making many mistakes : the work of a -ling amateur.
noun
a mistake or failure, typically one resulting from mismanagement or confusion.
commodious
having plenty of space for what is needed
reconnaissance
a general examination or survey of a region, usually followed by a detailed survey.
recant
to withdraw or disavow a statement or opinion; to formally retract
dirge
a funeral song or tune, or one expressing mourning in commemoration of the dead.
pleonasm
the use of more words than are necessary to express an idea; redundancy.
litigate
to make the subject of a lawsuit; contest at law.
vouchsafe
to grant or give, as by favor, graciousness, or condescension:
libertine
a person who is morally or sexually unrestrained, esp. a dissolute man; a profligate; rake.
disquiet
lack of calm, peace, or ease; anxiety; uneasiness.
demagogue
a person, esp. an orator or political leader, who gains power and popularity by arousing the emotions, passions, and prejudices of the people.
vacillate
to waver in mind or opinion; be indecisive or irresolute
chasm
a deep fissure in the earth, rock, or another surface.
• figurative a profound difference between people, viewpoints, feelings, etc. : the - between rich and poor.
soliloquy
the act of talking while or as if alone.
piecemeal
piece by piece; one piece at a time; gradually:
mainstay
a person or thing that acts as a chief support or part:
calamity
disaster
constrain
compel
inimical
not friendly
Surfeit
excess; overindulgence
NONPLUSSED
baffled, bewildered
bewilder
puzzle confuse
decorum
propriety properness
apt
well-suited quick-witted
convivial
friendly; agreeable:
evenhanded
impartial; equitable:
maculated
spotted; stained.
flippant
showing inappropriate levity
Stymie
To block; thwart
diatribe
a harsh denunciation
FATUOUS
silly, inanely foolish
REFULGENT
radiant, shiny, brilliant
avow
admit. Declare openly
bawdy
indecent; lewd; obscene:
archaic
primitive; ancient; old:
imbecile
stupid; silly; absurd.
canny
careful; cautious; prudent:
divulge
to disclose something secret
PERFIDY
treacherous or deceitful; disloyalty
BELLICOSE
belligerent, pugnacious, war like
contemn
to scorn or despise
denigrate
blacken belittle sully defame
sapid
having taste or flavor.
vaunted
praised boastfully or excessively:
daft
senseless, stupid, or foolish.
carrion
dead and putrefying flesh.
eulogy
a speech honoring the dead
VITIATE
to corrupt, spoil; make ineffective
SENTENTIOUS
moralistic, tending to moralize excessively; aphoristic
catalyst
substance that causes speeding up
clot
half-solid lump formed from liquid
equanimity
n. calmness of temperament; composure
churlish
like a churl; boorish; rude:
exultant
exulting; highly elated; jubilant; triumphant.
labile
apt or likely to change.
imperceptible
very slight, gradual, or subtle:
ineluctable
incapable of being evaded; inescapable:
pallid
lacking in vitality or interest:
quixotic
extravagantly chivalrous or romantic; visionary, impractical, or impracticable.
mercurial
changeable; volatile; fickle; flighty; erratic:
jejune
without interest or significance; dull; insipid:
seminal
pertaining to, containing, or consisting of semen.
consanguine
related by blood (with + blood)
Supine
offering no resistance, lying face upward, inactive
enervate
to weaken; to reduce in vitality
bumptious
self-assertive or proud to an irritating degree : these - young boys today.
baneful
causing harm or ruin pernicious destructive
corporeal
physical of or for the body
exact
to call for, demand, or require:
preempt
to acquire or appropriate before someone else; take for oneself; arrogate:
explicit
fully and clearly expressed or demonstrated; leaving nothing merely implied; unequivocal:
prevaricate
to speak falsely or misleadingly; deliberately misstate or create an incorrect impression; lie.
abjured
to renounce, repudiate, or retract, esp. with formal solemnity; recant:
parsimonious
characterized by or showing parsimony; frugal or stingy.
veracity
conformity to truth or fact; accuracy:
prerogative
an exclusive right, privilege, etc., exercised by virtue of rank, office, or the like:
tribulation
grievous trouble; severe trial or suffering.
obsequious
characterized by or showing servile complaisance or deference; fawning:
vapid
lacking or having lost life, sharpness, or flavor; insipid; flat:
fracas
a noisy, disorderly disturbance or fight; riotous brawl; uproar.
caress
an act or gesture expressing affection, as an embrace or kiss, esp. a light stroking or touching.
veritable
being truly or very much so:
acerbic
harsh or corrosive in taste or tone
citadel
a fortress, typically on high ground, protecting or dominating a city.
Ex. The - overlooked the city like a protecting angel.
coalescing
coming together and uniting into one substance
jibe
to be in harmony or accord; agree:
cogent
convincing or believable by virtue of forcible, clear, or incisive presentation; telling.
cosset
to treat as a pet; pamper; coddle.
penitent
feeling or expressing sorrow for sin or wrongdoing and disposed to atonement and amendment; repentant; contrite.
penchant
a strong inclination, taste, or liking for something:
excoriated
to denounce or berate severely; flay verbally:
pellucid
allowing the maximum passage of light, as glass; translucent.
euphemism
the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.
misdemeanour
a criminal offense defined as less serious than a felony.
dolorous
full of, expressing, or causing pain or sorrow; grievous; mournful:
parable
a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson
careworn
showing signs of care or worry; fatigued by trouble or anxiety; haggard:
turbid
not clear or transparent because of stirred-up sediment or the like; clouded; opaque; obscured:
quotidian
found in the ordinary course of events (status quo)
clique
a small group of people, with shared interests or other features in common, who spend time together and do not readily allow others to join them.
Ex. Fitzgerald wished that he belonged to the - of popular athletes and big men on campus who seemed to run Princeton's social life.
bluff
rough but good natured
Jack had a - and hearty manner that belied his actual sensitivity; he never let people know how thin-skinned he really was.
astute
clever quick at seeing to get an advantage
proffer
to put before a person for acceptance; offer.
nullity
the state or quality of being null; nothingness; invalidity.
occlusion
a composite front formed when a cold front overtakes a warm front and forces it aloft.
vortex
a state of affairs likened to a whirlpool for violent activity, irresistible force, etc.
carapace
a bony or chitinous shield, test, or shell covering some or all of the dorsal part of an animal, as of a turtle.
stoic
of or pertaining to the school of philosophy founded by Zeno, who taught that people should be free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief, and submit without complaint to unavoidable necessity.
Accretion
n. a growth in size; an increase in amountSynonyms: accumulation; build up
edifice
a building, esp. one of large size or imposing appearance.
felicity
the state of being happy, esp. in a high degree; bliss:
reticent
disposed to be silent or not to speak freely; reserved.
whelp
the young of the dog, or of the wolf, bear, lion, tiger, seal, etc.
credo
creed
clandestine
secret
ERSATZ
fake
congenial
pleasant; friendly
concord
harmony; accord
distrait
absentminded; distracted
contrite
penitent; repentant
pinion
to restrain
EGREGIOUS
conspicuously bad
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution
congenital
existing at birth
concomitant
that which accompanies
Pristine
pure; uncorrupted; clean
piquant
pleasantly tart-tasting; stimulating
mendicant
a beggar, supplicant
stygian
dark, gloomy, hellish
APOTHEOSIS
deification; glorified ideal
Laud
to praise highly
Overweening
presumptuously arrogant, immoderate
centripetal
tending toward the center
dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering
decry
express strong disapproval of
Profligate
excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
pithy
concise; meaningful; substantial; meaty
asseverate
to aver, allege, assert
spartan
practicing great self-denial; unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment
ADROIT
skillful, accomplished, highly competent
ESCHEW
to abstain from, avoid
EMEND
to correct a text
Jocose
given to joking; humorous
Nostrum
cure-all, placebo, questionable remedy
deplore
express severe disapproval for something bad
dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue
decorum
appropriateness of behavior or conduct
defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
prate
to speak foolishly; boast idly
remonstrate
argue in protest or opposition
FACETIOUS
witty in an inappropriate way
AMORTIZE
to diminish by installment payments
Forbearance
patience, lenience, willingness to wait
Insular
parochial, narrow-minded, like an island
Obviate
to anticipate and make unnecessary
chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
chagrin
distress of mind caused by humiliation, disappointment, or failure
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
clout
great influence; hard blow with fist
Propinquity
nearness in place or time; kinship
Pungent
characterized by a strong, sharp smell/taste, penetrating to the point
pomposity
self-important behavior; acting like a stuff-shirt
intractable
not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate
desuetude
a state of inactivity or disuse
celerity
swiftness, rapidity of motion or action
Foment
to stir up; to incite, rouse
Obfuscate
to deliberately obscure; to make confusing
dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
pontifical
pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious
quail
draw back, as with fear or pain
execrate
curse or declare to be evil or anathema or threaten with divine punishment
AERIE
nook or nest built high in the air
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
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