Greek 6 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
tympanum
middle ear.
cornice
any prominent, continuous, horizontally projecting feature surmounting a wall or other construction, or dividing it horizontally for compositional purposes.
frieze
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
ionic
of or pertaining to ions.
monochord
an acoustical instrument dating from antiquity, consisting of an oblong wooden sounding box, usually with a single string, used for the mathematical determination of musical intervals.
column
a rigid, relatively slender, upright support, composed of relatively few pieces.
gymnasium
a building or room designed and equipped for indoor sports, exercise, or physical education.
portico
a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns or piers, usually attached to a building as a porch.
kylix
a shallow bowl having two horizontal handles projecting from the sides, often set upon a stem terminating in a foot: used as a drinking cup.
base
the bottom support of anything; that on which a thing stands or rests:
kore
a sculptured representation of a young woman, esp. one produced prior to the 5th century b.c.
thespian
pertaining to tragedy or to the dramatic art in general.
amphora
a large two-handled storage jar having an oval body, usually tapering to a point at the base, with a pair of handles extending from immediately below the lip to the shoulder: used chiefly for oil, wine, etc., and, set on a foot, as a commemorative vase aw
volute
a spiral or twisted formation or object.
orchestra
a group of performers on various musical instruments, including esp. stringed instruments of the viol class, clarinets and flutes, cornets and trombones, drums, and cymbals, for playing music, as symphonies, operas, popular music, or other compositions.
cadence
rhythmic flow of a sequence of sounds or words:
ode
a lyric poem typically of elaborate or irregular metrical form and expressive of exalted or enthusiastic emotion.
theatre
a building, part of a building, or outdoor area for housing dramatic presentations, stage entertainments, or motion-picture shows.
proscenium
the arch that separates a stage from the auditorium.
capital
the city or town that is the official seat of government in a country, state, etc.:
soliloquy
the act of talking while or as if alone in a narrative or drama
chorus
a group of actors or a single actor having a function similar to that of the Greek chorus, as in Elizabethan drama.
Iambic hexameter
a meter in poetry which has six hexa feet, each foot containing a rhythm of ta-TUM.
Hera
Marriage
Artemis
Moon
Hades
god of underworld
Hermes
Messenger of the gods
Eros
god of love, child of aphrodite
Demeter
goddess of argiculture; mother of phospherone
Hestia
goddess of fire and home, keeps promises
Zeus
Most powerful of all gods on Mount Olympus; lord of the sky and earth
Athena
Daugher of Zeus (born from his head when he had a headache).
ares
mars
Hephaestus
Vulcan
Episkyros
"soccer"
Glutted
to be excessive
Implore
to beg earnestly for
Bureaucracy
substitution for non elective officials
Constantine
which emperor converted to Christianity and began to spread it through the world?
Pythagoras
Numerical relationships can explain the whole universe
Idea of underlying harmonies throughout nature
Trajan
Adopted by Nerva (previous emperor); One of the "Good Emperors"; Professional soldier from Spain; 1st non-Italian emperor; Brought Rome to it's height in size (about size of US)
Hellenistic Period
Civilization that emerged after classical Greece. Rulers glorified themselves as godlike, absolute monarchs. Important advances in math, science, and philosophy.
Despoiled
to rob, to plunder, to sack
Anti-Thalamos
If there are grown-up unmarried daughters, they have another such bedroom, which is this.
Popular Assembly
Comitia Centuriata; citizens that pass laws for country and choose quaestors and other positions
Mycenaeans
First Greek civilization; A war based society led by king Agamemnon, and conquered by a mysterious sea people
Susa
The chief capital of the Persian Empire; Alexander held big festivals in 324 BC when him and his troops returned from their campaign
Prostrate
throw down flat, as on the ground
Socrates
Poisoned by the Athenian government as a final sentence
Represents high point in Greek philosophy
Method - ask questions over and over to challenge and force people to think about their answers and what they really believed in
Thought to be the wisest man alive, but he was aware of his weaknesses and modest about his intellect, making him wiser
Challenged religious beliefs of the time
Put on trail from impiety and for corrupting youth
Himation
A rectangular woolen or linen cloak worn by men and women in ancient Greece.
Vespasian
Emperor of Rome and founder of the Flavian dynasty who consolidated Roman rule in Germany and Britain and reformed the army and brought prosperity to the empire; began the construction of the Colosseum
narrative relief
panels of sculpted figures telling a story
The Septuagint
The Greek translation of the Old Testament under Ptolemy II
Pestilence
any epidemic disease with a high death rate
Pantheon
Roman; Also known as House of the Gods, has an oculus (opening in the roof)
Gallic Wars
Caesar's nine years of War in ancient Gaul, including two expeditions to Britain. From this campaign, Caesar gained a powerful level of personal prestige and popularity.
Zeno of Cyprus
a Greek philosopher who founded a school of philosophy called Stoicism; they believed in a divine power that ruled the universe; thought that people should live a virtuous life in harmony with natural law; promoted social unity and encouraged its followers to focus on things that they could control
Arch of Constantine
A.D 313 marble Constantine the Great erected the largest triumphal arch in Rome, near the Colosseum
Emperor Diocletian
Emperor of Rome who divided it into a Western and Eastern Empire in 284. The east prevails while the West starts to crumble
In what year did Troy reach its hight of power?
1300 B.C.
Abacus
A slab on the top of the capital of a column.
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