Greek and Roman Characters 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Dryads
Wood nymphs.
Oreads
Mountain nymphs.
Euripides
tragic poet
Aesculapius
See Asclepius.
Nemesis
Goddess of retribution.
Hyman
God of marriage.
Creusa
wife of Aeneas
Iphis and Ianthe
wed
Andromache
Wife of Hector.
Dis
Roman Equivalent of Pluto.
Graces
Beautiful goddesses: Aglaia (Brilliance), Euphrosyne (Joy), and Thalia (Bloom); daughters of Zeus.
Eumenides
One of several Furies.
Megaera
One of several Furies.
Moirae
One of several Fates.
Juno
Roman Equivalent of Hera.
Nox
Roman Equivalent of Nyx.
Nona
One of several Fates.
Nesus
centaur who Hercules kills
Alcyone
One of several Pleiades.
Alethia
Greek Name meaning Wisdom
Aurora
Roman Equivalent of Eos.
Hecate
Goddess of sorcery and witchcraft.
Lucina
Roman goddess of childbirth; identified with Juno.
Dionysus
son of Zeus and Semele
Hercules
son of Zeus and Alcmena
Charybdis
Female monster; personification of whirlpool.
Demeter/Ceres
Often pictured with daughter Persephone, goddess of the harvest; symbol: flower, crops. Loves Persephone dearly
Erebus
Spirit of darkness; son of Chaos.
Furies
Avenging spirits; Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone; known also as Erinyes or Eumenides.
Diomedes
Greek hero; with Odysseus, entered Troy and carried off Palladium, sacred statue of Athena.
Iapetus
Titan; father of Atlas, Epimetheus, and Prometheus.
Medea
Sorceress; daughter of Aeëtes; helped Jason obtain Golden Fleece; when deserted by him for Creüsa, killed her children and Creüsa.
Faustulus
shepherd who found Romulus and Remus
Rhea Silva
mother of Romulus and Remus
Alectryon
Youth changed by Ares into cock.
Cephalus
Hunter; accidentally killed his wife Procris with his spear.
Astarte
Phoenician goddess of love; variously identified with Aphrodite, Selene, and Artemis.
Amazons
Female warriors in Asia Minor; supported Troy against Greeks.
Helen
Fairest woman in world; daughter of Zeus and Leda; wife of Menelaus; carried to Troy by Paris, causing Trojan War.
Hippolytus
Son of Theseus and Hippolyte; falsely accused by Phaedra of trying to kidnap her; slain by Poseidon at request of Theseus.
Daphne
Nymph; pursued by Apollo; changed to laurel tree.
Glaucus
Mortal who became sea divinity by eating magic grass.
Demeter (Ceres)
Goddess of agriculture; mother of Persephone.
Iobates
King of Lycia; sent Bellerophon to slay Chimera.
Neoptolemus
Son of Achilles; slew Priam; also known as Pyrrhus.
Orion
Hunter; slain by Artemis and made heavenly constellation.
Palinurus
Aeneas' pilot; fell overboard in his sleep and was drowned.
Dido
queen of Carthage who commits suicide over Aeneas
Lucretia
noble woman raped by prince who committed suicide
Antinoüs
Leader of suitors of Penelope; slain by Odysseus.
Apollo
God of beauty, poetry, music; later identified with Helios as Phoebus Apollo; son of Zeus and Leto.
Andromeda
Daughter of Cepheus; chained to cliff for monster to devour; rescued by Perseus.
Aphrodite/Venus
goddess of love and beauty; symbol: dove, married to Hephaestus, but cheats on him with Ares, known to be greedy and vain, was born out of the foam from the sea
Hestia/Vesta
goddess of the hearth, home and family; symbol: the hearth, daughter of Cronos and Rhea, is unmarried, gentlest olympian, not featured in many stories
Echo
Nymph who fell hopelessly in love with Narcissus; faded away except for her voice.
Dioscuri
Twins Castor and Pollux; sons of Leda by Zeus.
Nestor
King of Pylos; noted for wise counsel in expedition against Troy.
Menelaus
King of Sparta; son of Atreus; brother of Agamemnon; husband of Helen.
Minos
King of Crete; after death, one of three judges of dead in Hades; son of Zeus and Europa.
Alcmene
Wife of Amphitryon; mother by Zeus of Hercules.
Prometheus
a titan, brought fire to humans and created people
Golden Fleece
Fleece from ram that flew Phrixos to Colchis; Aeëtes placed it under guard of dragon; carried off by Jason.
Jason
Son of Aeson; to gain throne of Ioclus from Pelias, went to Colchis and brought back Golden Fleece; married Medea; deserted her for Creüsa.
Paris
Son of Priam; gave apple of discord to Aphrodite, for which she enabled him to carry off Helen; slew Achilles at Troy; slain by Philoctetes.
Megara
wife of Hercules - killed by him when he was driven mad by Hera
Asclepius (Aesculapius)
Mortal son of Apollo; slain by Zeus for raising dead; later deified as god of medicine. Also known as Asklepios.
Tarquinius Superbus
raped a noble woman in 510 and the monarchy of Rome was eliminated
Female monsters; Euryale, Medusa, and Stheno; had snakes for hair; their glances turned mortals to stone. [gorgons you're yellin' medusa's thinne']
Female monsters; Euryale, Medusa, and Stheno; had snakes for hair; their glances turned mortals to stone. [gorgons you're yellin' medusa's thinne']
/ 68
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online