Greek Architecture 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Corinthian
Fancy
frieze
doric
for runners
gymnasium
bottom
three-step platform
side passage
ptoeroma
columns: top
capital
columns: middle
shaft
caryatid
female figure
Apse
semicircular area
pediment
triangle roof
parthenon, 440
entasis effect
Doric column
tyranny
rule of tyrant
main place; stadium
stadion
colonnade
series of columns
Classical Period
Doryphorus/Spear Bearer
influences: columns
white house
influences: gatehouse
disney world
proylaea
large gatehouse entrance
base
bottom of column
acropolis temples, 420
autocracy
rule of one person
3 horizontal grooves
Ionic architrave
connects column to frieze
architrave
Athena Nike
part of Acropolis
on column, below capital
shaft
entablature
(architecture) the structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roof
fear of crowded places
agoraphobia
Temple
Best form of architecture
Parthenon
the temple to Athena
theater at epidaurus, 350
2x+1=y
algebraic formula for parthenon
4 sided; fancy; volutes
Ionic capital
Crete/Egypt
early influences in temple construction
Apollo at Didyma
in Turkey, ionic
ionic order
columns lie on base
Gymnasium
training facility for athletes; gymas-naked, tribute to gods
columns: thinner and elegant (2nd)
ionian
coffered ceiling
a decorated, concave ceiling
Tholos
temple with a circular plan
Propylon
entrance gate to a temenos
Decastyle
a porticio of 10 columns
Capital
top of a Greek column
architrave
level below frieze on doric
cornice
highest flat level on doric
plain
type of capital on doric
the whole section above the capital
entablature
the theater
the Greek's other great innovation
Mneskles' monumental gateway to the Acropolis; late Doric architecture; middle wider to bring sacrificial offering through
Propylaea
plinth
The bottom of the Ionian column
corinthian order
includes a base for columns
metope
alternating squaring slabs next to triglyphs, rests on the capital
lintels
crossbeams that were supported by columns. Held up members that contributed as a sloping roof.
Bouleuterian
housed the council of citizens; "boule"-council; "terion"-for doing something
Temple Floorplan
inter-most room(cella)-cult statue of god; roofed in terra cotta w/ wooden beams; pronaos: porch; opisthodomus: false porch: pteroma-side passage
the 3 greek columns
doric ionic Corinthian
building which housed council for administracion
bouleuterion
columns: appeared in athens, ornate, fluted column, decor acanthus leaves and scrolls, fluted.
corinthian
opisthodomos
special chamber were offerings take place
ambulatory
continuous aisle in a circular building or a covered walkway
course
level layer of brick or stone
Megaron
rectangular royal audiance hall in Mycenian architecture
Volute
a structure consisting of something wound in a continuous series of loops
pilaster
a rectangular column that usually projects about a third of its width from the wall to which it is attached
altar of zeus at pergamum, 175
second part of capital; connects the collar to the abacus
echinus
all male; full-blooded Greeks; naked; barefoot; ran in thick sand; only 1st place; wrestlers died; competitors did all events; 1st was 3 meals a day free for life
Quadrennial Games
central sanctuary; almost always a box
cella (naos)
third part of the capital; connects the echinus to the entablature
abacus
large central room with columns around it
megarona
diptal
two sets of columns around interior section
moldings
a shaped or sculpted strip with varying contours and patterns. Used as decoration on architecture, furniture, frames, and other objects
Ionian
The column that has the swirly capital
Greek Architecture
dominated by religion; big, beautiful temples; celebrate civic power/pride; patron deity of a city
ionic
a taller, thinner column with scroll shapes on its capital
lintel
horizontal beam covering a door or window opening or spanning 2 columns
Triglyph
In a Doric frieze, the projecting block marked by vertical grooves
Entasis
convex curve or swelling along the outline of a column shaft, designed to counteract the optical illusion which gives a column shaft bounded by straight lines the appearance of curving inwards
polygonal masonry
Blocks assembled with joints on several sides
Acropolis
a fortified hill in ancient Greece where the city-state center was located
Theater at Taormina in Sicily
third largest Greek theater
structure consisting of vertical beams (posts) supporting a horizontal beam (lintel)
post and lintel
where St. Paul preached to the Athenians; another name for the Areopagus
Mars Hill
peripteral
a term used to describe any building or room that is surrounded by a single row of columns.
Tholos and Propylaea
circular temple for astronomy; large gatehouse entrance to temple
materials used 7th century
mud bricks, stone and wood
antefixa
upright ornament along the eaves of a tiled roof to conceal joints between the rows of tiles
Doric column
placed directly on the stylobate with no base; tapered upwards like tree trunks, with entasis, broad and concave flutes meet each other at a sharp angle. Capital consists of two parts: a round cushion with a curved profile supporting a square abacus upon which the frieze rests.
Materials
7th: Mud brick wood, 6th: Terra Cotta Roof, 5th: Marble and limestone
pericles
leader of athens in 461 expanded power and encouraged arts
said to have held 15,000 people; purpose was to enlighten, not to entertain like the Roman amphitheaters
Theater at Syracuse
in antis
term used to describe the position of columns set between two walls, as in a portico, or cella
bases
The bottom of a column or called the b---
hexastyle
six columns in front and rear of a greek building
much more slender; farther apart; 5.5 times high as round (used to be 4 times); entasis effect reduced; smaller capitals
columns of the Parthenon
triglyph tablet
The part of the frieze that is visible from the front (under the pediment)
Abacus
a slab of stone at the top of a classical capital, just under the architrave
rises over Athens; top is flat (1.5 by 3.5 football fields)
Acropolis of Athens
fluted column shaft
The two columns on the left side of the study page
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