Greek art history Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Amphitheater
Attic pottery
Orientalizing Period
700‐600 BCE
"orientalizing Period
700-600 BCE
Kroisos
530 BCE - Archaic
Early Classical Period
480‐450 BCE
Athens
the capital of Greece
New York Kouros
600 BC: Archaic
Dying Gaul
Epigonos? Pergamon, Turkey. Hellentistic. Roman marble copy of a bronze original of ca. 230-220 BCE Technically a trumpeter. Same hair, large nose, but also moustache. We are meant to walk around him, and there is a question of whether we are part of this narrative or not. Compare to earlier dying warriors- they don't anticipate the same reaction as the later ones. Temple of Aphaia- he's smiling. They communicate through logos, not pathos. It's more intellectual, not emotional.
Hermes and the infant Dionysus
Macmillan Painter "Chigi Vase"
640 BC: Orientalizing
hellenistic
Describing Greek history or culture after the death of Alexander the Great
kouros
archaic greek sculpture of standing male
Classical
idealist style, idealized art (black figured)
doric
consists typically of a channeled column without a base, having as a capital a circular echinus supporting a square abacus, above which come a plain architrave, a frieze of triglyphs and metopes, and a cornice, the corona of which has mutules on its
Lysippos - Apoxymenos
330 BCE marble copy
Krater
A large, wide-mouthed Greek vase with opposite handles used for mixing wine with water, a favorite beverage of the Greeks.
Temple of Hera I
Paestum, Italy. Archaic. 550
Delian League
Formed to protect the Greek City-States. Money housed at the Siphian Treasury established at Delphi on Delos, later moved to Athens. Pericles then embezzled it to build the Parthenon.
The Death of Laocoon
helenistic sculpture; demonstrating the death of Laocoon and his sons by Poseidon
Hellenistic period
323- fourth centurybroader range of ages/appearancegreater detail and emotion
Venus pudica
"Modest Venus" as she covers her genitals or breasts- but the pose may be drawing attention contrast with earlier asexual depictions of women. Prior depictions of female nudes exist, but only prostitutes etc. Not "reputable women or Goddesses. Statue demands emotional, not cerebral response; a more physical response by the viewer.
Canon
Set of rules of proportion under which a work of art or architecture is systematically devised.
stereobate
is the top step of the stepped platform on which colonnades of temple columns are placed. "floor of the temple"
Kourus Sculpture
young man, rigid stance; stepping out into maturity; proportions off; Archaic
Cycladic figure
Figures with flat heads, polished, and have no clothes on
East Pediment (aphaia)
Sense of self mortality, propping self up on shield, turned away from viewer, more naturalistic.
Warrior Vase
Mycenae, Greece c. 1200 BCE Woman at left sees warriors off to battle. Moving away from emotive action found in minoan vase. Return to geometric shapes found in earlier Cycladic art.
West Pediment (aphaia)
No sense of self mortality in figures, ungainly zigzag pose, full frontality.
Doryphoros (Spearbearer)
By Polykleitos - 450 - 440 BCE - High Classical
Funerary Mask from Grave Circle A
Mycenae, Greece. Mycenaean. 1600 Face idealized. Youthful, beautiful, while beard indicates maturity.
stoas
covered colonades
Pergamon Altar
Hellenistic
Kritios Boy
480 BCE
Mantiklos Apollo
700 BC: Orientalizing
Bull-leaping
Knossos, Greece. Minoan, 1450
Boy strangling a goose
Hellenistic
athena
goddess of wisdom and war
Phaistos disk
Shows the Minoan alphabet
Peplos Kore (Maiden)
530 BCE - Archaic
Hellenistic baroque
Emphasizes drama, theatrical gestures, appeals to pathos; pity you feel for the characters. Legibility, clarity, VERY high relief, even more so than before. Almost in the round. Arms are broken off. Casts deeper shadows. No "self contained". Communicating how we should feel about these characters.
peplos
simple, long woolen belted garment worn by women in ancient greece
the city's central square in Athens
agora
The Charioteer at Delphi
bronze, 470 BCE
Contrapposto
a balanced but asymmetrical stance in which the figure is positioned with most of its weight on one leg.
kallikrates
was an ancient Greek architect active in the middle of the fifth century BCE. He and Iktinos were architects of the Parthenon
Harvester Vase
Haida Traida, Greece. Minoan. 1500- subject of hunting common to Egyptian tombs But energetic and individually characterized Riotous crowd
Interest in facial expression (muscular skeletal structure)
Relief
small almost 2D sculptures; in between columns
Vanqueteer
Guy reclining on couch, first statue where shoulders weren't lined up with hips. Got a bowl in hand.
Strigil
When wrestling in nude and all oiled up, after a time, you become grimy and gross, so you scrape yourself with this and reapply fresh oil.
entablature
the part of a building above the columns and below the roof
metope
panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief
Ares
son of Zeus and Hera, god of war
Parthenon
By Iktinos & Kallikrates - 447 - 438 BCE - High Classical
Sleeping satyr "Barberini Faun"
Hellenistic. 230-200 BCE Also depicted erotically. The manner in which he has fallen asleep is provocative. Sice he's asleep, it's anti-classical. It's "anti-rational". Praxiteles softened the look- extra layer of fascia (?) between muscle and skin. Here you are drawn right to his genitals.- he's asleep and exposed so can be taken advantage of.
Hermes
son of Zeus and was the messenger of the gods and possessed winged sandals . Also the guide of the travelers
Snake Goddess from the Palace of Knossos
Crete, Greece. Minoan. 1600
Vault of Tholos at Treasury of Atreus
Mycenae, Greece. Mycenaean. 1300 Treasury- not a tomb
Gallic chieftain killing himself and his wife.
Epigonos (?), Roman marble copy of a bronze original of ca. 230-220 BCE. Found at Pergamom, founded under Attilid kings. Ethnicity depicted: Thick, clumpy hair, large nose. Gauls move from Anatolia to France. The statue records the fact that these great, fierce warriors were defeated by the Attalids. Kill off them men and sell off the women and children to slavery. Wife is being killed to prevent her becoming a slave. "Lysipppan viewing". We are forced to interact with them emotionally. Suicide is considered ignoble, but honorable; doesn't allow themselves to be enslaved. You have to move around it to understand it.
/ 59
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online