Greek Art Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Dying Gaul
Zeus (Or poseidon)
Hermes and Dionysus
Myron - Classical
Doric Column
sharply defined; plain
Hellenistic Painting
Tiny colored tiles
Polykleitos Doryphoros - Classical
a two-handled Greek storage jar
upper portion of the building
Spring Fresco
Thera, Greece. Minoan. 1600
Hellenistic Ceramics
Black sometimes with flowers
battle of Gods and giants
standing fully clothed female statue
three steps; bottom of architectural structures of the Doric and Ionic orders; bottom two steps called stereobates; top step called stylobate-holds up columns; platform of Corinthian order made only of stylobate
Spear Bearer
[Classical] (450-440 BCE)
• By Polykleitos
• Closed stance
• Alternating tense and relaxed elements of the body
• Blocklike solidity
• Broad shoulders, thick morso, muscular body
• Movement restrained, Spartan ideal of body
• Warrior and athlete
• Hand once held a spear
• He averts his gaze; you may admire him, but he does not reorganize the admiration
Formed, bounded, or characterized by curved lines.
Low-relief sculpture running high and horizontally on a wall of a building
Harvester Vase
Haida Traida, Greece. Minoan. 1500
convex; it curves slightly; columns tilt slightly inward
Warrior Vase, Mycenae or Greece, Mycenaen Period
"high city", fortified hilltop city found in most ancient Greek cities
wide mouth bowl with handles projecting up and away from the body, used to mix wine and water
an emphasis on education and expanding knowledge, human potential and the desire too excel
alexander the great, not perfect, more realistic, ordinary, everyday, anti classical,emotion,expressionism,artists wants viewer to share the emotion,focal point, facial expression examples ,ruler,dancer,trumpeteer
(350 BCE)
• Theaters often had a view of the sea; the sea plays an important role in Greek drama
• Acoustics were excellent; every one of the 12,000 spectators could hear
• Stage juts out and is enriched by the audience on three sides
• Stage had removable and modest sets
• Plays typically held on feast days and as part of contests
• In Polykleitos
Lower part of a (Doric column's) capital. In architecture, the convex element of a capital directly below the abacus.
447 BC; Doric temple dedicated to Athena
Dying Warrior from the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, c. 500-490 B.C.E.Greek Archaic
*anyone who has a good life can have a good after life
* pediment the triangluar top of a temple that contains sculpture
*Archaic :)
*studying human body closely
Marine Style Octopus Jar
Palaikastro, Greece. Minoan. 1500
Discus Thrower
490- 330 BCE
Roman Copy of Marble
Classical or Hellenic Style
transitional architecture
more compact thatn archaic, horizonal architraaave capital, double colonnade
Classical Painting
only 1 survived; Tomb of the Diver
Corinthian black figure amphora geometric archaic 600 BCE
title medium period date
Nike of Samothrace
[Hellenistic] (190 BCE)
• Meant to sit on a fountain as a figurehead of a boat; the fountain would splash water on the figure
• Wet drapery look imitates the water playing on the wet body
• Built to commemorate a naval victory 191 BCE
• Dramatic twist and contrapasto of the torso
• Monumentality of the figure
• His missing right arm may have raised a victory crown; perhaps she was landing on the prow of a ship
A TEMPLE DEDICATED TO ALL THE GODS, all gods considered as a group
(of a composition) having the heads of all figures on approximately the same level.
Greek military leader whos armies conquerd vast amounts of land, ruler of 1st great European Empire of the ancient world
"Treasury of Atreus," is an example of a ______ tomb
when floors and columns curved to give a sense of life and movement
Term used to describe a human figure standing with most of it's weight on one foot so that the shoulders and arms twist away from the hips
A style of architecture in which a row of columns surrounds the outside boundaries of the stylobate.
another word for "eye"; it is the only light source for the Pantheon
main room of a Greek temple where the god is housed
Classical or Hellenic
490- 330 BCE
The style of the land
Optical refinements
The refinements made in order for a Greek building to appear absolutely straight; caused actual curving
3 main subjects of renaissance
1. religious, 2. portrait, 3. mythalogical
Dying Warrior from East Pediment of Temple of Aphaia
Aegina, Greece. Archaic. 500
The Greek art was mostly about the ____ and ____.
human body & gods
Archaic Period in architecture was known as =
the age of the development of formal architecture or temples
Dipylon Vase (750 BC, Athens)
decorative style, usually refers to the capital of a column
Greek "dancing place"; in theaters, the circular piece of earth with a hard & level surface on which the performance took place
Man and Centaur (8th Century BC)
corinthian order
most ornate and latest to develop
the technique of sculpting a human figure in a pose that shows the weight of the body in balance
painting on lime plaster, either dry or wet( pigments mixed with water and become chemically bound with plaster, have to work rast.)
horizontal fixture, on top of the frieze
upright carved stone slab used to mark graves or commemorate historical events
Doric order
principle feature is a simple, heavy column without a base, topped by a broad, plain capitol
Greek "cube"; a tiny stone of piece of glass cut to the desired shape and size for use in forming a mosaic
what is a stele?
an upright slab of stone usually decorated with designs that are carved into the relief
what is a palmette?
an ornament of radiating metals on a bud like vase
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