Greek Art Vocab Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
sophrosyne
balance
Dying Gaul
Hellenistic
Zeus (Or poseidon)
450
Hermes and Dionysus
Classic
Myron - Classical
http://www.utexas.edu/courses/introtogreece/cc301/Discobolos.jpg
Doric Column
sharply defined; plain
Hellenistic Painting
Tiny colored tiles
Polykleitos Doryphoros - Classical
http://www.westcler.org/gh/curlessmatt/arthistory/4/PolykleitosDoryphoros.jpg
Amphora
a two-handled Greek storage jar
entablature
upper portion of the building
Spring Fresco
Thera, Greece. Minoan. 1600
Hellenistic Ceramics
Black sometimes with flowers
gigantomachy
battle of Gods and giants
kore
standing fully clothed female statue
platform
three steps; bottom of architectural structures of the Doric and Ionic orders; bottom two steps called stereobates; top step called stylobate-holds up columns; platform of Corinthian order made only of stylobate
Spear Bearer
[Classical] (450-440 BCE)
• By Polykleitos
• Closed stance
• Alternating tense and relaxed elements of the body
• Blocklike solidity
• Broad shoulders, thick morso, muscular body
• Movement restrained, Spartan ideal of body
• Warrior and athlete
• Hand once held a spear
• He averts his gaze; you may admire him, but he does not reorganize the admiration
Curvilinear
Formed, bounded, or characterized by curved lines.
Frieze
Low-relief sculpture running high and horizontally on a wall of a building
Harvester Vase
Haida Traida, Greece. Minoan. 1500
convex; it curves slightly; columns tilt slightly inward
stylobate
Warrior Vase, Mycenae or Greece, Mycenaen Period
acropolis
"high city", fortified hilltop city found in most ancient Greek cities
krater
wide mouth bowl with handles projecting up and away from the body, used to mix wine and water
humanism
an emphasis on education and expanding knowledge, human potential and the desire too excel
hellenistic
alexander the great, not perfect, more realistic, ordinary, everyday, anti classical,emotion,expressionism,artists wants viewer to share the emotion,focal point, facial expression examples ,ruler,dancer,trumpeteer
Theater
(350 BCE)
• Theaters often had a view of the sea; the sea plays an important role in Greek drama
• Acoustics were excellent; every one of the 12,000 spectators could hear
• Stage juts out and is enriched by the audience on three sides
• Stage had removable and modest sets
• Plays typically held on feast days and as part of contests
• In Polykleitos
echinus
Lower part of a (Doric column's) capital. In architecture, the convex element of a capital directly below the abacus.
Parthenon
447 BC; Doric temple dedicated to Athena
Dying Warrior from the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, c. 500-490 B.C.E.Greek Archaic
*anyone who has a good life can have a good after life
* pediment the triangluar top of a temple that contains sculpture
*Archaic :)
*studying human body closely
*figure
Marine Style Octopus Jar
Palaikastro, Greece. Minoan. 1500
Discus Thrower
Myron
490- 330 BCE
Roman Copy of Marble
Classical or Hellenic Style
transitional architecture
more compact thatn archaic, horizonal architraaave capital, double colonnade
Classical Painting
only 1 survived; Tomb of the Diver
Corinthian black figure amphora geometric archaic 600 BCE
title medium period date
Nike of Samothrace
[Hellenistic] (190 BCE)
• Meant to sit on a fountain as a figurehead of a boat; the fountain would splash water on the figure
• Wet drapery look imitates the water playing on the wet body
• Built to commemorate a naval victory 191 BCE
• Dramatic twist and contrapasto of the torso
• Monumentality of the figure
• His missing right arm may have raised a victory crown; perhaps she was landing on the prow of a ship
pantheon
A TEMPLE DEDICATED TO ALL THE GODS, all gods considered as a group
isocephalic
(of a composition) having the heads of all figures on approximately the same level.
ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Greek military leader whos armies conquerd vast amounts of land, ruler of 1st great European Empire of the ancient world
"Treasury of Atreus," is an example of a ______ tomb
beehive
entasis
when floors and columns curved to give a sense of life and movement
Contrapossto
Term used to describe a human figure standing with most of it's weight on one foot so that the shoulders and arms twist away from the hips
Peristyle
A style of architecture in which a row of columns surrounds the outside boundaries of the stylobate.
Oculus
another word for "eye"; it is the only light source for the Pantheon
Cella
main room of a Greek temple where the god is housed
Classical or Hellenic
490- 330 BCE
The style of the land
Optical refinements
The refinements made in order for a Greek building to appear absolutely straight; caused actual curving
3 main subjects of renaissance
1. religious, 2. portrait, 3. mythalogical
Dying Warrior from East Pediment of Temple of Aphaia
Aegina, Greece. Archaic. 500
The Greek art was mostly about the ____ and ____.
human body & gods
Archaic Period in architecture was known as =
the age of the development of formal architecture or temples
Dipylon Vase (750 BC, Athens)
order
decorative style, usually refers to the capital of a column
orchestra
Greek "dancing place"; in theaters, the circular piece of earth with a hard & level surface on which the performance took place
Man and Centaur (8th Century BC)
...
corinthian order
most ornate and latest to develop
counterpoise
the technique of sculpting a human figure in a pose that shows the weight of the body in balance
fresco
painting on lime plaster, either dry or wet( pigments mixed with water and become chemically bound with plaster, have to work rast.)
cornice
horizontal fixture, on top of the frieze
stele
upright carved stone slab used to mark graves or commemorate historical events
Doric order
principle feature is a simple, heavy column without a base, topped by a broad, plain capitol
tessera
Greek "cube"; a tiny stone of piece of glass cut to the desired shape and size for use in forming a mosaic
what is a stele?
an upright slab of stone usually decorated with designs that are carved into the relief
what is a palmette?
an ornament of radiating metals on a bud like vase
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