Greek Art Vocabulary Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
arete
excellence
Tholos
circular plan
amphora
two-handled pottery
Temple of hera
550
Nike of Samothrace
Hellenistic
Meander
Geometic Maze Pattern
Doric Order
Oldest and plainest
Mantiklos "Apollo", Greece, Orientalizing
Exekias - Archaic
Famous potter.
Frieze
a horizontal band of sculptures
Greek key
symbol for eternal life
Peplos Kore
Athens, Greece. Archaic. 530
Athena
Phidias
490- 330 BCE Acropolis, Athens, Greece
Classical or Hellenic Style
kore
limestone statuette of goddess/ maiden
Nike of Samothroce - Helenistic
...
Hellenistic period sculptures
"Dying Gaul"-dying Gaul warrior-intended to make viewer feel pain; "Nike of Samothrace"-winged goddess at prow of victorious warship-found in 118 pieces; "Seated Boxer"-old and pained from failure-swollen ears, scratches, and perspiration signs of punishment for his violent occupation
The Erechtheion
(421-405 BCE)
• Honors Erechtheus, an early king of Athens, during whose reign an ancient wooden idol of Athena was said to have fallen from the heavens
• Also marks the spot where Athena and Poseidon competed to be patrons of the city of Athens
• Because it incorporated a few sites, the building has an irregular, asymmetrical plan, unusual to Greek architecture
• Caryatids walk toward the Parthenon in a procession
• Ionic temple
terra sibillata
clay falls out of solution
Hermes and the Infant of Dionysos,Praxiteles, from the Temple of Hera, 340 BC Greek Classical
* s curve
* engaged with each other/ tender moment
*dreamy expression
Palace at Knossos
Knossos, Greece. Minoan. 1700
god of wine, drunkenness, ritual madness, carrying here his gifts to mankind
Dionysis
Temple of Hera I, Italy, Archaic
entasis
pronounced swelling (bulky, fat gets slender near top)
Doryphoros
Spearcarrier sculpted in bronze by Polyclitus ~440 BC. Perak more "real" male proportions.
Hellenistic Sculpture
admired all angles; suppleness of poses; Themes: sleep, old age, suffering; Sleeping: Baberini Faun; Suffering: Gauls Killing Self
Late Classical
"Know thyself" More individual point of view, Peloponnesian War
lacoon and his sons
hellenistic, emotion,facial expression of fear,movement-trying to avoid snakes
Dying Warrior
[Archaic] (500-490 BCE)
• From the temple of Alphaia
• Warrior dying fits neatly into the corner of the pediment
• Hair in rows of tight cords
• Rigid musculature
• Pose of the crossed legs is awkward and unnatural, especially given the life-and-death struggle the dying warrior is undergoing
• Archaic smile
triglyph
In a Doric frieze, the projecting block marked by vertical grooves
Corinthian Column
has features at top: leaves, etc
Gods and Giants from the Siphnian Treasury, c. 530 B.C.E.Greek Archaic
* a place to store treasure
*giantomachy - mythic battle between greek gods & giants
*2d-reliefs=freezes
*archaic->classical period
Snake Goddess from Knossos
Knossos, Greece. Minoan. 1600
Kouros Critious
490- 330 BCE
Classical or Hellenic Style
transitional sculpture
more natural, free-standing, relief of battles, body reacts to wound/moventt
peristyle
an open space, as a courtyard, surrounded by a colonnade
Praxiteles
One of the three major Late Classical sculptors whose work was characterized by dreamy expressions and the sensual, fleshy appearance of the stone.
Geometric krater terra-cotta geometric archaic 8th century
title medium period date
Battle of Issus
(100 BCE)
• Alexander at left: young, brave, forthright assured of success
• Darius in center right on chariot: horrified, weakly ceding the victory; his charioteer commands the horses to make their escape
• Crowded, with nervous excitement
• Roman floor mosaic based on an original Greek mural painting
mosaic
art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass
colonnade
a structure composed of a series of arches supported by columns
CORINTHIAN
most ornate of the three orders of classical Greek architecture
-FRILLY
Classical Jewelry
Protection from evil eye, gave powers, worn by women
geometric painting
on vases: large vases crowded with small geometric designs
Archaic Smile
Shy looking smile used by Archaic Greek sculptors
Hellenistic period sculpture characteristics
emphasized greater movement in space and added an emotional appeal to actively involve viewer; more dramatic and emotional subjects
Opisthodomos
What was used as a treasury in the Parthenon?
CONTRAPPOSTO
put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose
Polykeitos
wrote a book on the canon of human proportions
abacus
a slab forming the top of the capital of a column
ancient greece limited natural resources
relied on trade with neighbors,farmed staple crops,grain,olives,grapes limited diet lots of fish
sculpture in the round of a male youth depicted nude
kuros figure
Classical Period (475-323 BC) was important because
1. fully developed
2. independent of foreign influences
3. sought after in other lands
4. classical idea of beauty, simple, yet beautiful
When was the golden age and what was it?
During classicism (hellenistic age), a time of great artistic achievement
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