Greek City States Flashcards

Terms Definitions
commerce
large trading
Draco
Reformer who was unsuccessful
hoplite
heavy, a heavily armed infantryman
Themistocles
Convinced Athens to be evacuated,
frescoes
paintings made on wet plaster walls
Athens
Polis where democracy flourished and sought equality for its citizens
Dorians
Replaced the Mycenaens on the Peloponnesus Peninsula
Dark Age of 1100-750 BC
Polis
Greek word for city-state; origionally meant a fort
import
good or service bought from another country
terracing
creating plots of land by building walls on hillsides and filling the space between them with soil
Monarchy
a government in which a hereditary ruler (king or queen) exercises central power
Cleisthenes
Reformer who created the world's first democracy
Acropolis
Hill or mountain in Greece that included a fort as well as temples and other public buildings
Xerxes
Persian who defeated Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae.
Constitution
Document that gives laws and rights of citizens
Tyrant
This was someone who seized power in defiance of law but ruled with the people's support
Homer
Blind author of the Iliad and the Odyssey c. 700 BC
Age from 1000-700 BC
Pedagogue
In ancient Greece, a male slave who taught a young boy
650 B.C.- 500 B.C.
When the age of Tyrants occurred
Poseidon
god of the sea, around which much of Greek life is centered
10th year of the Trojan War
What did the Iliad tell of?
Mount Olympus - a peak in northern Greece
Where did the Greeks believe their Gods lived? And where was it in the world?
agora
marketplace in ancient Greece
Helot
Slaves who did unskilled labor
rigid had slaves
what sparta was
phalanx
a massive tactical formation of heavily armed foot soldiers
Delian Leauge
An alliance of Greek city-states
democracy
a government in which all citizens take part
Helots
Slaves to the Spartans that revolted and nearly destroyed Sparta in 650 B.C.E.
Passions
Religion was an explanation of what that could make people loose self control?
Ephors
One of five rulers or overseers elected by the assembly in Sparta
Aristocracies
Rule by the people; City-states in ancient Greece governed by nobles; later came to mean a priviledged social class
popular government
idea tha people should rule themselves rather than be ruled by others
Arete
What was the term used by greeks who believed in the concept of pursuit of excellent in all things?
Customs and ideals
Both epics tell us about life, what else did it tell us about the greek city-states?
grapes, olives, and certain grains
What could Greece only grow because of its terrible soil?
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