Amsco Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Aller-Il/Elle
Va
encender
to light
sonreír(se)
to smile
ayudar
to help
decidir
to decide
responder
to answer
lavar
to wash
contar
to count
abrir
to open
Prendre/nous
nous prenons
Pouvoir/Nous
nous pouvons
Venir/Nous
Nous venons
chanter
to sing
reparer
to repair
participer
to participate
despertarse
to wake up
desayunarse
to have breakfast
Ecrire/ Ils/Elles
Ils/Elles ecrivent
voir/ il/elle
il/elle voit
chauffer
to heat, warm
insistir en
to insist on
apresurarse a
to hurry to
poder
to be able, can
llevar
to carry, to wear
Partir
To leave, go away
live
vivo, vivere, vixi, victus
perceive
percipio, percipere, percepi, perceptum
devolver
to return, to give back
doubt, hesitate
dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus
John Adams
America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, and wrote the Massachusetts guarantee that freedom of press "ought not to be restrained."
sacar
to take out; to take (photos)
John Dickinson
Drafted a declaration of colonial rights and grievances, and also wrote the series of "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" in 1767 to protest the Townshend Acts. Although an outspoken critic of British policies towards the colonies, Dickinson opposed the Revolution, and, as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1776, refused to sign the Declaration of Independence.
Alamo
Spanish mission in San Antonio, Texas, that was the site of a famous battle of the Texas Revolution in 1836
rendre
to give back, return =saisir -/- donner, emprunter
Democratic-Republican Party
Party founded by Thomas Jefferson. It favored a weaker central government and what Jefferson called an "agrarian republic", and opposed the national bank. It found support mostly by farmers in the South and West.
Mary McCauley
aka Molly Pitcher; heroine of the American Revolution who carried water to soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth Court House and took over her husband's gun when he was overcome by heat (1754-1932)
manifest destiny
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
Bill of Rights
A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of the United States, incorporated in the Constitution as Amendments 1-10
Far West
Pacific states that were the focus of Manifest Destiny: California, Oregon, Texas, etc.
William Dawes
A leader of the Sons of Liberty who rode with Paul Revere to Lexington to warn them that the British where coming
Alien and Sedition Acts
A series of laws that sought to restrict the activities of people who opposed Federalist policies.
desear
to desire
continuar
to continue
quebrar
to break
morder
to bite
contestar
to answer
sufrir
to suffer
vivir
to live
estar
to be
comer
to eat
aprender
to learn
interrumpir
to interrupt
cerrar
to close
Ouvrir/tu
tu ouvres
Venir/Il/Elle
Il/elle vient
fermer
to close
penser
to think
preparer
to prepare
envolver
to wrap up
asistir a
to attend
Sortir/ Il/Elle
Il/Elle sort
Ecrire/ Il/Elle
Il/Elle ecrit
Mettre/ Ils/Elles
Il/Elles mettent
demander
to ask (for)
alegrerse de
to be glad
ponerse a
to begin to
consistir en
to consist of
ver
to see, to watch
conocer
to know (a person)
defendre
to defend, to forbid
think
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus
dedicarse a
to devote oneself to
passer
to pass; to spend (time)
Henry Knox
distinguished general of the Revolutionary War and the nation's first Secretary of War under President Washington
vestirse
to get dressed, to dress oneself
Anti-Federalists
They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights. Many wanted to keep the Articles of Confederation. The Antifederalists were instrumental in obtaining passage of the Bill of Rights as a prerequisite to ratification of the Constitution in several states.
Continentals
Paper bills issued by the Continental Congress to finance the revolution; supposed to be exchanged for silver but the overprinting of bills made them basically worthless.
Sam Houston
United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)
James Madison
The fourth President of the United States (1809-1817). A member of the Continental Congress (1780-1783) and the Constitutional Convention (1787), he strongly supported ratification of the Constitution and was a contributor to The Federalist Papers (1787-1788), which argued the effectiveness of the proposed constitution. His presidency was marked by the War of 1812.
Prohibitory Act
Declared the colonies in rebellion and suspended trade among Britain and the American Colonies
Stephen Kearney
This Colonel, under the direction of Polk, led a small army that captured Santa Fe with no opposition. He then proceeded to California where he joined a conflict already in progress that was being staged jointly by American settlers
Supreme Court
The top court of the American judicial system. The court ensures uniformity in interpreting national laws, resolves conflicts among states, and maintains national supremacy in law. It has both original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction, but unlike other federal courts, it controls its own agenda.
Zachary Taylor
General that was a military leader in Mexican-American War and 12th president of the United States. Sent by president Polk to lead the American Army against Mexico at Rio Grande, but defeated.
apiary
a place in which a colony or colonies of bees are kept, as a stand or shed for beehives or a bee house containing a number of beehives.
Fifty-four Forty or Fight!
Political slogan of the Democrats in the election of 1844, which claimed fifty-four degrees, forty minutes as the boundary of the Oregon territory claimed by the United States
Deborah Sampson
at the age of 21, she dressed up as a man in order to fight in the American Revolution; is the first documented woman to impersonate a man to get into the army; was awarded an honorable discharge and pension; and proved that women could be of some use in the war.
Elias Howe
Invented the sewing machine
Franklin Pierce
Democratic candidate that won against General Winfield Scott because the Whigs did not like his opinions and helped the Kansas Nebraska act
industrial technology
industrialization of 1840s on created shoes, sewing machines, ready-to-wear clothing, firearms, precision tools, and iron products for railroads, etc.
Mountain Men
American adventurers and fur trappers who spent most of their time in the Rocky Mountains.
Which of the following activities was most commonly practiced by African Americans as a means of resisting slavery in the early 1800s?
Work slowdown
Panic of 1857
Financial crash brought on by gold-fueled inflation, and excess grain production. Raised calls in the North for higher tariffs and for free homesteads on western public lands.
Oregon Territory
Polk convinced Congress to end joint occupation; British proposed divide the territory along 49th parallel; U.S. acquired Puget Sound
Gadsden Purchase (1853)
Acquired additional land from Mexico for $10 million to facilitate the construction of a southern transcontinental railroad.
Before the Civil War, which of the following groups of southern whites did NOT defend slavery?
Mountain people
Winfield Scott
United States general who was a hero of the War of 1812 and who defeated Santa Anna in the Mexican War (1786-1866)
Great American Desert
The vast arid territory that included the Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, and the Western Plateau. Known as this before 1860, they were the lands between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Coast.
William Lloyd Garrison and the American Antislavery Society supported
immediate emancipation of slaves without compensation or emigration
railroads; federal land grants
The expansion of these westward played a key role in opening up the frontier; Federal gov. granted land for railroad companies to build more routes
Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842)
1842 between the US and the Brits, settled boundry disputes in the North West, fixed most borders between US and Canada, talked about slavery and excredition
Mexican Cession
1848. Awarded as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo after the Mexican American War. U.S. paid $15 million for 525,000 square miles.
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850)
GB and US said that neither nation would or could attempt to take exclusive control of any future canal route in Central America
Ostend Manifesto (1852)
Polk wanted to buy Cuba for 100 million from Spain, but Spain refused to sell the last part of its former empire
"Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!"
slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for us annexation of the oregon territory
All of the following restricted the growth of labor unions before the Civil War EXCEPT
Opposition by southern plantation owners
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
Mexico recognized the area north of the Rio Grande to be America's; trade of CA and NM for $15 million; the US will assume $3 million in debt that Mexico owed
Rio Grande; Nueces River
River America wanted to be the border between Texas and Mexico; A river in south Texas that Mexico claimed was the boundary between Texas and Mexico.
Which of the following is LEAST useful in arguing that territorial expansion was motivated by a desire to spread slavery?
The slogan "Fifty-four or Fight"
Which of the following was NOT a major consequence of the US war with Mexico?
US annexation of Texas
The political purpose of the Tariff of 1828 was to:
Discredit the administration of President John Quincy Adams
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)
The Whig Party was most identified with
The nationalism of Henry Clay and opposition to Jacksonian principles
In what ways did the Panic of 1857 have an effect on sectional conflict?
Southerners concluded that their economic system was superior to the North's
The main reason for the US delay in annexing Texas was the
Opposition in Congress to adding slave states
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