greek myth 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
mortals
humans
aegis
protection
phobos
fear
Pyrrah
Deuclalion's wife
chloros
light green
isis
The rainbow
Greek: Demeter
Latin: Ceres
bacchanalian
wild with drunkenness
Zeus' tree
oak tree
Goddess
a female god
goddess of the harvest
demeter
lethargic
(adj) lazy or sluggish
Time (accent over e)
Honor
psyche
breath of life, spirit 
Bellerophon
tryed to fly to olympus
Dionysus
kindhearted, cheerful, taught the making of wine, longed for mother, joyful, partying, youthful
Eris
Goddess of discord/strife,has golden apple that ultimately started the Trojan war
intrigue
carry on an underhanded plot
Hellen
mythological patriarch of the Hellenes. His name is also another name for Greek
Demeter
goddess of harvest, mother of Persephone
Troy
TROJANS v. GREEK!!!, Paris, Hector, and Priam and Hecuba
chimera
an illusion; originally, an imaginary fire-breathing she-monster
Argo
Jason's ship is called the _______
Who helps Pysche get golden wool?
reeds
titanic
huge and powerful [race of giants]
ointment
a soft, unctuous preparation, often medicated, for application to the skin; unguent.
Fierce - A-
menacingly wild, savage, or hostile
Hercules
Same as Heracles. Killed when Deianire tries to make him fall back in love with her by putting the poisonous blood on him from the centaur that tried to rape her.
Zeus
wanted good advice, didn't want to rule alone; wanted help, shared his power, thankful to nymphs, leadership, loyalty, freed uncles
Eros
Cupid; god of love; often pictured blind
Galatea
maiden who was first a sculpture created by Pygmalion and was brought to life by Aphrodite in answer to Pygmalion's prayers
Laurel Tree
Peneus turns Daphne into a ____________
pentheus
banned bacchic rituals and was torn apart by the bacchic women
Where did Odysseus encounter Agamemnon in the Odyssey?
the underworld
Aphrodite
goddess of love, desire, and beauty; born when Cronos castrated Uranus and threw his genitals into the sea
Perses
the Titan of Destruction, father of hekate
Prometheus
a Titan who taught humans various arts, said to have shaped humans out of clay and who stole fire from Olympus for humans in defiance of Zeus
wreath
a circular band of flowers, foliage, or any ornamental work, for adorning the head or for any decorative purpose; a garland or chaplet.
Firmament -N-
the vault or arch of the sky
gloated
(verb) to feel or express great, often malicious, pleasure or self-satisfaction
Astyanax
little baby of Hector and Andromache . . . . when Hector returns home to talk to Andromache,_________ is frightened by the crest of Hector's helmet. . . . this illustrates that Hector is not just a warrior, but a father
Hestia
goddess of hearth and home; sister of Zeus
dove
Phineas tells them to send a _______ before going through the clashing rocks
The iliad
Epic poem based on the Trojan War
Who is Creon supposed to sacrifice to Apollo
Menoeceus
Typhaon
daughter of Hera to ocunter Zeus birth to Athena

was birthed to overthrow Zeus
Antigone
a daughter of Oedipus who defied her uncle, King Creon, by performing funeral rites over her brother and condemned to be immured alive in a cave
sorcery
the art, practices, or spells of a person who is supposed to exercise supernatural powers through the aid of evil spirits; black magic; witchery.
lotus-eater
a member of a people whom Odysseus found existing in a state of languorous forgetfulness induced by their eating of the fruit of the legendary lotus
Aiolos
God of the wind who gives Odysseus a bag of wind so he can sail home against the West Winds, but dumbass Odysseus' companions thought it was gold and silver and opened the bag of wind, and returned to back to where they started
women, Hypsipyle
Lemnos is the land of _________, which is ruled by ________
Who falls in battle and falls for 10 days but wakes up and tells story of afterlife...
Er
anakalypteria
Holding the veil away from the face as a gesture of disrobing for a husband.
Fable
a short tale to teach a moral lesson, often with animals as characters
Labors of Hercules
Hera found out that Hercules was the son of Zeus, started to drive him crazy, so crazy that he killed his wife and children; punishment for murders: 12 labors; completed all of them and became a hero.
daughter of the prince of corinth
Jason eventually ditches Medea and marries the ___________
How does Euripide's play differ?
Jocasta is still alive, his version is conditional, whereas Sophacles' has no IF clause
Ares
immortal
leukos
white
lucullan
luxurious
Selene
moon god
brawny
(adjetive) muscular
strong
Myrmidons
Achilles' Greek army
artemis
goddess of hunt
apollo
light, truth, music
dominions
regions ruled by someone
verbal irony
suuuureee you are.
God of the sun
Apollo
Who is Proetus' wife?
Sthenoboea
kubernetes
means pilot = Odd
celestial
of heaven or the spirit
halcyon
clam or peaceful, the kingfisher/halcyon hatched young in nest floating on sea, also once a woman Alcyone queen of Thessaly wife of Ceyx both turned to sea birds
immortal
undying, not subject to death.
anthropomorphism
giving god human like characteristics
Daedalus
constructed the labyrinth for the Minotaur
xanthos
river that Achilles fights because river got mad at him for throwing dead bodies into it...river outside of Troy
Fates
Three sisters who determined the destiny of individuals
poseidon wanted the city of ______
athens
Zeus sends who to get Persephone?
Hermes
Word: martial law (Mars)
Definition: military rule
Hekate
Virgin goddess, often sacraficed too, god often look up to her as well.
horde
a large group, multitude, number, etc.; a mass or crowd:
Trough -N-
a long, narrow, open receptacle, usually boxlike in shape, used chiefly to hold water or food for animals
Annales
Written by Quintius Ennius; Story of Rome from Aenied to present day. Thought to be national epic until Vergil's Aeneid.
Athena
goddess of wisdom and battle strategy, child of zeus and metis
person vs. society
kurt vs school in glee(:
Orpheus
Son of Calliope and the Thracian King.Poet and musician. Bought Eurydice's life back from hades with music, but looked back and lost her
her bird is the ________(argus's 100 eyes)
peacock
herm
Sacred 'statue' of Hermes; a pillar with a head and phallus. Symbol of good luck, put outside houses, etc
How is Odysseus portrayed in Philoctetes?
Cruel, manipulative
Agamemnon
brother of Menelaus, commander in the Trojan War, killed by Clytemnestra upon his return home
Triptolemus
Primordial man, fist person to learn eleusinian mystery's from demeter
basilisk
a creature, variously described as a serpent, lizard, or dragon, said to kill by its breath or look
knoll
a small, rounded hill or eminence; hillock.
Echo
wood nymph that could only repeat the last word of others
Phineus
Tries to stop marriage of Perseus and Andromeda. Perseus turns him to stone.
Alkinoos
King of Phaiakians in the island of Scheria, married to Arete...daughter is Nausikaa. . . . the only one that notices Odysseus' feelings when Demodokos is singing and asks why he is crying. . . . .great commensality to Odysseus; wanted him to marry Nauskiaa .. . .gave Odysseus a ship to go home
Sileni
half man, half horse walked on two legs
Three headed dog named ____ is the guard dog at the gate and loves human flesh
Cerberus
syrinx
nymph who rejected Pan; Pan turned her into marsh reeds out of which he fashioned his pipes
Bellerophon tires to fly over what? What stops him?
olympus. Gadfly.
Tithinous
had sex with Eos

made immortal but still ages
siren
one of several sea nymphs, part woman and part bird, who lure mariners to destruction by their seductive singing
floodgates
a gate designed to regulate the flow of water.
Hephaestus
god of smiths and fire. Son of Zeus. Hardworking. Husband of Aphrodite Very fond of mother. Once got between parents fighting and sided with Hera and Zeus flung him off Olympus. Went through air for whole day. Nursed back to health by Thetis. 2 robots to help him walk. Forges inside volcanoes.made the 12 seats at olympus.steadiest of the gods.skilled hands
Cyclopes
giants with one eye who lives in a distant country . ..they do not respect the Gods, gatherers . . . main cyclop is Polyphemus which is Poseidon's son who Odysseus stabs in the eye and then Poseidon is pissed. . . .paradise, but dangerous, no culture....nothing really.....blahhh
Demeter's search for her was aided by ____
The Birds
Who drives Dionysus wild and who cures him?
hera. Cybele
Cyclops
a member of a family of giants having a single round eye in the middle of the forehead
Thwarting -V-
to run counter to so as to effectively oppose or baffle; to oppose successfully; to defeat the hopes or aspirations of
Who remakes the world and who does he make king?
Zeus, Zagreus
What was learned in Arachne
Origin of the spider and caution against boasting and pride
Who was Artemis? and her symbol?
goddess of the hunt, bow and arrow
Hermes
Mercury
acknowledge
recognize; admit
arrogance
overbearing pride
drought
a prolonged shortage
tumult
uproar or din
Eurylochus
sailor of Odd
Glauce
Jason's wife in Medea
shroud
garment for the dead
Narcissus turns into
a flower
Word: martial (Mars)
Definition: warlike
rowdy
a rough, disorderly person.
Naevius, Gnaeus
285-201. Wrote Bellum Punicum
______ Turned into a cow.
Io
Solon
ethical and politcal issues
class inequalities
Daphne
Changed into Lauren Tree. Read Metomorphoses.
alcyone
wife of ceyx. turned into bird.
Maenads
Female followers of Dionysus, usually possessed by thier god, also called Bacchae
Labyrinth
a complicated and difficult to navigate system of passages
Kybale
asia minor goddess compared to Rhea
Hades
the underworld inhabited by departed souls, also the god ruling the underworld
Midas
Who was the king that turned everything to gold just by touching it?
Wayfarer
(n) a traveler, especially one who goes on foot
tantalize
to tease... came from tantalus, being tempted with food and drink but cannever eat.
thwart
hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
atonement
satisfaction or reparation for a wrong or injury; amends
Who is produced from the cosmic egg?
Phanes
Demodocus
sings while people at the phaeacians place
 
says he learned his songs form delphi
 
makes Odd cry 
 
asked to sing of the Trojan horse by Odd 
athenian treasury
built to commemorate the Athenians' victory at the Battle of Salamis
domain
a field of action, thought, influence, etc.:
Hera
Queen of the Gods, wife of Zeus, pissed at the Trojans because Paris did not choose her for the prettiest, Zeus' wife/full sister.....took Aphrodite's breastband so to seduce Zeus to make him love her more than he has ever loved a woman.....makes love with Zeus, so Hypnos can put him to sleep, so she can help the Achaians in the war...the first fight between husband and wife because Hera favors the Greeks while Zeus likes the Trojans......the Sacred Marriage is that a cloud hides Zeus and Hera from having sex so people cannot see them....pours golden rain onto the cities
Acteon
Saw Artemis naked, she turned him into a stag and sicked his onwn dogs on him, tore him to pieces
pious
It is important to be dedicated to God.
Who is Pentheus' mom who keeps his head?
Agave
Potnia Theron
Mistress of animals, an ancient title of the Minoan Goddess
Thalia
the Muse of comedy and idyllic poetry; one of the Graces
Narcissus
Echo lost her heart to _____ who was only in love with himself
Daphne was tuned in to a _______ because she wanted to never marry like Atheana and Apollo was chasing her saying he ________ her.
tree, loved
Word: to open Pandora's box (Pandora)
Definition: to cause trouble
quest
a search or pursuit made in order to find or obtain something:
Ichor
fluid said to flow in the veins of the Gods.
Minotaur
a monster that had the head of a bull on the body of a man housed in the Cretan Labyrinth, it was fed on human flesh until Theseus killed it
three groups that myths can be separated into?
Trojan war, gods at war, aren't about either (aren't connected to troy)
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