Greek Mythology 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Vesta
Hestia
Poseidon
Neptune
dionysus
wine,grapes
lyric poetry
euterpe
thwarted
stopped; prevented
Uranus
father earth
Ouranos
"Sky/the Heavens"
Acheron
River of Woes
Cronus
Swollowed his children
xenia
concept of hospitality
Aeolus
God of wind
hera
zeus's jealous wife
Demeter
goddess of agriculture
Famine
wide spread hunger
mercurial
containing chemicals (Hermes)
"in media res"
Creation
Amphitrite
wife of Poseidon
beguile
charm or enchant
did pro. defy zeus
yes
Olympus
home of the gods
Atone
V.- to make amends
Iris
Goddess of the rainbow
Sisyphus
deceives Hades and Zeus
Naiad
A mythical water nymph
Gorgon who was mortal
Medusa
Hermione
Helen and Menelaus' daughter
Hephaestus
God of the blacksmith
Who is Apollo's twin?
Artemis
what are Poseidon symbols?
Trident,horse,dolphin
Cronus + Rhea =
Older Olympians
horde
a wandering people or tribe
Erebus
God of darkness and shadow.
Hermes
messanger of the gods, trickster
My symbol is winged sandals
Hermes
Dithyramb
early form of Dionysian worship
war
athena is the goddess of
Lemnos
island where Heph. lands; sacred
Calliope
a keyboard musical instrument resembling an organ w/ a series of whistles sounded by steam or compressed air
god of nature and flocks
paninuussheep
Helen
Who is the queen of Sparta?
Music
Art of arranging sounds (Muses- goddesses of poetry and song, which is music.)
object Zeus gave as Pandora's dowry
box/jar
Pyrrha
wife of Deucalion, daughter of Epimetheus and Pandora
Rhodos
a son of Hermes and Aphrodite.
Medusa
Poseidon's girlfriend in the olden days
Polyphemus
One of the Cyclopes (uncivilized one-eyed giants) whose island Odysseus comes to soon after leaving Troy. Polyphemus imprisons Odysseus and his crew and tries to eat them, but Odysseus blinds him through a clever ruse and manages to escape. In doing so, however, Odysseus angers Polyphemus's father, Poseidon.
ate
resut of hubris-do something excessive without thinking of the consquences
Artemis
(Greek mythology) the virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon
Tritant
Poesidons' choice of weaponry, three prongs
Hydra
n. The seven- or nine-headed water-serpent slain by Hercules.
Zues and who produce the muses?
Mnemosyne
Ambrosia
something pleasing to taste or smell
implacable
unable to be placated; relentless, unstoppable
nectar
the life-giving drink of the gods
Orien
a scorpion bit him and killed him
most beloved of all the norse gods
balder
pagan
Someone who does not believe in Christianity, usually older religions.
legend
tale involing heroes, famous early men and women, through the Iliad
How long was the Trojan war?
10 years
Tartarus
the darkest, deepest part of the underworld controlled by Hades
Athene was born from
the brain of Zeus
eris
ugly goddess of strife and discord; presents golden apple at wedding
EUROPA
daughter of King Agenor of Phoenicia, famed for her beauty, ZEUS to took her to Island of Crete and had three children
Aspire
To have a great ambition or desire
Epode
When the chorus comes together to combine for the finale
Fates
Three women who control life and death.
What was the Minotaur?
half men, half bull
What is guarding the golden fleece?
sleeping serpent
675 B.C.
Around the time when Hesiod lived
Pandora's box
source of great and unexpected troubles
Atreus
Father of Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, figures out Thyestes has been cheating with his wife so he banishes him but cooks and serves children of Thyestes to him, Atreus tells Aegisthus (who is really Thyestes son) to kill Thyestes
zeus
the supreme deity of the ancient Greeks, a son of Cronus and Rhea, brother of Demeter, Hades, Hera, Hestia, and Poseidon, and father of a number of gods, demigods, and mortals; the god of the heavens, identified by the Romans with Jupiter.
basilisk
a creature, variously described as a serpent, lizard, or dragon, said to kill by its breath or look
Prometheus
a Titan who taught humans various arts, said to have shaped humans out of clay and who stole fire from Olympus for humans in defiance of Zeus
hero
a being of godlike prowess and beneficence who often came to be honored as a divinity
Pan
god of the woods and fields; half-man and half-goat
Antsgonist
A person who activelt purposesw or is hostile to someone or something; an adeversary: oppent for the hero or the good guy.
Gaia
earth herself; wife of the sky and mother of the Titans, Cyclopes, and others including the first humans
Orpheus
I was the greatest musician and poet of Greek myth, whose songs could charm wild beasts and coax even rocks and trees into movement. I was one of the Argonauts, and when the Argo had to pass the island of the Siren Sisters, it was my music which prevented the crew from being lured to destruction. Who am I?
Calypso
A goddess who tries to keep Odysseus on her island by offering him immortality
where Prometheus was chained by Zeus as punishment for bringing fire to humans
Mt. Caucases
aphrodite
goddess of love and beauty; gave Helen to Paris
the _____ is another animal linked to poseidon
bull
Hera/Juno
queen of the gods. married to zeus, she is the goddess of marriage.
Aconite
poison used by Medea to kill Theseus, originated from the teeth of Cerebrus
In book 15 what does Zeus do?
He awakens
Strife ([apple of chaos] gave birth on her own to - famine, lies, murder, and sorrow)
Eris
achilles
dipped in river styx by mother with help of apollo paris shot him in foot
4
number of people who added gifts to Pandora
The Olympic games were held in his honor
Zeus
Collective Unconscious
Jung's theory that our unconscious is a shared reality
labryinth
What King Minos of Crete and Daedalus created to house the minotaur.
Thalia
the Muse of comedy and idyllic poetry; one of the Graces
aegis
the shield or breastplate of Zeus or Athena, bearing at its center the head of the Gorgon
Ariadne
a daughter of Minos and Pasipha? who gave Theseus the thread by which he escaped from the labyrinth, she became the bride of Dionysus
Antigone
a daughter of Oedipus who defied her uncle, King Creon, by performing funeral rites over her brother and condemned to be immured alive in a cave
what did pro. make men out of to please zeus
clay
Girdle
N.- a belt or sash worn at the waist
What hero got killed by an arrow in the back of his heel?
Achilles
who gave birth to athena and fromwhat part of the body?
zeus. head
argo
The ship manned by Jason and his crew of Greek heroes on their quest for the Golden Fleece
Lachesis
a fate that wound them on her spindle, directing them along the course of destiny
paris
Prince of Troy who fell in love with Helen
Tantalus
Cooks his son Pelops and serves him to the gods to see if they realize
Cyclops
a member of a family of giants having a single round eye in the middle of the forehead
oceanus married _________
tethys. and they gave birth to the earth's rivers
Ares
WAR: He was the god of war. A hateful, violent warrior, he loved war because he enjoyed being cruel to people. He often started wars between people. Though brutal in bloody conflict, he often lost wars through his own cowardice or stupidity. His parents (Zeus and Hera) could not stand these ugly qualities. He had four sons named Terror, Dread, Panic and Fear. The Spartans, who loved war, loved Ares. They made human sacrifices (their prisoners of war) to Ares. The Romans called him Mars.
Meleager Myth
Doesnt want to fight and they did the same thing to him as they are doing to Achilles
What constellation is due to Artemis's nymph?
Callisto, the Great Bear
Minotaur
a monster that had the head of a bull on the body of a man housed in the Cretan Labyrinth, it was fed on human flesh until Theseus killed it
Apollo/Dolphin, lyre, laurel tree, crow
God of sun, music, poetry, and medicine.
Creon offers a kingship to who?
anyone who can answer the riddle
who were echidnas children that zeus allowed to live
nemean lion, cerberus, ladon, chimera, sphinx, & hydra
Who challenges the muses? what is their punishment?
daughters of pieros, turned to magpies
how do medea and Jason kill talos?
rip his membrane and lose his ichor
Who receives an oracle? And what is it?
Pelius. Beware of the one sandaled man.
Who is on a quest for the golden fleece because he wants kingship? Why?
Jason. Pelius will give it to him if he has golden fleece.
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