Greek Mythology 12 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Bacchus
Dionysus
Proskenion
Backdrop
theseus
minotaur
north wind
boreas
hazardous
dangerous; risky
Medusa
a jellyfish
Hebe
marries Heracles
ATHENE
Goddess of Wisdom
cronus
swallowed his children
Thyphonomachy
battle of Typhoeus
Aphrodite
Goddess of beauty
architect of Labyrinth
Daedalus
Cyclops
one eyed monster
Zephyrus
west wind (best)
Haphaestus
God of fire
herculean
of extreme difficulty
Eros
Companion of Aphrodite
esnare
catch in, trap
zeus was preparing a
jar
Hapaestus
Maker of supernatural weapons
Invulnerable
Adj.- immune to attack
Triton
Trumpeter of the Sea.
Apollo
God with many contradictions
Aphrodite Venus
love and beauty
Megaera
a lover of Hercules
Tragic Hero
subject of Catharsis
Hades
God of the Underworld
Who is Orpheus's mother?
Calliope
chimera
a mythological, fire-breathing monster, commonly represented with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail.
Aphrodite is also known as
Venus
Hecate
goddess of darkness and magic
Demeter
Sheaf of wheat, poppies, cornucopia
Aether
God of the upper air
Daedalus
intentor--built labyrinth of minos, created wings to escape
Zues
lord of the universe, thunderbolts
The heavens; husband of Gaea
Ouranos
The Three Unities
Time, Place, Action
Main faults of Odysseus
Liar, Arrogant
Fire
What Prometheus brought to mankind
Marathon
a long race requiring endurance
the trumpeter of the sea
triton
Dionysus
Who is the god of wine?
Fortunate
Lucky (Fortuna- goddess of chance, when one is lucky the chances are on their side.)
son of aphrodite, created physical attraction b/t ppl
Eros
Nessus
centaur, tries to rape Deianira, killed by husband Heracles
Calaeno
Her name means "darkness" or "blackness".
Chaos
Non-gendered deity of the nothingness from which all else sprang.
Hoplite
Heavily armed Greek infantry who carried long spears and fought in closely spaced rows
Helen
most beautiful woman in the world
plot
is the sequence of eventsina story
titan
person of superhuman size and strength
One-eyed monsters (3 of them); children of Gaea
Cyclopes
Arachnids
What is another name for spiders?
Zeus and who produce the fates?
Themis
Hundred-handers
Who buries the Titans under rocks
Cassandra
one that predicts misfortune or disaster
fetter
restrain with chains or manacles around the ankles
hypnos
the ancient Greek god of sleep.
nectar
the life-giving drink of the gods
Cronos
father of Zeus, Dethroned his father and then was dethroned by his son Zeus.
Conflict
A problem or struggle bewteen opposing forces. A conflict is usually introduced early in a story and resvoled at the end
Zeus
the supreme god of ancient Greek mythology
Nemesis
Makes Narcissus fall in love with himself
Nestor
son of Neleus, becomes king after Heracles kills Neleus, known for discovery of his 'cup'
Perdix
The greatest inventor of all time's nephew
Athena
favorite daughter of Zeus; the great goddess of wisdom, war, and peace. She favored the greeks in the Trojan war and was often called Pallas Athena
lyre
used a **** while reading a poem
ordered according to time, refers to Cronus
chronology
Prometheus
gave fire to mortals from mt.olympus tricked zeus and punishment was to have his liver plucked out by an eagle
Bacchanalian
Jovial or wild with drunkenness from Bacchus, the god of wine.
Artemis
aka Diana; lady of wild things, huntsmen to the gods; protects the young, carries silver arrows, one of the 3 virgin goddess, apollos twin, helps women with graceful death but is also revengeful, associated w/ the moon; tree-cyprus; animal-all wild animals especially deers
Which god challenged Marsyas to a musical Contest, then set him up to lose by requiring him to play his flute upside down?
Apollo
Jason requests the golden fleece from who?
Aeetes
Dragon
Guarded the cave where Typhoios kept Zeus
Who gave mankind the gift of fire?
Prometheus
Turnus
Local king in Italy who opposes allowing Aeneas and his people to settle
gaea
the ancient Greek goddess of the earth, mother of the Titans.
griffin
a fabled monster, usually having the head and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion
persephone
a daughter of Zeus and Demeter, abducted by Pluto to be queen of Hades, but allowed to return to the surface of the earth for part of the year.
basilisk
a creature, variously described as a serpent, lizard, or dragon, said to kill by its breath or look
chthonian
of or pertaining to the deities, spirits, and other beings dwelling under the earth
Uranus
the first god; father of the first race, the Titans, then the Cyclopes, then the One-Hundred handed Ones
Protagonist
Usually the main character in a story. Often is the hero.
Arachne
boastful weaver who was changed into a spider by Athena
Sea Monster
The Kraken is also known as the...
Atlas
Strong man who carried the world on his back (atlas, a collection of maps).
Odysseus
Trojan War hero; thought of the Trojan Horse idea
goddess "wisdom" and wife of Zeus whom he swallowed
Metis
oracle
1. a sacred place where people worship and ask gods questions
2. a person through whom a god is thought to speak or give answers
who was apollo's son who was closely associated with medicine?
:))))
Poseidon/Neptune
ruler of the ocean. he cntrols the seas and creates whirlpools with his trident. father of polyphemus, theseus, and triton.
Calypso
The beautiful nymph who falls in love with Odysseus when he lands on her island-home of Ogygia. Calypso holds him prisoner there for seven years until Hermes, the messenger god, persuades her to let him go.
What is the book of diomedes called?
The Diomedeia
-Earth and Uranus [they gave birth to]
Gaia created
notorious
widely or publicly known, often in a negative way
Example: The _______ evil dude stole the money from Bob.
Golden Age
the age when there was natural abundance
Areopagus council
First Greek trial in Athens with Orestes when he killed his mother and was being prosecuted by the furies, frees Orestes
Muses
There were nine of them. They were goddesses of various arts, mostly literary.
icarus
a youth who attempted to escape from Crete with wings of wax and feathers but flew so high that his wings melted from the heat of the sun, and he plunged to his death in the sea.
labors of Hercules
the 12 extraordinary feats performed by Hercules for Eurystheus in order to gain immortality
siren
one of several sea nymphs, part woman and part bird, who lure mariners to destruction by their seductive singing
hydra
a water or marsh serpent with nine heads, each of which, if cut off, grew back as two; Hercules killed this serpent by cauterizing the necks as he cut off the heads.
Trojan horse
a gigantic hollow wooden horse; when the Trojans took it into Troy, Greek soldiers hidden within it opened the gates to the Greek army and conquered the city
Minotaur
a mythical monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man
succession myth
myth going from one generation to the next- primordial->titans->Olympians
name of statue that came to life and married its scuptor
Galatea
who chose the swan and the dove as their symbols
aphrodite
Aeolus
gives odyseus a bag of the bad winds so that odyseus gets home on only good winds. When they are almost home he falls asleep and his crew mates think that he is hiding something so they open the bag and are driven off course by the bad winds. Odyseus goes back but he wont give him good wind again so he sails off to the laestrygonians
museum
name of the temples built to honor the Muses, goddesses who were dedicated to leaning and study
Apherdite
goddess of love and buety i think erin likes this greek goddess
Lucretia
Raped by son of King 7 (Tarquin the Proud), in revenge king 7 expelled by "Stupid" (Brutus), brought down the Etruscan rule in Rome
Amazon
one of a race of female warriors said to dwell near the Black Sea
Trojan War
a ten-year war waged by the Greeks under Agamemnon against the Trojans to avenge the abduction of Helen and ending in the burning of Troy
everybody fled from typhon & echidna by
disquising themselves as animals
Hera
The wife to Zeus and is the goddes of marriage.
What was the name of the 6th epic poem from the Trojans?
Odyssey
Where did Pyramus and Thisbe plan to get married?
Temple of Ninus
Bronze Age
the third of the four ages of the human race, marked by war and violence regarded as inferior to the silver age but superior to the following iron age
fruit eaten by Persephone while in the Underworld that influenced length of annual stay
6 seeds of Pomagranite
What is the second contest that is proposed to decide between atreus and thyestes?
The sun moves backwards.
What was Atlas' punishment?
He had to hold up the sky (or earth)
who does oedipus live with when his father tries to rid him?
king polybus and queen merope
What must be needed in order for a victory?
bow of heracles and palladium
Laius receives an oracle that what?
he will die by the hand of his son
In book 7 why do the Trojans call an asembly?
They want Paris to give Helen back but he wont
/ 125
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online