Greek Mythology 14 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
aegis
protection
owl
Athena
Dike
"justice"
Penelope
Telemachus mother
dense
thick; crowded
Supreme Ruler
Zeus
Pandora
"all gifts"
muse of tragedy
melpomene
Athena
Goddess of wisdom
Pegasus
A winged horse
Eros
God of love
River of Woes
Archeron
Odysseus
King of Ithaca
River of Forgetfulness
Lethe
Poseidon
god of sea
Prometheus
opponent of Zeus
Somnus
God of Sleep
Artemis
goddess of the moon
bacclus
roman god of wine
Zeus
shining, greek storm god
Pan
Part goat part man
hermes' roman name is
mercury
Satyr
Half man, half goat
Who is Briseis?
Achilles wife
anemia
reduced red blood cells
Demeter
Goddess of agriculture/grain, generous/fair, mother of Persephone, gets depressed in the 4 months that Persephone is in underworld.
Hippolytus is who's son?
Theseus
Hades
God of the Dead
Zeus is also known as
Jupiter
name of 12 major gods
Olympians
Philotes
personification of affection and friendship.
protean
exceedingly variable; readily assuming different forms or shapes
Hephaestus
god of fire and blacksmithing
My Roman name is Diana
Artemis
What is Hectors mothers name?
Hecuba
Who is orthus?
2 headed dog
Erebos
the "gloomy darkness" of Tartaros
What is Heremes' flaw?
prankster, trickster
Erato
the Muse of love poetry
Giants
Generated from Uranus' blood when Cronus mutilated him. They were powerful enough to attack the whole Olympian order and were vanquished only after an earth-shattering battle.
polis
greek word for city-state, which developed around a central fort
bird seen holding thunderbolts, a symbol of Zeus
eagle
Echo
repetition of sound caused by reflection of sound waves, a nymph who pines for love of narcissus until nothing is left but her voice
herculean
very difficult; requiring the strength of Hercules
Artemis and Apollo
Father Zeus mother Leto
Hestia
goddess of the home and hearth
Goddess of agriculture and earth. roman name- Ceres
Demeter
Athene
Zuse's favorite child. Mother was Metis.
Occasion
Festival of Dionysus (see Dionysus Section) in March. Religious in nature. Solemn. Elevated language. No violence on stage. Stories familiar to audience
bird that was sacred to ares
volture
Cerberus
3 headed dog guarding the underworld
iron age
age of shame and nemesis
Who is the godess of wisdom?
Athena
Malinowski
Showed the close connection between myths and social institutions. Led him to explain myths as social "charters" or customs and beliefs.
dreams
were believed to originate in the underworld
Max Muller
Believed that myths were etiological, chiefly for the apparent behaviour of nature
Sirens
Sea nymphs who lure sailors to destruction with their songs
Deucalion
son of Prometheus, husband of Pyrrha, survivor of the flood in greek myth
Midas
The king that everything he touched was gold
Phaeacia
island kingdom ruled by Alcinous. They are ship builders and traders
Pandemonium
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
relating to the soul; study of mind/soul/heart connection
psychology
Corinth
leading city of ancient Greece famous for its architecture, pottery, and shipbuilding
Cronus
Father of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera and Demeter
Hera
aka Juno; protector of marriage, her daughter ilithiya helps women in childbirth; jealous spiteful and vindictive, venerated in every home, her city-argos, animal-peacock and cow
Achilles
What was the name of Thetis son?
gave him a rock
rhea tricked cronos how
Where does Cadmus go for an oracle?
Delphi
Who punished Prometheus for giving man the gift of fire?
Zeus
Laius
Father of Oedipus, killed by Oedipus but thinks it is a stranger passing, told by Delphi his son would kill him so he left Oedipus on the side of a mountain to die
hero
a being of godlike prowess and beneficence who often came to be honored as a divinity
chthonian
of or pertaining to the deities, spirits, and other beings dwelling under the earth
Medusa
Who has snakes for hair and when someone gazes into their eyes they turn to stone?
Sympathetic magic
A visual aid directed towards the gods
Hermes
god of travel, commerce, and those who live by their words; a messenger and con-man
The Sirens
Their singing voices draw sailors to their deaths
Hector
The main champion on the Trojan side-- says goodbye to his wife Andromache and his infant son as he goes into battle
King Aegeus
Earthly father of Theseus; but not real (Zeus was real father)
In the Underworld, it is always holiday in the
Elysian Fields
solutions for men to live in peace, architects, builders, sculptors, paintors, musicians, ship building, ploughing, pottery, metalworking with bronze and gold are other areas of the arts given to __________________
athena
destination of ordinary shades in underworld
field of Asphodel
These creatures cause all who look at them to turn to stone
Gorgons
Whos wife is enslaved and prostituted?
Hectors wife Andromache
Delphic
capable of being understood in two or more possible ways or something hard to understand
Procrustes
Villain overcome by Theseus on his way from Troezen to Athens; murdered his victims by putting them on a bed that never fit and cutting off their limbs
apollo
the ancient Greek and Roman god of light, healing, music, poetry, prophecy, and manly beauty; the son of Leto and brother of Artemis.
Python
a large dragon who guarded the chasm at Delphi from which prophetic vapors emerged, killed by Apollo, who established his oracle on the site
Dionysus
the god of fertility, wine, and drama; Bacchus
cornucopia
a horn containing food or drink in endless supply, said to have been a horn of the goat Amalthaea
faun
one of a class of rural deities represented as men with the ears, horns, tail, and later also the hind legs of a goat.
Ariadne
a daughter of Minos and Pasipha? who gave Theseus the thread by which he escaped from the labyrinth, she became the bride of Dionysus
What is hestas relationship with Zeus?
she is Zeus's sister
Tantalus
early king of Lydia, fed son Pelops to the gods, damned in the underworld
democracy
"power of the people" or "rule by the people"; form of government that originated in Athens in which political institutions were open to all male citizens rather than being controlled by the wealthy few.
what didathena teach mortals about horses?
how to tame them
epic conventions
1) state theme/muse 2) medias res 3) catalogs 4) long speeches 5) extended simile 6) realistic description 7) psycological
Goddess of the Hearth, the home.
Hestia, Vesta, Hearth, Kitchen
Tantalus & Niobe
he sinned by killing children wife wept and tuned into a rock; children also sinnd; messege= your evil doings pass onto your kids
sphinx
a monster with the head and breast of a woman, body of a lion and wings of an eagle, who asked riddles to travelers
apple of discord
a golden apple inscribed ?For the fairest,? thrown by the goddess of discord among the gods but awarded to Aphrodite, causing the Trojan War
gaea & uranus' children
12 titans, 3 cyclopes, & 3 monsters
Mount Othrys
where the titans used to live but then it got bombed
Hera demanded him back
What happened to Hephaestus when Hera found out he was talented?
King's Initiation
Kings have to go through some sort of intiation before becoming king. Oedipus: fosterage, patricide, kills monster (Sphinx), becomes king (Thebes). Theseus: fosterage, kills monster (Minotaur), patricide, becomes king (Athens)
oceanus
a Titan who was the son of Uranus and Gaea, the consort of Tethys, and the father of the river gods and Oceanids.
M.E. and F.H.'s relationship
had many children. 3 cyclopses. 6 sons and 6 daughters(titans and gods)-huge, more human than cyclopses,used power for good.
Her name was Dawn. She asked Zeus for her lover to be immortal, but didn't specify. Zeus made him immortal, but he was still subject to the mortal aging proccess. Who were these people?
Eos and Tithonos
How was Love created?
created by night and the core of the earth
War between Titans and Olympians
Zeus led the war between the Titans and Olympians. During the 10 year war 3 of Uranus's children: Cottus, Briateus, and Gyges were freed from Tarturus by Zeus, Titans defeated cut up into pieces and put into Tartarus.
what did epimetheus do with the jar
hid it from her in a cup board
what do many great mythologies share the 2 stories of
1) creation of man from dust & 2) flood that destroyed the earth
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