Greek Mythology 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Aristotle
"poetics"
diety
god/godess
Poseidon
Neptune
Helios
the Sun
legit "cowgirl"
io
Dionysus
Liber, Bacchus
Hermes
Zeus's messenger god
Hera's Roman Name
Juno
Menacing
Adj.- threatening, ominus
Euterpe
Muse of Music
Elysian
delightful; blissful; heavenly
started trojan war
Paris
hades
god of underworld
Apollo
God of music
Ceberus
Guards the Underworld
God of Wine
Dionysus
Mercurial
changeable and quick-witted
Augury
prophecy; prediction of events
The Titans
Created the gods
Gorgon who was mortal
Medusa
Olympus
home of the gods
Bacchanal
Ardraniken orrioted celebration Bacchus, Dionysus
Zeus
lord of the sky
Birds
Often depicted w/ Aphrodite
ouranos
god of the heavens
king of the winds
aeolus
god of war; aka Mars
Ares
charon
runs the ferry to tartarus
Graces
goddesses of charm, beauty, fertitlity, attendants of Aphrodite
citadel (fortress)
troy was a ...
Armistice - n.
A TRUCE :)
Aphrodite
Goddess of love and beauty
looked at them with disgust
repugnance
chronological
arranged in order of time
Resin
what the Smyrna tree weeps
shroud
a wovn cloth for remberance
ambrosia
the food of the gods
Athena
Goddess of wisdom (symbols-owls and armor)
Jacob Grimm
Collected the "Kinder-und Hausmarchen" and published the first edition of this collection in 1812
woman created by Hephaestus who brought suffering to the world
Pandora
Lycurgus
Thracian King, opposed Dionysus, eaten by horses- mistook son for ivory, which he proceeded to prune, killing him
Prometheus
wisest Titan. "Forethought". he could foretell the future. Son of Iapetus.
Apollo (Apollo)
god of light and truth
Mount Olympus
the highest mountain in Greece.
Myrmidons
a fierce tribe who accompanied Achilles at the Trojan War
Nomenclature - n.
System of names; CLASSIFICATION
vengeful creatures, hideous old women in charge of eternal punishiment
furies
Iris
Roman: Iris, Symbols: rainbow, Realm: Goddess of the rainbow, messenger to the gods
Nemesis
(Greek mythology) the goddess of divine retribution and vengeance
A god usually carrying a Trident
Poseidon
Pietas
Loyalty, duty"; critical concept in Roman social and political order; embodied by Aeneas in Vergil's Aeneid
Who is Poseidon?
God of the sea
Muse
any goddess presiding over a particular art, one of the Sacred Nine
Hephaestus
the lame god of fire and metal-working; married to Aphrodite
goddess of sexuality and love; aka Venus
Aphrodite
Zephyr
Gentle breeze (Zephyrus- the west wind which was, like a zephyr, mild.)
river over which souls were ferried into Underworld
Styx
Perseus
son of Zeus and Danaë, married Andromeda
Pandemonium
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
Erebus
WORST place of punishment in the underworld, home of the furies
son of Daedalus who was imprisoned with his father in Crete
Icarus
Danaids
condemned to draw water through a sieve
Charybdis
whirlpool in the Straits of Messina, personified as a female monster
ares
God of war, frenzy, hatred, and bloodshed,son of zeus and hera half-brother to athena
stoic
person w/ self-control and ability to endure pain
Who is the Calchas?
seier, prophet of greeks
venereal
having to do with sexual intercourse or diseases transmitted by it
Chaos
In the beginning, there was only ______
Son of Apollo and God of healing
Asclepius
Phaedra
Wife of Theseus, kills herself after coming onto her stepson
phenomena
Myths are an attempt to explain natural_____________.
Penelope
the wife of Odysseus, who remained faithful to him during his long absence at Troy
basilisk
a creature, variously described as a serpent, lizard, or dragon, said to kill by its breath or look
narcissus
any bulbous plant belonging to the genus Narcissus, of the amaryllis family, having showy yellow or white flowers with a cup-shaped corona.
Achilles
great warrior who fought in the Trojan War with Odysseus; who Achilles' heel is named for
goddess of love and beauty in norse mythology
freya
Homer
blind poet who wrote the Illiad and the Oddyssey
Argus
Had 100 eyes; killed by Hermes; now eyes are on the peacock
Homeric Hymns
7th century BCE oral dictated texts celebrating the gods
name given to the spirits of the dead
shades
Asclepius
god of medicine and healing, killed by Zeus
two of apollo's sacred creatures are the _______ and the ________
swan dolphin
monarchy
a goverment headed by a king or queen.
frazer, james
wrote the golden bough, posed that human belief progressed through stages: primitive magic, religion, then science
Cassandra
given the gift of seeing the future yet cursed with nobody believing her
daughter locked in a tower by king acrisius out of fear a child of hers would kill him
danae
Argos
The loyal dog that waited for Odysseus (his master) to return. Grew old and tired
Ganymede
Trojan price that Zeus has sex with, made a cup bearer on Mount Olympus, linked to the star of Aquarius because he pours water for the gods, also a star linked the eagle that Zeus was disguised as when he swooped up Ganymede
AL:
The Iliad
Homer. The story of the Trojan War
hera
the ancient Greek queen of heaven, a daughter of Cronus and Rhea and the wife and sister of Zeus.
siren
one of several sea nymphs, part woman and part bird, who lure mariners to destruction by their seductive singing
Linus
a musician and poet, the inventor of melody and rhythm often identified with the harvesting or withering of crops and vegetation
labors of Hercules
the 12 extraordinary feats performed by Hercules for Eurystheus in order to gain immortality
who was the one child that would help gaea kill uranus
cronus
Aphrodite/Venus (Who is the God?)
Goddess of love and beauty
Athene
I sprang full grown in armor from my father, Zeus's head. I am fierce and brave in battle but, only fight to protect the state and home from outside enemies. I am the Goddess of the City, handicrafts, and agriculture. I invented the loom. I am the embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity. I am Zeus's favorite child and am allowed to use his weapons, including his thunderbolt. My tree is the olive tree, and the owl is my bird. Who am I?
Arachne
Who got turned into a spider in a weaving contest by Athena
ADONIS
corn god, a god of grain crops, when he is underworld, it was winter. when above ground the Earth blossomed into spring and summer
name of statue that came to life and married its scuptor
Galatea
An olive tree
What did Athena plant that made Poseidon mad?
The son of achilles must be brought to troy? who is it?
Neoptolemus
Autochthony
Being born in a place gives you more rights than immigrants
odysseus
king of Ithaca; son of Laertes; one of the heroes of the Iliad and protagonist of the Odyssey: shrewdest of the Greek leaders in the Trojan War.
Oceanus
a Titan, the father of the river gods and Oceanids; a great stream of water encircling the earth and believed to be the source of all rivers and lakes
What was considered sin
Disrespecting a member of the family
Disrespecting a guest in your home
Believeing that you are better than a god
Typhon and Echidna
monsters sent by Mother Earth to fight Zeus
Atlas
assigned by Zeus to hold up the sky at earth's limits
Titan
any of the sons of Uranus and Gaea or any of their sisters of these, all with enormous strength and power
What is the Palladium?
most sacred image of Pallas Athena in troy, as long as its in Troy, they cannot be destroyed, odysseus stole it
Lenni Lenape Indians
tell of a time when a powerful snake made all men evil and then sent a flood to destroy everything but, manabozho was saved by riding on the back of a great turtle
Islands of the Blessed
islands in the ocean at the remotest western end of the world, to which the souls of heroes and worthy persons were transported after death
The ocean nymph Thetis took him in
Who saved him in the ocean?
2 places you could go if you were good:
Elysian Fields
Isles of the Blessed
Why doesnt Hector drink the wine?
he wants to wash all the blood off before he drinks so he can be pure
what was the time span of the iliad?
the last 40 days of a 10 year war
Diana
Artemis
Demeter
Ceres
stature
size; height
adversary
enemy,or opponet
The Bosporus
"cow-crossing"
nymphs
goddesses of nature
Bountiful
Adj.- plentiful, abundant
Achilles' heel
weak point
Wary
watchful and catious
Goddess of Corn
Demeter
aegis
noun , protection
Thessaly
Hometown of Jason
terpsichore
choral dance & song
King of Ithaca
Odysseus GREEK
Taygete
"Mistress of the animals."
Morpheus
the god of dreams
number of watchdog's head
3
Who guards the cow?
Argus
What does cronus mean?
Time
what are Athena's symbols?
Owel,ovel,tree
bestow
to present as a gift
Centaur
Half horse and half man
Nereid
Saltwater version of a naiad
Titanic
of great force or power
Impudence - n.
Ofensively BOLD behavior
europa
seduced by zeus in bull-form
Icarian
too daring, foolhardy, rash actions
Twelve giants in human form
Titans
goddess of grain and agriculture
Demeter
Persephone
Daughter of Zeus and Danae
Ixion
king of Thesady who committed perricide and attacked Hera; punishment was to be bound to a perpetually revolving wheel
Hades' favorite animal; watchdog of the underworld
Cerberues
Maenads
wild women, ecstatic female followers of Dionysus
Echidna
Typhon's mate and mother of monsters
Kore
Persephone's name before it was changed to Persephone
Chalyhdis
extreme whirlpool. Odysseus was warned by Hermes that if he fell for the temptation the only way he could get out would be to hold on to a tree
Tydareus
Sparta King and father of Helen
Aphrodite has an affair with who?
Ares
Phaeton
a small light four-wheeled carriage, usually with two seats and usually drawn by horses
nobler
having or showing fine personal qualities and high moral principles
where was pro. place of punishment
caucasus mtns.
this type of mythology is sometimes considered more closely related to our culture than all the other mythology types
norse
Cerberus
3 headed hound which guards the entrance to Hades
pyramus
loved Thisbe. Killed himself when she thought she was dead.
Minos
King of Crete, Judge of the dead
Sisyphus
pushes a rock up a hill forever
procrustes
robber and tyrannical oger. he kills people that pass by his house but is later defeated by thesus
Queen of all gods, goddess of marriage. Roman name- Juno
Hera
Pity
sympathetic or kindly sorrow evoked by the suffering, distress, or misfortune of another, often leading one to give relief or aid or to show mercy
Atlanta
Melanion ran a race against Atlanta and distracted her by throwing apples at her feet. Melanion won the race and Atlanta kept her promise and married him.
*Think before you speak.
Ischys
Arcadian prince that Coronis was in love with
Who gets the golden fleece from phrixus?
Aeetes
Heroes age
a god-like race of men (demi-gods)
Morphine
a powerful, addictive drug used to ease pain and bring sleep
Troilus
Young Trojan prince, son of Priam (king of Troy),
Elysium
the abode of the blessed after death
hero
a being of godlike prowess and beneficence who often came to be honored as a divinity
fate
the three goddesses of destiny, known to the Greeks as the Moerae and to the Romans as the Parcae
had absolute power over the kingdom of the dead in norse mythology
hela/hel
Gaia
goddess of the earth and mother of Cronus and the Titans in ancient mythology
Pleione
She married Atlas and gave birth to the Hyades, Hyas and the Pleiades.
Greek poet other than Homer-- he wrote about the origins of gods
Hesiod
gorgons
three woman snakes for hair bats wings and scaly skin, if you look at them you turn to stone. Medussa was killed by Perseus
_________ came out of zeus head in full armor.
athena
compelled
to cause to do or occur by overwelming
What is a humorous counterpoint?
Battle of the gods
3000 rivers 3000 oceanids metis electra styx
Oceanus and Tethys-
A sea nymph who became mother of Achilles
Thetis
Loard of the river ocean; a great river circling the earth
Ocean
echo
a mountain nymph who pined away for love of the beautiful youth Narcissus until only her voice remained
nymph
one of a numerous class of lesser deities of mythology, conceived of as beautiful maidens inhabiting the sea, rivers, woods, trees, mountains, meadows, etc., and frequently mentioned as attending a superior deity.
poets in need of inspiration have called upon _________ for centuries
the 9 muses
Ichor
N.- the rarified fluid said to run in the veins of the Gods
name two types of companions to dionysus
satyrs and sileni
Midas touch
the ability to make money in any activity
Fuhi
escaped a great flood with his wife, 3 sons, and 3 daughter in laws.
Who comes to ask for ransom for Hector's body? Who protects him?
Priam. Hermes.
Helius
Odysseus is warned to not to eat the cattle of Helius, his men feast on the cattle and when they leave their ship is destroyed by lighting
Cyclops
a member of a family of giants having a single round eye in the middle of the forehead
who had warned who not to take gifts from the gods
pro.; epi
Jupiter (Zeus) (Jove)
over lord of all gods, goddesses and men.
Strict Liability
if you do something you have to pay for it
Who is the god of the sun, music, and medicine?
Apollo
Golden Fleece
a fleece of pure gold, kept at Colchis by King Ae?tes from whom it was stolen by Jason and the Argonauts with the help of Ae?tes's daughter, Medea
Who sets a trap for the person they want to marry's daughter?
Ixion with coals
gods cyclopes and hundred handed ones
they had three types of children
pan often played his
"pipes" - set of tubes made of reeds bound together
What advice had the gull given Theseus about defeating others?
use enemies' size against them
How did Zeus punish Prometheus?
had him chained to a mountain in the Caucasus, where vultures ate his lives, which regerated and was eaten again the next day
How did Midas's wish for the golden touch backfire?
turned his daughter, his food, his drink into gold
What 3 warnings does Achilles give to Patroclus?
1. He says do it for me
2. dont be too successfull
3. Oh yeah, dont get killed
Cupid
Eros
Immortal
eternal life
cower
crouch fearfully
ravage
destroy violently
Lethe
River of Forgetfulness
Capering
V.- dancing, frolicking
Coeus
Titan of intelligence
vulcanization
treatment for rubber
Chimera
fire breathing lion-goat-dragon
Mortaul
you will die
Goddess of witchcraft
Hecate
snake hair stone
Medusa
crags
steep ragged cliff
who did gaea marry
uranus(sky)
Academy
a place of learning
chief symbol of Athena
owl
Rhea
mother of the olympians
Who is Charybdis?
giant whirlpool
What is Pygamalion's job?
sculptor
what are Zeus's symbols
Thunder,bolt,eagle,oak
virtuous
having or showing moral value
Heracles
The strongest man on Earth
Titans (Names)
Cronus, Rhea, Promethius, Epimetius
hestia
goddess of hearth and home
My Roman name is Mercury
Hermes
Martial
(of persons) befitting a warrior
Eos
daughter of Hyperion and Theia
The major city of Crete
Knossos
goddess of home and hearth
Hestia
Pandora
woman created by Hephaestus; unleashed evil into the earth by opening the box Hermes had given her
Olympian
Greek diety, superior person, veteran of the Olympics (Mt. Olympus- home to the Dodekatheon, who were all extraordinary gods, suggesting that these people have a quality equal to that of a god.)
Titanness who was goddess of remembrance
Mnemosyne
Ea
Akkadian equivalent of Sumerian Enki, clever god of flowing water
Sirens
sea nymphs whose beautiful and mysterious music lures sailors to steer their ships toward dangerous rocks. Odysseus was strapped to the mast so he wouldn't instruct his men to go their and he put beeswax on his mens ears so they couldn't hear the music
what is triton's attribute?
conch shell horn
Three strong craftsmen
The cyclopes were ______.
Spartan
simple, marked by self-discipline and willingness to endure hardship
omnipotent
(of a deity) having unlimited power
electra
the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra who incited her brother Orestes to kill Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus.
greeks created gods _______________
in their own image
they were not of importance in asgard
goddesses
Artemis
Goddess of the hunt, moon, the wilderness, and wild animals
Erinyes
The furies, from blood of Uranus spilled on Gaea, seek vengeance on those who kill their own blood
Gaea
Earth goddess. Mated with her son uranus to produce the titans.
Mount Tamalpais
What mountain Mount Othrys is on
Zeus's job when brought back to Olympus
cupbearer
arachme
mortal women who challenges athena to a weave off, she loses and is turned into a spider
Goddess of love and beauty. Roman name- Venus
Aphrodite
Tragic Hero
"There remains the character between the two extremes (all good or all bad) - that of a man who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty. He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous. But one in which the audience can relate."
Psyche
a very beautiful girl that Aphrodite is jealous of; Aphrodite sends Eros to shoot Psyche with an arrow but ends up scratching himself and falls in love with Psyche
Who purifies Jason after he kills Apsyrtus?
Circe
Galateia
sea-nymph who Polyphomos is in love w/
Cloth
a pliable material made by weaving. felting, or knitting fibers
Sphinx
Monster outside of Thebes that was causing a plague, "what goes on four legs in the morning, two at midday, and three at night?" (Man) Oedipus solves the riddle
fury
the daughters of Gaea who punish crimes at the instigation of the victims: Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone
Trojan Horse
figure the Greeks hid into, which carried them secretly into the heart of Troy where they overwhelmed the Trojans and ended the Trojan War
known as the wise and silent goddess who never shares her knowledge in norse mythology
frigga
The Erinyes
These three goddesses came from the blood of Uranus when he was castrated; they work for Hades. Their daily task is to seek wrong doers, torment the person until the wrong doer commits suicide. They are known as the Furies. What was their "real collective" name?
Oceana
The lord of the great river that encircled the earth (ocean).
Pan
God of the woods; half man, half goat
maze in which monster with bull's head / mans body lived
Labyrinth
mythology
a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain nhow the world works
whose side was poseidon on during the trojan war?
greek
cherish
to hold dear fell or show affection for
Aeneas
The son of Aphrodite and Anchises, he was a noble fighter for Troy during the Trojan War. He escaped from Troy as the Greeks were sacking the city and went off in search of a place to establish the new Troy. He settled in Italy, where his descendants founded the city of Rome. Subject of Vergil's 'aenieid'
Who gets Patroclus body?
The Greeks get the body.
Hermera and Aether
Erebus and Nyx gave birth to
Eros, Night, Erebos, Gaia, Tartaros
Came from Chaos (5)
A hunter who was killed by Artemis' hounds
Acteon
Athamas
King of Athamas; nearly tricked by his wife Nephelê into sacrificing his son Phrixus
Love; makes his home in men's hearts but not in every heart for where there is hardness he departs
Eros
hydra
a water or marsh serpent with nine heads, each of which, if cut off, grew back as two, finally killed by Hercules
Antigone
a daughter of Oedipus who defied her uncle, King Creon, by performing funeral rites over her brother and condemned to be immured alive in a cave
Python
a large dragon who guarded the chasm at Delphi from which prophetic vapors emerged, killed by Apollo, who established his oracle on the site
satyrs
one of a class of woodland deities, attendant on Bacchus, represented as part human, part horse, and sometimes part goat and noted for riotousness and lasciviousness.
Iron Age
the present age, following the bronze age; the last and worst of the four ages of the human race, characterized by danger, corruption, and toil
the 9 muses....?!?!?!?!
-daughters of zeus & mnemosyne. - lived on heights of mounts parnassus, pindos, and helieon. - springs & streams were sacred to them. - palm & laurel. - goddesses of various arts.... mostly literature
Claude Levi-Strauss
Analyzed myths in a way that turned attention AWAY from linear sequence in the way we view the structure of a story
Labyrinth
N.- the maze in which the minotaur was confined
What lion did Heracles attain a strong hide from?
The Nemean
what role did aphrodite share with hera?
patron of marriage
clotho
a fate that spun the threads of a person's youth
Which Gods support the Greeks?
Hera, Athena, Poseidon, Hermes, Hephaestus
Aetolia
Area in Greece to the north of the western opening of the Corinthian gulf; main city is Calydon
Trojan War
a ten-year war waged by the Greeks under Agamemnon against the Trojans to avenge the abduction of Helen and ending in the burning of Troy
in the beginning there was ____
chaos-modern meaning confusion. comes from greek word that means abyss
Hellen of Troy
started the trojan war, ran away with paris (prince of troy)
How is Hector returned?
His body is returned for his funeral
What two gods are in love with Adonis?
Aphrodite and Persephone
Who's house does hermes and zeus go to for local flood?
Baucis and Philemon
he worked late
all of the gods tried to get aphrodite to marry but she married hephaestus because
who was the messenger of the gods
iris (rainbow) between earth & olympus
athena wins and arachne hangs herself
what happened in the contest before and after
Who does poseidon make advances on that makes amphitrite mad? what does she do?
Scylla, herbs in scylla's bath= half monster
how did Echo get into trouble with Hera, and how did Hera punish her?
she lied about Zeus whereabouts, so Hera took away her ability to speak anything but the last words of others
What type of similie is placed in the middle of the aristia?
A horse similie. The same one that is in book 6 but this one is talking to Hector not Paris
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