Greek Mythology 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Pluto
Hades
Ares
Mars
microscopic
tiny
Pegasus
Winged horse
Gaia
"Mother Earth"
Hades
Dis (Pluto)
Cupid
Son of Aphrodite
What was Chaos?
confusion
Forded
V.- walked, waded
Alcyone
daughter of Aeolus
oracular
related to forecasting
Cassiopeia
Andromeda's mother; queen
Naiads
Nymphs of water
Demeter
Goddess of agriculture
Uranus
God of Heavens
Colossal
gigantic, huge, splendid
Iris
Goddess of the rainbow
beguiled
to cheat or deceive
Minotaur
Half man half bull
Chloris
Goddess of spring flowers
Athene gave an
Olive tree
Zeus
King of the Gods
tremendously strong smiths
extremely, immensely
ninth labor
girdle of hippolyte
What is tallaria?
winged shoes
Goddess of the Rainbow
Iris
three headed dog in hades
cerberus
hera
sister and wife of zeus
Oceanus
river which surround the world
Eos
Mother of the four winds
Solicitious - adj.
Anxious or CONCERNED
Dionysus
God of partying and wine.
Cyrene
a huntress that Apollo found
Erotes
Cupids; winged attendants of Aphrodite
Her name means "all gifts'
Pandora
saga/legend
has some historical ties/background. heroes are prevalent
Erato
the Muse of love poetry
Hephaestus
blacksmith of the gods, craftsman (symbols-hammer, tools)
Athena
Was the patron goddess of Athens
only item left in Pandora's box
hope
Acheloüs
suitor of Deianira, battled with Heracles for her
eros
god of love and sexual desire
Prometheus
god of fire- enemy of Zeus
Plato
one of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. Plato explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.
Ajax
most valued warrior in Agamemnon's army (besides achilles)
Beseech - v.
To BEG eagerly for
instrument played by Apollo, obtained from Hermes
lyre
Python
(Greek mythology) dragon killed by Apollo at Delphi
Tartarus
The deepest part of the Underworld.
This place is in the underworld
Tartarus
Hippodamia
Pelops wants Hippodamia, the daughter of King Oenomaus, but the king is in love with his daughter, gives Pelops a test, if he wins a chariot race against him he can have his daughter, puts wax on the kings wheels so he looses and is dragged to death
Atlas
a Titan, brother of Prometheus, condemned to support the sky on his shoulders: identified by the ancients with the Atlas Mountains
as revenge for the worshipment of psyche instead of aphrodite, herself, aphrodite sends _____________ to make psyche fal in love with the ugliest creature on the earth
cupid/eros
Hermes Realm
messenger god, magic wand (caduceus), master theif, god of commerce
daughter locked in tower by King Acrisius out of fear a child of hers would kill him
Danae
Iole
daughtere of Eurytus, won by Heracles in an archery contest
Hermes
god of fertility, land, and athletics. god of theives, messenger of all gods. brother=apollo
Symbol= symbol on most ambulances and greek post office
Helen
"Face That Launched a Thousand Ships" (Person who started Trojan War)
function of helmet belonging to Hades, made by cyclopes
invisibility
Satyrs
followers of Zeus, half man half goat
Calypso
beautiful Sea nymph who kept Odysseus on her island for 7 years
resolution
outcome of the conflict in the story
Panic
a sudden feeling of fear or anxiety
When Arachne boasted about her weaving skill, it angered Athena, Athean turned Aracchne into a
Spider
what is the number 3 associated with?
Death
promethean
daring, creative, or heroic on behalf of humanity
Aphrodite
Goddess of love. Very beautiful. Son is Cupid.
Symbol: Dove
Theias
kills himself after sleeping w/ his daughter
Hyacinth
a cultivated plant of he lily family
Apollo
God of music, medicine, reason, and prophecy, acted as the defense in the case against Orestes when he killed his mother
chariot
Phaethon's wish was to drive his father's ____________.
fury
the daughters of Gaea who punish crimes at the instigation of the victims: Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone
Psyche
a personification of the soul, which in the form of a beautiful girl was loved by Eros
Elysium
the abode of the blessed after death
Typhon
son of Gaia who after failing to overthrow Zeus was crushed under Mt.Etna
water nymphs that live in brooks and springs
naids
Peneus
Father of Daphne; turns her into tree so she won't have to get married
Nymphs of Nyssa
raised infant Dionsysus and Mt. Nyssa
daughter of Zeus and Dione or perhaps born from sea foam
Aphrodite
Echo and Narcassus
get the Narcassism and Narcissistic terms
what did the pomegranate symbolize?
fertility in the fields
Ionia
area along the central west coast of Asia Minor colonized by settlers from mainland Greece from about 1000 BC. Ionian Greeks, including Homer, played a central role in the early development of Greek history and literature following the Dark Ages.
Amphion
Son of Antiope by Zeus, builder of Thebes
Jove
by ____! , an exclamation used to emphasize an accompanying remark or to express surprise, approval, etc. :"It was a good fight, by ____!"
giant whose limbs were cut off by theseus
procrustes
King of the Gods
Zeus, Jupiter, Owl, Oak Tree
sickle
one of the most ancient of harvesting tools, consisting of a metal blade,usually curved, attached to a short wooden handle
Itys
Son of Tereus and Procne, killed by his mother in revenge for Tereus's rape and mutilation of Philomena, Procne's sister
orpheus
a poet and musician, a son of Calliope, who followed his dead wife, Eurydice, to the underworld. By charming Hades, he obtained permission to lead her away, provided he did not look back at her until they returned to earth. But at the last moment he looke
Sisyphus
ruler of Corinth, who was obliged to roll a stone to the top of a slope, the stone always escaping him near the top and rolling down again
aegis
the shield or breastplate of Zeus or Athena, bearing at its center the head of the Gorgon
lotus-eater
a member of a people whom Odysseus found existing in a state of languorous forgetfulness induced by their eating of the fruit of the legendary lotus
Midas
a Phrygian king who was given by Dionysus the power of turning whatever he touched into gold
rhea
a Titan, the daughter of Uranus and Gaea, the wife and sister of Cronus, and the mother of Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Hades, Demeter, and Hestia: identified with Cybele and, by the Romans, with Ops.
with leto (daughter of titan, coeus), zeus produced twins _________ & ______
apollo & artemis
Hermes/Mercury (Who is the God?)
Messenger-god, god of commerce, travelers, thieves
The Fates
The Fates have the subtle but, awesome power of deciding a man's destiny. They assign a man to good or evil. Their most obvious choice is choosing how long a man lives. There are three Fates. Clotho, the spinner, who spins the thread of life. Lachesis, the measurer, who chooses the lot in life one will have, and measures how long it is to be, and Atropos, she who can not be turned, what is her task?
River Styx
Where you can make the most serious oath on
ACHELOUS
a river god, who turned himself into a serpent to overcome his rival, HERACLES, for the hand of DEIANIRA
legendery founders of Rome, sons of mars(Roman Ares)
Romulus and Remus
Ceberus
WHat was the name of the three headed dog that attacked everyone but the spirits?
Who does Aeneas send for to join him for the feast by queen dido? (his son)
Ascaniius
Iulus
Son of Aeneas, founds Alba Long and is ancestor of the Julian line of Roman Emperors
Odysseus
king of Ithaca, one of the heroes of the Iliad and protagonist of the Odyssey, also shrewdest of the Greek leaders in the Trojan War
Cyclops
a member of a family of giants having a single round eye in the middle of the forehead
The Hind- 3rd labor
The goddess Artemis loved and protected this stubborn little deer, which had gold horns. Hercules found it a challenge to capture the delicate hind without hurting it (and making Artemis angry). After following the hind for an entire year, he safely carri
eponym
The name of a person who a region or people is named after
the herb would make him unconquerable
unable to be conquered, defeated
Values of the Greeks
respect for the dead, the elderly, hospitality, respect for physical strength, and respect for metal ability, intelligence, and cleverness
explain how the gods were really very much like us
same emotions just intensitified
chaos the darkness of Tartarus (within, a force or feeling)
Erebus rose up out of -
Narcissus
son of a nymph and a river god who saw his reflections and fell in love with himself
A tall Maiden in armour
What came out of Zeus's head when Hephaestus broke it open?
how did Atalanta hope to avoid marriage?
by requiring any potential husband to defeat her in a footrace or lose his head
The 6 cold months winter, 6 warm months summer
What was caused by Persephone's eating of 6 pomegranate seeds?
What did Theseus say to his father about the sails of his ship?
if he died in the Labyrinth, the sails would be black; if he defeated the Minotaur, the sails would be white.
foul
disgusting
lyre
Apollo
Flawless
perfect
Hestia (symbol)
Hearth-fire
quivered
tremblad; shook
dyslexia
reading disorder
Rose
Adonis's blood
Narcissistic
Absorbed with oneself
Heraclids
descendants of Heracles
god of love
Eros
Nemesis
Goddess of retribution
Rheia
Married to Cronos
halowed
honored as holy
Medusa
woman with snake hair
Receded
V.- moved back, withdrew
Ares (Mars)
god of war
Apollo Apollo
Healing and sun
Rhadamanthus
judge in the underworld
Episode
action between chorus parts
Gaea
Mother of the Earth
Hades is married to?
Persephone
zephyr
a gentle, mild breeze.
Athena is also known as
Minerva
Hera and Zeus' crippled son
Hephaestus
Pandora
"All Gifts" Epimetheus's wife. released evil things of world. created by Hephaistos, all Gods gave her gifts. first woman
Hestia
Goddess or hearth and home
We share an eye
Grey women
Lycurgus
opposed Dionysian worship; struck blind by Zeus
Antious
leader of suitors; most powerful/strongest and dies first in bread and wine
Tree
what Zeus changes Smyrna into
Nectar
something delicious to drink, especially a beverage of juice and apricot pulp
Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia
The Graces
Hercules
a celebrated hero possessing exceptional strength: among his many adventures were the twelve labors performed in order to gain immortality
What did Love create?
night and day
god of sea, earthquakes, and horses
Poseidon
Ambrosia
something pleasing to taste or smell
Artemis
goddess of the moon and hunt
symbol
objet that has a special meaning
Spartan
simple, marked by self-discipline and willingness to endure hardship
River of Forgetfulness in the underworld
Lethe
Furies
three terrible spirits who punish those whose cuimes have not been avenged
Adonis
son of King Theias and Smyrna
Whose symbol is a hunting dog?
Ares
Artemis (symbol)
Silver Bow and Arrow, Deer, Cypress
Symplegades
Pair of clashing rocks that crashed together randomly
Persephone
Daughter of Demeter; Queen of the Underworld
Aeaea
home of Circe, the enchantress and goddess
king of ithaca; creator of trojan horse
odysseus
what did hestia protect?
the home (hearth) fire
nature myths
stories to explain seasonal changes, animal charateristics, earth formations, constellations, and the movement of the sun and earth.
Laius marries who when he becomes king?
Jocasta
Who's the mother of Apollo and Artemis?
Leto
Symbolism
The idea that myths contain symbols: things that stand in for or point the way to important concepts
chthonian
of or pertaining to the deities, spirits, and other beings dwelling under the earth
fate
the three goddesses of destiny, known to the Greeks as the Moerae and to the Romans as the Parcae
Triton
Who is the misshapen prince of the sea?
Mnemosyne
Goddess of memory and the mother of the muses
Titans
sons and daughters of Gaia and Uranus; powerful and immortal; resented and tried to overthrow Zeus and other Olympian gods
Arachne
This Lydian woman was so skillful a weaver that she felt justified in comparing her skills favorably to those of Athena. In a contest, the woman arguably won, but her tapestry mocked the gods. Enraged by the profanity -- or perhaps at her defeat -- Athena shredded the offending textile, and transformed its weaver into a creature. Who was she?
hero who killed Medusa by cutting off her helmet
Perseus
Pygmalion
(Greek mythology) a king who created a statue of a woman and fell in love with it
name the "most splendid festival dedicated to the god"
the great dionysia
nymph whose chatter aided Zeus so Hera condemned her to only repeating
Echo
Fate who assigned to each man his destiny
Lachesis
How does Achilles grieve?
He turns into a monster
A greek god that created the humans from earth and water
Prometheus
monster
a person or animal that is markedly unusual or deformed
Etiological myths
Explain the cause or origin of something
Hellenic
of or related to Greece, its people, or its language
Enlightenment
A movement in Europe from tabout 1650 to 1800 that advocated the use of reason and individualism instead of tradition and established doctrine, included philosophers such as Bernard Fontenelle and Giambattista Vico
Who is the Greek goddess of the hearth, and sister
Hestia
Trojan horse
a gigantic hollow wooden horse; when the Trojans took it into Troy, Greek soldiers hidden within it opened the gates to the Greek army and conquered the city
satyr
one of a class of woodland deities, attendant on Bacchus, represented as part human, part horse, and sometimes part goat and noted for lasciviousness
Paris
a Trojan prince who awarded the apple of discord to Aphrodite and was by her help enabled to abduct Helen
olympus
a mountain in NE Greece, on the boundary between Thessaly and Macedonia: mythical abode of the greater Grecian gods. 9730 ft. (2966 m).
Linus
a musician and poet, the inventor of melody and rhythm often identified with the harvesting or withering of crops and vegetation
Perseus
the son of Zeus who slew Medusa (with the help of Athena and Hermes) and rescued Andromeda from a sea monster
Calliope
A steam organ (Muse Calliope- she is a muse, and as they all have to do with the arts, the calliope creates music)
Nemean lion
1st labor of Heracles, skin can't be penetrated, killed with own claw
3 Olympians who divided the universe among themselves & their respective regions
Zeus, Hades, Poseidon
what tree can still be seen on the west side of the erechtheum temple?
olive
Titan who stole fire from the gods to give to man
Prometheus
amazon
one of a nation of women warriors of Scythia (who burned off the right breast in order to use a bow and arrow more effectively)
A self absorbed man. Looks into a pool of water.
Narcissus
Golden Apple
Wedding the only god not invited was Eris said she would give an apple to the fairest lady at the wedding, began an argument between Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite that eventually lead to the Trojan War
apple of discord
a golden apple inscribed ?For the fairest,? thrown by the goddess of discord among the gods but awarded to Aphrodite, causing the Trojan War
sphinx
a monster with the head and breast of a woman, body of a lion and wings of an eagle, who asked riddles to travelers
zeus pinned typhon under
mt. etna ... making him a volcano
Artemis/Diana/Silver arrow, cypress tree, deer, bear
Goddess of moon and hunting; patroness of maidens.
He swallowed them
What did Cronin do to his children when they were born?
Who were two of Gaea and Uranus children that over threw Uranus
Rhea and Cronus
Titan
any of the sons of Uranus and Gaea or any of their sisters of these, all with enormous strength and power
eastern side of aegean sea; today turkey
troy is located on the...
Who goes on the expedition for helen?
Ajax, afax, diomedes, cachas, nestor
Who where the second 3 children of Mother Earth and Father Heaven?
CYCLOPS-1 enormous eye, gigantic, devestating powers, 3 total of them
Who are the finalists for the apple of discord?
Hera, Aphrodite, and Athena
The Hydra- 2nd labor
If one got hurt, two would grow in its place. But Hercules quickly sliced off the heads, while his charioteer, Iolaus, sealed the wounds with a torch. Hercules made his arrows poisonous by dipping them in the Hydra's blood
Who accidently kills Hyacinth and what were they doing at the time?
they were throwing discus and it hits him
halcyon
calm
sword
Ares
Hippocamp
sea-horse
sullen
cross; angry
Athena; pallas
Minerva
Symposium
drinking party
muse of dance
terpsichore
plague
a wide-spread disease
minerva
Goddess of Wisdom
Notus
the South Wind
River of Fire
Phlegethon
Hebe
goddess of youth
physically imperfect god
Hephaestus
dryad
spirit of trees, rivers
tartaus
land of the dead
psychopompos
Guider of Souls, Charon,Hermes
Athene
goddess of wisdom/handicraft-taught men
Erebus
place of Hades palace
helment of darkness, bident
hades
Muse
a source of inspiration
Who goes to hell?
Priam
anhydrous
with all water removed
Roman name for Demeter
Ceres
Mercury
Roman equivalent of Hermes
Artemis is also known as
Diana
patron goddesses of the arts
muses
Dryope
the daughter of Dryops ("oak-man")
laconic
using few words; short; concise
Epitaph
what's written on a gravestone
My Roman name is Minerva
Athena
Doloneia
Problems of style and characterization
Style of grees is unlike the characterization
who makes triton?
Poseidon and amphitrite
Crataeis
river god, father of Scylla
What is Hephastus's flaw?
physically unattractive
Draco
an archon, created Athens first written laws
god of nature, fields, forests, hunters, shepherds, flocks & rustic life
Pan
Chiron
centaur, great healer, teacher of Achilles
Argus
A hundred eyed monster, vigilantly observant
Cassandra
one who prophesies doom or disaster
Delphi
sailors nice to dolphin, become priests at this temple
Goddess of moon, hunting, and unmarried women. Roman name- Diana
Artemis
macrocosm
the universe considered as a whole
who is athenes parents?
zeus and metis
Cronos
volunteered to take revenge on Ouranos
Whose symbols is the sacred flame?
Hestia
Minoans
Is used largely to the publicized excavations of Sir Arthur Evans in the early 20th century
Hippolytus
slandered by Phaedra, killed by his father's curse, resurrected by Asclepius
Geyron
Three bodied monster that owns Triple G Ranch
Thrinakia
Island where Helios, the sun god, keeps his cattle
Oracle
someone or something that can predict the future
required to be connected to mother earth for strength
antaeus
Hellenistic
a word meaning to "imitate Greeks"; Greek-speaking civilization which spread through many lands of the eastern Mediterranean and beyond following the conquests of Alexander the Great.
cerebrus
3-headed dragon tailed dog who lets people into the underworld, but not.
Daedalus
Who was the Gods favorite mortal before he tried to kill his nephew?
asphodel
those who were normal were sent to
Who is swallowed alive by the earth?
amphiaraus
Who did Echo fall in love with?
Narcissus
Thyestes
Son of Pelops, brother of Atreus, oracle says that one of the sons will become king of Mycenae, Thestes says the person who can show the hide of a golden lamb will be the king, Atreus happened to have the hide but when he went to get it, it was gone, Thyestes had been sleeping with Atreus's wife and she gave it to him, Aetreus becomes king of Myccenae and cooks the children of Thyestes, rapes a random girl who turns out to be his daughter
minitour
a traveling around from place to place.
dryads
a deity or nymph of the woods.
griffin
a fabled monster, usually having the head and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion
Helios
Who drives a golden chariot and steads of fire, from east to west across the sky?
Jacob Grimm
Developed his interest in myth and traditional stores as an expression of language, publishing an important work on Germanic mythology
Daedalus and Icarus
Flew with wax and feathered wings
Aeolus
King of the winds.. helped Aeneas get back home
Tyndareus
The earthly father of Helen, he would neither send away any of Helen's suitors nor give his daughter to any of them for fear of starting a bloody conflict. Odysseus advised him to get all the suitors to swear an oath that they would honor the man chosen to be Helen's husband and that they would protect her husband from anyone who should resent or threaten his fortune; this promise, which became known as the Oath of Tyndareus, was sworn by each of the suitors. Menelaüs became the husband of Helen, and when Paris took Helen away to Troy, the Greeks were bound by their oath to avenge Menelaüs and retrieve Helen.
Cerberus
the three headed gaurd dog of the Underworld
hera borrowed a _______________ from aphrodite when she wanted to seduce zeus
girdle( golden belt)
where Prometheus was chained by Zeus as punishment for bringing fire to humans
Mt. Caucases
The first gods; children of Gaea (12 of them)
Titans
What symbol was used to show royalty?
A lion
aphrodisiac
a drug or other agent that stimulates sexual desire
Cronus
Leader of the Titans. Father of Zeus. Ate all his children, but Zeus eventually defeated him.
Ares, Anchises, Adonis
lovers of Aphrodite (3--not including her husband)
Chorus
an organized body of singers who sing in concert
Cephalus
Lover of Eos, founder of the great family which included Odysseus, married to Procris
faun
one of a class of rural deities represented as men with the ears, horns, tail, and later also the hind legs of a goat
Ariadne
a daughter of Minos and Pasipha? who gave Theseus the thread by which he escaped from the labyrinth, she became the bride of Dionysus
labors of Hercules
the 12 extraordinary feats performed by Hercules for Eurystheus in order to gain immortality
the Erinyes or Furies
job is to punish the sinners
tyrant
term for a new type of monarch that first appeared in various Greek states in the seventh century BC. The term acquired negative connotations because of the dictatorial manner in which many of them ruled. Very few of them succeeded in establishing dynasties.
book of maps, in honor of titan who held the world
Atlas
Draconian
of or relating to Draco or his harsh code of laws
Eurydice
wife of Orpheus; died in the woods by a nest of snakes because she was being chased by Aristeus
The goddess of the moon loves him, she lulls him into an endless sleep so she can caress him as she pleased.
Endymion
pygmalion & galatea
pygmalion makes statue and falls in love with it; Aphrodite gives him real woman= galatea
Trojan War
a ten-year war waged by the Greeks under Agamemnon against the Trojans to avenge the abduction of Helen and ending in the burning of Troy
hera......(sister of zeus)
became zeus' wife & patron goddess of family & marriage
Poseidon
god of the sea and brother of Zeus. He is called earth shaker becayse he is believed to cause earthquakes. Enemy of Odysseus.
A brillant thunderbolt
What did Demeter notice Zeus had which made her realize he was bribed?
Ritual Thoery of Myth
Associated first with Frazer; the idea that myth explains and codifies religious ritual
as the warrior goddess of handicrafts, _________ 's contributions included making the ___________
athena first weapons and tools
Steps for golden fleece
Sow the land with immortal bulls, sow the land with dragon's teeth, kill the armed men
how did the gods get along?
not well; they cheated, fought, and murdered
What happened when Adonis' blood hits the ground?
a crimson flower would spring up
why did the gods reign for many years & why were they unable to die
b/c ichor flowed through their veins
what did the 4 seasons do to pandora
combed her hair & breathed life into her
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