Greek Mythology and Literature Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Helios
god of sun
Aphrodite
goddess of love
Morphus
god of dreams
Ares
the god of war
aesop
famous for his fables
Eris
goddess of strife and discord
Ino
lesser sea goddess who rescues Ulysses
Eurymachus
leader of the suitors for Penelope
Alcinous
king of Phaeachia, father of Nausicaa
Charybdis
monster who swallows the sea, causing a whirlpood
Troy
city in northwest Turkey, site of Trojan War
Odyssey
epic poem describing the challenges of the Greek hero, Odysseus
Jason
hero for the people of Northern Greece; went across the seas and fought and looked for treasure
Ulysses
king of Ithaca, hero of Trojan War
Paris
prince of Troy whose elopement with Helen caused Trojan War
Hera
wife of Zeus, queen of gods, goddess of women and marriage
Iliad
epic poem describing the last years of the Trojan War
homer
a poet that wrotethe Iliad and the Odyssey
Scylla
monster who takes sailors off of ships and eats them, has all the arms and mouths
Zeus
god of the sky, ruler of gods and mortals
Theseus
hero fo the people of Athens; went to Crete and killed the Minotaur
Hercules
hero; killed Hydra
Aeolus
god of winds
Polyphemus
cyclops who Ulysses blinds
Apollo
god of the sun
Poseidon
god of the sea
Elpenor
sailor accidentally killed on the voyage to Tartarus
Circe
sorceress who turns men into animals
Menelaus
king of Sparta, husband of Helen
Thrinacia
island now called Sicily, home of Hyperion's golden cattle
fables
short stories that teach the readers lessons about life
sappho
a lyric poet thats poems were beautiful and emotional
Sirens
monsters who singing lures sailors to destruction on the rocks
Helen
wife of Menelaus, whose elopement with Paris caused Trojan War
Telemachus
prince of Ithaca, son of Ulysses and Penelope
mythology
a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works
Hades
god of the lower world, the home of the dead
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