Greek Mythology Midterm Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Argo
Ship
hermetic
airtight
Mercury
Hermes
Dionysus
Bacchus
Hestia
Fire, hearth
Oranos
Kronos' father
old age
Geras
Myths contain
violence
Erato
Muse of love-poetry
Hephaestus
Blacksmith of Gods
Abderus
a divine hero
Demeter
Godess of Agriculture
Eurydice
Wife of Orpheus
greatest mortal musician
Orpheus
Thebes
birthplace of Dionysus
Herculean
difficult to do
Eros
bow & arrow
Phaethon
Son of Helios
Zeus + mates=
Younger Olympians
River of Unbreakable Oaths
Styx
Nyx
goddess of the night
ambrosia
food of the Gods
Poseidon
god of the sea
Three Fates
Clotho, Lanchesis, Athropos
cocytus
the river of lamentation
Anchises
unsuspecting herdsman of Troy
The Father of Cronus
Uranus
Greek: Demeter
Roman : Ceres
who gave pandora a voice
hermes
Lethe River
the river of forgetfulness
Crag
N.- a cliff or bluff
Athena
goddess of wisdom and war
Calliope
a keyboard musical instrument resembling an organ w/ a series of whistles sounded by steam or compressed air
who was aphrodite married to?
hephaestus
ambrosia/nectar
food that the gods ate
Antistrophe
movement from left to right
lethargic
lazy/indifferent, derived from the name of river Lethe in Hades from which the dead would drink and forget past and begin to become listless
orpheus
(Greek mythology) a great musician
Theseus
King of Athens, killed Minotaur
Who sends a giant scorpion?
Ge-earth
zeus=
master of the skies & earth
Achaeans
Writing system we call Linear B
Hemera
Goddess of daylight and the sun
Hermes
Messenger of the gods
Son of Zeus
Mercurial
relating to or having characteristics (eloquence, shrewdness, swiftness, thievishness) attributed to the god Mercury
Calypso
beautiful nymph goddess who kept Odysseus on her island for seven years
gift given to Poseidon by Cyclopes
trident
hermes goat-footed son is called ____________
pan
number of judges in the underworld
3
Eriphyle
settled the dispute between adrastus and amphiarous. married amphiarious out of bribery. bribed with necklace of Harmonia so he would fight in war despite his prophecy. later his death was avenged by havign her kkilled for her vanity.
Tragedy
a representation of an action; serious, complete in itself and of a certain length; it is expressed in speech made beautiful in different ways in different parts of the play
cupidity
an eager desire for something; greed
Who dipped Achilles into the river?
Thetis
Ceres
Roman deities, grain and harvest equivalent to the Greek Demeter
Artemis
Roman Name: Diana
Power: Hunting, wild beasts, & Virginity
Symbols: Bow&Arrow, Wild Animals
Cimmerian
suggestive of a western people believed to dwell in perpetual darkness
Daedalus
Athenian architect who built the labyrinth on Crete
MYTH
is a traditional or legendary story that involves gods or heroes and explains a cultural practice or a natural phenomenon
Aphrodite
Was known to the Romans as Venus
3-pronged spear used by Poseidon to raise storms at sea
trident
Cadmus
founder of Thebes, mother of Semele, grandfather of Dionysus
Oedipus
Killed father and married mother to fulfill prophecy
Oceanids
the three thousand daughters of the Titans
What was the Greek name for Pluto?
Hades
Hyacinth
a cultivated plant of he lily family
Icarus
daedalus' son whom drowns in the ocean
Amorous - adj.
Associated with LOVE; especially sexual
objects called talaria which helped Hermes to deliver messages quickly
winged sandals
lares
Roman guardian spirits who took care of the house and household; sometimes though of as deified spirits of ancestors
Zeus
Dionysus' father, put Dionysus in his side after Semele passed away
Eos
daughter of Titan Hyperion goddess of dawn east (eo indicates beginning)
Aracnae
The vainglorious girl who was turned into a spider after she wove a insulting picture of Zeus and his wives.
Midas
(Greek legend) the greedy king of Phrygia who Dionysus gave the power to turn everything he touched into gold and critized Apollos music givng him donkey ears
Program of Action
Concept that finds quasi-ritualistic patterns of behavior in secular activities of human society; myths therefore serve as charters for these activities
Appollo
God of sun, music, poetry, and medicine
Penelope
the wife of Odysseus, who remained faithful to him during his long absence at Troy
Elysium
the abode of the blessed after death
2 parts that make up hades
erebus & tartarus
King Minos
legend has it owned a half-human, half-bull monster called the "Minotaur". Ruler of crete. Also father of Ariadne
Panic
Fear or anxiety (Pan- god who caused fear by darting out from the bushes, thus creating panic.)
sculptor who fell in love with statue that was brought to life
Pygmalion
theogony
poem by Hesiod, story of the origins of the gods
Aris
son of Zeus and Hera, disliked by them. God of war. coward. Dog is his animal
who were the two greek heroes
ajax and diomedes
Argos
The loyal dog that waited for Odysseus (his master) to return. Grew old and tired
Heracles
zapped by Hera and caued him insane, so he killed his parents and wanted to make up for that so he completed the 12 labors
fates
3 gods more powerful than the gods, give man at birth inherent good or evil
God of the Sea
What was Poseidon God of?
Apollo
TRUTH AND LIGHT: He ruled the sun, bringing both spring and summer. A golden-haired boy, he represented the ideal of good-hearted, handsome youth. He could not tell a lie. He spread happiness and good health with his music and poetry. Often a warrior, he fought the forces of evil in the world. Of all the gods, the Greeks loved him the most! He was adopted by the Greek city of Delphi. There, the Oracles of Delphi (a priestess) spoke his words to the people. He could fly in his chariot. The Romans called him by the same name.
Which son does Zeus want to save?
Sarpedon (Trojan)
cherish
to hold dear, feel or show affection for
how does hippolytus die?
bull runs into his chariot?
Carl Jung
Successor of Freud. Stressed the idea of the collective unconscious projecting itself onto myths. Emphasized archetypes (a collective, widely recognized symbol or idea). archetype ex: animus = the male that a woman instinctively harbors within her. anima = the female that each man has within him.
rhea
a Titan, the daughter of Uranus and Gaea, the wife and sister of Cronus, and the mother of Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Hades, Demeter, and Hestia: identified with Cybele and, by the Romans, with Ops.
Python
a large dragon who guarded the chasm at Delphi from which prophetic vapors emerged, killed by Apollo, who established his oracle on the site
satyr
one of a class of woodland deities, attendant on Bacchus, represented as part human, part horse, and sometimes part goat and noted for lasciviousness
Antigone
a daughter of Oedipus who defied her uncle, King Creon, by performing funeral rites over her brother and condemned to be immured alive in a cave
Iron Age
the present age, following the bronze age; the last and worst of the four ages of the human race, characterized by danger, corruption, and toil
Cerberus- 12th labor
Hercules was ordered to capture Cerberus, the three-headed guard dog of the underworld, without using weapons. Hercules wrestled down the dog's wild heads, and it agreed to go with him to King Eurystheus. Cerberus was soon returned unharmed to the underwo
these lovers shared a burning desire toward each other and were seperated by a single wall
pyramus and thisbe
piety
the state of loving God or a god/ goddess; devotion to religious diety
Midas Touch
Uncanny ability to make money at every venture, king who is given the power to turn everything into gold
River Styx and the Underworld
boundary between earth and underworld
Athena and Arachne
athena challenged arachne to a weacing contest and arachane was turned into a spider
The Spinning Contest
Arachne challenges Athena to see who could weave better. Arachne boasted so Athena turned her into a spider so she could live in her webs.
*Don't boast.
Ares
God of war and violence. Son of Zeus. Was hated and belligerent.
Symbol: Sphere and Helmet
Nemesis
a bitter enemy; a person or force that inflicts punishment or revenge
odysseus
king of Ithaca; son of Laertes; one of the heroes of the Iliad and protagonist of the Odyssey: shrewdest of the Greek leaders in the Trojan War.
apple of discord
a golden apple inscribed ?For the fairest,? thrown by the goddess of discord among the gods but awarded to Aphrodite, causing the Trojan War
titan
any of the sons of Uranus and Gaea, including Coeus, Crius, Cronus, Hyperion, Iapetus, and Oceanus.
The Elysian Fields
the place of blessedness, if you have lived a good life, you are sent there when you die, if not a judge decides where you go
Traverse - v.
To travel or PASS across, over, or through
when paris leaves with helen what are all the suitors bound by?
Oath of tyndareus
Zeus(responsibility and job)
became god of the earth and the sky; was king of the gods
what happeneds when Achilles keeps killin so many people?
The river(scamander) rises up in anger
golden age
the first and best of the four ages of humankind; an era of peace and innocence that finally yielded to the silver age
What does Phoenix speech consist of?
Says its harder save ships when they're already burning
method used by Theseus to kill Sinis
body pulled in half by pine trees
What goddess takes Paris from battle and puts him in a bedroom and why?
Aphordite wisks him to the bedroom so that Helen and him can do the nasty
What does Phineus suggest to get through the symplegades?
Release a dove. If it gets through row really hard. If it doesn't. give up quest.
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