Greek Mythology Vocab 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Venus
Aphrodite
Aphrodite
Venus
Hector
Trojan
erato
love poetry
Zephyr
West wind.
Perseus
killed madura
Cupid's love
Psyche
Ares
God of war
acropolis
center of town
Knoll
N.- hillock, mound
Aegle
Goddess of brightness
mnemonic
assisting the memory
Persephone
godess of spring
vainly
uselessly, without result
goddess of dawn
eos
Ouranos
Married to Gaia
Who creates man?
Prometheus
Zeus
king of all gods
Hephaestus Symbols
anvil and forge
King of Troy
Priam TROJAN
Moros
personification of impending doom
Hephaestus
god of metal working
Artemis
Goddess of the hunt
goddess of the underworld
Persephone
Hestia
Goddess of hearth/ hospitality
hercules
performed twelve difficult labors
Who carries a cadueces?
Hermes
God of the underworld
Hades
Hades (symbol)
helmet to be invisible
clad
being covered or wearing clothes
Attica
region in Greece surrounding Athens
Centaur
Half person and half Horse
Hades
the god of the underworld
Cognizant - adj.
Fully informed; AWARE
labyrinth
constructed by daedalus, imprisioned minotaur
The Muses
Calliope, Clio, Terpsichore, Melpomene, Thalia
fire
prometheus gave ________ to man
Harmonia
daughter of Ares and Aphrodite
The ferryman of the dead
Charon
Pan
Protects shepherds
Goat legs, ears, horns, and beard
Makes and plays pipes of reeds
His pipes are named for him
Asclepius
God of Medicine and Healing
Mnemosyne
Titaness who was goddess of rememberance
Iridescent
Having rainbow colors (Iris- goddess of the rainbow, which these things imitate.)
vengeful creatures, hideous old women in charge of eternal punishiment
furies
Adonis
favorite of Aprhodite, killed by raging boar, she sprinkled his blood with nectar, flowers grew there
Ponus
god of hard labor and toil
Nemean Lion
A mythological creature that eventually turned it into Leo
Athene
goddess of wisdom, athens, and war
hermes
the gods' messenger; Master Thief; guide of the dead
Odysseus
brave warrior married to Penelope, fights in Trojan war but it takes him 20 years to get back home
Winds of N,S,E,W
Boreas, Notus, Eurus, Zephyr
Sirens
sea nymphs whose beautiful and mysterious music lures sailors to steer their ships toward dangerous rocks. Odysseus was strapped to the mast so he wouldn't instruct his men to go their and he put beeswax on his mens ears so they couldn't hear the music
Cronus
revolt against parent, and eat children
Arachnid
a class of arthropods including spiders, scorpions, mites, and ticks
Myrrh Tree
Flower myth: attracts attention, linked to Myrrha, mother of Adonis, fell in love with own father, has sex with him in the dark, father wakes up and starts chasing her prays to get rescued and becomes a tree
titanic
of enormous size, strength, power, etc.; gigantic.
disembark
to go ashore from a ship.
3 fates
clotho- spun threads of person's youth. lachesis- wound them on spindle. atropos- eldest symbol of death who cut threads w/ shears
unlike zeus, odin was often ____________ and _____________
aloof, alone
Artemis's Symbols
cyprus tree, deer, arrow, crescent moon
color of sails Theseus flew accidently on return to Crete
black
Archaic Period
800-480 BCE, cult of Dionysus, classical Greece
What are the Roman Numina?
Powers of Wills.
place ruled by Hades; destination of the dead
Underworld
Pleides
seven sisters who are changed into doves and later into stars
titans
the strongest was cronos. he lead attack on father h. cronos killed father h. all other titans made him ruler of heaven and earth.
antagonist
villian or bad guy in the stroy
Athena
Goddess of Wisdom, War. Emerged from Zeus's head. Owl
Procrustean
taking fanatical or ruthless action to attain conformity
Demeter
Goddess of fertility and protector of marriage in ancient mythology
a system of religious belief and ritual
cult
Achilles' heel
weak spot, point open to attack
Meleager
Killed the Calydonian boar, but broke the rules of the hunt when he gave the skin to Atalanta, who he wished to seduce. Eventually brought to his death by a log being thrown into a fire after he killed his uncles
God of flight, thieves, commerce, and travelers.
Hermes
Psyche
a personification of the soul, which in the form of a beautiful girl was loved by Eros
hero
a being of godlike prowess and beneficence who often came to be honored as a divinity
Andromeda
an Ethiopian princess, the daughter of Cassiopeia and wife of Perseus, by whom she had been rescued from a sea monster
chthonian
of or pertaining to the deities, spirits, and other beings dwelling under the earth
in this myth, this man kills a shepard, whom he did not know was his father and marries the "king's mother" whom he did not realize was his mother; example of a bloody greek myth
oedipus
Gaea
This woman started it all; hers was the face that launched a thousand ships. But although she was the catalyst of the greatest cycle of all Greek mythology, her prominent role was due not to skill, nor to cleverness, nor to strength of character or will, but rather to her physical appearance alone -- the effect she had on men. Nor was she able to wield her beauty to her own advantage; she was a passive instrument of fate. Who was she?
Pygmalion
A sculptor who was a woman-hater, but he Hercules fell in love with a statue he made; finally Venus made the statue come alive (basis of "My Fair Lady").
Iole
daughter of a king; proposed wife of Heracles; said to be the cause of his death
nymph whose chatter aided Zeus so Hera condemned her to only repeating
Echo
satyrs
woodland gods with body of goat and head of man, very lustful
what did apollo teach mankind?
the art of prophecy
Scylla
lots of heads; disliked by Circe, a sorceress because Circe loved a man that loved Scylla; Circe drugged water that Scylla bathed in; Dogs sprouted from her thighs and she became a monster; killed by Hercules
Epigoni
sons of the 7 vs. thebes heroes, killed
Queen Merope
Queen of Corinth; foster mother of Oedipus
tantalize
comes from torture devised by Zeus for Tartarus, surrounded by water but it would drink when he tried to drink and fruit dangling in his face would blow away, tantalize-to torment bye presenting something desirable but unobtainable
This Titan was not imprisoned in the underworld.
Atlas
Circe
Odysseus stays with her for one year, half of his men leave only one returns the rest are turned into pigs by Circe; Odysseus gets a anti-potion by Hermes and goes to the house of Circe and changes his men back, has sex for a year
Pan (Faunus)
Hermes Son; noisy, merry god; goat horns; goat herds god; all wild places were his home; born in Arcady; great muscian
satyr
one of a class of woodland deities, attendant on Bacchus, represented as part human, part horse, and sometimes part goat and noted for lasciviousness
labors of Hercules
the 12 extraordinary feats performed by Hercules for Eurystheus in order to gain immortality
Antigone
a daughter of Oedipus who defied her uncle, King Creon, by performing funeral rites over her brother and condemned to be immured alive in a cave
aegis
the shield or breastplate of Zeus or Athena, bearing at its center the head of the Gorgon
nymph
one of a numerous class of lesser deities of mythology, conceived of as beautiful maidens inhabiting the sea, rivers, woods, trees, mountains, meadows, etc., and frequently mentioned as attending a superior deity.
who did zeus marry
metis, a titan daughter(goddess of prudence)
Apollo
the youthful god of the sun and music, the healer, god of light and truth, showed the divine will at delphi
Who wants eternal sleep?
Selene asks for it for Endymion
tragic flaw
the main defect of the protagonist in a tragedy
two islands assiciated with the story of aphrodite's birth from the "foam of the sea" are ______________ and _____________
cytheria and cyprus
Demigod
The offspring of a God, and a mortal, usually the God being the man
Earth Goddess of growing things
What was Demeter Goddess of?
Mythology
a group of myths that belong to a particular people or culture
Minos
Son of Europa and Zeus, king of Crete, leads his troops successfully against Athens
Oceanus
a Titan, the father of the river gods and Oceanids; a great stream of water encircling the earth and believed to be the source of all rivers and lakes
Trojan War
a ten-year war waged by the Greeks under Agamemnon against the Trojans to avenge the abduction of Helen and ending in the burning of Troy
The stables-5th labor
Thousands of cows lived in these stables belonging to King Augeas. They had not been cleaned in 30 years, but Hercules was told to clean them completely in a single day. To do so he made two rivers bend so that they flowed into the stables, sweeping out t
Good channels of communication are used by____ and how?
Achilles communicates with his mom
Atlas
a book of maps or one who carries a heavy burden
Titan
any of the sons of Uranus and Gaea or any of their sisters of these, all with enormous strength and power
Phaethon
. I am the mortal son of Apollo and I wanted to drive my father's golden chariot across the sun. My father reluctantly allowed me to do so, and I did not listen; causing the earth to burn. My grandfather, Zeus was very upset with me and threw his thunderbolt at me, bring me to my death. Who am I?
Who hunted the calydonian boar?
great heroes of Greece, who resented Atalanta's presence at Meleager's side in the hunt
gaea created ______ & ________, b/c she __________
typhon & echidna(created to defeat zeus), b/c she was angry that zeus had confined the titans in tarturus
Chaos the force of love [catalyst for creation]
Eros rose up out of
Why was Atalanta left on a mountain to die?
Her father wanted a son
what did Theseus say to Procrustes before he killed him?
"You've made your bed.. Now lie in it."
Name 1st possible ending for the myth of Eros and Psyche?
she roams in the woods as an owl asking, Who? Who?
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