Greek mythology vocab part 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Poseidon
Neptune
Hephaestus
Vulcan
Hestia
Vesta
east
eurus
Tethys
sea goddess
Hermes Mercury
Messenger
Lethal
fatal, deadly
cronos
titan ruler (male)
Artemis's Roman Name
Diana
Hades
God of underworld
Paeëon
God of healing
Deucalion
Son of Prometheus
morphesues
god of dreams
hermes
the messenger god
Goddess of Marriage
Hera
Symbol of Zeus
eagle
Immortal
God cannot die.
The hundred-headed dragon
Typhon
Prometheus
Creator of Man
Cronus
Castrated his own father
Pelias
usurper of Greek Throne
Chloris
Goddess of spring flowers
Zeus's most powerful weapon
thunderbolts
Iris
goddess of the rainbow
polytheism
believing in many gods.
nymphomania
excessive sexual drive (nymph)
narcissism
extreme self-love or self-admiration
Glaucus
in love w/ Scylla
The goddess of justice
Themis
Muse of comic drama
Thalia
APHRODITE
Goddess of Love and Beauty
Aeschylus
greek Playwright, father of Tragedy
What are Penates?
Guardians of heaven.
Marpessa
Chooses a mortal over Apollo
aphrodite was an ________ wife
unfaithful
Nectar
something delicious to drink, especially a beverage of juice and apricot pulp
Argus
Hera's watchman with 100 eyes
caduceus
Hermes' staff(magical wand), topped with wings and intertwined with snakes (modern day: an insignia used by the medical profession)
Achilles
Greek Hero in Trojan war
Hera
goddess & protector of marriage
chasm
profound difference between people, viewpoints, feelings etc
Erato
the Muse of love poetry
poseidon=
god of the seas & oceans
Athena
The sophisticated goddess of wisdom and art, embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity, proctor of civilized life, warlike in defense of the sea, sprang from Zeus's head fully armed, unmarried
Metis
goddess of wisdom, Zeus's first wife
Precocious
Adj.- characterized by unusually early development or maturity (especially in mental aptitude)
Vulcan
God of forge, fire, craftmanship. Married to Venus
Clotho (spinner)
One of three fates. (1)
Circe
enchantress and goddess who turns Odysseus's men into swine
Voluptuous - adj.
Pleasing to the SENSES
word derived from "all" and "gods"
Pantheon
Who literally won the war?
The greeks
jealous
hera was ______ of aphrodites beauty
Who are Hermes parents?
Maia and Zeus
vanity
overly proud in one's appearance, qualities, ablities, achievements
Priam
King of Troy, husband of Hecuba
Goddess of marriage, women, and childbirth.
Hera
Artemis
Goddess of the hunt, woods and forest
Roman Name: Diana
symbols: bear, deer, and the cypris tree
the most intelligent and clever titan who created man out of clay and water
Prometheus
Lethargic
Slow, sluggish, lazy (Lethe- river of forgetfulness that lead to the underworld, and forgetfullness could inhibit one's actions.)
Medusa was changed into creature so hideous that one looked at her and turned them into...
stone
Polydectes
falls in love with Danae, Perseus's mother, Perseus is protective of her
Echo
A happy, chattering nymph with whom Hera got upset and condemned her never to use her tongue again except to repeat what was said to her.
Electra
An Argive princess and daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra.
region of underworld surrounded by 3 high walls and Phlegethon, place of wicked
Tartarus
Pythian Games
Held at Delphi, Athletic, intellectual and musical contests
Arete
striving for excellence in a certain area of human behavior
sappho
most famous lyric poet, was a woman
Hebe
daughter of Zeus and Hera, married Hercules
Minotaur
half man/ half bull created by beastiality killed by Theseus.
Eteocles
son of Oedipus and Jocasta; second son
Chaos night
Nyx rose up out of -
Medusa
Only mortal of three sisters. Very beautiful. Athena got jealous after Poseidon got her pregnant, so Athena changed her beautiful hair into serpents.
Symbol: Serpents
Daughter of Zeus
Athena, Minerva, olive tree, owl
Oedipus
Hero of Thebes, solved riddle of Syphnx, married mother
Narcissus
Flower Myth: linked to narcissus the boy who fell in love with himself, saw his reflection in the water couldn't move eventually turned into a flower
demeter
the ancient Greek chthonian goddess of agriculture and the protector of marriage and the social order, identified by the Romans with Ceres. She presided over the Eleusinian mysteries.
fury
the daughters of Gaea who punish crimes at the instigation of the victims: Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone
valkyries decide this during battle
who lives and dies
What did Paris's death cause?
troy not to fall
sanctuary
The room of worship in a Church, temple, mosque or a place of safety.
Myrrha
mother of Adonis, turned into a tree, then gives birth to Adonis
Erotes
are a group of winged gods and demi-gods
pandora
unleashed evils on mankind due to her curiosity in opening a jar zeus gave her
Hellenic
of or related to Greece, its people, or its language
igneous rock that heats and erupts or the sight of Hepheastus' forge
volcano
Apollo
Creates day and night. Cannot tell a lie. Put a curse on King Midas.
Mount Olympus
highest mountain in Greece, home of the gods
Theseus
(Greek mythology) a hero and king of Athens who was noted for his many great deeds: killed Procrustes and the Minotaur and defeated the Amazons and united Attica
Argo
Boat Jason sailed on to find the golden fleece, biggest ship ever build, held the Argonauts, has a constellation linked to it
Gaia
Goddess of the Earth (Mother Earth). Mother of Kronos.
perseus
a hero, the son of Zeus and Danaë, who slew the Gorgon Medusa, and afterward saved Andromeda from a sea monster.
Styx
a river in the underworld, over which the souls of the dead were ferried by Charon, and by which the gods swore their most solemn oaths
cornucopia
a horn containing food or drink in endless supply, said to have been a horn of the goat Amalthaea
Python
a large dragon who guarded the chasm at Delphi from which prophetic vapors emerged, killed by Apollo, who established his oracle on the site
aegis
the shield or breastplate of Zeus or Athena, bearing at its center the head of the Gorgon
The Birds-6th labor
These murderous birds lived around Lake Stymphalos. Their claws and beaks were sharp as metal and their feathers flew like darts. Hercules scared them out of their nests with a rattle and then killed them with the poison arrows he had made from the Hydra'
Minitor
He was half man, half bull. His role was to eat humans and to eat there flesh.
Galatea
What was the name of the statue with which Pygmalion fell in love?
What Greek gods do Saturn and Ops parallel?
Cronus/Rhea (Greek)
the one-eyed children
father heaven was ashamed of his cyclops kids. threw them into a dark hole. mother earth cried and cried. told other children to kill father heaven and bring back cyclopses.
Gorgons and Medusa
the second person used to be beautiful; pursued by Poseidon to Athena's temple and was raped, Athena made this goddess ugly; the goddess was killed by Perseus- Chrysaor and Pegasus sprang out of her
She hung herself
What happened to Arachne during the competition?
Who is pentheus?
a king after cadmus who opposes dionysus and is killed by his mother
hercules
a celebrated hero, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, possessing exceptional strength: among his many adventures were the twelve labors for his cousin Eurystheus, performed in order to gain immortality.
Cyclops
a member of a family of giants having a single round eye in the middle of the forehead
Amazon
one of a race of female warriors said to dwell near the Black Sea
Rejoice, we conquer.
QUOTE by Phiddipides, a runner in the Athenian army, reporting the Athenian victory over the Persians at the Battle of Marathon. The Athenians had him run from Athens to Sparta to get help. Sparta was having a religious festival, so they didn't help. He ran back, fought in the Battle of Marathon, and then ran back to Athens. Upon saying this, he drops dead. Today's marathon of 26.2 miles(approximate length of Phiddipides' run) is run in honor of Phiddipides.
Atlas
A book of maps from Atlas, a giant who supported the heavens on his shoulders.
___ lifted the lid of the box and out flew plauges and sorrows for mankind
Pandora
these three goddess take part in the judgement of paris
athena, hera, and aphrodite
Theseus and the Minotaur
Theseus came to Crete. He killed the minotaur then led himself back with some string.
*Use your brain.
greece
a republic in S Europe at the S end of the Balkan Peninsula. 10,583,126; 50,147 sq. mi. (129,880 sq. km).
Who is wearing Achilles armor and why?
Patroclus is wearing it because Achilles isnt using it.
What was the threat to poetic tradition in book 1?
wanted to split up and go home
In book 2 what does the foreshadow hint is going to happen?
Troy is going to be in ruins
Ixion wants Hera so how does Zues test him?
He creates a could with image of hera.
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