Greek Mythology vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
clio
history
lethal
deadly
day
Hermera
Athena
Aegis
desolation
Emptiness, destruction
Helios
sun god
Tragoedia
goat song
Furies
avenging spirits
Hades
Known as Pluto
River of Fire
Phlegethon
immortal
living forevrt; deathless
Lotus-eater
a lazy person
Hera
Protector of humans
Thalia
muse of comedy
Ares
God of war
ravage
destroy violently, ruin
Demeter/Ceres
goddess of agriculture
muse of epic poetry
calliope
Superfluous (adj.)
Unnecessary or needless
Mars (Ares)
God of War
Kronos
Father of the gods
said no to apollo
Daphne
Posiden
god of the sea
Deities
a god, or goddess
mortal
of living human being
Aphrodite
Goddess of love and beauty
Oldest and wisest cheiftain
Mesten GREEK
labyrinth
a maze, intricate passage ways
goddess of Earth, agriculture, fertility, grain, harvest
Demeter
what is apollo's favorite tree?
laurel
Aphrodisiac
An arousing, Testifying desire Aphrodite/Venus
Hestia
Goddess of home and hearth
Demeter
Who was Poseidon hot for?
Polynices becomes friends with who....
Tydeus
Zeus
Supreme god of the Olypians
Whose symbol is a dove?
Aphrodite
Erato
the Muse of love poetry
thor was considered the ____________ god in norse mythology
strongest
Persephone
Daughter of Demeter; goddess of Spring; spends 1/2 year with Demeter and 1/2 year with Hades
tragedy
goat-song, a dramatization of legend in festivals at Athens
Ponus
god of hard labor and toil
god of fertility, wine, revelry, theater
Dionysus
Minotaur
body of man, head of bull
because hephaestus was thrown off mount olympus and hurt his leg, he chose the ____________ as his animal symbol because it also limps
quail
plunder
to take the goods by force
Cecrops
founder of Attica, early autochthonous king of Athens, had 3 daughters
Associated with constellation
Metis
mother of Athena; goddess of prudence
Morta
"Angel of Death", mortician, mortal, immortal
Who does Europa give birth to?
Minos
Hermes
Messenger and herald of the gods
Prometheus
traitorous Titan who helped Olympians defeat the other Titans, helped brother create mortal people
Muse of sacred poetry and music
Polyhymnia
nectar
the life-giving drink of the gods
trident
gift given to Poseidon by the Cyclopes
Styx
The underworld river Hate, sworn by for unbreakable oaths
wizened
to become sruken or wrinkled by age
Lycaon test Zeus and cooks what?
human being
Gorgon
female monster, 3 sisters, one mortal, Medusa killed by Perseus
Kaos
The most ancient of gods; the personification of the infinity of space preceding creation of the universe
Pyrrhic
ruinous; gained at too great a cost
Artemis
goddess of the hunt and the moon
Hydra
monster with nine heads, one chopped off = 2 new ones, slain by hercules
friend to man, punished for helping the humans
Prometheus
animal Arachne was turned into by Athena
spider
leda
(Greek mythology) a queen of Sparta who was raped by Zeus who had taken the form of a swan, mother of Helen
son of daedalus who was imprisoned with his father of crete
icarus
Odysseus
Son of Laertes, husband of Penelope, father of Telemachus, king of Ithaca and the surrounding islands. Fights in the Trojan war, then travels a 10 year long enduring, eventful journey home.
Who are Aphrodite's parents?
Zeus in this hymn
Eros
god of love, symbol- heart with arrow
Eumaeus
The faithful pig farmer (swineherd) on Ithaca with whom Odysseus stays when first arriving home
contempt
disregard for something that should be taken into account
gaea
the ancient Greek goddess of the earth, mother of the Titans.
fury
the daughters of Gaea who punish crimes at the instigation of the victims: Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone
basilisk
a creature, variously described as a serpent, lizard, or dragon, said to kill by its breath or look
chiron
a wise and beneficent centaur, teacher of Achilles, Asclepius, and others.
Chaos
gap @ the beginning of the world; state of universe
How did Cronus kill his father?
he castrated him
Circe
Whom Odysseus stayed on his way home with
hero who killed Medusa by cutting off her helmet
Perseus
Linear B
script of the Mycenaean Greeks, early Greek Alphabet
Thor
Norse Mythology. God of war, carries a hammer
Cronos
father of Zeus; Zeus killed Cronus and put remains in the sea
Oligarchy
"leadership of the few"; a form of government in which the full exercise of political rights and power in a city-state was limited to the affluent ... many of them were aristocrats. In the 5th century BC, Sparta was the leading proponent of oligarchy.
Phaethon
son of apollo who tried to ride apollo's chariot and crashed
Fervent - adj.
Having or showing great emotion; ARDENT
giants freed by Zeus who produced his lightening bolts and helped him defeat Cronus
Cyclopes
Aegis
the shield or breastplate of Zeus or Athena, bearing at its center the head of the Gorgon; protection; support; sponsorship; auspices
Gorgons
creatures that turn you to stone when you look at them.
Echo
a dryad that could sing beautifully; a great favorite of Aphrodite; protected Zeus by leading Hera away when Zeus was with a river nymph; cursed by Hera so that she couldn't say anything except for the last two words the person said before her
Who wants to kill agamemnon but is stopped by athena?
Achilles
With music or a stone
How Hermes killed Argos
Theseus
a motal hero who kills the minotaur and becomes the famous King of Athens
Aegisthus
really the son of Thyestes but raised the son of Atreus, Atreus tells him he must kill Thyestes if he is to be a man, when he tries to kill him Thyestes recognizes his sword
medusa
the only mortal of the three Gorgons. She was killed by Perseus, and her head was mounted upon the aegis of Zeus and Athena.
Trojan horse
a gigantic hollow wooden horse; when the Trojans took it into Troy, Greek soldiers hidden within it opened the gates to the Greek army and conquered the city
Linus
a musician and poet, the inventor of melody and rhythm often identified with the harvesting or withering of crops and vegetation
icarus
a youth who attempted to escape from Crete with wings of wax and feathers but flew so high that his wings melted from the heat of the sun, and he plunged to his death in the sea.
cornucopia
a horn containing food or drink in endless supply, said to have been a horn of the goat Amalthaea
Pedagogue
a male slave who taught a young boy manners
Argus
The all seeing. A man with many eyes. Early accounts
say he had four eyes, later a hundred.
was killed by Hermes while he guarded Io for Hera
after Zeus and Io were having an affair.
Greek Miracle
new birth of world with awakening of Greece, idea never thought of before them but accepted after them
Rapacity - n.
The act of taking by force; PLUNDERING
Who calls together an assembly?
Hera because she wasnt chosen
Apollo
Son of Zeus and Leto, has a twin sister Artemis, god of music/light/archery/arts, swan/laurel crown, bow and arrow are sacred, killed cyclopes.
hope
Pandora let all the evil out of the box. The only thing that remained at the bottom of the box was ______________
centaur
one of a race of monsters having the head, trunk, and arms of a man, and the body and legs of a horse
cyclops
a member of a family of giants having a single round eye in the middle of the forehead.
in the end of the myth of cupid and pysche, pysche is made
immortal
GIANTS (Gigantes)
the offspring of GAIA and the blood of the wounded URANUS.
areses
the ancient Greek god of war, a son of Zeus and Hera, identified by the Romans with Mars.
The Apples- 11th labor
The Hesperides were nymphs. In their garden grew golden apples protected by Ladon, a dragon with a hundred heads. Hercules struck a bargain with Atlas, who held up the earth. Hercules shouldered the earth while Atlas, the nymphs' father, fetched the apple
2 sons of Titan Lapetus who fought on the side of Zeus ("forethought" and "afterthought")
Prometheus and Epimetheus
Sleep and Death
Dwelt in the lower world; had 2 gates one to the true dreams and one of ivory for false dreams
how can hermes be recognized?
wings on his sandals and helmet, his staff
There are many monsters in greek mythology. Name 2 and explain what they did
minotaurs ate people and medusa turned people into stone.
how were the early olympic games different from today?
we get medals not wreaths; no longer man only; people now wear clothes
what did hephaestus have to do with the birth of athena
broke zeus' head for the birth of athena
Scylla
Monster
Leto
Latona
strength
Cratas
Phrixus
Nephele's son
Polis
Greek city-state
kleos
Immortal fame
titans
elder gods
Dionysus
Moisture in nature
Hyperion
God of light
reign
period of rule
Ephesus
Temple of Artemis
Euterpe
muse of music
Agamemon
king of Greece
Cosmos
the organized Universe
Ares/Mars
god of war
king of the winds
aeolus
Hallowed (adj.)
Regarded as holy
hubris
full of oneself, pride
Devoid - adj.
LACKING; empty
Poseidon
Ruler of the sea
harpie
half woman, half bird
sanctuary
any place of refuge;asylum
Satyr
Half goat half man
Hygienic
Promoting health; cleanly (Hygeia- goddess of health, and being hygienic promotes health.)
Dryope
the daughter of Dryops ("oak-man")
Arachne was turned into a
spider
what is athena's roman name
minerva
Martial
Pertaining to war Mars/ Ares
Nerces
Old man of the Sea
Arachne
Who was Athena jealous of?
Who gets the golden ram?
thyestes
Whoose symbol is the eagle?
Zeus
Hercules
a celebrated hero possessing exceptional strength: among his many adventures were the twelve labors performed in order to gain immortality
female goddesses in greek mythology that brought about vengeance/justice
erinyes/furies
Rhea
fertility goddess in ancient Greek mythology
Ganymede
Trojan Prince, favorite of Zeus, cupbearer of the gods
Echidna
Typhon's mate and mother of monsters
only item left in Pandora's box
hope
adonis
chiseled physique, and hangs with aphrodite for 6 months
blinded cyclops who should have offered hospitality
Polyphemus
Mercurial
quick and changable in temperate, Mercury/Hermes
Diana
Roman equivalent of Artemis, goddess of hunting and virginity
the din of the hammers
noise, racket,commotion
salutation
from Roman goddess of health Salus
polynices and who kill each other
eteocles
who gives orion his sight back?
Helius
god of the vine and revelry
Dionysus
Muse
any goddess presiding over a particular art, one of the Sacred Nine
Hecate
Was the Greek goddess of sympathetic magic
beckoned
called or signaled a person usually with a wave or nod
Oracle
N.- the priest or transmitter of phrophecies at a shrine
Daphne
chased by Apollo, prays for help, turned into a tree, 'laurel'
Sirens
creatures whose songs lured sailors to their deaths
saga
long prose narrative that tells the story of a folk hero.
Fates
determine the lenght of each mortal's life
in the beginning God created...
ancient Hebrew story
Maia and Zeus' son: shortly after birth created lyre
Hermes
laestrygonians
giant cannibals that ate many of odysseus' men
lightening bolt
Zeus's weapon; symbol of his power
shrine to athena on acropolis in athens
parthenon
Penelope
Wife of Odysseus and mother of Telemachus. She spends her days in the palace pining for the husband who left for Troy twenty years earlier and never returned. Homer portrays her as sometimes flighty and excitable but also clever and steadfastly true to her husband.
What was Aphrodite and Anchises son's name?
Aeneas
exile
forced absence from ones's country or home
Sabines
Neighboring people of the Romans whose daughters were abducted during a festival in Rome, war with Sabines
eons
indefinite and very long period of time
Elysium
the abode of the blessed after death
Sir James Frazer
Stressed the importance of sacral kingship rituals in the content and development of myths
Greek poet other than Homer-- he wrote about the origins of gods
Hesiod
Charon
ferryman of the dead, took them across Styx and Acheron
Bacchus
son of Jupiter and Semile. God of Drama
Acropolis
an "upper city"; a common feature of ancient Greek cities; an elevated site for religious observances.
epithet
a word or phrase describing a quality of a person, place, or thing that is repeated throughout a work
Efface - v.
To rub or wipe out; ERASE
mortal hunter who turned into stag by Artemis and killed by his own dogs
Actaeon
The first gods; children of Gaea (12 of them)
Titans
Arion
son of Poseidon; a naiad; played the lyre beautifully; robbed of his things by the captain of his ship; carried away on a dolphin
Who complains to his mother(who is she?) who complains to zeus?
Achilles. Thetis
Hebe
Daughter of Zeus and Hera, "goddess of youth"
perseus
a hero, the son of Zeus and Danaë, who slew the Gorgon Medusa, and afterward saved Andromeda from a sea monster.
labors of Hercules
the 12 extraordinary feats performed by Hercules for Eurystheus in order to gain immortality
Sisyphus
ruler of Corinth, who was obliged to roll a stone to the top of a slope, the stone always escaping him near the top and rolling down again
Charybdis
a daughter of Gaea and Poseidon, a monster mentioned in Homer and later identified with the whirlpool Charybdis
Paris
a Trojan prince who awarded the apple of discord to Aphrodite and was by her help enabled to abduct Helen
dionysos
the god of fertility, wine, and drama; Bacchus.
Which child of Ge had the courage to rebel?
Cronus
Hephaestus
god of fire and artisans. He was ugly and lame and was the protector of smiths. symbol: hammer
Cerberus
3 headed dog with dragon tail. Dog of Pluto. Guardian of Underworld
Prevarication - n.
The act of deliberately telling a LIE
What was the name of the very first epic poem from the Trojans?
Cypris
Birth of Zeus
When Cronus and Rhea had children Cronus began to eat all of his children because it was forseen that one of them would over throw him but a plan was devised by Rhea to replace the newborn Zeus with a stone from Crete and Zeus survived and tricked Cronus into regurgitating his young. Now Associated with Crete.
What Greek God of the Sea is usually depicted with
Poseidon
Amazon
one of a race of female warriors said to dwell near the Black Sea
balder was the son of ____________ and _____________
odin and frigga
some of aphroditie's symbols include:
laurel, pomegranate, dove, swan, hare, ram
Oceanus and what create what?
Tethys. create metis, doris, and achelous
contributions made by the greeks
olympics, science & math, drama & poetry, medicine, mythology, paintings & sculptures, philosophy, classical literature, & law govt. & democracy
gods of smiths and fire
metal worker; makes or repairs metal objects
Islands of the Blessed
islands in the ocean at the remotest western end of the world, to which the souls of heroes and worthy persons were transported after death
what is required for an essay?
1. MLA format
2. Original title
3. objective viewpoint
4. verb tense (present)
5. interesting vocab
6. transitional words/Phrases
7. complete sentences
8. topic sentence
9. concluding sentence
what two parts of man did the greeks stress as important
mind (athens) and body (sparta)
Who are the main character in the local flood?
Jupiter and Mercury or hermes and zeus
The duel between Hector and Ajax who is winning and why do they stop?
Ajax is winning and they stop fighting because it gets dark
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