Greek Roman Architecture Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Skena/Scene
Backdrop
Knossos
Minoan capital city
Helladic
bronze age greece
"polis"
Greek for 'city'
Arcuated Construction
Arch-shaped construction
Forum
Public place of assembly
Pantheon
Rome, Italy 118-128 AD
Stonehenge
Wiltshire, England 2550 BC
Sterobate
The bottom 2 blocks/steps
Prostyle
columns on front only
describe ampitheatre
used for entertainment
Geometric Pyramid
4-sided polished pyramid
Colosseum
Rome, Italy 80 AD
Parthenon
Athens, Greece 447-438 BC
Volute
Spiral, scroll-like form characteristic of the Ionic order
Sumarian Ziggurat
UR, Iraq 2125 BC
Maison Carree
Nimes, France 20 BC
SPQR
The Roman government, Senatus Populusque Romanus (The Senate and the People of Rome), senate & citizens are equal
Apse
Semi-circular area beyond the altar
Mastaba
Rectangular structure with sloped sides and a flat top.
Trajan's Column
Rome, Italy 106-113 AD
House Menander
Pompeii Italy 70 AD
Metope
The carved or painted rectangular panel between the triglyphs of a Doric frieze
Mycenae
The greatest city-state in Southern Greece - tradition held to be the city of King Agamemnon, the leader of the Greek invasion of Troy
Sumer
Sumerian land in southern Mesopotamia; earliest known civilization
Trilithon
basic single post and lintel form
Cella/Naos
Inner chamber of a classical temple
Dolmen
prehistoric structure or tomb of unhewn stones
Arch of Titus
Rome, Italy 90 AD
King Zoser's Pyramid
Saqqara, Egypt 2650 BC
Arch of Constantine
Rome, Italy 315 AD
Town of Timgad
Timgad, Algeria 100 AD
Entasis
In classical architecture, the slight swelling or bulge in the center of a column, which corrects the illusion of concave tapering produced by parallel or straight lines
Porch of the Maidens
Athens, Greece 421-405 BC
Caldarium
The hot-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
Stepped Pyramid
Smaller mastabas stacked on larger ones
Frigidarium
The cold-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
Vesuvius
The most destructive volcano in Greece that buried Pompeii and Herculaneum
Capital
Top part of the column-more decorated in the Ionic and Corinthian orders
Insulae
Apartment blocks made of concrete in Rome where the poor lived
name the main architecture of the romans
arch
Stoa
In ancient greek architecture, an open building with a roof supported by a row of columns parallel to the back wall
Cardo
The north-south street in a Roman town, intersecting the decumanus at right angles
Triglyph
A triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes
Triumphal Arch
In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road.
Temple of Olympian Zeus
Athens, Greece 147 BC
Theater
Largest gathering place in a Greek city
Hellenistic
Relating to the culture that blended Greek with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences after Alexander the Great's conquests.
Keystone
the wedge-shaped piece at the very top of an arch, the middle top piece
King Djoser
an Egyptian pharaoh around 2630 B.C. he had the Step Pyramid built for him by Imhotep. This was one of the first pyramids built
Minoan
During the bronze age, the name given to the great civilization of Crete; the word comes from the name of King Minos, a character of Greek legend who was remembered as having ruled in Crete before the Trojan War.
Romulus
Founder of Rome; twin of Remus; raised by she-wolf; killed Remus
Pylon Temples
2 battered, sloped towers that are freestanding
Barrel Vault
the simplest form of vault consisting of an unbroken series of arches; it forms a tunnel like shape
Atrium
court of a Roman house near the entrance and open to the sky
Acanthus
An ambigious flower and a style of plant used for the caps of the corinthian columns
Frieze
The part of an entablature between the architrave and cornice; any scupltured or painted band in a building
Trabeated Construction
a structure consisting of two large vertical stones (posts) supporting a third stone set horizontally across the top (lintel).
Round Arch
an arch formed in a continuous curve
Doric
The Doric order was one of the three orders. In their original Greek version, Doric columns stood directly on the flat pavement (the stylobate) of a temple without a base; their vertical shafts were fluted with parallel concave grooves; and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam ("entablature") that they carried.
Auditorium
The area of a theater or concert hall where the audience sits
Rock-Cut Tombs
Hollowed out square room in the side of a cliff/mountain
describe aqueducts
it brought fresh water to cities for drinking bathing etc.
Abacus
A square slab of stone at the top the capital, just under the achitrave and above the echinus.
Alexander the Great
Created a huge empire in Greece and spread Greek culture throughout the world. (Hellenistic Era)
describe the doric order
has an ordinary capital, its plain and ordinary, colom is thick and sturdy, and it dosnt have a base
/ 66
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online