Greek Theatre Terms I Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Audience
Everyone
peripeteia
reversal
agon
action
orchestra
chorus
maiicious
spiteful
Parados
Chorus sings/chants
Thespis
fist actor
poetics
aristotle's book
choragus
financial backer
episode
a scene
Storytelling/Re-enactment
adventures, battles
486 B.C.E.
5C
somber
dimly lighted
Tragedy
Stylized, stately, declamatory
catharsis
to purge violently
Theater
actors and audience
Agememnon
play by Aeschylus
Costumes were ______
padded
Tragic Flaw
Excessive pride
508 B.C.E.
2 Dithyramb
Motifs
Recurring objects or ideas.
Jocasta
Oedipus' wife (and mother)
exodus
end of the play
aristotle
best definition of tragedy
Diction
language used by characters
Regicide
killing of a king
 Orchestra
where actors played
Theatron
Auditorium where audience sat
theatre
harvest rights, scening place
deference
respectful or courteous regard
Foil
Someone with opposite characteristics of the protagonist.
Cothumer
Thick soft soled calf-high boot
Kerkis
Wedge-shaped seating section in theatron
aeschylus
first great athenian playwright introduced second actor, religious lyrical
pinakes
painted panels fitted into thyromata
Dionysus
god of theatre, competition/ festival
◦ Menander
most famous comedy playwright
Sophocles considered greatest Greek _____, wrote tragedies
Dramatist
Dionisus
god of wine and song
Stasima
The poems/odes recited by the chorus.
New Comedy
Dealt with personal private problems
Sophocles
Wrote technically perfect plays and set a standard for motivation, suspense, dramatic, irony, balance, and poetry. Reduced the importance of the chorus and reduced it to 15 people.
Meripe
from Corinth, the woman Oedipus believes his mother
Skene
stage building behind orchestra where the actors changed costumes
proskene
stage floor in front of skene
chiton
sleeveless tunic; belted below the breast
choregos
An individual who sponsored each playwright entering the Dionysia, and paid for the production of the playwright's work
Protinas
he separated the fertility element, from the ritual dancing and chanting, which eventually developed into the full blown tragedy of Aristotle's analysis in Poetics.
• City Dionysia
most important play festival
Prohedria
The stone seats reserved for prestigious people origionally for the priests
Dithyrambs
10
5 by boys/ 5 by men
Dithryamb
hymns which celebrated Dionysus's life and adventures
hubris
arrogance of hero, usually tragic flaw
Onmues
Headdress piled high on top of head
prologue
action before the entrance of the chorus (tells setting, characters, etc)
free
Admission to the City Dionysia plays was how much?
Dionysian Festival
theatre festival with comedies and tragedies
Limitations
continues presence of the chorus, no intermissions; continuous flow of action and choral odes, no lighting or curtains
choragos
the choragos was the producer. he hired the chorus, paid the room and board for actors and chorus, bought costumes and masks, and picked chorus members. there wasn't much profit involved in the position, it was more of an honor.
in the city dionysia, the choregus was assigned by the state.
deutaronagist
a sidekick who accompanies the main protagonist
(Aeschylus)
Periaktoi
paintings of scenes, located on either side of skene
chorus
group who advised and warned main characters, varied in size
Dramatic iroy
descrepancy between what the character thinks and what the audience knows
Katharsis
a cleansing the viewer recieves from watching; a release from tension
Lenaea festival
place where most comedies were performed; held in early February; prizes were awarded there for best comic writer
ode
a song the chorus performed between episodes
Aeschylus introduced the ___ actor; also called "___"
Second; Deuteragonsit
produced three tragedies and a ___ play
Satyr
What preceded Greek Theatre?
egyptian roots 2500 B.C.
ekkyklema
a scenic device, a platform that wheeled out the dead children
acropolis
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
Corinth
Oedipus was raised in this city, after being left in the mountains by his mother.
men
Who were the only people who could watch the raunchy satyr plays?
Masks
- Larger than life masks- mad of linen, wood, and /or cork exaggerated features
- Male vs. female
- Young vs. Old
- Grief stricken vs. hopeful
- The "open mouth" on the mask increased the resonance of the actor's voice
thymele
Altar of Dionysus that sits in the center of Orchestra
Rise to Theater
Humanistic ideas; humans imitate gods; moral stories
The audience experiences a ______
-an emotional __________
-A ______ experience- they recognize the fate of _______ ________
-Show roots in religious _______
catharsis
purging
emotional human beings
nature
Aristotle Elements of Theatre
plot, character, thought, diction, music, spectacle
dithyrambic ode
actual sung/spoken hymn of praise to Dionysis
Harmartia
(tragic flaw) - act, moral flaw, or intellectual mistake
Vengeance Theme
made it a religious obligation to avenge a wrong done to one's family
verbal
Type of irony: a contrast between what is said and what is meant
 Mechanae
crane behind skene, so actors could fly above
stasimon
divides the episodes of a tragedy (a choral passage)
Sophocles was more concerned with ____ relationships rather than _____issues
Human; religious
Paradox
A statement or a situation that at first seems impossible or self- contradictory but that many actually be true either in fact or the figurative sense
what's god was theatre created for?
dionysus-god of wine
534 B.C.E.
the year that theatre productions were first given at this festival
Irony of situation
Opposite of what is expected to happen.
strophe
movement, the 1st part of a song or statement
dithyramb
a song sung by a chorus; origin of greek theatre
Tragic Hero
- Superiority - must have something to loose; a place from which fall, only characters who are somehow superior to elevated seem tragic in their destruction
- Goodness- likeable person; seemingly GOOD person, inly character can good play
- Tragic flaw- hubris- excessive pride; arrogance, fatal errors in judgment that contribute to the downfall
- Tragic realization- Accepts responsibility for the outcome, Perceives before the fall how he/she has contributed to his/her own destruction
how many of euridipes plays do we have today?
19
satyr play
(15) an ancient Greek burlesque with a chorus of satyr; a burlesque treatment of mythology, the boisterous action occurred in a rural setting & included vigorous dancing, as well as indecent language and gestures, offered comic relief; tragicomedy
 Hammartia
tragic flaw of the hero that often brings about their demise
Festival of Lenaes
End of January, or Beginning of February; Emphasis on comedy
simple, expressive, idealized
The style of acting called for simple realistic actions. The style suggested by the scripts may be characterized as ___, _____, and ____.
Who is Sophocles?
added 3rd actor
reduced 50 men --> 15 men
chorus: commentator/ critique
lived: 495 BC - 405
Pinnacle-: abolish trilogic form
7/120 plays survived
Oedipus-- The acting is characterized as a re-enactment of what?
He compares it to a religious ritual--explain.
Human sacrifice.
The Mass. Breaking of bread like breaking Christ's body
deus ex machina
"God out of the machine," literally; a crane used to create the illusion of flying by actors playing gods and goddesses
When? Greater Dionysiar
End of March or Beginning of April; Three days; Three playrights
unity of place
action of the play takes place in one place
The tragedy is a long build up to the ________ and ________ of _______ - there are layers to this.
realization acceptance fate
What are the 7 main roles of the chorus?
1. atmosphere/mood
2. intro and question new characters
3. hint at foreshadow chorus
4. reflect events- questions, comments, etc.
5. establish facts and affirm conv. views of society
6. engage in KOMMOS- lyrical dialogue
7. divide actions into episodes
3 tragedies and 1 satyr play per day
What occupied Days 3-5 of the City Dionysia festival? And how many of each?
/ 105
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