Greek/Roman mythology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
aphrodite
venus
athena
minerva
Hermes
Mercury
demeter
ceres
Loki
Mischief
Hera
Juno
Artemis
Diana
Odysseus
Ulysses
Eurus-Vulturnus
East Wind
Polphemus
A cyclopes
Briseis
Achilles' war prize
Persephone
daugter of Demeter
Muse of History
Clio
Pan
God of Flocks
Leto-Latona
Goddess of Motherhood.
None-Pompona
Goddess of Plenty.
god of fire
Vulcan
Baldr
Greek parallel is Sarpedon
Hephaestus
blacksmith of the gods
Centaurs
Half-man and half-horse creatures
Aeolus
King of the Winds
mother of the muses
Mnemosyne
Hektor
greatest Trojan warrior, kills Patroklos, then is killed violently by Achilles
What was Athena's Roman name?
Minerva
Venus
the Roman name of Aphrodite
Ulysses
the other name for Odysseus
Medusa
Most famous of the Gorgons
None-Janus
God of Doorways, Gates, Beginnings.
Mt. olympus
home of the gods
labrinth
a maze containg the minotaur
Turnus
equivalent of Hector, leader of Latins, wants to defeat the Trojans
Who was Zeus's wife and sister?
Hera
Terpsichore
muse whose was known for dance
Cronus
the youngest of the 12 titans
Furies
three goddesses who punished crimimals who were ugly, old, hags
Minotaur
Half-man and half-bull monster who lived in Minos's Labryinth and ate human flesh
Nemean Lion
one of Hercules's twelve labors
Delphi
location of stone disgored by cronus
Thersites
the "ugly" Greek who suggested they should leave
Hesperia
Westlands, Italy; where Aeneas is told to go
Rhea
mother of Remus and Romulus, their father being Mars
nymph
minor goddesses who lived in plants and bodies of water
Calliope
muse whose was known for epic poetry
Achilles
his mother was Thetis, a sea nymph,
division of the underworld where the dead pass as soon as they die
Erebus
Demeter-Ceres
Goddess of Harvest. Daughter of Cronus and Rhea.
W. Burkert
myth- a trad. story w/secondary partial reference to something of collective importance.
Quirinus
Romulus, the founder of Rome, was deified as _______ after his death. _____ was a war god and a god of the Roman people and state, and was assigned a flamen maior (high priest).
Andromeda
an Ethiopian princess, the daughter of Cassiopeia and wife of Perseus, by whom she had been rescued from a sea monster
orion
a giant hunter who pursued the Pleiades, was eventually slain by Artemis, and was then placed in the sky as a constellation.
Thetis
Achilles's mom, she dips him in the Rive Styx and is immortal, also she's a nereid
Pallas
Evander's son who is sent to fight with Aeneas
Earth was solid ground but also a _______________
personality
What's a myth?
1. traditional story rooted in primitive folk beliefs of cultures
2. uses supernatural to interpret natural events
3.explains culture's view of the universe and nature of humanity
Apollo
god of the sun, music, poetry, and athletics
Gorgons
3 sisters who had snakes for hair, huge claws, wings of gold, bodies covered with scales, and a stare that could turn living things to stone
Clotho-Nona
One of the Goddesses of Fate and Destiny. The one who spun the thread.
Name of the offspring of Typhoeus and Echidna
Cerberus
Cerberus
A 3-headed dog that in Greek mythology guards the entrance to Hades
Pygmalion
A sculptor and king of Cyprus who carved an ivory statue of a maiden and fell in love with it. It was brought to life, in response to his prayer, by Aphrodite.
cerebrus
a three headed dog that guards the under world
sirens
one of several sea nymphs, part woman and part bird, who lure mariners to destruction by their seductive singing.
Ascanius (Iulus)
Aeneas' son, he is brave and has makings of a warrior
The "Guilt of Troy"
Something inheritably wrong with Troy: Pandros and his bow, Hera's hatred, Laomedon's betrayal, lineage of Priam (son of Laomedon)
Who were the Muses?
9 daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne
Bellerophon
the hero who was sent to kill the Chimera, his father was Poseidon
Aphrodite or Venus
Goddess of love and beauty. Considered the most beautiful of the Goddesses. Sprang up from sea foam
helen and the trojan war
face that launched 1000 ships.
seen withe the scepter, eagle, thunderbolt, and lightning
Jupiter (Roman) Zeus (Greek)
Jason
A Man Who Sailed on a boat with argonauts
The Judgment of Paris
Paris was asked with goddess, Hera, Aphrodite, or Athena is the most beautiful. He picks Aphrodite, fueling Hera's hatred for Troy and the start of the Trojan War
What were the Muses the goddesses of?
the Arts and sciences
Zeus or Jupiter
Main God, the most powerful God. His weapon was the thunderbolt
Orpheus & Eurydice
Who: _____ was gifted with playing the lyre. All people/animals were entranced when they heard his music. _____ and he soon married. She was stung be a poisonous snake and died before he could get her. He went down to see Hades to get her back. With his sad music, Hades agreed, but he could not look back at her until he had completely left the underworld. He was unable to do this and his wife was forever stuck in Hades. He was killed my maidens whom he had rejected their love with Javelins. Their voice drowned out the music which had protected him.
Answer: (____ & ____)
Greek ; Hera || Roman ; Juno
Goddess of women,marriage, and childbirth; queen of the gods
What was Dionysus the god of?
Wine; also a god of the earth
Greek ; Poseidon || Roman ; Neptune
God of the sea; in Greek mythology also god of earthquakes and horses
poseidon
neptune
Ares
Mars
Ismene
Oedipus' daughter
Dark underworld
Erebos
Autylochos (significant name)
self-wolf
Eros
son of Aphrodite
Muse of Astronomy
Urania
Odin
Supreme God, Wednesday
Bacchus
God of wine
Hygea
Goddess of Health
Hespera
Goddess of Dusk
Eos-Aurora
Goddess of Dawn.
Goddess of childbirth
Ilithyia
Icarus
son of dadelus
Calypso (significant name)
cover over
Muses
goddesses that accompanied Apollo
Muse of Lyric Poetry
Euterpe
Neptune
God of the Sea
Helios-Sol
God of the Sun.
Homeridac
claimed descent from homer.
Xenia
guest friendship, inherited through generations
What is Dionysus's Roman name?
Bacchus
What was Apollo's Roman name?
Apollo
Hades
the god who captured Persephone
acquiesce
to rest satisfied; under submission
crete
Birth of zeus, King minos
Cytherea, Cyprus-born
Aphrodite (according to Hesiod)
Sinon
Greek warrior that convinced the Trojans to bring in the horse
Lavinia
daughter of Latinus, Aeneas's future wife, though she is pursued by Turnus
What was Eros the god of?
Love
Clio
muse whose was known for history
Athena-Minerva
Goddess of Wisdom and Strategy. Daughter of Metis and Zeus.
Proserpina
Another name for Persephone. Daughter of Ceres; captured by Pluto and taken to the Underworld; ate pomegranate so she has to spend 6 months below and 6 months above; young and innocent; goddess of spring
Camilla
warrior women who defend the Latin fortress
Phoinix
the second argument for Achilles to come back and fight, he is considered a father figure and tells the story of Meleagros
What were the Furies the goddesses of?
Vengence
Hebe
Goddess and cupbearer to the other Gods and Goddesses of Mount Olympus
unguent
ointment; salve; remedy for sores and burns
Sisters 2 immortal, 1 mortal
The Gorgons (Medusa-mortal)
Apollodorus
(c. 140 BC) Biggest collection of myths, textbook, library of greek mythology.
Penates
gods who protected the Roman food store and, by extension, the household, the family, and the state
diana-artemis
goddess of the hunt sister of apollo
Theseus
King of Athens, takes in Oedipus and Antigone promises to help them for Athens will be protected
Oral Composition
reciting myths, poems, epics orally to pass down to future generation
Who was Hephaestus the son of?
Zeus and Hera
Where was Aphrodite "born"?
She sprang from sea foam
Goddess of the Rainbow, messenger goddess who is counter part of Hermes
Iris (Greek Mythology)
Hydra
Huge serpent with 9 heads that, when one was severed, several heads grew back in its place
Dionysus-Bacchus
God of Wine. Son of Semele and Zeus.
Charybdis
Whilpool in the Strait of Messina b/w Sicily and mainland Italy
Amata
Wife of King Latinus and mother of Lavinia. Patron of Turnus and favors his marriage to her daughter; she kills herself during the Trojan assault on Laurentum in Book XII, falsely believing Turnus to be dead
The Parthenon
temple to Athena, comes from the word for virgin, designed by Phidias
What was Poseidon the god of?
the Seas and waters
Clotho
the Fate who is the person who spins the thread of life;the spinner
Hercules
a hero who had great strength and was the son of Zeus
Cyclopes
Giants who had one eye in the center of their foreheads; Brothers of the Titans
oracle of delphi
temple of apollo where a priestess gave prophecies
Aeneas
The son of Venus and Anchises, he was a noble fighter for Troy during the Trojan War. He escaped from Troy as the Greeks were sacking the city and went off in search of a place to establish the new Troy. He settled in Italy, where his descendants founded the city of Rome.
titans
any of the sons of Uranus and Gaea, including Coeus, Crius, Cronus, Hyperion, Iapetus, and Oceanus.
What were the Satyrs gods of?
Woods and mountains, "shepherd gods"
Dwell in underworld, two gates, one of horn - true dreams and one of ivory - false dreams, brothers
Sleep and Death
orpheus and eurydice
wife dies. goes to the underworld to get her. "you can have her if she follows you back up but don't turn around." last minute he turns around and sees her whisked away
Deucalion & Pyrrha
these were the only two people allowed to survive Zeus's flood; they landed their boat atop a mountain and were told to throw the bones of their mother (meaning the rocks of Mother Earth) over their shoulders; when they did this, the rocks turned into humans and the Earth was repopulated in this way
Ares or Mars
God of war. Most disliked of all Gods and Goddesses. Main job was to bring the souls of those killed in battle to Hades
Identify the offspring of Thea and Hyperion. Greek and Latin names.
G:Helios L:Helius (the sun) G:Selene L:Luna(moon) G:Eos L: Aurora (dawn)
Greek ; Cronus || Roman ; Saturn
God of the world and time in Greek mythology, god of agriculture in Roman mythology
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