ha Flashcards

Centuries
Terms Definitions
Hecatonchires
Hecatonchires
pod(o)/ped
foot
nueral groove
3
veterbral
spinal cord
pyro, igni
fire
thigh
hip to knee
Odent, Odont
Tooth, Teeth
Camera Picta
Andrea Mantegna
1465-1474 CE
Fresco
Mantua, Italy
Fifteenth Century in Italy
Creates the illusion of a ceiling with several small pendentives, niches, and greater depth. Features fake oculus.
2 ossifaction
ephysis bone laid
Dionysus
go of parties and wine
Primavera
Sandro Botticelli
c. 1482 CE
Tempera on wood panel
Florence, Italy
Fifteenth Century Art in Italy
Depicts Three Graces, Flora, Chloris, Zephyrus, Mercury.
Hirsutism
Having an overabundance of hair.
microvilli
fingerlike projections on apical surface. hollow. max surface area. dtract
Imperial Procession
- N/A
- 13-9 BCE
- Roman/Propaganda/Relief sculpture
- Marble
- N/A
Commissioned by: Augustus
The Tempest
Giorgione
c. 1506 CE
Oil on canvas
Venice, Italy
Sixteenth Century Art in Italy
Iconography uncertain, with apparent German mercenary on left and nursing mother on right. Emphasis on natural landscape as well.
Exedrae
a semicircular recess, often crowned by a half-dome, which is usually set into a building's facade
stereognosis
the faculty of perceiving and understanding the form and nature of objects By the sense of touch.
histology
branch of microscopic anatomy that studies tissues
Cityscape
- N/A
- c. 50-30 BCE
- Roman/Wall painting/Intuitive perspective
- N/A
- N/A
lantern
A turretlike structure situated on a roof with windows that allow light into the space below.
Rosette
A motif resembling an open flower consisting of a circular arrangement of parts around a center.
Illusion/illusionism
an appearance of reality in art created by the use of certain pictorial means, such as perspective and foreshortening. Often used by Baroque masters to evoke surprise, marveling and to inspire imagination to merge the physical and painted realities.
Hepatomegaly
abnormal enlargement of the liver that is usually a sign of disease
histogenesis
formation of tissues from primary germ layers of embryo
Constantine the Great
- N/A
- 325-326 CE
- Roman/Colossal
- Marble, bronze, wood
- N/A
Commissioned by: Constantine
al secco
A technique in which watercolors are placed over dry plaster that has been moistened to imitate fresh plaster.
Codex
A manuscript with pages made of folded sheets. It replaced the scroll, which was different in that it was rolled paper. ...
Michelangelo, Tomb of Medici
Late Renaissance, 1519-34, Florence, marble
coronal / frontal
FRONT half doesnt have to equal
Art Nouveau
A movement whose name means "New Art." It focused on curvilinear forms.
Saint Francis in Ecstasy
Giovanni Bellini
c. 1470s CE
Oil and tempera on wood panel
Venice, Italy
Fifteenth Century Art in Italy
Large use of sunlight, natural landscape.
Gianlorenzo Bernini. The Ecstasy of St. Teresa
1645-1652, Italy, marble, Baroque
territorial waters
the waters of a littoral state that are regarded as under the jurisdiction of the state: traditionally those waters within three miles (4.8 km) of the shore, but in the 20th century claims by coastal nations have extended to 12 or even 200 miles (19.3 or
Virgin and Child Enthroned (Earlier)
Cimabue
c. 1280 CE
Tempera and gold on wood panel
Florence, Italy (Likely for High Altar of Santa Trinita)
Fourteenth Century Art in Europe
Very large use of gold. Hieratic scale. No sense of background and flat sense of space. The Virgin makes a gesture toward her son, holds him on knee.
Just What is it that Makes Today's Homes...
Richard Hamilton
1955 (E. 1955-77)
Pop Art
United States
Collage. Figures become commodities. Gets away from the purity of the moment. Process of advertising.
Juan Sanchez Cotán. Quince, Cabbage, Melon, and Cucumber
1602, oil on canvas, Spain, Baroque
Prayer Hall of Great Mosque (Cordoba)
Date: BEGUN 785 / 786 CE
Medium: VOUSSOIRS used on ARCHES
Period/culture/style: ISLAMIC ART / HORSESHOE ARCHES / HYPOSTYLE HALL
Location: CORDOBA, SPAIN
Good Shepherd, Orants, and Story of Jonah
- N/A
- Late 3rd - early 4th century CE
- Early Christian/Catacomb painting
- Painting
- Catacomb of SS
endocrine
secrete
Posieden
sea god
melanin
natural sunblock
vor(e)
to eat
Yard
Kaprow
1961 (E. 1955-77)
Happenings
United States
Is a challenge to the body- physical strain. Appeals to other senses such as smell and touch. Urban experience. Street life.
merkel cells
touch receptors
Artimis
goddess of the moon
Cephalocaudal
development head to toe
kvetch
to complain, esp. chronically.
Autumn Rhythm
Jackson Pollock
1950 (D. 1946-1955)
Abstract Expressionism- Action painting
United States
Uses house paint as medium. Large scale. Stops just before edge. Lacks hierarchy and is pontaneous. Drew from Carl Jung and Jazz music.
Aniconism
A symbolic representation without images of human figures; anti-image, lead Muslims to create floral, geometric designs.
trilaminar disc
gastrolation add middle cells
Hades
god of the underworld and wealth
Trajan
Adopted by Nerva (previous emperor); One of the "Good Emperors"; Professional soldier from Spain; 1st non-Italian emperor; Brought Rome to it's height in size. Ruled from 98-117 CE.
Doors of Bishop Bernward
Date: 1015
Medium: BRONZE
Period/culture/style: EARLY MEDIEVAL/OTTONIAN/LOW RELIEF
Location: ABBEY CHURCH OF ST. MICHAEL, HILDESHEIM, GERMANY
Commissioned by: BISHOP BERWARD OF HILDESHEIM
petition
to make a demand or request
1 ossifaction
lay down bone in center
Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler
Picasso
1910 (B. 1901-1913)
Cubism (Analytic)
Spain
It refigures representation by breaking up individual planes and pushing them to the surface, showing only a few recognizable symbols, such as hair, the nose, hands, and watch-chain of the figure.
Vellum
A fine animal skin prepared for writing and painting.
Ambulatory
The passage (walkway) around the apse in a basilican church or around the central space in a central-plan building.
Titian, Pieta
1576, mannerism, oil on canvas, Venice
Cognitive
pertaining to the mental processes of comprehension, judgment, memory, and reasoning, as contrasted with emotional and volitional processes.
centrifugal
moving or directed outward from the center (
scar
thickened mass of tissue that remains after a damaged tissue has been repaired
Archangel Michael
- N/A
- Early 6th century CE
- Byzantine/Diptych
- Ivory
- N/A
Rib vault
A cross vault where ribs (extra masonry) demarcate the junctions of a groin (cross) vault. Ribs may function to reinforce the groins or may be purely decorative.
characteristics of counter-reformation (baroque)
• Counter-Reformation style (Baroque style) art emphasis is on splendor of the transcendent: miracles and sacraments.
The growing importance of science, especially astronomy, physics, and optics: vision trusted, faith in the real world, interest in physical space, matter in motion
• Uses theatrical spectacle, dramatic composition, emotionality
• Concern with time and light: virtuoso use of light (chiaroscuro and tenebrism) to create shadows, mystery, emotions, sense of participation (related to theatricality)
• Tensions, conflicts often reflected in subjects both erotic and violent
Contradictory passions depicted: intellect vs. spirituality, reason vs. passion
Mystic vision or experience depicted
Remarkable performances of illusionism incorporating or simulating variety
of media (painting, sculpture, architecture, physical light)
• Curved surfaces in architecture
Opposition
the relation between the thumb and the other digits of the hand for the purpose of grasping objects between the thumb and fingers.
caterwaul
to utter long wailing cries, as cats in rutting time.
Coffers
A sunken panel in the shape of a square, rectangle, or octagon in a ceiling.
Reclining Couple on a Sarcophagus
Date: 520 BCE
Medium: Terra cotta
Place: Cerveteri
Matthias Grunewald, Isenheim Altarpiece
oil on panel polyptych, 1510-15, France, reformation
Bradycardia
a condition in which the heart rate is less than 60/min.
Edict of Milan
Issued by Constantine in 313 CE. Ended the "great persecution" and legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire.
Claude Lorrain. The Tempest
1635, pen and brown wash, France, baroque
Battista Sforza and Frederico da Montefeltro
Piero Della Francesca
c. 1474 CE
Oil on wood panel
Florence, Italy
Fifteenth Century Art in Italy
Shows wife and husband in profile to mask Sforza's disfigured right side. Use of atmospheric perspective.
Jean-Siméon Chardin. Back from the Market
1739, oil on canvas, france, rococo
The Good Shepherd with Adam and Eve after the Fall
- N/A
- N/A
- Early Christian/Lunette painting
- N/A
- N/A
dorsal
back
Afebrile
without fever.
hand
wrist distal
ten,tin,tain
to hold,grasp,have
palmar
bottom of hand
aero
air, atmosphere, aviation
Workers' Club
Rodchenko
1925 (C. 1914-1945)
Constructivism
Russia
Moral uprightness. Tall backs of chairs.
somatic
bones joints ct 3
cracy, crat
government, rule, power
Manuscript
A handwritten book or document.
Duomo
cathedral: the principal Christian church building of a bishop's diocese
saggital plane
right and left halves
Moulin de la Galette
Renoir
1876 (A. 1850-1900)
Impressionism
France
Light and leisure. Upper-middle class scene. Fleeting moment caught in brushwork.
Gates of Paradise
Lorenzo Ghiberti
1425-1452 CE
Gilded Bronze
Florence, Italy
Fifteenth Century Art in Italy
Third set of bronze doors by Ghiberti, originally at the Baptistery of San Giovanni. Has ten square frames completely covered in gold. Depicts scenes from the Hebrew Bible.
Pendentive
A triangular curved surface between two arches and beneath a dome.
CVAT
Acronym used for costovetebral angle tenderness.
core
the central, innermost, or most essential part of anything.
Buttressing
A projecting support built into or against the outside of a masonry wall.
sacristy
A room for storing church furnishings, sacred vessels, etc.
Tympanum
# # The panel, usually semicircular, located between the underside of an arch and the top of a doorway within the arch; also the triangular space enclosed by a pediment
Gianlorenzo Bernini. Baldacchino
gilded bronze, Italy, Baroque, 1624-33
Edema
the abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues, such as in the pericardial sac, intrapleural space, peritoneal cavity, or joint capsules. Edema may be caused by increased capillary fluid pressure; venous obstruction such as occurs in varicosities; thrombophlebitis; pressure from casts, tight bandages, or garters; congestive heart failure; overloading with parenteral fluids; renal failure; hepatic cirrhosis; hyperaldosteronism such as in Cushing's syndrome; corticosteroid therapy; and inflammatory reactions.
inchoate
not yet completed or fully developed; rudimentary.
connective tissue
most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body
Ara Pacis Augustae
- N/A
- 13-9 BCE
- Roman/Propaganda
- Marble
- N/A
Commissioned by: Augustus, dedicated to his wife, Livia.
Apollo from Veii
Artist: Vulca of Veii (?)
Medium: painted terra cotta
Date: 510-500BCE
5'10" tall
Impasto
A style of painting in which the pigment is applied thickly or in heavy lumps.
Hypertension
a common disorder that is a known cardiovascular disease risk factor. Hypertension is characterized by elevated blood pressure over the normal values of 120/80 mm Hg in an adult over 18 years of age.
skeletal muscle tissue
muscles under willed or voluntary control
The Unswept Floor
- Herakleitos (original by Sosos of Pergamon)
- 2nd Century CE (original: 2nd Century BCE)
- Roman/Mosaic (original: Painting)
- N/A
- N/A
Minaret
* A tall, slender tower attached to a mosque and surrounded by one or more balconies from which the Muezzin calls the people to prayer.
Jean-Siméon Chardin. Blowing Bubbles
1733, oil on canvas, france, rococo
centripetal force
the force, acting upon a body moving along a curved path, that is directed toward the center of curvature of the path and constrains the body to the path.
Nave of the Church of San Lorenzo
Filippo Brunelleschi
c. 1421-1428, nave: 1442-1470 CE
Florence, Italy
Fifteenth Century Architecture in Italy
Side aisles with decorated arcade, composite columns w/o volutes. Coffers and circular windows. Clerestory.
Nicholas Pineau. Varengeville Room from the Hôtel de Varengeville, 217 Boulevard St.-Germaine, Paris
carved, painted, guilded oak, france, rococo, 1735
Caravaggio. The Conversion of St. Paul
1601, Baroque, Italy, oil on canvas
Burial Chamber, Tomb of the Reliefs
- N/A
- 3rd century BCE
- Etruscan
- Plaster, paint, stone
- Cerveteri, Italy
William Hogarth. The Orgy, Scene III of The Rake's Progress
1734, England, oil on canvas / engraving, rococo
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