Hair Vocab I Flashcards

Baldness
Terms Definitions
cuticle
tinea
ringworm
cepillarse
to brush
HAIR COLOR
trichoptilosis
split ends
el bigote
the moustache
el flequillo
the bangs
los rizos
the curls
Hypertrichosis
Hypertrichosis (hi-pur-trih-KOH-sis), or hirsuties (hur-SOO-shee-eez) is a condition of abnormal growth of hair. It is characterized by the growth of terminal hair in areas of the body that normally grow only vellus hair. A mustache or light beard on women are examples of hypertrichosis. Treatments include wax hair removal, tweezing, chemical depilatories, shaving, mechanical epilators, and electrolysis.
ammonia
Pronunciation: (uh-MOH-nee-uh) colorless gas with a pungent odor, composed of hydrogen and nitrogen; used as an alkalizing agent to raise the pH
furuncle
boil. produces pain
el pelo castano
brown hair
el pelo rubio
blonde hair
National Cosmetology Association (NCA)
SALONPROFFESIONALS.ORG
Pityriasis steatoides
Pityriasis steatoides (stee-uh-TOY-deez) is a scalp inflammation marked by fatty (greasy or waxy) types of dandruff. Greasy or waxy scalp scales mix with sebum and stick to the scalp in patches or crusts. Constant itching may cause the person to scratch the scalp. If greasy scales are torn off, bleeding or oozing of sebum may result. A client with this condition should be referred to a physician for medical treatment.
alopecia areata
sudden patches, baldness
el pelo crespo
curly hair (frizzy)
balayage
Related Term: free-form technique painting a lightener (usually powder lightener) directly onto clean, styled hair
Trichorrhexis nodosa
Trichorrhexis nodosa (trik-uh-REK-sis nuh-DOH-suh), or knotted hair, is characterized by brittleness and the formation of nodular swellings along the hair shaft. The hair breaks easily, and the broken fibers spread out like a brush along the hair shaft. Treatments include softening the hair with conditioners and moisturizers.
temporal nerve
Pronunciation: (TEM-puh-rul) nerve that affects the muscles of the temple, side of the forehead, eyebrow, eyelid, and upper part of the cheek
carbuncle
inflammation on scalp by staff
wavy
curving alternately in opposite directions; undulating:
platinum
a heavy, grayish-white, highly malleable and ductile metallic element, resistant to most chemicals, practically unoxidizable except in the presence of bases, and fusible only at extremely high temperatures: used for making chemical and scientific apparatu
dyed
a coloring material or matter.
VICA (Vocational Industrial Clubs of America, Inc.)
SKILLSUSA.ORG
tension
amount of pressure applied when combing and holding a section, created by stretching or pulling the section
The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association
CTFA.ORG
medula
The medulla (muh-DUL-uh) is the innermost layer, sometimes referred to as the pith of the hair. It is composed of round cells. It is quite common for very fine and naturally blonde hair to entirely lack a medulla. Generally, only thick, coarse hair contains a medulla. All male beard hair contains a medulla. Beard hair is generally much coarser and not as uniform as hair from the head of the same individual. As far as cosmetology is concerned, the medulla is an “empty” air space and is not involved in salon services.
updo
hairstyle in which the hair is arranged up and off the shoulders
PAPILLA
The dermal papilla (puh-PIL-uh) is a small, cone-shaped elevation located at the base of the hair follicle that fits into the hair bulb. The dermal papilla contains the blood and nerve supply that provides the nutrients needed for hair growth.
alkaline waves
Related Term: cold waves permanent waves that process at room temperature without the addition of heat; most alkaline waves have a pH between 9.0 and 9.6
Postpartum alopecia
Postpartum alopecia is hair loss experienced at the conclusion of pregnancy.
activator
oxidizer added to hydrogen peroxide to increase its chemical action
white light
referred to as combination light because it is a combination of all the visible rays of the spectrum
bonding
method of attaching hair extensions in which hair wefts or single strands are attached with an adhesive or a glue gun
vegetable haircolors
Related Term: natural natural colors, such as henna, obtained from the leaves or bark of plants
TELOGEN PHASE
The telogen (TEL-uh-jen) or resting phase is the final phase in the hair cycle and lasts until the fully grown hair is shed. The hair is either shed during the telogen phase or remains in place until the next anagen phase, when the new hair growing in pushes it out. About 10 percent of scalp hair is in the telogen phase at any one time. The telogen phase lasts for approximately three to six months. As soon as the telogen phase ends, the hair returns to the anagen phase and begins the entire cycle again. On average, the entire growth cycle repeats itself once every four to five years.
weave technique
wrapping technique that uses zigzag partings to divide base areas
Disulfide bonds
Disulfide bonds are broken by permanent waves and chemical relaxers. A disulfide bond (dy-SUL-fyd) is a chemical side bond that differs greatly from the kind of physical bonding seen in a hydrogen or salt bond. A disulfide bond joins the sulfur atoms of two neighboring cysteine amino acids (SIS-tuh-een) to create cystine (SIS-ti-een). Although there are far fewer disulfide bonds than hydrogen or salt bonds, disulfide bonds are much stronger and account for about one-third of the hair's overall strength. Disulfide bonds are not broken by heat or water. Permanent waves and chemical hair relaxers change the shape of hair by chemically changing the hair's disulfide bonds.
Alopecia
Abnormal hair loss is called alopecia (al-oh-PEE-shah). The most common types of abnormal hair loss are androgenic alopecia, alopecia areata, and postpartum alopecia.
HAIR ANALYSIS
All successful salon services must begin with a thorough analysis of the client's hair type and its present condition in order to determine beforehand the results that can reasonably be expected from the service. Since different types of hair react differently to the same service, it is essential that a thorough analysis be performed prior to all salon services. Hair analysis is performed by observation using the senses of sight, touch, hearing, and smell. The four most important factors to consider in hair analysis are texture, porosity, elasticity, and density. Other factors that you should also be aware of are growth pattern as well as dryness and oiliness.
visible braid
three-strand braid made by the underhand technique, in which the strands of hair are woven under the center strand
HAIR GROWTH
Hair growth occurs in cycles. Each complete cycle has three phases that are repeated over and over again throughout life. The three phases are anagen, catagen, and telogen.
base sections
subsections of panels into which hair is divided for perm wrapping; one tool is normally placed on each base section
the COHNS elements
Hair is approximately 91 percent protein. The protein is made up of long chains of amino acids, which, in turn, are made up of elements. The elements that make up human hair are carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and sulfur. These five elements are also the major elements found in skin and nails and are often referred to as the COHNS elements.
Eumelanin
Eumelanin is found in the cortex of the hair shaft.
CATAGEN PHASE
The term catagen refers to the transitional stage. The catagen (KAT-uh-jen) phase is the brief transition period between the growth and resting phases of a hair follicle. It signals the end of the growth phase. During the catagen phase, the follicle canal shrinks and detaches from the dermal papilla. The hair bulb disappears and the shrunken root end forms a rounded club.
IRS is gone by the level of what?
Infundibulum
uniform layers
effect produced by cutting the hair at the same length consistently, using a 90-degree elevation
terminal hair
the long, soft hair found on the scalp, also on legs, arms, and body of both males and females
brunette
of hair, eyes, skin, etc. of a dark color or tone.
waving lotion
type of hair gel that makes the hair pliable enough to keep it in place during the finger waving procedure
basic perm wrap
perm wrap in which all the tools within a panel move in the same direction and are positioned on equal-size bases; all base sections are horizontal, with the same length and width as the perm tool
True or false
Alopecia totalis is the loss of all body hair
False.
Alopecia universalis is the loss of all body hair
true acid waves
perms that have a pH between 4.5 and 7.0 and require heat to speed processing; process more slowly than alkaline waves and do not usually produce as firm a curl
What investigations are useful in the assessment of diffuse hair loss?
FBC, ferritin, serum iron, U+E, LFT, thyroid function
 
Microscopy of hair
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