HCC Medical Terminology 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
seed
semin
armpit
axill
nostrils
nares
fear
phobia
end
tel
Question
Answer
abdomen
lapar
hip
coxa
night
noct
gallbladder
cholecyst
super/o
above
melan/o
black
supra-
above
ot/o
ear
macro-
large
quad-
four
Nosebleed
Epistaxis
-ptysis
spitting
seb/o
oil
incision
tomy
gallbladder
cholecyst
removal
apheresis
mouth
stoma
arm
brachio
spleen
splen
nourishment
trophy
penis
balan
muscle
myo
bronchial
bronchi broncho
flowing discharge
rrhea
plastic surgery
plasty
pain
algia dynia
secrete within
crine
band (fibrous)
fascia
band (fibrous)
fascia
Severe itching.
pruritus
-cyte (suffix)
cell
phag/o
"eat, swallow"
uni- (prefix)
one
-rrhexis (suffix)
rupture
multi- (prefix)
many
cancer (malignant)
carcin
-ad (suffix)
toward
-odynia (suffix)
pain
like similar
al
growth (physical)
physis
secrete within
crine
nose
nas rhin
without
a an
ecto- (prefix)
outside
sugar glucose
glyc gluc
-gen
that which produces
mamm/o (combining form)
breast
-plasty (suffix)
surgical repair
-on Singular: ganglion
ganglia
coni/o (combining form)
dust
crypt/o (combining form)
hidden
rhytid/o (combining form)
wrinkles
pachy/o (combining form)
thick
bone
ost oss osteo
phot/o (combining form)
light
bi/o (combining form)
life
semi- (prefix)
partial, half
-centesis
puncture to withdraw fluid
Refers to the side.
Lateral
chol/e (combining form)
"gall, bile"
radicul/o (combining form)
nerve root
-stasis (suffix)
"control, stop, standing"
kinesi/o (combining form)
"movement, motion"
dipl/o (combining form)
"two, double"
GVHD
graft vs. host disease
cephal/o (combining form)
head (upward)
Pertaining to the neck.
Cervical
rube- (prefix)
red blood cell
-penia (suffix)
abnormal reduction in number
"A blister; small, fluid-filled raised spot on the skin."
Vesicles
electr/o (combining form)
"electricity, electrical activity"
Single-celled organisms that can infect the body.
Protozoans
HDN
hemolytic disease of the newborn
"Relates the details regarding the drugs given to a patient, the patient's response to anesthesia, and vital signs during surgery."
Anesthesiologist's Report
Membranous sac that lines the abdominal cavity and encases the abdominopelvic organs.
Peritoneum
mandibul/o (combining form)
mandible (lower jaw bone)
A large group of conditions characterized by a reduction in the number of RBCs or the amount of hemoglobin in the blood; results in less oxygen reaching the tissues.
Anemia
A clotting enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin.
Thrombin
Clumping together to form small clusters. Platelets do this to start the clotting process.
Agglutinate
"Small, round, raised area on the skin that may be accompanied by itching."
Wheal
Protein component of blood containing antibodies that help to resist infection.
Gamma Globulin
An agranulocyte white blood cell that is important for phagocytosis.
Monocytes
Conducts electrical impulses to and from the brain and the rest of the body.
Nervous Tissue
"Agencies that provide nursing, therapy, personal care, or housekeeping services in the patient's own home."
Home Health Care
"Contains small intestines and colon, right ovary and fallopian tube, appendix, and right ureter."
Right lower quadrant
Listening to the sounds within the body by using a stethoscope.
Auscultation
aponeur/o (combining form)
"A sheetlike fibrous membrane, resembling a flattened tendon, that serves as a fascia to bind muscles together or as a means of connecting muscle to bone"
epididym/o (combining form)
epididymis A structure within the scrotum attached to the backside of the testis
A type of connective tissue and an organ of the musculoskeletal system. They provide support for the body and serve as sites of muscle attachments.
Bone
-gen (suffix)
substance or agent that produces or causes
The black color pigment in the skin. It helps prevent the sun's ultraviolet rays from entering the body.
Melanin
Production of too many RBCs by the bone marrow. Blood becomes too thick to easily flow through the blood vessels.
Polycythemia Vera
Pneumonia common in AIDS patients that is caused by infection with an opportunistic parasite.
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
A scraping away of the skin surface by friction.
Abrasion
Flat plate of keratin that forms most of the nails.
Nail body
Right lateral region of the lower row at the groin.
Right iliac
"Lab test that measures the amount of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen in the blood, and the pH."
Arterial Blood Gases (ABG)
One of the two lymphatic ducts. It drains right arm and the right side of the neck and chest; empties lymph into the right subclavian vein.
Right Lymphatic Duct
Sample of bone marrow is removed by aspiration with a needle and examined for diseases such as leukemia or aplastic anemia.
Bone Marrow Aspiration
"Type O blood is this. It has no markers on the RBC surface, it will not trigger a reaction with anti-A or anti-B antibodies."
Universal Donor
More toward the back or spinal cord side of the body.
Posterior or Dorsal
perine/o (combining form)
perineum The area between the anus and the scrotum (in men) or the vulva (in women)
Blood test to determine the rate at which mature blood cells settle out of the blood after the addition of an anticoagulant. This is an indicator of the presence of an inflammatory disease.
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
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