Health 2 Flashcards

Health Care
Terms Definitions
ambulans
ambulance
astım
asthma
células
cells
kesehatan
health
rect-(o)
rectum
mide bulantısı
nausea
taladrar
to drill
l'operazione
the operation
la radiografía
x-ray
analgesic
pain relievers
la pelle
the skin
ex-(o)
outside of, beyond
sterben an
to die of
CVA -cerebal vascular accident
stroke
etre mauvaise sante
to be unhealthy
helps protect against infection
vitamin c
body language
nonverbal communication through gestures, facial expressions, behaviors, and posture.
***Improving Self-Esteem***
1. Maintain Satisfying Relationships2. Set and Reach realistic goals3. Realize your uniqueness4. Maintain contact with a mentor
clitoris
small erectile projection in the female responsible for sexual pleasure and orgasm
the study of disease among populations and the ways to prevent or control disease
Epidemiology
self-defence
any startegy for protecting oneself from harm
Bronchioles
Structures that split like tree branches and develop into alveoli
voluntary muscle attached to the bones of the skeleton
Skeletal Muscle
vasectomy and tubal ligation
-permanent prtection against pregnancy-requires surgery-non-reversible-no protection against STI-99+%
a neuron's three parts:
cell body, axon, dendrites
social death
a seemingly irreversible situation in which a person is not treated like an active member of society
What is cultural sensitivity?
value and respect differences
drug found in tobacco that causes addiction
nicotine
Physical exam
Throughout medical exam to determine a persona physical conditions
rain that contains either sulfuric or nitric acid or both
Acid Raid
a disease in which the body has either too few blood cells or too little hemoglobin`
anemia
purple blotches on your legs rare condition and a form of cancer
Karposi Scarcoma
date rape
when one person in a dating relationship forces the other person to participate in sexual intercourse.
sweat gland
one of the minute, coiled, tubular glands of the skin that secrete sweat
gymco 2
on se deplace entre chacun de ces mouvements
What is homeostasis?
A state of stability and consistency in an individual's physiological functioning.
every 6 months
diability income benefits must be paid when...
bicep
a biceps muscle, esp. the one at the front of the upper arm.
football as it is played today is derived from
soccer and rugby
touch
come so close to (an object) as to be or come into contact
Intellectual Health Characteristics
1. Ability to take info and apply it2. Ability to make "Right" decisions3. Healthy vs. Harmful
Alcohol is removed from the bloodstream principally through the process of _______________.
Oxidation. Oxidation occurs at a constant rate (about 1/4 to 1/3 oz of pure alcohol per hour) that cannot be appreciably altered. Since each typical drink of beer, wine, or distilled spirits contains about 1/2 oz. of pure alcohol, it takes about 2 hours for the body to fully oxidize one typical alcoholic drink.

Although people have attempted to sober up by drinking hot coffee, taking cold showers, or exercising, the oxidation rate of alcohol is unaffected. Passage of time remains the only effective remedy for diminishing alcohol’s effects.
if a 7 stone person who consumed alcohol during a two-hour period had a concentration of 0.05 percent blood alcohol level that person would exhibit (behavioural matters)...
a)substantial impairment of muscle coordinationb)slurred speechC)MILD IMPAIRMENT OF MUSCLE COORDINATIONd)double vision
Smoking ________ therapies are available in a variety of forms, including nicotine gum, trans dermal patches, nicotine inhalation devices, and oral medications that affect neurotransmitters.
Cessation. The chewing gum has been on the market for a number of years and when used correctly along with smoking cessation counseling, has demonstrated a success rate of 40% or more.

To aid smoking cessation efforts, nicotine replacement products can be used alone or with other therapies. Zyban and Wellbutrin are antidepressant medications that increase the production of dopamine, a neurotransmitter. Dopamine production declines when a smoker quits, creating the craving to smoke. Prozac, a serotonin-specific antidepressant, has also shown promise in boosting success rates of smokers who try to quit.
_____________, or the blending of both feminine and masculine qualities, is more clearly evident in our society now than ever before.
Androgyny. For example, it is more acceptable to see men involved in raising children and doing housework. It is also more acceptable to see women entering the workplace in jobs traditionally managed by men and participating in sports traditionally played by men.
Once sperm cells leave the testes they travel to the penis through a series of tubes. The first tube that the sperm cells enter is the vas deferens, which connects the testes to the _____________ gland.
Prostate. The prostate gland is a small, walnut-sized gland located below the bladder. As the sperm cells pass through the prostate gland, they combine with a thin, milky fluid produced by the prostate gland and fluids produced by the seminal vesicles. The combination of these fluids is called semen.
How many number of hours of sleep per night do adults need? What is the actual average of sleep for adults?
Adults need 7-9 hrs to stay healthy and perform best. They actually get 6 hours and 40 minutes on average.
öksürük
cough
çene
chin
especialista
specialist
paperas
mumps
micro
small
ameliyat
operation, surgery
el catarro
cold
diabetes
kencing manis
la tos
cough
bakteri plağı
bacterial plaque
brotar
to break out
study of cancer
Oncology
Termination
Behavior becomes a habit
Rectum
Passageway for poop (waste)
ADHD
Difficulty getting organized, chronic procrastination, frequently searching for high stimulus, low tolerance for frustration, low self esteem
a touchdown is worth
6 points
inflammation
redness, swelling, pain, tenderness, heat, and disturbed function of an area of the body, esp. as a reaction of tissues to injurious agents.
myotonia
a voluntary or involuntary muscle tension occuring in response to sexual stimuli.
HEPATITIS
A virus caused liver inflammation characterized by yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes.
chorion
a part of the developing placenta
brain deaf
total loss of brain function
I am very stressed
Ich bin sehr gestresst
strong, fibrous bands that hold bones together at movable joints and prevent them from popping apart
Ligaments
BACTERIA
Tiny, one celled organisms that live nearly everywhere. Many, but not all are harmless.
Withdrawal
Symptoms a person may have when he/she does not get a drug he/she is used to having.
Inner and outer labia
Protects the vaginal openings
wan
of an unnatural or sickly pallor; pallid; lacking color:
Proteins
Needed to build, repair, and maintain body cells and tissues particularly muscles
pedestrian
a person walking on a sidewalk or along a street
refusal to take part in an activity that puts your health or health of others at risk
abstinence
a musclular organ in which food is held while digestion continues
stomach
alzheimer's disease (AD)
a chronic condition involving changes in nerve fibers of brain that result in mental deterioration
oral or written permission to give first asid from a mentally competent adult
actual consent
aging
the length of time during which a being or thing has existed; length of life or existence to the time spoken of or referred to:
When sperm leaves the epidymis what is the name of the tubing that connects to the urethra?
vas defrens
These help destroy disease germs that enter the body.
White blood cells
Electrical _______________ is a method to test for the percentage of body fat using resistance to the flow of electrical current.
Impedance. This computerized assessment procedure measures the electrical impedance to a weak electrical flow directed through the body. Electrodes are attached to the arm and leg. Because adipose tissue resists the passage of the electrical current more than muscle tissue does, electrical impedance can be used to accurately calculate the percentage of body fat.
muscular strength
the amount of force a mucle can exert
The first stage of alcoholism is characterized by
becoming intoxicated regularly
SES & health-- SELECTION
attempts to explain why people with higher SES have better health through spurious relationships (genes of IQ)
what is the capital sum?
the amount paid for accidental death
first aid is _________ care given to an ill person until _________ can arrive
immediate/ temporary, professional medical care
An ___________________ is a diet that excludes all meat but does include the consumption of eggs and dairy products.
Ovolactovegetarian. Depending on the particular pattern of consuming eggs and milk or using one but not the other, ovolactovegetarianism can be an extremely sound approach to healthful eating during the adult years. This type of diet provides the body with the essential amino acids and limits the high intake of fats seen in more conventional diets. The exclusion of meat as a protein source lowers the total fat intake, and the consumption of milk or eggs allows an adequate amount of saturated fat to remain in the diet.
Which body systems get rid of solid waste from foods?
digestive system and excretory system
What are the symptons of Alzheimer's Disease?
forgetting who a perosn is
difficulty doing complex tasks
hard time sleeping
agressive behavior
bizarre behavior
___________ is really a family of more than 50 viruses, some of which produce recognized diseases in humans (chicken pox, shingles, mononucleosis and others).
Herpes. One subgroup called herpes simplex 1 virus (HSV 1) produces an infection called labial herpes. Labial herpes produces common fever blisters or cold sores seen around the lips and oral cavity. Herpes simplex 2 (HSV 2) is a different strain that produces similar clumps of blister-like lesions in the genital region.

Both HSV 1 and HSV 2 can cause what is known as "genital herpes".
The alcohol content in distilled beverages such as whiskey, gin, rum, and vodka, is expressed using the term
Proof. This is a number that is twice the percentage of alcohol by volume in a beverage. For example, 140 proof gin is 70% pure alcohol. Most proofs in distilled beverages range from 80 to 160. The pure grain alcohol that is often added to fruit punches and similar beverages has a proof of almost 200.
LEGUMES
VEGETABLES
pathos
feeling
cyan/o
blue
hemat/o
blood
GU
genitourinary
megaly
enlargement
tri
3
Testosterone
Both
sub-
under, below
cirrh/o
yellow, tawny
-ectasis
dilated, expansion
pro
before, forward
mega
large, 1,000,000
pneu, pulm
lung
aer- (o)
air
buccal cavity
mouth
tricuspid
right av valve
Hgb, Hb, HGB
hemoglobin
morphine and heroin
narcotics
ROM
range of motion
tylenol 3
acetominophen; pain
Extended Care
Retirement community
Assisted living
Long-term
pansinusitis
inflammation of all sinuses
“father of preventative medicine”
Hippocrates
Health
State of well being
Gonorrhea
Pathogen: Bacterium (neisseria, gonorrhoeae)Transmitted by: contact during intercourseSymptoms: burning urination, milky discharge 4m penis, urgency 2 urinate in women, inflammation of vagina, often no symptomsTreatment: one intramuscular dose of ceftriaxone plus 7 days of oral doxycycline
Carbohydrates
Function- Production of energyMajor SourcesSimple- rapid release of energy e.g. lollies, sugarComplex- sustainable sources e.g. wholegrain, veggies
visceral
pertaining to the internal organs
Rabeprazole(Aciphex)
-Similar to Omeprazole-MO: REVERSIBLE inhibition of acid generating enzyme-DI: increases digoxin levels by 20%
Greek PhysicianAthletefirst to study therapeutic gymnastics (“gymnastic medicine”)Strong advocate of proper diet and trainingwritings and followersinfluenced Hippocrates
Herodicus
exercise
planned, structured, and repetitive bodily movement done to improve or maintain one or more components of physical fitness.


Discipline—


organized body of knowledge considered worthy of study, usually studied in a college or university curriculum
                  -Kin focuses on physical activity
tenormin
generic - atenololindication - HTN
Mono
Pathogen: virusTransmitted by: direct contactSymptoms: severe sore throat, swollen lymph glands, tiredness, white spots on tonsils, tongue, and soft palate, enlarged spleen Treatment:bed rest, oral rinse for throat
HIV test for initial screening
elisa test
albinism
condition of abnormally white skin; characterized by absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
laryngotracheotomy
incision of the larynx and trachea
mammotome
instrument used to cut breast (tissue)
Nonessential
Nutrients required for growth and health that can be produced by the body from other components of the diet.
stillbirth
birth of dead full term fetus
mucus
covers the surface of mocous membranes
rythm method
no sex during contraception period
tolerance
the ability to accept others' differences and allow them to be who they are without expressing disapproval
Which vitamin increases calcium absorbtion?
Vitamin B
define friendship
relationships between people who like each other & who have similar interest and values
alcohol abuse
recurrent alcohol use that has negative consequences
Retroperitoneal
Referring to the space between the peritoneum and the posterior abdominal wall
What does DNR stand for?
Do Not Ressecitate
antihistamines
block effects of histamine released by body during allergic reaction
speculum
instrument used for opening a body cavity to allow visual inspection
Metabolism
The chemical changes that take place in the body. The conversion of glucose to energy or body fat is an example of a metabolic process.
genital warts?
disease that leads to pelvic inflamatory disease
triglycerides
composes of most fat in food.   glyceral + 3 FA's. 
nutrients
constituents of food that your body requires to sustain proper functioning
Carcinogen
any substance or agent that causes cancer
interpersonal communication
the exchange of thoughts, feelings, and beliefs between two or more people
negotiation
the use of communication and often compromise to settle a disagreement
Frostbite
A condition in which body tissue becomes frozen
mainstream smoke
smoke that has been inhaled and exhaled by the smoker
DIGESTION
THE PROCESS OF BREAKING DOWN FOODS IN THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT INTO COMPOUNDS THE BODY CAN ABSORB
how much more often does bladder cancer occur in men than women? what causes it?
2x; smoking
What factors affect the determination of “normal” in a given person?
Genetic variationsCultural considerationsAge differencesGender differencesSituational differencesTime variationWhen assessing a person’s health status, a change in some value or factor is more significant than the actual value of the particular factor. A blood pressure of 90/70 mm Hg may not be significant if that is the usual value. However, if a person usually has a blood pressure of 120/80 mm Hg a reading of 90/70 mm Hg it would be very significant.
Provider Remittance Notice (PRN)
remittance advice submitted by Medicare to providers that includes pay­ment information about a claim.
What is the largest organ in the body?
Skin
omphalocele
herniation at the umbilicus (a part of the intestine protrudes through the abdominal wall at birth)
Physicians and capitation?
- Smaller proportion of physicians have capitated contracts than MC contracts- More primary care physicians have capitated contracts than specialists
Chance of youth today contracting HIV
1 in 3
syergistic reaction
drugs that interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
highly addictive drug that is found in all tobacco products.
Nicotine
Nurse assistants
Work under RNs or LPNs/LVNs; provide patient care such as baths, bedmaking, carrying etc.
dehydration
the excessive loss of water from the body.
Chain of infection
Pathogen, reservoir, portal of exit, means of movement & transmission, means of entry into the host, susceptability of host
Testicular torsion
twisting of the testicle on the nerves and blood vessels attached to it; produces swelling and pain; usually happens during athletic activity
thining of the ozone layer is due to
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
   How effective are high-ceiling diuretics?
What are they also known as? Why?
Most effective diuretics available Because their site of action is in the loop of Henle, the high-ceiling agents are also known as loop diuretics
What is it called when someone does a bad action or act?
Malpractice
spina bifida (divided spine)
congenital defect in the vertebral column caused by the failure of the vertebral arch to close. If the meninges protrude through the opening the condition is called meningocele. Protrusion of both the meninges and spinal cord is called meningomyelocele.
Ambulatory vs. Hospitals
- Ambulatory: lower overhead, no need for extensive tech, less wait time=higher patient satisfaction- Hospitals: must maintain tech and expensive services, so higher overhead
Who is measuring access?
Measured by stats canada, commonwealth fund, fraser institute, and pollsters. 
Great decisions:

: Give thought to the problem, review your choices, and evaluate the consequences of each choice.
Bicuspid (Mitral) Valve
The structure that controls blood flow between the heart's left atrium (upper chamber) and left ventricle (lower chamber)
Respiratory diseases treated with NPPV
"COPD exacerbation; asthma, acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema; community -acquired pneumonia; hypoxemic respiratory failure; immunocompromised state; do-not-intubate orders; postop status; difficulty weaning; restrictive thoracic disease; COPD; nocturnal hypoventilation"
which food group should you eat the most servings a day?
bread,cerel,rice, & pasta
most common cancer in men...
prostate cancer...2nd leading cause of cancer death in men
Three basic renal processes
Filtration - occurs in glomerulus; 1st step of urine formation
 
Reabsorption-
 
Active tubular secretion
What tissue is made up of fibroblasts in a matrix is tissue fluid, collagen, and elastin fibers?
Areolar Connective Tissue
blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
blood test to measure kidney function by level of nitrogenous waste (urea) in blood clean catch specimen urine sample obtained after cleaning off urinary opening and catching or collecting sample in midstream (halfway through urination process) to minimize contamination from genitalia
hydrogenated tans fats...
turns unsaturate fat into a more solid fat (but produces trans fatty acids) increases LDL lowers HDL
Asymptomatic Stage
A period of time during which a person infected with a disease shows no symptoms.
Atrial systole can be observed on the atrial pressure tracing as which wave
an a wave
CONSTANT RESISTANT EXCERCISE
A TYPE OF DYNAMIC EXERCISE THAT USES A CONSTANT LOAD THROUGHOUT A JOINTS FULL RANGE OF MOTION
 Why is the risk of ventricular dysrhythmias greatly increased with patients taking both digoxin and loop diuretics? 
Since high-ceiling diuretics promote potassium loss, use of these drugs in combination with digoxin can increase the risk of dysrhythmias 
What is everytime a cells divides equal to?
One year of its life
Cumulative Risk
risk that increase and may add up to a total greater than expected


Maximal Oxygen Uptake (VO2 Max)
The highest rate of oxygen uptake during heavy dynamic exercise
What are 3 mental consequences of medicine abuse?
loss of morality, ambition/motivation, and self control
   Name two potentially useful responses to potassium sparing diuretics
First, they produce a modest increase in urine production

Second, they produce a substantial decrease in potassium excretion
What is the preferred treatment for a +60 pt with hx of ulcers, taking high-dose NSAIDs?
Histamine2 receptor Antagonists & Proton Pump Inhibitors
What is the appropriate tx for viral conjunctavitis?
Cold compress, usually self limiting
 
if needed: oral acyclovir, valacyclovir, famacyclovir
 
NO corticosteroids
How can parents decrease the risk of SIDS?-
back to sleep, don't smoke
What are the common routes of drug administration that fall under “parenteral”?
commonly used parenteral means by injection. Principal parenteral routes are Intravenous, Intramuscular, and Intradermal
why do we use novel drug delivery systems
- reduces limitations of existing therapies
What are 3 changes to the brain caused by long-term alcohol use?
addiction, loss of functions, damage
What was considered the first Sports Medicine?
The Linking of exercise and health in China and India
What is the role of the P450 system? What is meant when a drug is said to induce metabolism?
The P450 system metabolizes certain drugs and other endogenous compounds. A drug is said to induce metabolism when it acts on the liver to increase the rates of drug metabolism, by causing the liver to synthesize drug-metabolizing enzymes
The use of O2 saturation measured by a pulse oximeter (SpO2 ) to titrate FI O2 .
If a higher than ideal FIO2 is required (greater than .5) SpO2 can be used to titrate the FIO2 with a goal of SpO2 > than 90%
/ 200
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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