Anatomy Lab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Lysosomes
Digestion.
oral
mouth
axillary
armpit
meatus
canal-like passageway
SupraspinatusInnervation
Suprascapular nerve
Zygomatic process
Zygomatic
Acromion process
Scapula
Pubis
Pelvic girdle
Simple Columnar Epithelium:Description: A single layer of tall rectangular cells Location: Lines the gall-bladder and most of the G.I. tract Function: Absorption and secretion
Deltoid (anterior)Innervation
Axillary nerve
Temporalis
Origin- Temporal Fossa 
Insertion(s) - Cronoid process and ramus of the mandible
 Action - Elevation of the mandible
Teres Major Insertion
Proximal Humerus
Triceps (long head)Insertion
Olecranon process
Coracoid Process
Pectoralis Minor Action
Adaptation
Body adjusts to pain
Scansorial
Adapted for climbing (between-branch, above-branch, below-branch)
Radial tuberosity
Biceps Brachii (long head)Action
Isotonic
Cell volume remains constant because the solute is the same outside the cell as inside.
Internal Intercostals
Superior border of inferior rib
 
Inferior border of superior rib
 
Depresses the ribs during forced expiration
Action of Trapezius
Scapula elevation, retraction, depression and rotation

Venous blood from the myocardium is collected buy a large vein called the ________, which returns blood to the right atria.

Pectinate Muscle
Horizontal adductionInternal rotationFlexionAdduction/abduction
Pectoralis Major (clavicular portion)Innervation
Epididymus
Are storage and maturation spaces for spermatozoa. It is located posteriorly to the testes. It is connected to the vas deference, so during emission the sperm goes from the epididymis, through the vas deference, to the ampulla duct which leads it to the ejaclatory duct and out the urethra.
Pleural Cavities
Housing a lung and medial mediastinum
Posterior tibial artery
Just above the medial malleolus

Separates the nasal and oral cavities

Paranasal sinuses
Triceps (medial head)Origin
posterior lower shaft of humerus
In general, the insertion of a muscle is the more ____________ point of muscle attachment.
movable
Supinator
O - the lateral epicondyle of the humerus
I- the lateral surface of the proximal third of the radius
A - rotates forearm 
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Cavity inferior to the diaphram. It consists of most the digestive organs and glands, as well as the reproductive cavity.
Order of parts of a vertebra:
BodyPedicle Transverse ProcessLaminaSpinous Process
Plantigrade
All foot elements on ground (Bears and Humans)
Cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs)
\"strokes\"portion of the brain is deprived of its blood supplyblockage of blood vessel through: clot, air bubble, or cerebral hemorrhage
Infraspinatus Insertion
middle facet of greater tuberosity of humerus
What are 5 types of vertebra in the vertebral column?
cervicalthoraciclumbarsacralcaudal
Islets of Langerhans
Islands in the pancreas that are responsible for the Secreates of insulin and glycagon directly into the blood. Involved in the endocrine functions of the pancreas.
Ischio-Pubic Series Insertion
Medial surface of distal femur and proximal tibia
Levator Scapulae Insertion
Superior angle and upper medial border of scapula
Orbicularis Oculi
O- Medial Wall of the orbit of the eye
I - Medial wall of the orbit of the eye
A- Closes eye
3 muscles tissues of penis
-Pair of corpora cavernosa (dorsal side)\r\n-single corpus spongiosum (ventral side)\r\nbecome engorged with blood during sexual arousal and cause erection
How is the vertebral canal formed?
formed when the vertebrae are articulated, all the vertebral foramena together form the vertebral canal
Locate the coronal suture.
between the two parietal bones and the frontal bone
What are the cranial and caudal vertebral notches for?
when 2 adjacent vertebrae articulated, these form the intervertebral foramina
What is the function of the glenoid tubercle of the scapula?
- "socket" portion of the ball-and-socket shoulder joint- articulates with humerus
What are "false" ribs?How many are there in the dog? In the horse?
- aka asternal ribs- ribs which have cartilage that does NOT articulate with the sternum. They still have cartilage!Dog/cat - 4 pairsHorse - 10 pairs
What is the fovea dentis (fovea of the dens)?
articular surface for the dens of the axis
Saltatorial
Jumpers
calcaneal
heel
pollex
thumb
muscle name
origin
insertion
action
Sphenoidal sinus
Sphenoid
Olecranon process
Humerus
Scapula
Pectoral girdle
occipital
back of head
Latissimus DorsiInsertion
Bicipital Groove
Visceral Pleura
Covers the lungs.
Gluteal Series Action
Retract Femur
Rhomboid MinorInnervation
Dorsal Scapular (C5)
Trapezius KinesiologyFiber direction and functionLower portion
Superiolaterally
tubercle
small, rounded projection or process
Flow of CSF through Ventricles
null
Trapezius (Middle)Origin
T1-T6 (via ligamentum nuchae)
Name the "Cheek" bone
Zygomatic Bone
Mitochondria
Transformation of energy from food into useable form. (ATP)
Average Heart Rate
75 beats per minute
Innervation of Trapezius
Spinal accessory (CN 9)C3-C4

The portion of the respiratory system that
functions to transmit air to and from the alveoli
is called the __________________
Hard Palate
Name and locate the spina curves
Cervical
Gallbladder
Hangs inferiorly to the liver. It stores and concetrates bile until it is needed to break down fatty foods. The common bile duct delivers the enzymes and bile to the duodenum.
Nuclear Membrane
Delimits nucleus and controls passage of materials in and out of nucleus
Ischio-Pubic Series Origin
Ischial Tuberosity and ischiobpubic symphysis
albuminuria (albumin)
increase in permeability of glomerular membrane. May be due to injury, high blood pressure, disease, bacterial toxins
Trapezius (middle)Innervation
Spinal Accessory (CN XI)C3, C4 (sensory)
Gluteus Minimus
O- Ilium
I- the greater trochanter of the femur
A- rotation of thigh
Rectus Abdominis
O- pubic crest and symphysis pubis
I - xiphoid proces and costal cartilage of ribs 5-7
A- flexion of vertebral column
Clitoris
Is found internally, and is mostly a sencory organ. It is composed of the same erectile tissue that is found in the penis.
Crenate
Shriveling of a cell due to being placed in a hypertonic solution.
Attachments of Trapezius
O: Ext. occipital protuberance, nuchal ligament, spinous process C7-T12I: Lateral 1/3 of clavicle, acromion process and spine of the scapula
3
How many lobes does the right lung have?
Trapezius (middle)Insertion
medial margin of acromion spine of scapula
C7 - characteristics
- has no transverse foramena, unlike other cervical vertebrae- has a caudal costal fovea for attachment of the first rib
Seminiferous Tubules
These are ducts in the testes, that are over 200 meters in lenght where spermatozoa are produced.
Action of Levator Scapulae
Elevation and downward rotation of scapula
Name the part of a vertebra that forms the point of articulation for a rib
Sternum
Digestion and Reabsorbtion
A process of food being broken down and molecule and nutrients being absorbed into the circulatory system.
Triangular Interval boarders
Long head of the triceps Lateral head of the triceps Teres Major (superior border)
In general, what is an aponeurosis?
A flat, sheetlike tendinous attachment of muscle.
What is the name for the place in the infant skull where bones have not yet come together?
Anterior Fontanelle
What is the function of the dorsal surface?
attachment of dorsal longitudinal ligament
What is the caudal costal fovea of C7?
unique to this cervical vertebrae, place for the first rib to attach

what is the part on other side of inferior fossa?
left or right?

posterior of coronoid fossa is olecranon fossa.
right. hint: greater/lesser tubercles are on anterior part.
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