Anatomy of Flashcards

Terms Definitions
cephal-
head
cepha
head
orexis
appetite
intra-
within
mon/o
one
shoulder
acromial
onych/o
fingernail/toenail
-penia
deficiency
gon/o
seed
Flextion
bending
thromb
lump,clot
histo
tissue
syn,sym
together
cyan
blue
KD
knee disarticulation
-clast
to break
post
after, behind
lip/o
fat, lipid
morph/o
shape, form
OR
ONE WHO
home/o
likeness, resemblance
hypo-
beneath, below, deficient
emia
condition of blood
metry
act of measuring
Abbr RA
Rheumatoid arthritis
osteoarthritis
degenerative joint disease
META
BEYOND,MAKING CHANGE AFTER,TRANSITION
Intestine_Motility- Decrease peristalsis
Sympathetic
sign
a token; indication.
Ex: some influenza vaccines
epithalamus
produces melatonin/ regulates sleep/wake and mood cycles
Abbr BKA
Below knee amputation
INTERNAL JUGULAR VEIN
INNER JUGULAR
-pexy
fixation, put in place
Pineal Gland
Location- Brain
Hormone- Melatonin
Function- Secretes in darkness. Responsible for awake/sleep. Biorhythms
lesion
an injury; hurt; wound.
_______________________ is the inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long period of time.
chronic bronchitis
varicosis
abnormal condition of dilated veins
Sweat glands continuously produce small amounts of sweat, even in cooler temperatures.
True
Ligamentous support and arterial supply for the head of the femur are located here.
Fovea
-lysis
breakdown, separation, setting free, destruction, loosening
acromial
The point of the shoulder
bones in the vertberal coloumn
26
tendon of the shoulder
rotator cuff
Drooping of the upper eyelid.
ptosis
symptom
any phenomenon or circumstance accompanying something and serving as evidence of it.
action of Gracilis
Hip adduction, medial rotation
A/An __________________ is defined as a procedure utilizing a syringe with a thin needle inserted to withdraw any type of fluid.
aspiration
abduction means
movement away from the body
a cartilaginous structure is enclosed in a covering of connective tissue called. has blood-vess, giving nutrients to cartilage cell by diffusion, aided by water in the extr-matrix. lack of direct blood cause slow healing of cart., cell can't divide much.
perichondrium
most plentiful organic substance in body.
triglycerides
BASE
SUBSTANCE THAT CAN ACCEPT A H-ION
groove that accommodates a soft structure such a blood vessel, nerve, or tendon
sulcus
The metaphysis is between the epiphysis and the
diaphysis.
Negative Feedback
variation outside normal limits triggers an automatic response that corrects the situation
Neutrophil
Granulocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow; a phagocyte with neutral-staining granules.
Ala are...
The winglike cartilaginous structures that laterally bind the nares.
DIAPHYSIS
the shaft of the log bone
Lambda
junction of sagittal and lambdoidal sutures
tough fibrous connective tissue that covers the outside of the bone is called...
periosteum
mucous
pertaining to, consisting of, or resembling mucus.
across the sacral promontory and sacral alae (from one arcuate line to the other arcuate line) is called?
imaginary line
hypothalamus function #6
emotions: anger, aggression, fear, pleasure, contentment, sex drive, orgasm
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
non-malignant excessive growth of Prostate Gland that results in constriction of the urethra
group of symptoms attributed to excessive production of cortical by adrenal cortices
Cushing's syndrome
PTH hormone activates what type of cell
ossteoclast
Oxytocin is a peptide hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary. true or false
true
sensory area
mediate concsious awareness of sense information
lymphocytes
the specialized white blood cells that play an important role in immune reactions
"Cell Drinking", cells that will use this process to sample the nutrients of the tissue fluid
Pinocytosis
compression of the heart from fluid accumulating under pressure in the periocardial sac.
tamponade
abnormal heart sound due to improper closure of heart valves
murmur
medical term for the formation or existence of a blood clot
thrombosis
Neutrons
AMU value: 1; paticles within the nucleus having captured both "positron and electron" rendering it into Neutral(0) charged particle.
Fibrinogen
Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process.
Lining the sulcus terminalis are...
Circumvallae lingual papillae
4 kinds of tissue
connective, nervous, muscle, epithelial
the supraspinous ligament connects the spinous proccess of L5 to what
the sacrum
The hip joint is
Multiaxial, Ball and Socket
expiratory reserve volume-add'l air that can be expired after normal expiration
ERV-expiratory reserve volume
microvilli on ends of taste cells
taste hairs
ilium
the broad, upper portion of either hipbone.
prostate
of or pertaining to the prostate gland.
edema
effusion of serous fluid into the interstices of cells in tissue spaces or into body cavities.
the internal surface of the superior pubic ramus is called?
pelvic surface
A spinal cord transection from a car accident causes cutaneous loss of sensation where?
Xiphoid
Anatomy
The study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another.
superior means
above, or towards the top or head
Facultative
having the ability to adapt to more than one condition.
visible portion of the tooth in situ
clinical crown
What level does the esophagus open in the diaphragm?
T10
guards the opening between the ileum and the large intestine.
ileocecal valve
between the 2 parietal on the medial line?
sagittal
dysmenorrhea
pain caused by uterine cramps during a menstrual period
axial skeleton
80 bones found in body's midline
i.e. ribs, sternum, cranium/skull, vert. column
Anatomical Position
feet together hands at sides with palms forward
The voluntary process in which food is placed into the mouth before it can be acted on
ingestion
ACETABULUM
THE CUP SHAPED CAVITY OF THE HIPBONE THAT RECEIVES THE HEAD OF THE FEMUR TO FORM THE HIP JOINT.
circle of Willis
where branches from internal carotid arteries and basilar artery form a circle of arteries at base of the brain, supplying the brain with blood
space under the arachnoid and outside the pia mater. contains cerebrospinal fluid
subarachnoid space
When should you activate the emergency response system on an infant?
2 mins
blepharospasm
A tonic spasm of the orbicularis oculi muscle that produces more or less total closure of the eyelid.
plantar interossei: action
adduct digits (2-4) and flex metatarsophalangeal joints
palpation
to examine by touch, esp. for the purpose of diagnosing disease or illness.
eponym
a person, real or imaginary, from whom something, as a tribe, nation, or place, takes or is said to take its name:
viral
of, pertaining to, or caused by a virus.
ileum
the third and lowest division of the small intestine, extending from the jejunum to the cecum.
what supplies the small area of the posterior leg, posterolateral aspect of the ankle, the lateral aspect of the foot, and the lateral 1/2 of the fifth toe?
Sural Nerve
_______________ is a complex of symptoms that appears in the early stages of AIDS.
AIDS related complex (ARC)
internal nares alias/location
aka: choana; opening between the nasal cavity and the pharynx
Q Which mm. are considered "postural" mm.?
A erector spinae
Lung Capacities and Volumes
Minute Volume=total volume of air inhaled and exhaled each minute. MV=Resp rate x tidal volume -normal RR= 12 breaths per min -normal TV= 500ml=vol of 1 breath -normal MV= 12x500 = 6000ml=6L per minute *Spirometer=device used to measure volumes
Distal
A body part that is farther from a point of attachment than another body part
What mastication muscle inserts on the medial surface of body of mandible?
Internal (medial) pterygoid
malle olus
process that the tibia and fibula have in common that acts as a shield for the ankle
What is lymphatic fluid?
Clear, watery-appearing fluid found in the lymphatic vessels; Closely resembles blood plasma in composition but has a lower percentage of protein; isotonic
THIS IS A CONSEQUENCE OF A DEFICIENCY OF PTH
HYPOCALCEMIC TETANY
gap junction
proteins bw 2 cells that form CHANNEL so that ions and small molecules can cross QUICKLY
Three types of Fibrous Structural Joints
sutures, syndesmoses, & gomphoses
cataract
An opacity on or in the lens that usually impairs vision or causes blindness. This can affect one or both eyes. There are different types of cataracts, and they are classified according to size, shape, and occurrence or by the etiology.
What muscles are innervated by the radial nerve (C5-T1)?
anconeus, triceps brachii
infection
an act or fact of infecting; state of being infected.
choroid plexuses function
filter and alter fluid from blood to make CSF, which fills the ventricles and other parts of the brain and spinal cord in the subarachnoid space
The heel of the foot is formed by the _______.
calcaneus
what does lacrimal apparatus
washing action of tears helps keep microbes from settling on eyes
What is a Tuberoscity?
rough site; usually site of muscle attachment
Where are lingual tonsils located?
near the base of the tongue
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
A chemical fuel that allows the body cells to do work and to function.
Loose areolar connective tissue (composition)
Tissue fluid
- water fluid occupies extracellular matrix
- tissue fluid derives from blood

Ground Substance
- viscous, spongy part of extracellular matrix
- consists of sugars and proteins
- made and secreted by fibroblasts
What do the popliteal lymph nodes drain into?
the deep inguinal nodes
the pelvic area inferior to the pelvic brim is called?
Lesser pelvis/ true pelvis
The thoracic cavity is divided from ?
abdominopelvic cavity by the diaphragm
2 Functional Parts of the Respiratory System
1. Conducting Zone
2. Respiratory Zone
What is diastolic blood pressure?
Lowest pressure (force) of the blood pushing against the Aorta (when ventricles are relaxed)
os coax, hip bone, consists of 3 bones
ilium, ischium, and pubis
What important nerves are involved in the anterior compartment?
median, anterior interosseous (from median), and ulnar nerves
how can the AIIS be palpated?
just medial and inferior to the anterior superior iliac spine depending upon weight
Note: Intrinsic lig's refer to capsules and discs
Note: Extrinsic lig's refer to lig's outside of the capsule/disc
What is the average rate of the AV Node
40 - 50 BPM
where is the uvula located
hanging from the middle of the soft palate
What are the most common long bone fxs?
tibial and fibular shaft fxs
What type and from where does the Posterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerve arise from?
sensory nerve; dorsal divisions of S-1,2 and ventral divisions of S-2,3
Q Look at netters plate 64 on the bottom. From cartilage over the entrance to the auditory tube, there is a mm. that extends inf to blend with the palatopharyngeus m. Which m. is this?***
A The Salpingopharyngeus m ***
This is a sensory nerve that passes deep to the inguinal lig and near the asis
lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh
What is the rami of the sural nerve and what does it supply?
S-1, S-2
-area of the posterior aspect of the leg from mid-calf, to the posterolateral aspect of the ankle, the lateral aspect of the foot, the lateral longitudinal arch and the lateral 1/2 of 5th toe
How does the impulse to contract slow down slightly before it is transferred into the ventricles?
junctional fibers leading into the AV node have very small diameters
The ulnar nerve supplies sensory fxn to what parts of the body?
the dorsal and palmar aspects of the medial half of the ring finger and the whole of the little finger.
Q there are three constrictor mm. in the pharynx. Sup, mid, and inf. Each of these is innervated by cranial roots of the CN XI (accessory), and two of them are also innervated by branches of the vagus. which of the three is NOT innervated by vagus?
A sup. Long question for a short answer, i know.
Q Which layer of the deep C fascia forms the roof of the ant and pos triangles?
A The investing fascia. This is a tough first line of defense/mechanical barrier
/ 149
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online