History Geography Self Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
H-Bomb
hydrogen bomb
Vietcong
pro-communist South Vietnamese
Battle of Zama
202 BC
Burgher
A medieval town dweller
Abraham
Israelites believed they were descended from this man
1609-1610
known as the starving time
19th amendment
woman's right to vote
Radicals
wanted total reconfiguration of the stale and fully carrying out a revolution
mosque
(Islam) a Muslim place of worship
Confucianism
the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity
Rasputin
alleged healer who Czarina Alexandra allowed to make decisions in Nicholas II's absence
Sahara
the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
Arthur Balfour
British foreign secretary who supported Zionism
quaestors
(20) financial officers; makes sure taxes are collected; track public serving; stay in office for 1 yr. term
Sigmund Freud
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939); Said that human behavior is irrational; behavior is the outcome of conflict between the id (irrational unconscious driven by sexual, aggressive, and pleasure-seeking desires) and ego (rationalizing conscious, what one can do) and superego (ingrained moral values, what one should do). Argue that repression responsible for a variety of nervous and emotional ills. Health demand sexual gratification and liberation.
Il Duce
cult of Italian fascist leader, Mussolini that provided cohesion and uplift by advertising his power through advertising and radio
Serf
a peasant bond to the lord's land.
anthropology
the study of the origins and development of people and their societies
UNWRITTEN CONSTITUTION
Political practices that are followed, but are not part of the actual Constitution. Examples include political parties, judicial review, and the Presidential Cabinet.
V-E Day
the end of war in Europe
Great Migration
mass movement of African Americans from rural South to the urban North
Wreath laying on Lafayette's tomb
World War I
Sears Roebuck
Chicago based catalogue company still in existence; @ one time allowed ppl in rural areas to get manufactured goods
Sit-ins
form of demonstration used by African Americans
Justinian
Emporer of the Byzantine Empire who wrote a law code-> wanted to restore Roman law and Roman empire
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln declared the freeing all enslaved people in states still in the rebellion after January 1 1863. It did not address slavery in the border states.
columbian exchange
the new era of transatlantic trade
Industrial Revolution
began in Britain in the mid-1700's
Congressional Union
Radical organization founded in 1913 by Alice Paul that campaigned for a constitutional amendment guaranteeing women's sufferage
palmetto state
South Carolina used as a nickname.
War Production Board (WPB)
assumed the responsibility for converting industry from peacetime to wartime
historians
scholars who study and write about the historical past
William Marbury
Did not receive his commission to become judge.
name the portuguese sailor who traveled around india by going around the cape of good hope
vasco de gama
war- guilt clause
in treaty of Versailles; declared germany and austria responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers
Immigration Quota of 1924
Lowered immigration to 164,000 annually; 2% of total population from a country could immigrate; complete restriction on immigration of Asians
Washington D.C
Washington D.C was very raw and incomplete. Built in a swamp, it had a very small population- congressmen hated being there and only were when necessary.
Christianity
One thing that continued to grow and spread across Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire was
What is the main language of Latin America?
Spanish
Name famous family of Florence who sponsored artists
de Medici
Townshend Acts
1767-A tax on everything. Boycott of British goods. Unrest in Boston
battle of trenton
The Americans surprised the Hessian troops guarding Trenton and took most of them prisoner; the Americans won., On Christmas day at night, Washington's soldiers began crossing the Deleware River. The next morning, they suprise attacked the British mercenaries which were Hessians.
Stamp Act
purpose is to raise revenue; colonists boycott British goods; no taxation without representation
under the abbasids
Islam attracted people of many cultures
Coup Detat
In 1799 Napoleon returns from Egypt and he takes place in a _______ in order to overthrow the government
Reverse Discrimination
using race or sex to give preferential treatment to some people
caspien sea
Salt lake between Europe and Asia that is the worlds longest body of water
soup kitchens
places where free food is served to the needy
Fourteenth Amendment
Citizenship would be the same in all states.
Cash Crop
Farm crop raised to be sold for money
Tigris and Euphrates rivers
The most important physical features of Mesopotamia
Ghana
a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; the first West African kingdom based on the gold and salt trade
Treaty of Paris
ended 7 Years' War-British victory on all colonial fronts-France lost all of its possessions on the mainland of North America-Canada and all French territory east of the Mississippi River passed to Britain-France ceded Louisiana to Spain as compensation for the loss of Florida-France gave up most of its holdings in India
Catholic Church
emerged as the most powerful force in Europe during the Middle Ages
Punic Wars
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Prime Meridian
The line of longitude at 0 degrees that runs through Greenwich, England
hydraulic mining
the use of powerful jets of water to break apart earth and find gold
washed into the river
false theroy about what happened to the jamestown fort
Michelangelo
This was an artist who led the way for Renaissance masters from his David sculpture and his painting of the Sistine Chapel ceiling.
Common Law
This body of law was formed by the ruling of judges that were sent to Courts of Justice by Henry II
Cyrus the Great
good leader who was tolerant of other people's culture
continuous campaigns of civil disobedience by Indians
what led Great Britain to granting limited Self-rule
2nd bank of the u.s.
nat. bank created by congress in 1816
Writers and artists disillusioned by America's obsession with individuality and materialism
The "Lost Generation: of the 1920s refers to
What caused the agricultural revolution?
a warmer climate, the began to use horses, and they began using the three field system
ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam)
Sent to train the South Vietnamises army to use american wepenry.
29. How could a serf achieve freedom?
they could run away to a charter town and if they stayed there for a year and a day they would be free
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