History Midterms 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
abolished slavery
13th Amendment
philiopiety
respect for parents
pashas
Lords/governors of Ottoman Empire.
graduated income tax
16th Amendment
aristocrasy
rule by landholding elite
founder of buddhism
Sidhartha Gattama
Moluccas
AKA the Spice Islands.
Originally controlled by Dutch; eventually taken over by the Portuguese.
Big Stick Diplomacy
Teddy Roosevelt's Diplomacy
Causes of World War I
MilitarismAlliancesImperialismNationalismassassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
king who encouraged Babylonian learning
Nebakenezer
Anointed king sent by God
messian
Desiderius Erasmus
Christian Humanist.
15th to 16th century.
Aurangzeb
Moghul emperor; expanded the empire greatly.
17th to 18th century.
amendment to U.S. Constitution, stating that U.S. could intervene at any time, could buy/lease land for naval bases, and Cuba could not go into debt or make treaties with any other country
Platt Amendment
tanks, machine guns
weapons of mechanized warfare
Viet Cong
-the V.C. or charlie-southern communist insurgents
-Guerilla fighters who supported the Northern cause
-NLF which was National Liberation Front (a political party n North supporting Viet Cong)
church official responsible for all christians in an area
jesus
foreign soldier who serves for pay
marcinary
maurya emperor who converted to Buddhism
Asoka
Cardinal Richelieu
Chief Minister to the French King.
Held absolute power when King Louis XIII was only 14 when he ascended to the throne.
16th century.
Johannes Gutenberg
Inventor of the printing press
Mid 15th century
the use of sensationalized and exaggerateed reporting by newspapers and magazines to attract readers
yellow journalism
social group into which people are born and from which the cannot change
caste
patriarchal
headed by the father or oldest male
Battle of Plassey
Decisive battle in India determining British East India Tea Company's dominance.
1757
Peace of Westphalia
1648
Ended the 30 Years War.
Allowed all German states to choose their own religion from Catholicism, Lutheranism, and Calvinism.
It also set France as the major European power.
prime reasons for U.S. imperialism
military strength, global competition, new markets, natural resources, belief in cultural superiority
a pyramid shaped temple built by the sumerians
Ziggurat
someone who devotes his or her life to seeking the truth
mystic
a sign that expresses a thought or idea
ideograph
Bartolome de las Casas
Spanish priest, opposer of Native American slavery in New Spain. 
15th to 16th century.
violent strike by Pullman workers, who said they should either make more money or have lower rent
Pullman Strike of 1894
October 29, 1929
Black Tuesday, the day the stock market crashed
person who suffers or dies for his or her beliefs
martyr
illegal to interfere with war effort or say anything disloyal, profane, or abusive about the government
Espionage and Sedition Acts
riot started by a bombing at a protest of police brutality
Haymarket Affair of 1886
Nguyen Cao Ky
3rd ruler of S.V.
-He too is seen as Western to the Vietnamese
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