history of art Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
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Ttrompe-l'oeil
Niagara
Guido Reni
Aurora
Jambs
Scalloped Columns
L'art Nouveau
...
Fresco
painting on plaster
the tempest
giorgione 1510
Nanna Ziggurat
Sumerian Period
Iraq
The Life LIne
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/1531/flashcards/675482/jpg/gallicchieftain.jpg
Hellenisticdramatic scene contrasts:dead/alivefemale/maleclothed/nudetwisting posture, theatrical gesture, emotional intensity of suicidal actdignity of barbarian
Thoth
Egyptian ibis-headed moon deity
Turkish Bath
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, 1862
Entasis
The bulging of columns
colonade
a line of columns
Constable, The Haywain, Romanticism
contour
lines the outline an object
Giotta, Arena Chapel frescoes
c. 1303-1305
Raft of the Medusa
Gericault, Romanticism
Temple of Amen-Re, 1290-1224 B.C.E.,Egyptian New Kingdom Art
Bill Viola, Reverse Television-- Portraits of Viewers, 1983
The Calling of Saint Matthew
Carvaggio
Personification
abstract concept or geographic location given human form
representational art which depicts the world as it should be ideally versus as it really looks
idealization
Fig. 1-18 Landscape with volcanic eruption (?), watercolor copy of a wall painting from Level VII, Çatal Höyük, Turkey, ca. 6150 BCE. (Neolithic)
Coalbrookdale Bridge
Darby and Pritchard, Late 18th
incrustation
a decorative coating of contrasting material that is applied to a surface as an inlay or overlay
Filippo Marinetti
Filippo Tommaso Emilio Marinetti (December 22, 1876 - December 2, 1944) was an Italian ideologue, poet, editor, and main founder of the futurist movement of the early 20th century.
Rembrandt- Self Portrait 1660 (Dutch Baroque Holland)
iconography
the meaning of images, esp. symbols
Édouard Manet
A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
Stereo Styles. Simpson
1900's. post modernism. American
William Hogarth 1735, A Rake's Progress - Plate 2 - Surrounded By Artists And Professors
krater
krater -An ancient Greek wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water.
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Suprematist Painting, Malevich, Suprematism
In the _________________ (work of art), artists Jan and Hubert Van Eyck painted images of the donors of the painting alongside statues of Saint John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist.
Ghent Altarpiece
Erectheion, Ca. 500 BCE, Acropolis
High Classical Period
Fall of Icarus
Artist:Pieter Bruegel the Elder Period: Late Northern Renaissance and Reformaiton Era Art Provenance:-- Date: 1556
-Adapts cultural motifs; cultural elements right in front; focus is not on Icharus; Brouglie undermines cultural myths rather than greek classicism
-Bruegel into traditional Netherlandish scenes and stories
-More folk art, pictures of daily life and superstitions from North
"Houses of Parliament" by Barry and Pugin
fresco secco
A method of painting on plaster
johnsons wax factory
frank lloyd wright. 1936-1939, american depression modern style, blonde wood portholes form expressing functions
Portico
A covered porch supported by columns that is open on one side.
Benday dots
In printmaking, a process using screens of various dot patterns to mechanically produce shading effects. This process was invented by Benjamin Day (1839-1916).
Water Lilies-Waterscape
Monet painted this in own garden
Early Christian
33-500 CE. Low, horizontal churches with plain decorations (Santa Sabina). Instructing paintings. Sarcophagi.
ooni
King w/ heads usually enlarged = importance. politcial and spritual leader
Rosetta Stone
Rosetta Stone -An Egyptian artifact, discovered in 1799, that gave scholars a key to deciphering hieroglyphic writing.
pieta
a dipiction of mary holding christ after his death
ambulatory
of, pertaining to, or capable of walking:
Divinution
Objects appear smaller as they go back in space.
kimbell art museum , louis kahn, fort worth texas
Fete galante
is a style of painting depicting landscaping, most usually outdoor, social gatherings (fetes) showing people engaged in dance and conversation.
Diagonal Rib
the moldings which mark the diagonals in a rib vault
Cathedral, Laon
4 part elevation - piers, gallery, triforium, clerestory window
Large flying buttresses
70 feet tall
Still has masonry around windows
Squared off east end
Sexpartite vaulting
Transverse arch
Tower over crossing
Creatures in towers
Articulation
The way in which jointed parts are connected.
Sumer
A group of 12 ancient city-states in southern Mesopotamia; the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia
acropolis
The citadel of an ancient Greek city located at its highest point and housing temples, a treasury, and sometimes a royal palace. The most famous is the ____________ in Athens.
Relic
object that is believed to have sacred properties.
Pantokrator
Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth
Name/Time Period/Artist (if applicable) {pg.74}
Bust of Nefertiti/New Kingdom (Egypt)/THUTMOSE
notes on sculpture
robert morris, better new work takes relationships out of actual work and makes them a function of light and space (architecture not architecture)
Gaugin, Van Gogh, Seurat, Cezanne, Tousbuse-Lautrec
5 post impressionist artist
Allegory of Good and Bad Government
Ambrogio Lorenzetti
1338-40
Sienna
Fresco
*Lacks compositional focus and needs to be read in episodes. The seated male figure to the right is the focus of the picture...reseambles the last judgement.
16th Century Art outside Italy
Bruegal, Grunwald, Cuvillies, Durer, Watteau, Holbein, Fragonard, Bosch, Clodion, Aertsen
Pyramid of the Sun
Location: Teotihuacan
Date: 1 - 150 CE
700' wide x 200' tall
trying to recreate the mountains
step pyramid
had a temple on top
had a cave chamber beneath
Madonna with the Long Neck
Parmigianino
Mannerism
Portrait of a Young Man
Bronzino
Mannerism
Specific Objects
This was a term coined by Donald Judd to describe an object only by itself. Specific Object lies somewhere between the traditional categories of painting and sculpture and include artists such as Andre, Smith and Judd. A work of art considered a specific object would be Tony Smith's "Die" from 1962.
Dutch Carvaggisti
a term applied to a number of Dutch painters who were strongly influence by and/or imitated Caravaggio's style
Constable's view of English Romanticism
Saw how the Industrial Revolution impacted rural life and depicted tranquil, realistic, landscape paintings.
ladder to heaven, stability
what did the step pyramid of zoser represent?
ANTHONY ASHLEY COOPER, "LETTER CONCERNING ART, OR SCIENCE OF DESIGN
Argue for british archtecture based on antiquity and Palladio inspired villas which projected perfect harmony using geometry, math, logic. Wrote treatise in 1712 about the proportions and geometry of ancient architecture reflect nobility and beauty of greek and roman soul. Architecture was beauty, not function.
__ era: "__ pebble resembling a __ face", ca. _ 000 BCE. Reddish brown jasperite.
Paleolithic era: "Waterworn pebble resembling a human face", ca. 30,000 BCE. reddish brown jasperite.
Greek, The Kritios Boy, the Acropolis at Athens, c. 480 BCE
Big chin. Premature. Looks at observer rather than through observer. Asymmetry & beginning of contrapposto. 480 BCE - Persians lose to Athens.
Arcuated
arch-shaped
polyptych
...
Last Judgement
1050-1120
Bhraman
universal soul
insula
apartment building
roman
Atlantid
male figured column
catacombs
underground burial place
a painter
un peintre
Pharaoh
ancient Egyptian king
Richard Estes
Telephone booths
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
David Hammonds
Injustice case, 1970
Artemisia Gentileschi (Italian): Judith and Her Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, ca. 1625 (19.5)
*Baroque paintings
forum
a public meeting place
proportion
relative size (independent scale)
Chicago, The Dinner Party, 1979
Paleolithic Paintings from Lasco
Cave painting
"Improvisation 28" by Wassily Kandinsky
Bisj Poles,Asmat People,early 20th Century,wood,Asmat Art
Ashurbanipal Hunting Lions, 640BCE. Assyrian Period. Gypsum. North Palace, Nineveh
name
year
period
medium
location
Persistence of Memory
Dali Spain Surrealism
Beehive (tholos) Tomb
Mycenaean or Helladic
Kritios Boy
Early Classical Greek, 480bce, contrapposto, naturalism, perfectionism
romanticism
exploring our own feelings and feelings in painting, expressed in industrial revolution, subject matter and facture, challenged neoclassicism, no rules, looked to nature around them, not dominated by a single style, human imagination
churches
built through italy by 600 AD
tenebrism
Painting in the "shadowy manner," using violent contrasts of light and dark, as in the work of Caravaggio. The term derives from tenebroso
Jacquemart du Hesdin; Dedication page: Duke Jean de Berry; Introduced to the Madonna by St. John; Brussels Hours of the Duke de Berry; 1400
Jeff Wall, Picture for Women, 1979
Pylons
monumental entrance into an egyptian temple
cistern
a waterproof receptacle for collect liquids (mostly water)
High Italian Renaissance
The Tempietto by Bramante
frieze
part of entablature between the architrave and cornice, any sculptured or painted band in a building
analytic cubism
initial phase,natural form reduced to geometric shapes, then reduced to 2-d/generally monochromatic
Alabama Cotton Tenant Farmer's Wife, Hale County, Alabama, 1936
Walker Evans
Capital
The sculpted block that tops a column.
douglas.aspects of negro life : from slavery to reconstruction
1934
Porticos
A roofed colonnade; also an entrance porch
Barrel vault
long vault shaped like a cylinder
Resurrection
On Easter Sunday, three days later, Jesus rises from the dead. On ascension day he goes to Heaven.
fête galante
A subject in painting depicting well-dressed people at leisure in a park or country setting.
Cloisonne
An enameling method in which the hollows created by wires joined to a metal plate are filled with enamel to create a design.
The Last Supper
da Vinci, High Renaissance, 1490-1550
burin
a tool used for engraving or incising
nomads
people with no permanent home; move from place to place in search of food,
Kritos Boy
First figures classified as classical, first to show contrapposto (counter balance)
one-point prospective
a perspective system involving a single vanishing point
sfumato
the subtle and minute gradation of tone and color used to blur or veil the contours of a form in painting.
Early Roman Empire
23BC-2nc century CE; atrium house, pompeii painting styles, cult of dionysus, augustus, mosaic, ara pacis, aqueduct, colosseum, arch of titus, column of trajan, pantheon, marcus aurelius, faiyum portrait
clerestory
the topmost zone of a wall with windows in a basilica above the aisle roofs. provides direct light into the central interior space
Salon d'Automne
In 1903, the first Salon d'Automne (Autumn Salon) was organized by Georges Rouault, André Derain, Henri Matisse and Albert Marquet as a reaction to the conservative policies of the official Paris Salon. The exhibition almost immediately became the showpiece of developments and innovations in 20th century painting and sculpture.
Imperial China
Ruled by a theocracy; priest, bishop interpretted laws from gods; ruled by Qin; divided into things such as states, had governors
Archaic Greek
human figure depicted as an ideal; focus - religion; glorifies heroes, gods, kings and creation of the world; motion in art - running, drawing
Krishna's attributes
butter, blue, cow hearder, boy god, flute
yaksha/yakshi
lesser local male and female and hindu divinities. yakshis are goddesses associated with fertility and vegetation. yakshas are often represented as fleshy but powerful males.
Michelangelo
Artist who did Saint Peter's and the Sistine Chapel and Creation of Adam and Last Judgement and Pieta and David and Moses
Bilateral symmetry
When elements are arranged equally on either side of a central axis.
Bilateral symmetry
Ex: Menkaure and His Wife, Great Pyramids and Giza, Mycenaen Lioness Gate.
Free Standing
a sculpture that stands alone. It is not carved into another material.
intuitive perspective
things in a distance move away from you at an angle
Tetrarchy
greek; "rule by four" a type of roman government established by the late 3rd century CE by deocletian in an attempt to establish order by sharing power with potential rivals
Votive Statue
A statue of a deity, at which worshippers can offer gifts or make sacrifices.
Elizabethan age
It was the height of the English Renaissance, and saw the flowering of the English literature and poetry
maniera greca
"greek style" of the 13th century that demonstrated both Italian and BYzantine influences. Frontality, lack of modeling (flat forms), extensive use of gold leaf. Madonna enthroned with Angels and Prophets-Cimabue
Woman holding a bison horn
Laussel, France, 25000-20000 BCE Paleolithic
Hermes and Dionysos
7'8" copy of a Praxiteles original; it was originally made for the Temple of Hera
Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Jerusalem, Israel; c. 380 CE; Constantine was the patron; it is said to be built on the site of Christ's tomb
Book of Hours
book of prayers that kept track of various days of saints. meant for private devotional prayer.
di sotto in su
particular mark where to stand to get best illusion
Which choice is one of several people groups to wear a helmet mask?
Mende of Sierra Leone
why would christianity break the commandment against imagery?
people were accustomed to images and were illiterate
studied with or been employed by Alexy Brodovitch
Winogrand and Arbus—and Irving Penn and William Klein
maat
...
entablature
horizontal elements
Raphael, Castiglione
1515
Triumphal Arch
*
Mahayana Buddism
graves "portland building"
Durer Melancholia 1514
Pietá
MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI,
1498-1500. Marble. Saint Peter's, Vatican City,
Rome.
Alexander Calder
Organic Formalism
Early Renaissance
1420
Brunelleschi
Florence
Dome, Florence Cathedral*
Michaelangelo- Pieta Rondanini (Mannerist Italy)
Self-Portrait with Burning Cigarette
Representational
looks like real life
Lacoon and his Sons
Hellenistic
Art Nouveau

The Kiss

Gustav Klimt
Gesture painting
Large. Sweeping brustrokes intrude
hadrian
educated, intelligent, interested in building programs, The Roman Empire in AD 117-138. He ordered the construction of this wall. He traveled though his empire to strengthen it's frontiers and encourage learning and architecture.
imam
priest, leader of collective worship
Sumerian
3200-3000 BC
White Temple at Uruk
Angelica Kauffmann, Cornelia Pointing to Her Children as Her Treasures, ca. 1785
...
lion gate, mycenae 1300 bce
veristic
true to natural appearance, super-realistic
Shrine of Isenheim Altarpiece
Nikolaus Hagenaur
1451-1500
Germany
balance
(principle) the way elements are combined
Paionios and Daphnis, Temple of Apollo, Turkey, Ca. 400 BCE
door jamb on the west facade
1145-1170
Tapu
Sacred and forbidden. That which possessed high concentrates of tapu is sacred, so touching or entering it is tapu. Origin of "tabu"
Augustus of Primaporta, 20 CE, marble,Early Imperial Roman Art
Teotihuacan
Native tribe known for their pyramid-like structures.
Hammurabi
The stele that records Hammurabi's remarkably early law code also is one of the first examples of an artist employing foreshortening—the representation of a figure or object at an angle.
Foreshortening
using perspective that changes the size of images to manipulate the depth.
Seville
where Murillo was born and lived
"Oh Jeff....I Love You, Too...But..." Roy Lichtenstein 1964 (International Scene since 1945) Moving into the Real World- Pop art
spotted horses with negative hand imprints
22000
france
ocher
Claes Oldenburg (warhol)
two cheeseburgers with everything
architrave
a row of stone blocks directly supported by the cloumns
dynamic composition
based on intersecting diagonals, lack of closure, stresses movement, activity, conflict
Fourth style wall paintings in the Ixion Room, Pompeii, Ca. 1st century CE
Saturn Devouring One of His Children, Francisco de Goya, Prado, Madrid,Spanish Romanticism
feminists art
art that appreciates and exemplifies the important women in history
judy chicago-the dinner party
period Style
The characteristic artistic manner of a specific time, usually within a distinct culture.
encaustic
process of painting with molten wax, resin, and pigments fused after application; used in Roman portraiture
maenad
In ancient Greece, a female follower of the God Dionysos. Participated in orgiastic rituals. Often depicted with swirling drapery to indicate wild movement and dance.
cubism
the breaking up of something complex into its various simpler elements
Complementary Colors
colors located directly opposite one another on the color wheel
"Christ Before Pilate" from the Bronze Doors of Bishop Bernward, c. 1015 CE. Ottonian Period.
St. Michael's, Hildesheim. Commissioned by Bishop Bernward
...
Minor White
-work began in Ansel Adams's territory, but soon turned to abstraction and mysticism. All about the photographs equivalent to one;s "mental state"
- an influential writer and teacher who made his students practice Zen meditation to become better photographers.
-poet/photographer. He was famous for oracular says
Engaged Column
A half-round column attached to a wall, only for decoration
Marat
a friend of David's killed during the French Revolution in the tub with wet cloth on his head
Appropriation
term used to describe the practice of some postmodern artists of adopting images in their entirety from other works of art of from visual culture for use in their own art. The act of recontextualizing the appropriated image allows the artist to critique both it and the time and place in which it was created
pediment
the triangular top of a temple that contains sculpture
Aubrose Vollard
Pablo Picasso, 1910. Oil on Canvas. Analytical cubism. Notion of dematerialization. Idea of 3D on a 2D space is a lie. Portions of figure are still identifiable. Fractured picture space. Always kept one foot in reality, at least one thing is identifiable. Influenced by Cezanne.
Cantoria ("Singing Gallery") Luca della Robbia
Luca della Robbia
1430's
Marble
Organ loft for Florence Cathedral, now in Museo dell' Opera del Duomo (Cathedral Museum), Florence.
*Music-Making Children: Classical Roman elements and expression to engage the viewer. Columns.
Leonardo
Virgin and St. Anne with Christ Child and Young John the Baptist, Italy, High Renaissance
Trilithon
a pair of monoliths topped with a lintel. Found in megalithic structures
repousse
Formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face. The metal is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished.
caryatids
columns carved in the form of clothed women raised on pedestals
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Jan Vermeer. Allegory o the Art of Painting. 1670-1675. oil on canvas
Who started Nishiki-e or polychrome prints and when?
Suzuki Harunobu in 1765
Mausoleum of Galla Placidia
Early Christian, various
this is an example of of a cross or cruciform shaped building
atrium
what was the entry court to a roman house called?
Holy Trinity g-d
spirit, son, holy ghost - white collar
Kouros (pl. Kouroi)
Greek, "young man." An Archaic Greek statue of a young man.
The Meeting, from The Loves of the Shepards
Fragonard, 1771-73, Rococo
What were monasteries?
places where groups of men or women could live together and worship God, the men were called monks and the women were nuns
Fragmentary head of Senusret III
Tomb of Senusret, Dashur, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty 1860 BCE
compound piers
A pier with a group, or cluster , of attached shafts, or responds, especially characteristic of Gothic architecture.
who was the master of Flemalle?
Robert Campin, leading painter of the city of tourai
What is the significance of sinan mosque of Selim II?
simple essence, half dome in each corner, ratio 1:2,taller dome than hagia sophia , architectural masterpiece and tile work is abstract iconoclastic
Describe the Basalt Heads from the Olmec society.
Ranging from 6-8 ft, 10 tons a piece. Carried from over 60 miles away, done by man (had no beasts of burden or wheel). Indicates organized man power labor established by ruler. They were positioned around a ceremonial court.
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