History of Christianity Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Renaissance
rebirth
Pliny
a historian
Laity
Regular Church Members
homoousios
 
the same substance. 
 
The Huguenots were
French Protestants
Simony
paying for church office
icons
religious pictures or images
Constantine
Became the first Christian emperor
Hellenistic Ideals
Greek Culture and thought
Fountain of Knowledge
John of Damascus
Clement's Works
Protreptikos (Exhortations): Convert Pagans with evangelism
Paidagogos (Tutor): Instruction manual in Christian Ethics
Stromateis (Random thoughts): Random notes about Christianity
The emperor __ordered the empire-wide
persecution of Christians in the mid-third
century.
Decius
______was a movement for spiritual revival within the German Lutheran church in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Pietism
Nave
Rectangle where congregation sits or stands; "ship to Heaven"
Relics
valued holy objects from the past
*Peter Abelard
"Sic et non"
Trajan
- Lightened the persecution of Christians
- Wrote to Pliny with questions about punishing Christians
- Don't ask, don't tell
95 theses
arguments against indulgences and claim that pope has domain over purgatory
______was a French author and philosopher associated with Jansenism.
Blaise Pascal
Martin Luther
believed women should rule the household
Transept
Areas off to sides of cruciform church
MATTHEW:
A disciple, and writer of the Gospels
Purgatory
between Heaven and Hell.
Heaven = paid off restitution and confessed all of your sins.
people thought of it (purgatory) as a comforting "second chance" - happy bc they are on their way to Heaven
***drawing with the world centered around Jerusalem (top). In the middle is Hell, and on the other side (pointing down) is the mountain of Purgatory (Tahiti haha).
"Donte Purgatory:"
Mountain's 7 layers = 7 cardinal sins
lust - where you go through a burning fire (always on fire) wrath - greed - sloth - prideful- you're weighted down with rocks envious - your eyes are sewn shut gluttony -
LAST: There is a river where you forget your sins.
Middle Ages: People wanted to eliminate the amount of time they had to spend in Purgatory.
Go on Pilgrimages! (to pay off your restitution)
 
*Edict of Milan
 
a letter signed by emperors Contantine I and Licinius that proclaimed religious toleration in the Roman Empire. 
Celtic Spirituality
Monastic life, associated with clan life--therefore abbots are more important than bishops. Missionary zeal. Perigrination was the ascetic ideal. Had their own date for Easter, tonsure and liturgy. Also had a purer form of the Biblical Texts.
Constantine's Impact
- Cessation of persecution of Christians
- Development of an "official theology"
- Less congregational role in worship --> heavy reliance on the hierarchy
- Holiness of relics
- Elaborate and ornate churches (Basilicas)
Unam Sanctum
Pope has ultimate power on earth
20th Century radio and television ministries w/large followings that have become substitutes for traditional congregations
ELECTRONIC CHURCHES
Camp meetings were associated especially with
the Second Great Awakening
Paul III
first reforming ruler of the Catholic Church
Mortal sins
sin that damns you to hell ****er
Docetism
the belief that Jesus only seemed to be man
 
Evagrius of Pontus
 
 
Developed a theology: come to a state of apathy,  throwing stones at/kissing statue – be like statue

8 thoughts/temptations (later became 7 deadly sins)
§  gluttony
§  fornication
§  avarice
§  sorrow
§  anger
§  vainglory
§  pride
§  accidie
Mystic steps
§  purgation
§  illumination
§  union
 
 
Whitby
(664)
Called by King Oswy of Northumbria to consider the differences between Celtic and Roman Christianity. Met at the double monastery led by Hilda.
Organization of Early Christianity
- 3-tiered structure: Bishops, Presbyters, Deacons
- Varied from place to place
- Turned more to the Episcopate because of the influx of Gentiles
- 2nd century - leadership is all male
- Church would consecrate women to serve the church ("widows")
Theory that God verbally told the original writers of the Scriptures exactly what to write
VERBAL INSPIRATION
__ was crowned emperor by the pope on Christmas Day, 800.
Charlemagne
Tamil Church
consisted of Indians who were open to Christianity and were recipients of a unique translation of the Bible in their language
Oscar Romero (1917-1980)
- Bishop in San Salvador, El Salvador
- Was openly critical of the Salvadoran government
- Assassinated while celebrating mass
Society of Jesus/Jesuits
new order: came out of counter reformation
founded by: Ignatious of Loylota
big on spiritual exercises.
believed in palal authority.
Tacitus
He lived from 56-117CE. He was a Roman General whose wife was a Christian. At the time, Christianity was considered a foreign superstition. The wife was handed over to her husband. She made reference to a man named Christos who was executed by Pontius Pilate.
Allegory of the Cave
- How Plato explains the Transcendental World
- We don't realize what we know isn't all there is
- We are forced to see the truth and it is painful at first
The Donatists believed that
the sacraments were valid only when administered by a priest who was not in a state of sin
St. Agatha (d. 251)
- Rich noble Roman
- Rejected the advances of Roman prefect
- Tortured (had breasts amputated) and died in prison
 
Ignatius of Antioch
 
wrote a series of letters which have been preserved as an example of very early Christian theology. Important topics addressed in these letters include ecclesiology, the sacraments, and the role of bishops.
Outline of the 3-Tiered Structure
- Single bishop --> Presbyter --> Deacon
- Bishops were the guardians of unity
- Presbyters - Eucharist, teach, Office of the Keys
- Deacons - Eucharist and charity
- Ultimate authority lied in Rome
Unitarian (God as one person and Jesus is spritual leader) Minister
Ralph Waldo 19th c
Ulrich Zwingli & Martin Luther (DIFFERENCES)
Lutheran worship = traditional
Swiss = If it is in the bible you have to do it / If it is not in the bible you must not do it.
No Images in Worship (in Switz)
No vestments (of priests in Switz) = no formal/distinguishing dress
No music/hymns (in Switz)
No relics
A canonical book is one that
was included in the Bible as authoritative for the church
Henry IV
King of Germany 1056 appointed archbishop of Milan 1075 was appointed Roman emperor 1084 Reign during investiture controversy Henry condemned Gregory VII at Council of worms Jan 1076
*Gregory VII (Hildebrand)
- Papacy as universally sovereign - All must obey - Earthly rulers subject to papacy for spiritual and temporal welfare - "Dictatus" declared:   - Roman church founded by God alone   - pontiff is universal   - pontiff alone can depose   - pontiff may depose emperors   - pontiff may absolve subjects from obedience to wicked rulers/lords   - he himself as pope may be judged by no one - I'm in charge.  Nobody judge me.  I alone can appoint bishops - excommunicated Henry IV at Roman synod, Feb 1076
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