history of theatre quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
york
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lazzo
comic bits
choragus
financial backer
Wassersteins
*the Heidi Chronicles
Tartuffe
Play by Moliere
3 unites
time, place, action
English Theatre
*1642-1660: commonwealth
*puritans rule; close theatre
*Davenant stages opera: uses proscenium arch, perspective scenery
The Entertainer
Laurence Olivier, realism
7 virtues
charity, hunility, patientce,chastity, industry, generosity, abstinence
Dominus
head of the acting troup
Sound effects
used thunder, crickets, lightening
Racine
*set standard for Neoclassical tragedy
*simple plots with complex characters
*uncontrollable desire @ odds with sense of duty
-false discovery = character acts on info; finds info false after acting; new plot twist
Edward Albee
*most critically acclaimed
*absurdist one-acts: "The Zoo Story", "Who's Afraid of Virginia Wolf?"
Kyogen
developed as a comedic interlude
Benefit
Tradition begun in the eighteenth-century theatre whereby the profits from an evening's performance were given to a performer of group of performers.
Paradis
"Heavens": in French neoclassical theatre, the third tier of galleries along the side walls.
Dionysian Festivals
the festival of tragedies
Teatro Olympico
oldest surviviing Renaissance theatre 1580-1584
vernacular
common tongue or everyday language, latin language used in church
romeo
In Shakespeare in Love, Shakespeare plays the role of ----- in the play at the end of the film
Aphra Behn
Woman playwright of restoration comedy, England, 17th ct.
'Le Cid' Controversy
Pierre Corneille 1636/37
*violated unity of place (4 locations)
*strains versimilitude (so many things happen)
*decorum of character (heroin)
*no set genre (death + marriage = tragic comedy)
*wildly successful/audience sat on stage
Tennesee Williams
"The Glass Menagerie", "Streetcar Named Desire", "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof"
The Universal
-traditionally, straight, white male experience
-more recently, can deal with marginalized figures
Les Atrides
1992=Greeks redone, Euripides and Aeschylus, directed by Mnouchkine
Plautus
copied greek plots added stock characters and slapstick; served as a pattern for later writers
Masque
Lavish form of private theatrical entertainment which developed in Renaissance Italy and spread rapidly to the courts of France and England.
Prologue
Introductory speech delivered to the audience by one of the actors before a play begins.
Epeisodion
a passage of dialogue that alternated
Bunraku
Japan, 3 pupetteers for one puppet accompanied by music
Zanni
willy and clever character, clowns or servants in commedia dell' arte
platea
the acting area in the cathedral during liturgical plays
true
there was no copywright protection for plays and the company owned the plays, not the playwright in Elizabethan theatre? true or false
Elizabethan acting companies
25 members
10-12 shareholders that own the company, had to buy in and other shareholders had to agree on it
7-8 hired men who were usually hired for a year. were like journeymen who played lessor roles and wanted to become shareholders
4-5 apprentices who were young boys 10-12 yrs old who would play young women roles
opera
invented to replicate greek drama with emphasis on music. it was an infusion of music and text
Le Cid
a play by Corneille, 1637, France
Sentimental Comedy
plays dealing with middle class protagonists who triumphantly overcome trials and adversity. Sentimental comedies portrayed human beings as being inherently good, but capable of being led astray through outside forces. The characters were likeable and relatable to the middle cla
Ben Jonson (english)
main writer (King James' Time)
Eugene Ionesco
Turned his characters into caricatures and pushed dramatic action to the point of the ridiculous. Language of his plays frequently seems nonsensical. Dramatized the absurdity of the human condition by presenting comic characters who lose control of their own existence.
Feminism
1. Liberal
*aims at carving a place for women in the mainstream
*downplay sex (good playwright not just good FEMALE playwright)
"Wooden O's"
The nickname for the Elizabethan theater houses because of their round shape.
Irish Literary Movement
United Kingdom: encouraged production of Anglo-Irish literature. Also called Irish Literary Revival, Irish Renaissance, Celtic Renaissance
Ira Aldridge
great Shakespearean actor in England, found too much prejudice/racism/bias (bigotry) in the U.S, ra Frederick Aldridge (July 24, 1807 New York City - 7 August 1867 Łódź, Congress Poland) was an American stage actor who made his career largely on the London stage. He is the only actor of African American descent among the 33 actors of the English stage with bronze plaques at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-upon-Avon.
Antonin Artaud
mental illness, went asylum & subjected to shocks; "Theatre of Cruelty," groans, screams, pulsating lights, over-sized props; theatre's function is to "rid man of societal repression & liberate his instinctual energy"
Stephen Sondheim
United States composer of musicals (born in 1930). Composed/wrote music for "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum", "Company, Follies", "A Little Night Music", "Sweeney Todd", "Sunday in the Park with George", "Into the Woods", and "Assassins", as well as the lyrics for "West Side Story" and "Gypsy".
Who created dramatic tension through concentration and internalize rather than externalization?
Jean Rancine
Breeches Roles
Male roles played by females, particularly popular in Restoration and eighteengh-century English theatre.
Louis XIV
What well-known figures danced ballet onstage and revoked the treaty of Nantes
exodus
when the chorus went offstage and ended the play
scrim
Loose weave curtains on battens used for "visions", "flashbacks", etc. opaque when lit from the front and transparent when lit from the back.
Commedia dell' arte
comedy of the professional players 10-12 actors of men and women use of improv
cuneus
a central wedge of the auditorium that formed a monumental flight of steps leading up to the temple of venus
prompter
person who stands off stage and feeds lines to actor who forgot thier line.
Italian renaissance
1450-1650 AD, after middle ages and before the renaissance. rise of kings. hierarchy system of dukedoms and principalities. find more text and info on romans and greeks. merchant class grows and becomes wealthy, has lots of leisure time and spends it on artists. not great dramatic theatre because people not drawn to theatre
Sanskrit Theater
Late century BCE- 7th ct. CE, classical theater of India
English Drama: Laughing Comedy
*1770s; brief period
*comedy teaches by correcting vice
*Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer"
*R.B. Sheridan's "The Rivals", "The School for Scandal"
*melds Restoration wit with sentimental morality
Francois Delsarte
The 19th century acting theorist and teacher. Believed that actors could convey emotions and inner thoughts through specific, pre established gestures and body movements, which were coordinated with vocal inflections.
Robert Wilson
- "scenic writing"
- "There is nothing to understand, only things to experience."
- non-intentionality
- new theatre/new Vaudeville
Max Reinhardt
Austrian theatre and film director and actor. By employing powerful staging techniques, and harmonising stage design, language, music and choreography, Reinhardt introduced new dimensions into German theatre., Wanted theater to be as enchanting as possible. Workers at theater have same costume as play so audience in the "middle" of the play.
Who was the first dramaturge president and a theatre critic for Hamburg Theatre?
Gothold Lessing
Farce
One of the major genres of drama, sometimes regarded as a subclass of comedy. Physical activity and visual effects.
Claque
People in the audience who are hired to applaud; the tradition of the claque began in Roman theatre
Aristotle
24. Who must you mention in any conversation about Thomas Aquinas
Initiation Dances
teached the tribes custom to boys reaching manhood
oldest existing play
970 AD, produced easter play, 5 minutes long that told the story of when the women returned to the tomb and christ is resurrected
playwright benefits
3 performances of a play were the playwright recieves all the procedes except for exspenses
Liturgical Drama
8-9th ct. early medieval play, sung in latin in a church
Susanna Centlivre
was an English poet and actress and one of the premier dramatists of the 18th century. During her long career at Theatre Royal, Drury Lane she became known as the Second Woman of the English Stage after Aphra Behn. Her success was so great that David Garrick chose one of her plays in which to make his farewell performance. She was a playwright in England.
Duke of Saxe Meiningen
Considered the first theatre director, emphasized unified production techniques
George M. Cohan
American composer famous for his World War I songs: "Over There" and "You're A Grand Ole Flag"
Yagura
a small tower erected on the roof of the theatre which indicated the special status of a theatre
Raked stage
Stage that slopes upward away from the audience toward the back of the stage.
French academy
The French Academy looked at The Cid as soon as it was formed. They published their opinion in 1638.
Medieval Special Effects
ex christ character rises to the top of the cathedrals
line of business
actor was a character for life, they owned their part fot life
August Wilhelm Iffland:
He was a dramatic critic, a dramatic author, and a German actor. His father had wanted him to become a clergyman, but he preferred acting. He commissioned the Iffland ring, which is to be carried by the most prominent leading German-speaking actor of the time. 'He was conspicuous for his brilliant portrayal of comedy parts.'
the Black Crook
The Black Crook is considered to be the first piece of musical theatre that conforms to the modern notion of a "book musical". The book is by Charles M. Barras (1826-1873), an American playwright. The music is mostly adaptations, but some new songs were composed for the play, notably "March of the Amazons" by Giuseppe Operti, and "You Naughty, Naughty Men", with music by George Bickwell and lyrics by Theodore Kennick.
Sebastiano Serlio
Who was the source for the 3 basic settings of drama?
The Playboy of the Western World
J.M. Synge (1907) An unflattering portrayal of the working class Irish. Tells the story of Christy Mahon, a young man running away after having supposedly killed his father. He arrives at a cottage in County Mayo, and the locals are more interested in vicariously enjoying his story than in condemning his morality.
salle du petit bourbon
big hall in the louvre for the knig, converted to italian setting by TORELLI
What is perspective according to arts?
Perspective is the creation depth and a feeling of 3 dimensions on a 2 dimensional surface.
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