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1. English settlers in seventeenth-century America could best be characterized in terms of their ________.
a. striking social diversity
b. similarity to French and Spanish migrants of the same period
c. unity of purpose and motivation
d. desire to help each other
2. The founding of Pennsylvania was tied to the ________.
a. Quaker movement
c. Glorious Revolution
d. institution of the joint-stock company
e. agricultural revolution
3. Joint-stock companies allowed for _______.
a. concentrated wealth in the hands of a few
b. more successful colonization
c. more investors
d. more profit
e. more royal control
4. In which colony were religious reasons least important in its founding?
b. Rhode Island
5. Jamestown's prosperity was ensured by ________.
a. the discovery of gold
b. the development of fur trading
c. royal financial support
d. tobacco cultivation
e. potato cultivation
6. Under the headright system in Virginia, ________.
a. every adult male could vote
b. every child was guaranteed a primary education
c. 50 acres were granted for each new settler, free or indentured
d. new immigrants were guaranteed a year's provisions
e. every new settler was entitled to one slave
7. The document in which the Pilgrims established a civil government for their Plymouth colony has become known as the ________.
a. Bill of Rights
b. Mayflower Compact
c. Statement of Principles
d. Cambridge Agreement
e. Plymouth Agreement
8. The Puritans of Massachusetts Bay believed that the best way to reform the Church of England was to ________.
a. separate from it and reform it from the outside
b. rely on help from the English monarchy
c. remain in the Church and reform it from the inside
d. refuse to associate with it in any way
e. actively work to destroy the tenets with which they disagreed
9. Which of these was true of the relationship between political events in England and English colonization in North America?
a. The two were unrelated.
b. Events in England impacted the direction of colonization repeatedly.
c. After about 1650, events in England had no effect on the colonies.
d. Colonization caused the fall of two English governments in the 1600s.
e. Because of the difficulty of ocean journeys, events in England produced no effects in the colonies.
10. Those who migrated to the Chesapeake Bay area as indentured servants were ________.
a. usually from the dregs of English society
b. English farmers who saw a better future in the New World
c. normally single males in their teens or early twenties
d. married individuals who came with their families
e. generally convicted criminals who traded jail time in England for indentures
11. How did Roger Williams' religious ideas clash with those of the Puritans?
a. Williams believed that settlers in the Massachusetts Bay Colony who had unconventional religious views should be punished by the colonial leaders.
b. Williams felt that it was not enough to purify the Church of England from within, but to separate from it.
c. Williams did not believe that the Puritans should separate from the Church of England, but rather to try to improve it.
d. Williams did not support religious toleration and insisted that the members of the Church of England try to preserve their own freedom of worship.
e. Williams believed that colonial leaders could not also be religious leaders.
12. Why was William Penn's Frame of Government remarkable for its time?
a. It included more personal liberties than other English colonies.
b. It denied the right of due process for citizens.
c. It established the Quaker religion in Pennsylvania.
d. It granted freedom of conscience to all except Catholics.
e. It prevented the religious rule of the Church of England.
13. Why did the new colonists of Georgia demand slaves?
a. Farmers were given so many acres of land that they felt they could not farm efficiently without slaves.
b. The main crop of Georgia—tobacco—could be cultivated only with slave labor.
c. The colonists felt that since they had no voice in government, they needed a class of people even lower on the social rung than they were.
d. The English settlers in Georgia were used to having slaves and demanded that they could not get along without them.
e. The colonists believed that they could compete economically with South Carolina only if they were allowed to have slaves.
14. The lives of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson provide strong evidence that ________.
a. Puritans seldom disagreed on matters of theology
b. Massachusetts Bay officials insisted on freedom of religious thought and expression
c. Massachusetts Bay faced difficulties in creating a society based on a religious principle
d. Massachusetts Bay Colony sent preachers to frontiers as missionaries to the Indians
e. most Puritans had wanted to break away from the Church of England
15. The character of the first English settlements in the New World ________.
a. remained remarkably similar throughout the seventeenth century
b. differed from colony to colony because of government rules
c. differed substantially from colony to colony from the very beginning of colonization
d. was determined primarily by the religious preference of each colony
e. was not significantly influenced by geography
16. The most important reason for the difference between the New England and Chesapeake colonies was based on ________.
a. the different crops exported
b. the much higher mortality rate of the Chesapeake colonies
c. the practice of slavery in the southern colonies
d. contrasting economic systems
e. varying degrees of ethnic diversity in the populations
17. In which colony were African Americans most able to preserve their African identity?
a. New Jersey
b. South Carolina
d. New York
18. The most serious slave rebellion of the colonial period was ________.
a. the Stono Uprising
b. the Denmark Vesey Conspiracy
c. Nat Turner's Rebellion
d. the Jamestown Massacre
e. Bacon's Rebellion
19. British authorities based their colonial commercial policies on the theory of ________.
20. The Navigation Acts established the principle that ________.
a. trade between the colonies of Spain and of England would be beneficial
b. Spain would have most-favored status in trading with England
c. free trade was good for all
d. the British colonies' only trading partner was England
e. North American industry should be discouraged
21. One of the major causes of ________ was the disfranchisement of landless freemen by the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1670.
a. Bacon's Rebellion
b. Coode's Rebellion
c. Leisler's Rebellion
d. the Stono Uprising
e. Shays's Rebellion
22. Why did colonial lawmakers create strict slave codes in the late 1600s?
a. Lawmakers wanted slaves to be treated fairly.
b. Lawmakers feared an uprising because the African population had increased greatly.
c. Lawmakers wanted to prevent an influx of additional Africans into America.
d. Lawmakers wanted African Americans to be treated the same as indentured servants.
e. Lawmakers wanted to pave the road for African slaves to eventually become citizens.
23. Which statement is a key assumption of mercantilism?
a. Trade benefits all trading partners equally.
b. Trade benefits only the weak nations.
c. One nation's success in commerce has no effect on other nations.
d. One nation's success in commerce is another nation's loss.
e. One nation's success in commerce benefits all nations.
24. Which statement about Bacon's Rebellion is FALSE?
a. Bacon would probably have been accepted into the ruling clique had he only waited.
b. Bacon led a rebellion to prevent Governor Berkeley from waging a war against the Susquehannock Indians.
c. Bacon was perceived as a hero by the common people of Virginia.
d. Bacon and his men burned Jamestown to the ground.
e. Bacon, a member of a respectable English family, had only recently arrived in Virginia.
25. Consider the following statement. The elements that sparked a powerful sense of nationalism among colonists dispersed over a huge territory would not be evident for a long time. What does this statement mean?
a. The colonists tended to dislike the colonists in regions other than their own.
b. The colonies were getting very close to forming an independent country.
c. The colonies were still separate and had very little to do with each other.
d. The colonies had expanded to a huge area of the country.
e. The colonies saw themselves as English first and Americans second.