history second semester exam review terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Poland
...
Montezuma
Tenno
Heavenly Ruler.
London
Managed trade
Last czar?
Nicholas II
Nationalism
pride for one's country
Liliuokalani
last monarch of Hawaii
Emphasized freedom of speech
Voltaire
puerto rico
a self-governing commonwealth associated with the United States occupying the island of Puerto Rico
Commuters
made possible by affordable cars
King John
signed the Magna Carta
Industrial Revolution
the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
Justinian
byzantine ruler--put together book of laws (justinian's code) and tried to regain the glory of rome for byzantine empire
When President Rutherford B. Hayes attacked the practice of patronage, his supporters were?
Halfbreeds.
the artistic style characterized by action and emotion is called what?
barque
Leader of early Texas
Stephen F. Austin
referendum
allowed proposed legislation to be submitted to the voters for approval
Leader during the reign of terror?
Robespierre
Kami
Nature spirits. Amaterasu is most revered.
tobacco
Main crop for VA and Maryland
Believed that the earth rotated around the sun rather than the sun rotating around the earth
Copernicus
Muhammad
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
Marbury v. Madison
established concept of judicial review, first time supreme court declared something 'unconstitutional'
rosetta stone
black stone that allowed decoding heiroglyphics
1066
What date would fit this headline, "William of Normandy Conquers Britain"?
Heliocentric
A theory conducted by Copernicus where the Sun was in the center of the universe and earth, the stars, and other planets revolved around the sun. However, Copernicus knew that many people would reject the theory because it contradicted Christian views. His theories were supported by Kepler and Galilei's observations
the device used to execute people during the french revolution
guillotine
Kerner Commission
investigated riots in the inner cities, and suggested creating 2 million inner city jobs to prevent riots
Herodotus
ancient Greek historian who said that Egypt was the gift of the Nile
initiative
allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it
four-minute men
gave patriotic speeches urging support of the war effort
according to legend, these two brothers are the founders of Rome.
Romulas, Remus
Meiji Revolution
After the Tokugawa shogun stepped down, Mutsuhito took over the government as the name Meiji. He realized the best way to Westernize Japan was to Modernize it. He used Germany's constitution and army, British Navy, and American public schooling
They also built railroads, and coal production grew as well as tea and silk.
The New repulblic era
the first five presidents
Drake
The first British explorer to sail around the world.
Charter Colony
Con. and Rhode Island
established by settlers who are given certain rights or priviledges 
10.1Allies
The alliance of France, Britian, and Russia in WWI.
Thomists
interested in Physics. based on math. pure thought. only theoretical.
Jerome
man who translated the Hebrew parts of the bible into latin
Intolerable Acts
american term for the Coercive Acts and the Quebec Act.
American Civil War
most significant result, the US survived as a single nation in which slavery was not allowed
First African American to win an Academy Award
Hattie McDaniel.
John Locke
Believed that people could learn from experience and improve themselves. He believed they had the natural ability to govern their own affairs and to look after the welfare of society. He favored a self-government rather than an absolute monarchy. Believed all people were born free and equal with the 3 natural rights. He said the purpose of government was to protect these rights and if they don't, citizens can overthrow it. This is the foundation of modern democracy.
Taft (Dollar)
27th president of the U.S, 1909-1913; continued Progressive reforms of President Theodore Roosevelt; promoted "dollar diplomacy" to expand foreign investments
Bull Conner
Southern Alabama sheriff known for his use of violence and intimidation towards blacks.
Jihad
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
royal charter
A colony ruled directly by the reigning monarch according to the laws of England
Enrique Dupuy de Lome
ambassador whose intercepted letter fueled American feelings toward war with Spain
How much money would the Bonus Bill have given WWI veterans?
$60
John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court appointed by John Adams
Penny Auctions
Farmers help one another by buying their foreclosed farm land for pennies then giving them back
95 Theses
Posted by Martin Luther on 10/31/1517. Arguments about how the Church is wrong and his debates about them.
commercial capitalism
economic system in which people invest in trade or goods to make profits
George Washington
became famous even though he was defeated beause he fought against the French
mission was to tell the french that they wer trasspassing on territory claimed by Great Britain and demand that they leave 
4th amendment
no search and seizures without proper warrant
Sepoy Rebellion
The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs; also known as the Sepoy Mutiny
dutch east india company
powerful company that controlled trade in SE asia; the company had soveriegn powers (build armies; tax, etc)
In order to protect loans made by stockbrokers to investors who brought stocks on margin, brokers could issue a?
margin call.
Allies
in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
durer is best known was which of the following?
printmaker
Atlantic Charter
treaty between the U.K. and U.S. They agree on free trade, democracy, and nonaggression towards eachother
Declaration of Independence
A statement that announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, were now independent states, and thus no longer a part of the British Empire.
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle resulted in the passage of the what? which regulated the food industry.
Food and Drug Act
this is how a culture spreads its knowledge and skills from one area to another.
Cultruarl Diffusion
by the end of the Civil War, African American volunteers made up nearly what percentage of the union army?
80%
54. Warsaw Pact?
A counter military alliance to NATO. -USSR, and 7 other satelite states in eastern Europe.
King Alfonso
king of the Congo; complained to the Europeans about his cities lacking in young men and women, but his cries were ignored
Mark Hanna
Mark Hanna was the Republican Boss of Cleveland. he was very succesful as a business man and was a great organizer. he raised $3.5 million from oil, meat packing, and railroad companies. he hired speakers and printed literature for the campaign.
Edict of Nantes
by Henry 4 of Franc. Cath=official relig but Huguenots exp nobles can have priv. prot services in castles-other huguenots OK to worship @ designated churches in S. France., Hug. cities can fortify selves.
Enlightenmentt ideas that promoted revolution in France
People have natural rights. Government should represent the people. Rights should be written in a constitution
Committee of Public Information
Created in 1917 by Woodrow Wilson, headed by George Creel. The purpose of this committee was to mobilize people's minds for war, both in America and abroad. Tried to get the entire U.S. public to support U.S. involvement in WWI. Creel's organization, employed some 150,000 workers at home and oversees. He proved that words were indeed weapons.
In the Mexican - American war. Invaded CA, secured it for the United States.
General Stephen Kearny
this area sits at 1349 feet below sea level which is the lowest point on the earth's surface.
Dead Sea
Canute the Great & Danes
Canute (already Danish king) conquers England and is liked by the English. Dies 1035.
analyzing an event based upon what was common during the time of the event is known as
using historical perspective
Priesthood of the Congregation
Luther. Can pray directly to god. Ministers=merely relig. experts+ not have special abilities
Which of the following works of art would be a prime example of the changing focus in Renaissance art?
Raphael's School of Athens
these are the three main rivers of China.
Yangzi, Yellow, Xi Rivers
9.3What idea did Muhammad Ali Jinnah support?
A separate state for Muslims.
What did Roosevelt do at the 1912 Republican national convention when Taft's delegates appeared to control the nomination?
Switched to the independence party
What was one reason why the Mongol Empire did not last long?
They had no unity of culture.
King John was forced to acknowledge the rights of his subjects
Why is the year 1215 important in history?
82. What is/has been the role of the UN regarding ethnic conflics?
The UN sends peacekeepers to nations to protect ethnic persecution. Some cases the UN has had to withdraw because of dying troops.
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