History Spring Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
German Fuhrer
Slowly backing down
started by jesus christ
ancestral links to Islam and Judaism
Red Scare
fear of communism
(one of 5 enlightenment ideals)enlightened thinkers believed that truth could be discovered through reason or logical thinking
Tokugawa Shogunate
Last real Japanese shogunate
Fred Korematsu
Japanese American internment protester; upheld government's wartime right to intern its citizens; case had been suppressed by government attorneys; symbol of principles resistance to government-imposed justice
__________was an ex-Confederate state which temporarily regained U.S. statehood under Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan. Label the location of this state on a suitable map.
South Carolina
State which passed Nullification Act
Absolutism: Effects?
Constitutional monarchs; Bill of Rights; Cabinet System
Bubonic Plague
(Black Death) infectious disease spread by rats that killed 1/3 of Europe from 1346 -1525
Napoleon seized power by overthrowing the
Young Ottomans
Exerted pressure for the liberalization of Ottoman society
Truman Doctrine
Prevent Soviet bloc from growing
presidential succession
succeeded following death or resignation by vice president; if POTUS and VP of US cannot serve, Speaker of US House of Representatives takes over
(Truman)taking measures to prevent any extension of communism (KENNAN)
constantly requested more and more U.S. Troops
Name the abolitionist at Alton, Illinois who was killed in 1837 when a pro-slavery mob tried to destroy his printing press.
Hartford Convention
New England Federalists met in Hartford, Connecticut to declare the War of 1812 unconstitutional. Looked upon as traitors and lost power.
Pickett's Charge
At Gettysburg - 15000 Confederates attacked across an open field and most were killed
Comstock Lode
The largest silver-producing vein in America
Slave trade: Effect on African societies?
caused chaos
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Italian nationalist whose "Red Shirts" freed Sicily and southern Italy and then united it with northern Italy.
Tai-Ping Rebellion
"Protestant" rebellion in China put down by Britain and France
Nearly 1000 year old forgotten city discovered 70 years ago. Not yet open to public.
Which of the following descriptions is accurate for Goethe, Chopin, Coleridge, and Constable?
Thurgood Marshall
first African American on Supreme Court; greatest victory in Brown v. Board of Education; voice of dissent in an increasingly conservative court
meeting of heads of state or government; tight security, prearranged agenda; The Big Three during WWII; Post-Cold War era many summits
neurtality acts
-outlawed arm sales/loans to NATIONS AT WAR (cash&carry)
Germany's war strategy to crush the opponent by overwhelming force
Name the proposed constitution to make Kansas a slave state. It was rejected by the U.S. House of Representatives
*spoke to the Party loyalists during his "fireside chats"*Cabinet was called "brain trust"*Plan for first term: relief, recovery, reform*His "Court Packing" speech ended public and congressional support*Atlantic Charter was his plan to aid Great Britain while avoiding isolationinst criticism
John Brown
Abolitionist who killed 5 people in Kansas during Bleeding Kansas, tried to capture the arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia/ because of this he was hanged for treason and became a symbol for abolitionists
Stephen Austin
Brought the first 300 families to Texas
Samuel Slater
Stole textile plans from England/ came to America and began one of the most successful textile miles/ began Industrial Revolution in America
Ancient Egypt: Type of gov?
Theocracy-government controlled by religious leaders
Moveable Type
Individual characters made of wood or metal that can be arranged to create a job for printing and then used over again
Czarina Alexandra
Nicholas II's wife, left in charge, hired Rasputin for son's hemophilia
Germany must pay for causing this mess (WWI - Versailles)
King Leopold II
King of the Congo for Belgium
Federal Emergency Relief Act
alleviated household unemployment by creating new unskilled jobs in local and state governments
National Recovery Act
authorized POTUs to regulate industry and permit cartels and monopolies in an attempt to stimulate economic recovery and established a national public works program
Truce Lines
Korea - 38th parallelVietnam - 17th parallel
Name the Southern organization which used terrorist violence and killing to stop African-Americans from voting during Reconstruction. It was soon forced underground by the U.S. Army
Ku Klux Klan
* 1st space satellite -Russia * Ahead of US program* Americans began to question American technology
Groups of people who take the law into their own hands
Congress of Vienna
First successful int. meeting; 5 power nations: France, England, Austria, Russia & Prussia; Metternich; 3 goals: 1. prevent French aggression 2. restore balance of power 3. restore Europe's royal families
Colonization: why?
Wanted to use land for resources and to command power
Renaissance: Legacy?
Changes in Art: style from Greece and Rome (Classical), realism, secular, vernacular, and praised individuals achievments; Changes in society: printing press, availability of books, education, discovery of new fields, people understood their rights, reformation ideas spreading, and people began to question EVERYTHING
Scientific method
a series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
Which statement summarizes the Schlieffen Plan that Germany created to prepare for a two-front war?
Attack France first, then Russia
1972 Munich Olympics
terrorism on a peaceful occasion: all Israeli athletes killed
What was German rationale for WWI?
Russian mobilization against Austria
search and destroy
sending ground forces to search out the enemy, destroy them, and withdraw immediately afterward; used in Vietnam War
Works Progress Administration
largest New Deal agency, carried out public works projects; fed children and redistributed necessities and housing; benefited rural and Western populations
National Labor Relations Board
major component of New Deal; represented change in national labor policy; Wagner Act, protected the rights of workers in the workforce; bargain collectively with employers
Great Society
(Lyndon B. Johnson) his plan to end poverty and racial injustice
Name the author of a compromise to end Southern secession in 1861 by extending the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific Ocean.
Korean War
* US was successful in Keeping South Korea free from communism* Soviet Union and US set up governments in North and South Korea
Pinckney Treaty
Was with Spain and was a good treaty because we were allowed to use to the Mississippi River for shipping
Fugitive Slave Law
Law that said that any slave that escaped from his or her master must be returned
What actin on November 11, 1918, brought and end to World War I?
An armistice was signed
Mary Shelley wrote
An early Gothic horror story about a monster created from corpses
Federal Home Loan Bank Act
lowered mortgages for homeowners and allowed farmers to refinance their farms
Dark-Horse candidate-- Two Examples
An unknown who is elected to political office. Examples:
-James Polk
-Franklin Pierce
Golden Age of Greece: Type of gov?
Direct Democracy- citizens rule directly; not through representatives
Committee for Union and Progress
Composed of young turks, led Ottomans into World War I after replacing government
Name Chicago’s first railroad in the 1840s and 1850s. It greatly increased the city’s trade with the rural Old Northwest.
Chicago and Galena Union Railroad
Reasons for the War of 1812
1. Great Britain was impressing out sailors
2. Great Britain was giving the Native-Americans guns with which to fight us
3. The War Hawks in Congress were pushing for war
What were the contributing factors in the Stock Market Crash of 1929?
Inflated prices, buying on margin, everyone got scared
3. According to Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan, Southern voters (white men) could start setting up a normal civilian state government after completing what first step? Be specific.
10% of voters in a confederate state swear loyalty to the US
Why were Germany and Austria-Hungary known as the Central Powers?
Because of their location in the heart of Europe
What were the major components of the 14 Points?
No secrets, free sea/economy, smaller armies/navies, national borders through self-determination
What especially caused the Deep South to secede in 1860 and 1861?
Lincoln was elected as president and the South feared Lincoln would abolish slavery
Which of these was NOT a social change during the French Revolution?
Religious fervor gripped the nation strengthening the Catholic Church.
Which of the following is an accurate description of the tax system in France in the years preceding the French Revolution?
The members of the Third Estate paid almost all of the taxes
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