History: Renaissance Flashcards

Terms Definitions
shalom
peace
botticelli
italian painter
Montaigne
wrote Essays
Where?
Started in Italy
sonnet
14 line poem
Pieta
Michelangelo's masterpiece,statue done by Michelangelo, 7 feet tall, amazing detail
Confraternities
voluntary organizations that commission artwork, usually the church
stagecraft
lighting, scenery and equipment
amore vittorioso
word painting, madrigalism
Cape Bojador
a cape near africa
1527
Victory, Michelangelo, Marble, For tomb of Pope Julius II
Stomacher
false front pinned to corset;triangular in shape
madonnas
Mary, the mother of Jesus
Giotto
Early Italian Renaissance painter "Madonna", 3rd dimensional images, emphasis on landscapes and people, shading and color, nature
Popolo
disenfranchised people in Italian communes who resented their exclusion from power (tried to est. a republican government... collapsed)
14th century
When did Renaissance start?
Renaissance Music
Lute , reed , brass
person who provides financial support for the arts
Patron
renaissance
people became more interested in knowledge and the church lost its position of power
Portuguese Exploration
-Prince Henry the Navigator-ruler sponsor exploration
-Explore African Coast
-Brazil (ships blown off course in 1500)
mannerism
art style that distorts perspective, etc
Epic
long, narrite poem dealing with heros
El Greco
Laocoon and View of Toledo
Tycho Brahe
-provided evidence that supported Copernicus;s theory and set up an astronomical observatory
Wool Industry
in Florence; important economic booster
Niccolo Machiavelli
-Renaissance writer; formerly a politician, wrote The Prince, a work on ethics and government, describing how rulers maintain power by methods that ignore right or wrong; accepted the philosophy that "the end justifies the means."
"It is best to be loved and feared but if you had to chose one you would rather be feared."
Castiglione:
1478-1529, Baldassare - Humanist and Papal diplomat. Wrote The Book of the Courtier with rules of gentlemanly behavior. Should know Greek, Latin, have fluent writing style in both classical and vernacular. Important advocate of humanistic education and stressed study of classics and literature.
Thomas More
English humanist who wrote, " Utopia"
Desiderius Erasmus
Greatest humanist of northern Europe. Wrote Praise of Folly; believed that everybody should study the Bible
'Sistine Chapel'
Michelangelo spent months painting the ceiling of this building
Johann Tetzel
Sold indulgences to beautify St. peters cathedral
Printing Press
Mainz, Germany (1454)
Each word was carved on separate wooden blocks, that were inked and used for printing.
Made by Gutenberg, Fust, Schoffer
MAde church no longer able to suppress spread of literature.
Made propaganda possible.
Caused different genres of books to be produced, other than religious ones.
Spread literacy of lay people.
Colonies
-Supply raw materials to the European colonizer at a low price
-Can only get manufactured goods from the European colonized (provides a guaranteed market)
-Bad for the colony
-No competition
-Low prices
perspective
style of painting, gave distance and depth to paintings
Rene Descartes
thinker focused on understanding the world through human reasoning, "I think, therefore I am"
Humanism
A movement from the Renaissance that focused on education and the classics but not so much religion. Humanists studied classic culture of Greece and Rome in order to better understand their own time period
HenryVIII
married to Catherine of Aragon, had Mary; then Anne Boleyn thanks to parliament
Roman Inquisition
Church court who accused Protestants, witches, and those who broke the law.
Secular
concerning those not members of the clergy
annates
New papal tax devised during schism and applying to Christian West - to incr. revenue. Each bishopric and abbacy to send first year's revenue of office to pope. Added to resentment of R.C. Church.
lombards
what name was given to the italian bankers who were considered the most important bankers of the era
van Eyck
credited with the creation of oil paints; fascinated by detail; he painted The Arnolfini Wedding
'Original Sin'
Church teaching that said human beings were imperfect
Characteristics of the Renaissance
Urban Society, Recovery-from the disasters of the 14th century(plague), from political instability, and decline of church power, Individual ability-a high regard for human worth and a realization of what individuals can do and achieve which created a new social idea, Rebirth-of things like artwork from ancient Greece and Roman times, Secular.
School of Athens
Raphael's fresco. It's a grandly conceived portrayal of the great masters of Western philosophy, and art historians praise it as a virtually perfect portrayal of Renaissance technique.
Peace of Augsburg
Areement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
slander
theme of maan : the destruction caused by this
Sir Thomas More
Wrote Utopia and condemned government as corrupt and argued that private ownership of property caused too many conflicts. He was executed by Henry VIII
Orsanmichele
was the central grain market in the city of Florence and also where Daddi's paintings gave hope to the people because of the Black Death.
a mighty fortress is our god
martin luther, chorale
foremast
nearest the bow in the vessles with two or more masts
Ignatius of Loyola
Spaniard who founded the religious order of Jesuits. Was wounded by a cannonball and read about Jesus and Christianity.
secular drama
no church stuff, light & sound effects, permanent theaters
hippies
last people to really try to create a utopian society
Christine de Pisan
Italian woman writer who wrote poems about histories and political commentaries
Henry VIII
broke with the church because the pope refused to grant divorce
What were the three grounds
background, mid ground, tore ground
Johann Gutenberg
German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)
Michelangelo David Sistine Chapel ceiling
italian renaissance artist who sculpted the most famous version of David which is considered a renaissance masterpiece and glorified the human body. Also painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which a speaker addresses an absent or dead person as if it were capable of responding
Erasmus
This man was a writer who would plea for simple Christian faith and would criticize the complexity of Catholic faith
The Tang Dynasty
Ruled China from 618-907. Was part of the Chinese Renaissance with the Song Dynasty.
Philip the fair
He was blonde and increased the size of the French Empire by going to war with England and gaining land in southern France. He starts to tax the church and clergy.
The Duchy of Milan:
Northern Italy was divided between the duchy of Milan and the republic of Venice. After the death of the last Visconti ruler of Milan in 1447, Francesco Sforza, one of the leading condottieri of the time, turned on his Milanese employers, conquered the city, and became its new duke. Both the Visconti and the Sforza rulers worked to create highly centralized territorial state. The were especially successful in devising systems of taxation that generated enormous revenues for the government.
NAME THE MAN WHO LED THE PURITANS TO PLYMOUTH COLONY
WILLIAM BRADFORD
grandfather (Henry VII), father and 3 childrens
The five Tudors? (1485-1603)
to teach religion to people who can't read
purpose of Medieval art
John Eck
He was part of the meeting at the Diet of Worms
WHAT IDEAL/BELIEF DID THOMAS MORE'S BOOK INSPIRE?
WHAT SOCIETY MIGHT BE LIKE IF ORGANIZED ANEW ON DIFFERENT PRINCIPLES
what caused scholars to long for a renweal of classical culture?
the discovery of classical writings such as the work of plato and thucydides.
what was the major reason for the reformation?
europeans resented paying taxes to the church.
/ 71
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online