History: World War I Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Mandates
temporary colonies
1890
Abdication of Bismarck
Gavrilo Princip
assassinated Ferdinand
bureaucracy
managing government through departments run by officials
dissent
disagreement with or opposition
Reparation
The making of amends.
Bolsheviks
The "majority" - Communist party led by Lenin. Although they were not the majority and actually received a terrible percentage of the Russian Congress's vote, Lenin kept the name to create attraction and support. After the Russian Congress received the low voting, the Bolsheviks and Lenin took over and simply disregarded the Russian Congress from there on out.
mills bomb
type of hand gredade
Aliliance system
defense agreements amoug nations
The bolsheivk leader was?
V.I. Lenin.
propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
serbian gavrilo principe
who assassianted the archduke?
victory gardens
backyard gardens, americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort
Allies
-consisted of Great Britain, France, and Russia. They came together to fight the Central Powers in World War I.
U-boats
German submarines in WW1 and WW2
July 1898
Hawaii was added to America
empire
an eating apple that somewhat resembles a McIntosh
Lusitania
British passenger liner sunk off the coast of Ireland by German u-boats on May 7, 1915.
germany
which nation spent the most mobilizing their military
Big Four
Woodrow Wilson (US president), Georges Clemenceau (french premier), David Lloyd George (british prime minister), Vittorio Orlando (italian prime minister)
serbian nationalist who thought bosnia should belong to serbia
gavrilo princip
nationalism
devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
Georger Clemencau
France. Wanted to weaken Germany- severe reparations, return of the Alsace- Lorraine
reparations
payment by a defeated aggressor nation for damages caused by war
Hirohito
The Japanese emperor during World War II was
Communism
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
Sarajevo
The specific town in which Ferdinand was assassinated. Key because Russia and Serbia were tight and Russia had to get involved immediately. , Location where the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of the Austrian Empire was assassinated, in Bosnia
which country pulled out of the war?
russia
Armistice
The end of the war in 1918.
Kaiser Wilhelm 2
Ruler of Germany
Forced Bismarck to resign
Did not wish to share power with anyone
The army was his greatest pride
Brest-Litovsk
Name of treaty signed by Russia with Germany to exit WWI
blockade
the isolation of an enemy's ports by means fo warships to prevent passage of persons or supplies. to block or prevent the import or export of supplies from a port
March Revolution
When Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne the Bolsheviks set up a provisional government and became the leaders of Russia
Liberty Bonds
a way the U.S. government borrowed money to help pay for war needs
Food Administration
This government agency was headed by Herbert Hoover and was established to increase the production of food and ration food for the military.
Palmer Raids
in 1920 under the command of General
Mitchell Palmer,federal agents and local
police raided the homes of suspected
radicals.
War and technology
barbed wire, machine guns, mustard gas, tanks, airplanes, TNT
Spanish Influenza
A lethal flu virus that killed millions worldwide.
treat of brest-litovsky
had to surrender land to germany
Total War
the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
Imperialist Dispute
Between the French and the British over the claim to the Sudan. Almost went to war. French backed down when the British recognized that France had claimed Morocco.
Which countries led the Allies?
Great Britain, France, and Russia
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Treaty of Russia that let Russia resign in the war
Great Britain
The U.S. lends more to ________ than any others.
Vladimir Lenin
was the leader of the Bolsheviks, who were responsible for the communist revolution
Schlieffen Plan
A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war in 2 fronts
trench warfare
a deadly type of warfare in dug-out trenches resulting in a very high level of casualties
Italy
Began the war as a member of the Triple Alliance, but remained neutral, until the end of the war when they turned on Germany and Austria - Hungry.
9. Who was (were) angered by Archduke Francis Ferdinand's visit to Bosnia?
Serbian revolutionaries
American Expeditionary force
had own identity; combat role brief but intense in WWI
influenza epidemic
killed 30 to 50 million people after the war
South Africa
Cape of Good Hope seized by the British. Was the quickest way by sea between Europe and Asia before the Suez Canal was built.
no man's land
what was the land between the trenches known as?
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
the use of submarines to sink without warning any ship (including neutral ships and passenger liners) found in enemy waters.
Treaty of Versailles
Peace treaty that was signed at the end of
World War I. It forced Germany to accept
blame and pay money for all the destruction
that had been caused. It also divided up the
empires of Austria-Hungary and the
Ottomans.
General Joseph Joffre
says that the Germans are fast and that France needs to prepare now
thought that a little fight with the Germans would be good for Alsace Lorraine
Children's Bureau
created in 1912 as part of labor dept; responsible for assisting States in the delivery of child welfare services designed to protect children and strengthen families
Germany's Reason For Entering War
To stand by its ally, Austria.
flame throwers and grenade launchers
two new techs that caused devastating explosions
national self-determination sm
the right of the people to decide how they should be governed
Battle of Verdun
a battle in World War I (1916), France vs. Germany, France led by Nivelle. Poorly defended, Germans lost, lost 700,000 men
Why did the German invasion of Russia fail?
1. Russian Winter
2. Russia's "scorched earth" policy
3. Nazi miscalculations of the time needed fro victory.
Why did Serbian nationalists plot the assassination of the Archduke of Austria-Hungary?
They were protesting Austrian rule over Bosnia.
6. The German advance toward Paris was halted where?
at the battle of the marne
What helped drive Germany and Britain apart?
they build a stron navy, compete with British industry, and make war-like speeches
What did the US do during the Battle of Britain?
Offer Britain all types of aid short of declaring war.
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